Events on Feb 29

  • 1504Columbus uses a lunar eclipse to frighten hostile Jamaican Indians
  • 1692Sarah Good and Tituba, an Indian servant, accused of witchcraft, Salem
  • 1704French and Indians attack Deerfield, Mass, kill 50, abduct 100
  • 1720Queen Ulrica Eleonora of Sweden resigns
  • 1784Marquis de Sade transferred from Vincennes fortress to the Bastille
  • 1816Dutch (King) Willem II marries Russian grand-duchess Anna Paulowna
  • 1832Charles Darwin visits jungle near Bahia Brazil
  • 1836Giacomo Meyerbeers opera "Les Huguenots, " premieres in Paris
  • 1848Neufchatel declares independence of Switzerland
  • 1856Hostilities in Russo-Turkish War cease
  • 18681st British government of Disraeli forms
  • 1880Gotthard railway tunnel between Switzerland and Italy completed
  • 1892Britian and US sign treaty on seal hunting in Bering Sea
  • 1904Theodore Roosevelt, appoints 7 man committee to study Panama Canal
  • 1908Dutch scientists produce solid helium
  • 1932Failed coup attempt by fascist Lapua Movement in Finland
  • 1936FDR signs 2nd neutrality act
  • 1940"Gone with the Wind, " wins 8 Oscars
  • 194045 U-boats sunk this month (170,000 ton)
  • 1940Frederic from G&S "Pirates of Penzance" finally released by pirate
  • 1940Hattie McDaniel becomes 1st black woman to win an Oscar
  • 19445 leaders of Indonesia Communist Party sentenced to death
  • 1944US troop land on Los Negros, Admirality Islands
  • 1948Stern-group bomb Cairo-Haifa train, 27 British soldiers died
  • 1952Ice Dance Championship at Paris France won by Westwood and Demmy GRB
  • 1952Ice Pairs Championship at Paris won by Ria Falk and Paul Falk of GER
  • 1952Ladies Figure Skating Champ in Paris won by Jacqueline du Bief of FRA
  • 1956Islamic Republic forms in Pakistan
  • 1956President Eisenhower announces he would seek a 2nd term
  • 19601st Playboy Club, featuring bunnies, opens in Chicago

Born on Feb 29

  • 1468Paul III: Last Renaissance Pope (1534-49)
  • 1696Esprit Joseph Antoine Blanchard: Composer
  • 1728Robert Bage: English writer (Criticism by Peter Faulkner)
  • 1736Anna Lee: Manchester, England -- Founder (Shaker movement in America)
  • 1784Franz KL von Klenze: German architect (Hermitage, St-Petersburg)
  • 1792Gioacchino Rossini: Pesaro, Italy -- Composer (Barber of Seville)
  • 1792Karl Ernst von Baler: Russia -- Naturalist (discovered human ovum)
  • 1796[Lambert] Adolphe J Quetelet: Belgian astronomer / meteorology
  • 1812Hermann Hirschboch: German composer
  • 1820Adolf Schimon: Composer
  • 1828Antonio Guzman Blanco: President Venezuela
  • 1840John Philip Holland: Liscannor, Ireland -- Pioneer in submarine building
  • 1852Frederic Hymen Cowen: Composer
  • 1860Herman Hollerith: Inventor (1st electric tabulating machine)
  • 1884Alfred Sendrey: Composer
  • 1896Omer C F L Tulippe: Belgian geographer
  • 1896Ranchhodji Morarji Desai: Premier of India (1977-79)
  • 1896Stanley Swash: CEO (Woolworths)
  • 1896William W Wellman: Brookline, Massachusetts -- Director (Star is Born)
  • 1896Wladimir Rudolfovich Vogel: Composer
  • 1904Alan Richardson: Composer
  • 1904Jimmy Dorsey: Shenandoah, Pennsylvania -- Orchestra leader (Stage Show)
  • 1904John "Pepper" Martin: Baseballer (NL stolen base leader 1933, 34, 36)
  • 1908Balthus: Painter (Valerie)
  • 1920Arthur Franz: Perth Amboy, New Jersey -- Actor (Invaders From Mars, Young Lions)
  • 1920James Mitchell: Sacramento, California -- Actor (Palmer-All My Children)
  • 1920Louise Wood: Director of Girl Scouts of USA (1961-72)
  • 1924David Beattie: British Governor-General of NZ
  • 1924Otto Hutter: Physiologist
  • 1928Alan Loveday: Violinist

