Events on Mar 1

  • 0293Roman Emperor Maximianus introduces tetrarchy
  • 0492St. Felix III ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 0492St. Gelasius I begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 0705John VII begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 0743Slave export by Christians to heathen areas prohibited
  • 0918Balderik becomes Bishop of Utrecht
  • 1260Hulagu Khan, grandson of Genghis, conquerors Damascus
  • 1382French Maillotin uprises against taxes
  • 1420Pope Martinus I calls for crusade against the hussieten
  • 1434Jacoba of Bavaria marries Frank van Borselen
  • 1562Blood bath at Vassy: General de Guise allows 1200 huguenots murder
  • 1591Pope Gregory XIV threatens to excommunicate French King Henri IV
  • 1634Battle at Smolensk: Polish King Wladyslaw IV beats Russians
  • 1642Georgeana (York) Maine became the 1st incorporated American city
  • 1692Sarah Goode, Sarah Osborne, and Tituba arrest for witchcraft (Salem, Massachusetts)
  • 1711"The Spectator" begins publishing (London)
  • 1780Penn becomes 1st US state to abolish slavery (for new-borns only)
  • 1781Continental Congress adopts Articles of Confederation
  • 1784E Kidner opens 1st cooking school, in Great Britain
  • 1785Philadelphia Society for the Promotion of Agriculture organized
  • 17901st US census authorized
  • 1792US Presidential Succession Act passed
  • 17961st National Meeting in the Hague
  • 1803Ohio becomes 17th state
  • 1809Embargo Act of 1807 repealed and Non-Intercourse Act signed
  • 1811Egyptian King Muhammad Ali Pasha oversees ceremonial murder of 500
  • 1815Sunday observance in the Netherlands regulated by law
  • 1845President Tyler signs a resolution annexing the Republic of Texas
  • 1847Michigan becomes 1st English-speaking jurisdiction to abolish the death penalty (except for treason against the state)
  • 1854SS City of Glasgow leaves Liverpool harbor and is never seen again

Born on Mar 1

  • 0772Po Tjiu-i: Chinese poet / Governor of Hang-tsjow
  • 1456Wladyslaw Jagiello: King of Bohemia / Hungary (1471 / 90-1516)
  • 1494Il Bacchiacca [Franceso Ubertini]: Italian painter
  • 1528Albrecht V von Wittelsbach [the Generous]: Duke of Bavaria
  • 1607Giovanni Francesco Milanta: Composer
  • 1610Johann B Schup [Schuppius]: German poet / historian
  • 1630Ferdinand van Apshoven de Jongere: Flemish painter, baptized
  • 1690Conrad Johann Conrad Beissel: Composer
  • 1703Dieudonne Raick: Composer
  • 1709Josef Antonin Gurecky: Composer
  • 1711Peregrinus Pogl: Composer
  • 1734Pieter Valck[x]: Netherlands -- Sculptor
  • 1771Armand-Emmanuel Trial: Composer
  • 1779Jacob Gottfried Weber: Composer
  • 1788Gheorghe Asachi: Romania -- Writer / humanist / politician
  • 1799Alexey Nikolayevich Verstovsky: Composer
  • 1811Robert Christie Buchanan: Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1878
  • 1820George Davis: Attorney General (Confederacy), died in 1896
  • 1820Richard Redhead: Composer
  • 1822Albin Francisco Schoepf: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1886
  • 1822Charles Champion Gilbert: Brigadier General (Union volunteers)
  • 1826John Thomas: Composer
  • 1828James Fleming Fagan: Major General (Confederate Army), died in 1893
  • 1828Vittorio Bersezio [Carlo Nugelli]: Italian playwright
  • 1831Hiram Bronson Granbury: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1864
  • 1832Friedrich Grutzmacher: Composer
  • 1835Matthias J Scheeben: German theologist (Natur und Gnade)
  • 1837Ion Creanga: Romanian fairy tale author (Amintiti the Copilarie)
  • 1837William Dean Howells: United States -- Novelist / critic / editor (Atlantic)
  • 1841Blanche Kelso Bruce: Virginia, United States -- (Sen-Miss, 1875-1881)

