Events on Mar 3

  • 0078Origin of Saka Era (India)
  • 0468St. Simplicius elected to succeed Catholic Pope Hilarius
  • 0493Ostrogoten King Theodorik the Great beats Odoaker
  • 1409Austrian civil war ends
  • 1431Bishop Gabriele Condulmer elected as Pope Eugene IV
  • 1627Piet Heyn conquerors 22 ships in Bay of Salvador Brazil
  • 16341st tavern in Boston opens (Samuel Cole)
  • 1638Duke Bernard van Saksen-Weimar occupies Rheinfelden
  • 1776US commodore Esek Hopkins occupies Nassau Bahamas
  • 17911st internal revenue act (taxing distilled spirits & carriages)
  • 1791Congress establishes US Mint
  • 1794Richard Allen founded AME Church
  • 18011st US Jewish governor, David Emanuel, takes office in Georgia
  • 18031st impeachment trial of a federal judge, John Pickering, begins
  • 1805Louisiana-Missouri Territory forms
  • 1812US passes 1st foreign aid bill (aids Venezuela earthquake vicitims)
  • 1813Office of Surgeon General of the US Army forms
  • 1815US declares war on Algiers for taking US prisoners and demanding tribute
  • 1817Mississippi Territory is divided into Alabama Territory and Mississippi
  • 1820Missouri Compromise passes, allowing slavery in Missouri
  • 1835Congress authorizes a US mint at New Orleans, Louisiana
  • 1837Congress increases Supreme Court membership from 7 to 9
  • 1837US President Andrew Jackson and Congress recognizes Republic of Texas
  • 1838Rebellion at Pelee Island, Ontario Canada
  • 18421st US child labor law regulating working hours passed (Mass)
  • 1843Congress appropriates $30,000 "to test the practicability of establishing a system of electro-magnetic telegraphs" by the US
  • 18451st time, US Senate overrides presidential (Tyler) veto
  • 1845Congress authorizes ocean mail contracts for foreign mail delivery
  • 1845Florida becomes 27th state
  • 1847Post Office Department authorized to issue postage stamps

Born on Mar 3

  • 1500Reginald Pole: English Cardinal / "heretic"
  • 1583Edward Herbert of Cherbury: English military / philosopher
  • 1589Gisbertus Voetius [Gijsbert Voet]: Dutch reformed theologist
  • 1606Edmund Waller: England, United Kingdom -- Poet (Penshust)
  • 1652Thomas Otway: England, United Kingdom -- Playwright / poet (Venice Preserved)
  • 1705Michael Schevenstuhl: Composer
  • 1747Kasamir Pulaski: US General (Revolutionary War)
  • 1756William Godwin: Philosopher / political writer (Caleb Williams)
  • 1793Ch Sealsfield: Writer
  • 1809Sophia Hawthorne: Writer
  • 1811Vissarion Belinsky: Sveaborg, Finland -- Russian author (Literary Review)
  • 1814Charles Kensington Salaman: Composer
  • 1820Eduard Douwes Dekker [Multatuli]: Dutch writer (Max Havelaar)
  • 1828Karl Collan: Composer
  • 1838George W Hill: US astronomer (Moon orbit)
  • 1841John Murray: Canadian Oceanographer (Depths of the Ocean)
  • 1845Georg Cantor: German mathematician (discover transfinite numbers)
  • 1849Jacques Oppenheim: Dutch lawyer
  • 1857Alfred Bruneau: Composer
  • 1865Alexander Gustav Adolfovich Winkler: Composer
  • 1867Gustav Strube: Composer
  • 1868Alain [Emile-Auguste Chartier]: French philosopher / writer
  • 1869Henry J Wood: English conductor (Gentle Art of Singing, Proms)
  • 1872Wee Willie Keeler: Outfielder (Baltimore Orioles); hit .432 in 1897
  • 1873William Green: President of American Federation of Labor (1924-52)
  • 1877Garrett Morgan: African-American inventor
  • 1880Anne C Veth: Dutch cartoonist / art critic
  • 1882Floris H L Prims: Flemish priest / historian / archivist of Antwerp
  • 1886James Friskin: Composer
  • 1886Reginald Owen Morris: Composer

