Events on Mar 2

  • 0871Battle at Marton: Ethelred van Wessex beats Danish invasion army
  • 1121Dirk VI becomes Count of Holland
  • 1458Hussite George van Podiebrad chosen King of Bohemia
  • 1629English King Charles I leaces house of commons
  • 1675Prince William III installed as Governor of Overijssel
  • 1776Americans begin shelling British troops in Boston
  • 1789Pennsylvania ends prohibition of theatrical performances
  • 1799Congress standardizes US Weights & Measures
  • 1807Congress bans slave trade effective January 1, 1808
  • 18171st Evangelical church building dedicated, New Berlin, Penn
  • 1819Territory of Arkansas organized
  • 1819US passed its 1st immigration law
  • 1824Interstate commerce comes under federal control
  • 18251st grand opera in US sung in English, New York City
  • 1829New England Asylum for the Blind, 1st in US, incorporated, Boston
  • 1831John Frazee becomes 1st US Sculptor to receive a federal commission
  • 1836Republic of Texas declares independence from Mexico
  • 1853Territory of Washington organized after separating from Oregon Ter
  • 1855Aleksandr Romanov becomes tsar of Russia
  • 1858Frederick Cook, New Orleans, patents a cotton-bale metallic tie
  • 1861Government Printing Office purchases 1st printing plant, Washington
  • 1861US creates Dakota and Nevada Territories out of the Nebraska and Utah ter
  • 1865British newspaper "Morning Chronicle" begins publishing
  • 18661st US company to make sewing needles by machine incorporated, Conn
  • 18671st Reconstruction act passed by Congress
  • 1867Congress abolishes peonage in New Mexico
  • 1867Congress created the Department of Education
  • 1867Congress passed the 1st Reconstruction Act
  • 1867Jesse James-gang robs bank in Savannah Missouri, 1 dead
  • 1867US Congress creates the Department of Education

Born on Mar 2

  • 1316Robert II [the Steward]: King of Scotland (1371-90)
  • 1459Adrian VI [Adriaan F Boeyens]: Netherlands -- Pope (1522-23)
  • 1481Franz von Sickingen: German knight
  • 1545Thomas Bodley: England, United Kingdom -- Diplomat / Scholar
  • 1555Ludovico Spontoni: Composer
  • 1755Antoine-Frederic Gresnick: Composer
  • 1759Johann Christian Friedrich Haeffner: Composer
  • 1760Camille Desmoulins: France -- Journalist / pamphleteer / revolution leader
  • 1769DeWitt Clinton: (Gov / Sen-New York)
  • 1793Samuel Houston: 1st President of Texas (1836-38, 1841-44)
  • 1810Leo XIII [Vincenzo G Pecci]: 256th Pope (1878-1903)
  • 1813George Alexander Macfarren: Composer
  • 1815Antonio Buzzolla: Composer
  • 1820Multatuli: Writer
  • 1824Bedrich Friedrich Smetana: Bohemian composer (Bartered Bride, Moldau)
  • 1824Henry Beebee Carrington: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1912
  • 1828Jefferson Columbus Davis: Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1879
  • 1829Carl Schurz: Major General (Union volunteers)journalist
  • 1838David Duffle Wood: Composer
  • 1844Hermanus J A M Schaepman: Clergyman / Dutch politician
  • 1862John Jay Chapman: US advocate / poet / writer (Learning & Other Essays)
  • 1875Hans Lietzman: German theologist / church historian
  • 1876Pius XII [Euhenio MGG Pacelli]: 260th Pope (1939-58)
  • 1878Wander J de Haas: Dutch physicist / son-in-law of Lorentz
  • 1882Wallis Clark: Essex, England -- Actress (Postal Inspector)
  • 1884Leon Jongen: Composer
  • 1893Maxime Dumoulin: Composer
  • 1894Renaat Veremans: Flemish composer / conductor
  • 1895Felix Bressart: Germany -- Actor (Ninotchka, Escape, Crossroads)
  • 1899Pattie Maie Menzies: Australian dame