Died on Feb 29

  • 0468Pope Hilarius: Calendar reformer
  • 0468St Hilary: Catholic Pope (461-468)
  • 1604John Whitgift: Archbishop of Canterbury (1583-1604), dies at about 74
  • 1844Thaddaus Weigl: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1852John Landseer: Printer / engraver (Royal Academy)
  • 1868[Charles] Louis I [Augustus]: King of Bavaria (L Montez), dies at 81
  • 1916Edward H J Keurvels: Flemish conductor / Composer (Parisina), dies at 62
  • 1928Adolphe Appia: Swiss set designer / theorist, dies at 65
  • 1928Armando V Diaz: Italian marshal / Minister of War (1922-24), dies at 66
  • 1932"Big Ed" Morris: Pitcher (Boston Red Sox)
  • 1940Edward Frederic Benson: Novelist
  • 1956Elpidio Quirino: President of Philippines (1949-53), dies at 65
  • 1964Frank Albertson: Actor (Chico & Man, Room Service), dies at 55
  • 1964Victor van Straelen: Flemish biologist / paleontologist, dies at 74
  • 1980Yigol Alton: Israeli Foreign Minister, dies at 61
  • 1984Roland Culver: Actor (Thunderball), dies of heart problems at 83
  • 1992Earl Scheib: CEO (Earl Scheib Auto Paint), dies at 85
  • 1992Johnny Mack: British actor (Time Lord-Dr Who), dies at 70
  • 1996Duncan Stuart Wilson Fighter pilot-MacDonald: Dies at 83
  • 1996Joe Minogue: Journalist, dies at 72
  • 1996John Grant: Rear-admiral, dies at 87
  • 1996Wes Farrell: Songwriter, dies at 56

Historical events on March 1

  • 0293Roman Emperor Maximianus introduces tetrarchy
  • 0492St. Felix III ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 0492St. Gelasius I begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 0705John VII begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 0743Slave export by Christians to heathen areas prohibited
  • 0918Balderik becomes Bishop of Utrecht
  • 1260Hulagu Khan, grandson of Genghis, conquerors Damascus
  • 1382French Maillotin uprises against taxes
  • 1420Pope Martinus I calls for crusade against the hussieten
  • 1434Jacoba of Bavaria marries Frank van Borselen
  • 1562Blood bath at Vassy: General de Guise allows 1200 huguenots murder
  • 1591Pope Gregory XIV threatens to excommunicate French King Henri IV
  • 1634Battle at Smolensk: Polish King Wladyslaw IV beats Russians
  • 1642Georgeana (York) Maine became the 1st incorporated American city
  • 1692Sarah Goode, Sarah Osborne, and Tituba arrest for witchcraft (Salem, Massachusetts)
  • 1711"The Spectator" begins publishing (London)
  • 1780Penn becomes 1st US state to abolish slavery (for new-borns only)
  • 1781Continental Congress adopts Articles of Confederation
  • 1784E Kidner opens 1st cooking school, in Great Britain
  • 1785Philadelphia Society for the Promotion of Agriculture organized
  • 17901st US census authorized
  • 1792US Presidential Succession Act passed
  • 17961st National Meeting in the Hague
  • 1803Ohio becomes 17th state
  • 1809Embargo Act of 1807 repealed and Non-Intercourse Act signed
  • 1811Egyptian King Muhammad Ali Pasha oversees ceremonial murder of 500
  • 1815Sunday observance in the Netherlands regulated by law
  • 1845President Tyler signs a resolution annexing the Republic of Texas
  • 1847Michigan becomes 1st English-speaking jurisdiction to abolish the death penalty (except for treason against the state)
  • 1854SS City of Glasgow leaves Liverpool harbor and is never seen again