Died on Mar 3

  • 0561Pelagius I: Italian Pope (547-51, 556-61)
  • 1191Saladin [Salah ad-Din]) Yusuf: Sultan of Egypt / Syria, dies at 52
  • 1459Ausias March: Catalan poet
  • 1554Johan F de Greatmoedige: Ruler of Saxon
  • 1554Johan Frederik [the Generous]: Elector of Saxon (1532-47), dies at 50
  • 1580Jacob Hillebrand: Dutch Mayor of Groningen
  • 1703Robert Hooke: Scientific genius, dies in London
  • 1706Johann Pachelbel: Organist / Composer (Sterbens-Gedancken), dies at 52
  • 1717Pierre Allix: French / British Theologist / vicar, dies at about 75
  • 1766Gregor Joseph Werner: Composer, dies at 73
  • 1768Nicola Antonio Porpora: Composer, dies at 81
  • 1792Robert Adam: Scottish Architect (Syon House, Middlesex), dies at 63
  • 1800Johann Baptist Christoph Toeschi: Composer, dies at 64
  • 1822Franz Adam Veichtner: Composer, dies at 81
  • 1824Giovanni Battista Viotti: Italian violist / composer, dies at 70
  • 1848Heinrich Olivier: German painter
  • 1864Ulric Dahlgren: Union Colonel, dies in battle at 21
  • 1889Edward Sydney Smith: Composer, dies at 49
  • 1902Isaac D France van de Putte: Dutch Premier (1866), dies at 79
  • 1921Petrus Cuypers: Architect (Amsterdam museum), dies at 93
  • 1926Cyril Metodej Hrazdira: Composer, dies at 58
  • 1928Jan [Jean] T Toorop: Dutch graphic artist (3 Brides), dies at 69
  • 1941Constant W L Scheurleer: Archaeologist / banker / art expert, dies at 59
  • 1941Ernst Cahn: Owner of Amsterdam Koco ice cream parlor, executed
  • 1942Amedeo: Duke of Aosta, Viceroy (Ethiopia), dies at 43
  • 1945Arthur Vanderpoorten: Flemish Internal Minister (1940), dies at 61
  • 1945Koos Speenhoff: Dutch singer, killed in bombing raid at 75
  • 1956Willem H Keesom: Dutch physicist (Helium I / II), dies at 79
  • 1959Lou Costello: Comedian (Abbott & Costello), dies at 52
  • 1960Sammy White: Actor (711 Ocean Drive, Sound Off), dies at 65

Historical events on March 4

  • 1152Frederik I Barbarossa elected Roman-German King
  • 1461Battle at Towton: Duke Edward of York beats English Queen Margaretha Edward IV recognized as King of England
  • 1540Protestant count Philip of Hessen marries 2nd wife
  • 1570King Philip II bans foreign Dutch students
  • 1611George Abbot appointed Archbishop of Canterbury
  • 1621Jacarta, Java renamed Batavia
  • 1665English King Charles II declares war on Netherlands
  • 1675John Flamsteed appointed 1st Astronomer Royal of England
  • 1681King Charles II grants William Penn royal charter for Penn
  • 1699Jews are expelled from Lubeck Germany
  • 1741English fleet under Admiral Ogle reaches Cartagena
  • 17741st sighting of Orion nebula (William Herschel)
  • 17891st Congress declares constitution in effect (9 senators, 13 reps)
  • 17911st Jewish member of US Congress, Israel Jacobs (PA), takes office
  • 1791President Washington calls the US Senate into its 1st special session
  • 1791Vermont admitted as 14th state (1st addition to the 13 colonies)
  • 1792Oranges introduced to Hawaii
  • 1793French troops conquer Geertruidenberg Neth
  • 1797John Adams inaugurated as 2nd President of US
  • 1798Catholic women force to do penance for kindling sabbath fire for Jews
  • 18011st President inaugurated in Washington DC (Thomas Jefferson)
  • 1809Madison becomes 1st President inaugurated in American-made clothes
  • 1825John Quincy Adams inaugrated as 6th President
  • 18261st US RR chartered, Granite Railway in Quincy, Massachusetts
  • 1829Andrew Jackson inaugurated as 7th President
  • 1829Unruly crowd mobs White House during President Jackson inaugural ball
  • 1837City of Chicago incorporates
  • 1837Martin Van Buren inaugrated as 8th President
  • 1837Weekly Advocate changes its name to the Colored American
  • 1841Longest inauguration speech (8,443 words), William Henry Harrison