Died on Mar 2

  • 0986Lotharius: King of France (954-86), dies at 44
  • 1122Floris II [the Fat one]: Count of Holland
  • 1127Charles [the Good]: Count of Vlanderen, murdered
  • 1333Wladyslaw IV [the Short One / Great]: Duke / King of Poland
  • 1619Anne of Denmark: Daughter of Danish King Frederik II, dies at 44
  • 1758Johann Baptist Zimmermann: German stucco worker, buried at 78
  • 1772Robert J Pothier: French lawyer, dies at 73
  • 1787Jean SOME Allamand: French Theologist / natural philosopher, dies at 73
  • 1797Horace [Horatio] Walpole: British horror writer, dies at 79
  • 1800Christian Friedrich Schale: Composer, dies at 86
  • 1822Christian Friedrich Hermann Uber: Composer, dies at 40
  • 1840Heinrich Olbers: German astronomer (comets and asteroids), dies at 81
  • 1855Nicholas I Pavlovitch: Tsar of Russia (1825-55), dies at 58
  • 1862Frederick West Lander: US Union Brigadier General / poet, dies at 40
  • 1867French A Durlet: Belgian Sculptor / architect, dies at 50
  • 1868Carl Eberwein: Composer, dies at 81
  • 1882Louis Kufferath: Composer, dies at 70
  • 1887August W Eichler: German botanist, dies at 47
  • 1887Wilhelm Troszel: Composer, dies at 63
  • 1895Berthe MP Morisot: French Painter / aquarelliste, dies at 54
  • 1895Ismail Pasha: Kedive of Egypt (1863-79), dies at 64
  • 1916Elisabeth OL [Carmen Sylva]: Queen of Romania, dies at 72
  • 1937Gustav Wohlgemuth: Composer, dies at 73
  • 1939Howard Carter: British archaeologist / Egyptologist (King Tut), dies at 65
  • 1943Alexandre Yersin: Swiss bacteriologist (bacteria plague), dies at 79
  • 1957Harry E Soref: Inventor (padlock), dies at 70
  • 1967Gordon Harker: Actor (Inspector Hornleigh), dies at 81
  • 1971Charles W Engelhard: US silver multi-millionaire, dies at 54
  • 1972Bill Lawrence: News anchor (ABC), dies at 56
  • 1973Cleo Noel: US ambassador to Sudan, assassinated

Historical events on March 3

  • 0078Origin of Saka Era (India)
  • 0468St. Simplicius elected to succeed Catholic Pope Hilarius
  • 0493Ostrogoten King Theodorik the Great beats Odoaker
  • 1409Austrian civil war ends
  • 1431Bishop Gabriele Condulmer elected as Pope Eugene IV
  • 1627Piet Heyn conquerors 22 ships in Bay of Salvador Brazil
  • 16341st tavern in Boston opens (Samuel Cole)
  • 1638Duke Bernard van Saksen-Weimar occupies Rheinfelden
  • 1776US commodore Esek Hopkins occupies Nassau Bahamas
  • 17911st internal revenue act (taxing distilled spirits & carriages)
  • 1791Congress establishes US Mint
  • 1794Richard Allen founded AME Church
  • 18011st US Jewish governor, David Emanuel, takes office in Georgia
  • 18031st impeachment trial of a federal judge, John Pickering, begins
  • 1805Louisiana-Missouri Territory forms
  • 1812US passes 1st foreign aid bill (aids Venezuela earthquake vicitims)
  • 1813Office of Surgeon General of the US Army forms
  • 1815US declares war on Algiers for taking US prisoners and demanding tribute
  • 1817Mississippi Territory is divided into Alabama Territory and Mississippi
  • 1820Missouri Compromise passes, allowing slavery in Missouri
  • 1835Congress authorizes a US mint at New Orleans, Louisiana
  • 1837Congress increases Supreme Court membership from 7 to 9
  • 1837US President Andrew Jackson and Congress recognizes Republic of Texas
  • 1838Rebellion at Pelee Island, Ontario Canada
  • 18421st US child labor law regulating working hours passed (Mass)
  • 1843Congress appropriates $30,000 "to test the practicability of establishing a system of electro-magnetic telegraphs" by the US
  • 18451st time, US Senate overrides presidential (Tyler) veto
  • 1845Congress authorizes ocean mail contracts for foreign mail delivery
  • 1845Florida becomes 27th state
  • 1847Post Office Department authorized to issue postage stamps