Born on March 1

  • 0772Po Tjiu-i: Chinese poet / Governor of Hang-tsjow
  • 1456Wladyslaw Jagiello: King of Bohemia / Hungary (1471 / 90-1516)
  • 1494Il Bacchiacca [Franceso Ubertini]: Italian painter
  • 1528Albrecht V von Wittelsbach [the Generous]: Duke of Bavaria
  • 1607Giovanni Francesco Milanta: Composer
  • 1610Johann B Schup [Schuppius]: German poet / historian
  • 1630Ferdinand van Apshoven de Jongere: Flemish painter, baptized
  • 1690Conrad Johann Conrad Beissel: Composer
  • 1703Dieudonne Raick: Composer
  • 1709Josef Antonin Gurecky: Composer
  • 1711Peregrinus Pogl: Composer
  • 1734Pieter Valck[x]: Netherlands -- Sculptor
  • 1771Armand-Emmanuel Trial: Composer
  • 1779Jacob Gottfried Weber: Composer
  • 1788Gheorghe Asachi: Romania -- Writer / humanist / politician
  • 1799Alexey Nikolayevich Verstovsky: Composer
  • 1811Robert Christie Buchanan: Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1878
  • 1820George Davis: Attorney General (Confederacy), died in 1896
  • 1820Richard Redhead: Composer
  • 1822Albin Francisco Schoepf: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1886
  • 1822Charles Champion Gilbert: Brigadier General (Union volunteers)
  • 1826John Thomas: Composer
  • 1828James Fleming Fagan: Major General (Confederate Army), died in 1893
  • 1828Vittorio Bersezio [Carlo Nugelli]: Italian playwright
  • 1831Hiram Bronson Granbury: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1864
  • 1832Friedrich Grutzmacher: Composer
  • 1835Matthias J Scheeben: German theologist (Natur und Gnade)
  • 1837Ion Creanga: Romanian fairy tale author (Amintiti the Copilarie)
  • 1837William Dean Howells: United States -- Novelist / critic / editor (Atlantic)
  • 1841Blanche Kelso Bruce: Virginia, United States -- (Sen-Miss, 1875-1881)

Died on March 1

  • 0965Leo VIII: Italian (anti-)Pope (963-65)
  • 1131Stephen II: King of Hungary (1116-31)
  • 1535Bernardo Accolti [Unico Aretino]: Italian writer (Virginia)
  • 1619Thomas Campion: English Physician / Composer / Poet (Poemata), dies at 53
  • 1633George Herbert: English poet, dies at 39
  • 1643Girolamo Frescobaldi: Italian Composer / organist, dies at 59
  • 1693Benedict Schultheiss: Composer, dies at 39
  • 1771Isfrid Kayser: Composer, dies at 58
  • 1773Jan Wagenaar: Dutch historian, dies at 63
  • 1773Luigi Vanvitelli [Louis van Wittel]: Italian architect, dies at 72
  • 1777Georg Christoph Wagenzeil: Austria (court)composer / pianist, dies at 62
  • 1788Orazio Mei: Composer, dies at 56
  • 1797Juan Manuel Olivares: Composer, dies at 36
  • 1804Wolfgang Nicolaus Haueisen: Composer, dies at 63
  • 1817Luigi Gatti: Composer, dies at 77
  • 1826J J Friedrich Weinbrenner: German Architect / archaeologist, dies at 59
  • 1859Josef Theodor Krov: Composer, dies at 61
  • 1865Anna Paulowna Romanova: Great Monarch of Russia, dies at 70
  • 1869Alphonse MLP de Lamartine: Fr Poet (History of Girondins), dies at 78
  • 1892Archibald Scott: Scottish chemist, dies at 60
  • 1896Albertone: Italian General (Eritrea), dies in battle
  • 1896Arimondi: Italian General (Eritrea), dies in battle
  • 1914Tor Bernhard Vilhelm Aulin: Composer, dies at 47
  • 1918Johan Gustaf Emil Sjogren: Composer, dies at 64
  • 1920Joseph Trumpeldor: Killed defending Tel-Mai against arab attack
  • 1921Nicholas Petrovic Njegos: King of Montenegro (1910-18), dies at 79
  • 1924Louise MA: Princess of Belgium, dies at 66
  • 1928Albert Herbert Brewer: Composer, dies at 62
  • 1928Jacob Adolf Hagg: Composer, dies at 77
  • 1932Dino Campana: Italian Poet (Canti Orfici), dies at 46