Died on Mar 1

  • 0965Leo VIII: Italian (anti-)Pope (963-65)
  • 1131Stephen II: King of Hungary (1116-31)
  • 1535Bernardo Accolti [Unico Aretino]: Italian writer (Virginia)
  • 1619Thomas Campion: English Physician / Composer / Poet (Poemata), dies at 53
  • 1633George Herbert: English poet, dies at 39
  • 1643Girolamo Frescobaldi: Italian Composer / organist, dies at 59
  • 1693Benedict Schultheiss: Composer, dies at 39
  • 1771Isfrid Kayser: Composer, dies at 58
  • 1773Jan Wagenaar: Dutch historian, dies at 63
  • 1773Luigi Vanvitelli [Louis van Wittel]: Italian architect, dies at 72
  • 1777Georg Christoph Wagenzeil: Austria (court)composer / pianist, dies at 62
  • 1788Orazio Mei: Composer, dies at 56
  • 1797Juan Manuel Olivares: Composer, dies at 36
  • 1804Wolfgang Nicolaus Haueisen: Composer, dies at 63
  • 1817Luigi Gatti: Composer, dies at 77
  • 1826J J Friedrich Weinbrenner: German Architect / archaeologist, dies at 59
  • 1859Josef Theodor Krov: Composer, dies at 61
  • 1865Anna Paulowna Romanova: Great Monarch of Russia, dies at 70
  • 1869Alphonse MLP de Lamartine: Fr Poet (History of Girondins), dies at 78
  • 1892Archibald Scott: Scottish chemist, dies at 60
  • 1896Albertone: Italian General (Eritrea), dies in battle
  • 1896Arimondi: Italian General (Eritrea), dies in battle
  • 1914Tor Bernhard Vilhelm Aulin: Composer, dies at 47
  • 1918Johan Gustaf Emil Sjogren: Composer, dies at 64
  • 1920Joseph Trumpeldor: Killed defending Tel-Mai against arab attack
  • 1921Nicholas Petrovic Njegos: King of Montenegro (1910-18), dies at 79
  • 1924Louise MA: Princess of Belgium, dies at 66
  • 1928Albert Herbert Brewer: Composer, dies at 62
  • 1928Jacob Adolf Hagg: Composer, dies at 77
  • 1932Dino Campana: Italian Poet (Canti Orfici), dies at 46

Historical events on March 2

  • 0871Battle at Marton: Ethelred van Wessex beats Danish invasion army
  • 1121Dirk VI becomes Count of Holland
  • 1458Hussite George van Podiebrad chosen King of Bohemia
  • 1629English King Charles I leaces house of commons
  • 1675Prince William III installed as Governor of Overijssel
  • 1776Americans begin shelling British troops in Boston
  • 1789Pennsylvania ends prohibition of theatrical performances
  • 1799Congress standardizes US Weights & Measures
  • 1807Congress bans slave trade effective January 1, 1808
  • 18171st Evangelical church building dedicated, New Berlin, Penn
  • 1819Territory of Arkansas organized
  • 1819US passed its 1st immigration law
  • 1824Interstate commerce comes under federal control
  • 18251st grand opera in US sung in English, New York City
  • 1829New England Asylum for the Blind, 1st in US, incorporated, Boston
  • 1831John Frazee becomes 1st US Sculptor to receive a federal commission
  • 1836Republic of Texas declares independence from Mexico
  • 1853Territory of Washington organized after separating from Oregon Ter
  • 1855Aleksandr Romanov becomes tsar of Russia
  • 1858Frederick Cook, New Orleans, patents a cotton-bale metallic tie
  • 1861Government Printing Office purchases 1st printing plant, Washington
  • 1861US creates Dakota and Nevada Territories out of the Nebraska and Utah ter
  • 1865British newspaper "Morning Chronicle" begins publishing
  • 18661st US company to make sewing needles by machine incorporated, Conn
  • 18671st Reconstruction act passed by Congress
  • 1867Congress abolishes peonage in New Mexico
  • 1867Congress created the Department of Education
  • 1867Congress passed the 1st Reconstruction Act
  • 1867Jesse James-gang robs bank in Savannah Missouri, 1 dead
  • 1867US Congress creates the Department of Education