Born on March 4

  • 1394Henry the Navigator: Prince / sponsors Portuguese voyages of discovery
  • 1492Francesco de Layolle: Composer
  • 1678Antonio Vivaldi: Venice, Italy -- Baroque violin virtuoso / composer (4 Seasons)
  • 1719Aert Schouman: Dutch bird / portrait painter
  • 1742Johann Heinrich Egli: Composer
  • 1747Casimir Pulaski: Count / American Revolutionary War General
  • 1754Benjamin Waterhouse: Physician (smallpox vaccine pioneer)
  • 1754Dieudonne-Pascal Pieltain: Composer
  • 1757Ignaz Malzat: Composer
  • 1765Charles Dibdin: England, United Kingdom -- Composer / author (Sea Songs) / actor
  • 1766Emanuel ADMJ: French historian (Napoleon)
  • 1773Pierre-Louis Hus-Desforges: Composer
  • 1782Johann Wyss: Switzerland -- Folklorist / writer (Swiss Family Robinson)
  • 1789Pavel P Gagarin: Russ monarch
  • 1798John Joseph Abercrombie: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1877
  • 1813Wijnand J J Nuijen: Romantic / water colors painter (Wrecked)
  • 1819Charles Oberthur: Composer
  • 1826John Buford: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1863
  • 1828Elisha Franklin "Bull" Paxton: Brigadier General (Confederate Army)
  • 1834Peter Nicolai von Wilm: Composer
  • 1835Giovanni Schiaparelli: Italy -- Astronomer (discovered canals of Mars)
  • 1838Paul Lacome: Composer
  • 1841Kristian Mandrup Elster: Norwegian author (And fremmed Fugl)
  • 1844Josip Jurcic: Slovenian writer (10th Brother)
  • 1862Robert Emden: Switzerland -- Geo / astro physics (Emden-polytroop)
  • 1875Alberto Vaccari: Italian Jesuit / Old Testament Scholar / interpreter
  • 1875Enrique Larreta [E R Maza]: Argentine diplomat (Gloria de Don Ramiro)
  • 1875Suze Groeneweg: 1st Dutch female parliament member (SDAP, 1918-37)
  • 1877Alexander Fyodorovich Gedike: Composer
  • 1879Bernhard Kellermann: Writer

Died on March 4

  • 1172Stephan III: King of Hungary (1162-72)
  • 1484Kazimierz [the Saint]: Polish ruler / saint, dies at 25
  • 1615Hans von Aachen: German painter
  • 1617Arcangelo Crivelli: Composer, dies at 70
  • 1793Isaac Ouwater: Amsterdam Painter / cartoonist, dies at 44
  • 1794Henri D count de Larochejacquelin: Fr Royalist Army leader, dies at 21
  • 1804Karl Leopold Rollig: Composer
  • 1805Jean-Baptiste Greuze: French painter, dies at 79
  • 1831Georg Michael Telemann: Composer, dies at 82
  • 1839Ignace Antoine Ladurner: Pianist / composer, dies at 72
  • 1851Michael Henkel: Composer, dies at 70
  • 1852Nikolai Gogol: Writer, dies at 43
  • 1864Thomas Starr King: Unitarian clergyman (Christianity & Humanity)
  • 1866Alexander Campbell: Irish / US founder Disciples of Christ, dies at 77
  • 1876Alfred Holmes: Composer, dies at 38
  • 1877Hendrik E van Rijgersma: Dutch Governor (St Maarten), dies at 42
  • 1883Alexander H Stephens: VP Confederate States, dies at 71
  • 1888Amos Bronson Alcott: US theory / Poet (Table Talk), dies at 88
  • 1903Joseph H Shorthouse: English writer (John Inglesant), dies at 68
  • 1916Franz Marc: German Painter / co-founder (Blaue Reiter), killed at 36
  • 1922Bert Williams: Famous black, dies at 46 in New York City
  • 1925Moritz Moszkowski: Polish / German composer, dies at 70
  • 1933Willie Walker: US jazz singer / guitarist (Dupree Blues), dies at 36
  • 1936Ruben Mattias Liljefors: Composer, dies at 64
  • 1941Edoardo Mascheroni: Composer, dies at 81
  • 1942Yuliya Lazarevna Veysberg: Composer, dies at 62
  • 1943Nikolaos "Sokrates" Politis: Greek foreign minister, dies at 71
  • 1943Pieter C Boutens: Dutch Poet (Beatrijs), dies at 73
  • 1948Antonin Artaud: French Poet / actor (Napoleon), dies at 51
  • 1953Sergei S Prokoviev: Russian Composer (Peter & the wolf), dies at 61