Born on March 3

  • 1500Reginald Pole: English Cardinal / "heretic"
  • 1583Edward Herbert of Cherbury: English military / philosopher
  • 1589Gisbertus Voetius [Gijsbert Voet]: Dutch reformed theologist
  • 1606Edmund Waller: England, United Kingdom -- Poet (Penshust)
  • 1652Thomas Otway: England, United Kingdom -- Playwright / poet (Venice Preserved)
  • 1705Michael Schevenstuhl: Composer
  • 1747Kasamir Pulaski: US General (Revolutionary War)
  • 1756William Godwin: Philosopher / political writer (Caleb Williams)
  • 1793Ch Sealsfield: Writer
  • 1809Sophia Hawthorne: Writer
  • 1811Vissarion Belinsky: Sveaborg, Finland -- Russian author (Literary Review)
  • 1814Charles Kensington Salaman: Composer
  • 1820Eduard Douwes Dekker [Multatuli]: Dutch writer (Max Havelaar)
  • 1828Karl Collan: Composer
  • 1838George W Hill: US astronomer (Moon orbit)
  • 1841John Murray: Canadian Oceanographer (Depths of the Ocean)
  • 1845Georg Cantor: German mathematician (discover transfinite numbers)
  • 1849Jacques Oppenheim: Dutch lawyer
  • 1857Alfred Bruneau: Composer
  • 1865Alexander Gustav Adolfovich Winkler: Composer
  • 1867Gustav Strube: Composer
  • 1868Alain [Emile-Auguste Chartier]: French philosopher / writer
  • 1869Henry J Wood: English conductor (Gentle Art of Singing, Proms)
  • 1872Wee Willie Keeler: Outfielder (Baltimore Orioles); hit .432 in 1897
  • 1873William Green: President of American Federation of Labor (1924-52)
  • 1877Garrett Morgan: African-American inventor
  • 1880Anne C Veth: Dutch cartoonist / art critic
  • 1882Floris H L Prims: Flemish priest / historian / archivist of Antwerp
  • 1886James Friskin: Composer
  • 1886Reginald Owen Morris: Composer

Died on March 3

  • 0561Pelagius I: Italian Pope (547-51, 556-61)
  • 1191Saladin [Salah ad-Din]) Yusuf: Sultan of Egypt / Syria, dies at 52
  • 1459Ausias March: Catalan poet
  • 1554Johan F de Greatmoedige: Ruler of Saxon
  • 1554Johan Frederik [the Generous]: Elector of Saxon (1532-47), dies at 50
  • 1580Jacob Hillebrand: Dutch Mayor of Groningen
  • 1703Robert Hooke: Scientific genius, dies in London
  • 1706Johann Pachelbel: Organist / Composer (Sterbens-Gedancken), dies at 52
  • 1717Pierre Allix: French / British Theologist / vicar, dies at about 75
  • 1766Gregor Joseph Werner: Composer, dies at 73
  • 1768Nicola Antonio Porpora: Composer, dies at 81
  • 1792Robert Adam: Scottish Architect (Syon House, Middlesex), dies at 63
  • 1800Johann Baptist Christoph Toeschi: Composer, dies at 64
  • 1822Franz Adam Veichtner: Composer, dies at 81
  • 1824Giovanni Battista Viotti: Italian violist / composer, dies at 70
  • 1848Heinrich Olivier: German painter
  • 1864Ulric Dahlgren: Union Colonel, dies in battle at 21
  • 1889Edward Sydney Smith: Composer, dies at 49
  • 1902Isaac D France van de Putte: Dutch Premier (1866), dies at 79
  • 1921Petrus Cuypers: Architect (Amsterdam museum), dies at 93
  • 1926Cyril Metodej Hrazdira: Composer, dies at 58
  • 1928Jan [Jean] T Toorop: Dutch graphic artist (3 Brides), dies at 69
  • 1941Constant W L Scheurleer: Archaeologist / banker / art expert, dies at 59
  • 1941Ernst Cahn: Owner of Amsterdam Koco ice cream parlor, executed
  • 1942Amedeo: Duke of Aosta, Viceroy (Ethiopia), dies at 43
  • 1945Arthur Vanderpoorten: Flemish Internal Minister (1940), dies at 61
  • 1945Koos Speenhoff: Dutch singer, killed in bombing raid at 75
  • 1956Willem H Keesom: Dutch physicist (Helium I / II), dies at 79
  • 1959Lou Costello: Comedian (Abbott & Costello), dies at 52
  • 1960Sammy White: Actor (711 Ocean Drive, Sound Off), dies at 65