Born on March 2

  • 1316Robert II [the Steward]: King of Scotland (1371-90)
  • 1459Adrian VI [Adriaan F Boeyens]: Netherlands -- Pope (1522-23)
  • 1481Franz von Sickingen: German knight
  • 1545Thomas Bodley: England, United Kingdom -- Diplomat / Scholar
  • 1555Ludovico Spontoni: Composer
  • 1755Antoine-Frederic Gresnick: Composer
  • 1759Johann Christian Friedrich Haeffner: Composer
  • 1760Camille Desmoulins: France -- Journalist / pamphleteer / revolution leader
  • 1769DeWitt Clinton: (Gov / Sen-New York)
  • 1793Samuel Houston: 1st President of Texas (1836-38, 1841-44)
  • 1810Leo XIII [Vincenzo G Pecci]: 256th Pope (1878-1903)
  • 1813George Alexander Macfarren: Composer
  • 1815Antonio Buzzolla: Composer
  • 1820Multatuli: Writer
  • 1824Bedrich Friedrich Smetana: Bohemian composer (Bartered Bride, Moldau)
  • 1824Henry Beebee Carrington: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1912
  • 1828Jefferson Columbus Davis: Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1879
  • 1829Carl Schurz: Major General (Union volunteers)journalist
  • 1838David Duffle Wood: Composer
  • 1844Hermanus J A M Schaepman: Clergyman / Dutch politician
  • 1862John Jay Chapman: US advocate / poet / writer (Learning & Other Essays)
  • 1875Hans Lietzman: German theologist / church historian
  • 1876Pius XII [Euhenio MGG Pacelli]: 260th Pope (1939-58)
  • 1878Wander J de Haas: Dutch physicist / son-in-law of Lorentz
  • 1882Wallis Clark: Essex, England -- Actress (Postal Inspector)
  • 1884Leon Jongen: Composer
  • 1893Maxime Dumoulin: Composer
  • 1894Renaat Veremans: Flemish composer / conductor
  • 1895Felix Bressart: Germany -- Actor (Ninotchka, Escape, Crossroads)
  • 1899Pattie Maie Menzies: Australian dame

Died on March 2

  • 0986Lotharius: King of France (954-86), dies at 44
  • 1122Floris II [the Fat one]: Count of Holland
  • 1127Charles [the Good]: Count of Vlanderen, murdered
  • 1333Wladyslaw IV [the Short One / Great]: Duke / King of Poland
  • 1619Anne of Denmark: Daughter of Danish King Frederik II, dies at 44
  • 1758Johann Baptist Zimmermann: German stucco worker, buried at 78
  • 1772Robert J Pothier: French lawyer, dies at 73
  • 1787Jean SOME Allamand: French Theologist / natural philosopher, dies at 73
  • 1797Horace [Horatio] Walpole: British horror writer, dies at 79
  • 1800Christian Friedrich Schale: Composer, dies at 86
  • 1822Christian Friedrich Hermann Uber: Composer, dies at 40
  • 1840Heinrich Olbers: German astronomer (comets and asteroids), dies at 81
  • 1855Nicholas I Pavlovitch: Tsar of Russia (1825-55), dies at 58
  • 1862Frederick West Lander: US Union Brigadier General / poet, dies at 40
  • 1867French A Durlet: Belgian Sculptor / architect, dies at 50
  • 1868Carl Eberwein: Composer, dies at 81
  • 1882Louis Kufferath: Composer, dies at 70
  • 1887August W Eichler: German botanist, dies at 47
  • 1887Wilhelm Troszel: Composer, dies at 63
  • 1895Berthe MP Morisot: French Painter / aquarelliste, dies at 54
  • 1895Ismail Pasha: Kedive of Egypt (1863-79), dies at 64
  • 1916Elisabeth OL [Carmen Sylva]: Queen of Romania, dies at 72
  • 1937Gustav Wohlgemuth: Composer, dies at 73
  • 1939Howard Carter: British archaeologist / Egyptologist (King Tut), dies at 65
  • 1943Alexandre Yersin: Swiss bacteriologist (bacteria plague), dies at 79
  • 1957Harry E Soref: Inventor (padlock), dies at 70
  • 1967Gordon Harker: Actor (Inspector Hornleigh), dies at 81
  • 1971Charles W Engelhard: US silver multi-millionaire, dies at 54
  • 1972Bill Lawrence: News anchor (ABC), dies at 56
  • 1973Cleo Noel: US ambassador to Sudan, assassinated