Events on Mar 4

  • 1152Frederik I Barbarossa elected Roman-German King
  • 1461Battle at Towton: Duke Edward of York beats English Queen Margaretha Edward IV recognized as King of England
  • 1540Protestant count Philip of Hessen marries 2nd wife
  • 1570King Philip II bans foreign Dutch students
  • 1611George Abbot appointed Archbishop of Canterbury
  • 1621Jacarta, Java renamed Batavia
  • 1665English King Charles II declares war on Netherlands
  • 1675John Flamsteed appointed 1st Astronomer Royal of England
  • 1681King Charles II grants William Penn royal charter for Penn
  • 1699Jews are expelled from Lubeck Germany
  • 1741English fleet under Admiral Ogle reaches Cartagena
  • 17741st sighting of Orion nebula (William Herschel)
  • 17891st Congress declares constitution in effect (9 senators, 13 reps)
  • 17911st Jewish member of US Congress, Israel Jacobs (PA), takes office
  • 1791President Washington calls the US Senate into its 1st special session
  • 1791Vermont admitted as 14th state (1st addition to the 13 colonies)
  • 1792Oranges introduced to Hawaii
  • 1793French troops conquer Geertruidenberg Neth
  • 1797John Adams inaugurated as 2nd President of US
  • 1798Catholic women force to do penance for kindling sabbath fire for Jews
  • 18011st President inaugurated in Washington DC (Thomas Jefferson)
  • 1809Madison becomes 1st President inaugurated in American-made clothes
  • 1825John Quincy Adams inaugrated as 6th President
  • 18261st US RR chartered, Granite Railway in Quincy, Massachusetts
  • 1829Andrew Jackson inaugurated as 7th President
  • 1829Unruly crowd mobs White House during President Jackson inaugural ball
  • 1837City of Chicago incorporates
  • 1837Martin Van Buren inaugrated as 8th President
  • 1837Weekly Advocate changes its name to the Colored American
  • 1841Longest inauguration speech (8,443 words), William Henry Harrison

Born on Mar 4

  • 1394Henry the Navigator: Prince / sponsors Portuguese voyages of discovery
  • 1492Francesco de Layolle: Composer
  • 1678Antonio Vivaldi: Venice, Italy -- Baroque violin virtuoso / composer (4 Seasons)
  • 1719Aert Schouman: Dutch bird / portrait painter
  • 1742Johann Heinrich Egli: Composer
  • 1747Casimir Pulaski: Count / American Revolutionary War General
  • 1754Benjamin Waterhouse: Physician (smallpox vaccine pioneer)
  • 1754Dieudonne-Pascal Pieltain: Composer
  • 1757Ignaz Malzat: Composer
  • 1765Charles Dibdin: England, United Kingdom -- Composer / author (Sea Songs) / actor
  • 1766Emanuel ADMJ: French historian (Napoleon)
  • 1773Pierre-Louis Hus-Desforges: Composer
  • 1782Johann Wyss: Switzerland -- Folklorist / writer (Swiss Family Robinson)
  • 1789Pavel P Gagarin: Russ monarch
  • 1798John Joseph Abercrombie: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1877
  • 1813Wijnand J J Nuijen: Romantic / water colors painter (Wrecked)
  • 1819Charles Oberthur: Composer
  • 1826John Buford: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1863
  • 1828Elisha Franklin "Bull" Paxton: Brigadier General (Confederate Army)
  • 1834Peter Nicolai von Wilm: Composer
  • 1835Giovanni Schiaparelli: Italy -- Astronomer (discovered canals of Mars)
  • 1838Paul Lacome: Composer
  • 1841Kristian Mandrup Elster: Norwegian author (And fremmed Fugl)
  • 1844Josip Jurcic: Slovenian writer (10th Brother)
  • 1862Robert Emden: Switzerland -- Geo / astro physics (Emden-polytroop)
  • 1875Alberto Vaccari: Italian Jesuit / Old Testament Scholar / interpreter
  • 1875Enrique Larreta [E R Maza]: Argentine diplomat (Gloria de Don Ramiro)
  • 1875Suze Groeneweg: 1st Dutch female parliament member (SDAP, 1918-37)
  • 1877Alexander Fyodorovich Gedike: Composer
  • 1879Bernhard Kellermann: Writer

Died on Mar 4

  • 1172Stephan III: King of Hungary (1162-72)
  • 1484Kazimierz [the Saint]: Polish ruler / saint, dies at 25
  • 1615Hans von Aachen: German painter
  • 1617Arcangelo Crivelli: Composer, dies at 70
  • 1793Isaac Ouwater: Amsterdam Painter / cartoonist, dies at 44
  • 1794Henri D count de Larochejacquelin: Fr Royalist Army leader, dies at 21
  • 1804Karl Leopold Rollig: Composer
  • 1805Jean-Baptiste Greuze: French painter, dies at 79
  • 1831Georg Michael Telemann: Composer, dies at 82
  • 1839Ignace Antoine Ladurner: Pianist / composer, dies at 72
  • 1851Michael Henkel: Composer, dies at 70
  • 1852Nikolai Gogol: Writer, dies at 43
  • 1864Thomas Starr King: Unitarian clergyman (Christianity & Humanity)
  • 1866Alexander Campbell: Irish / US founder Disciples of Christ, dies at 77
  • 1876Alfred Holmes: Composer, dies at 38
  • 1877Hendrik E van Rijgersma: Dutch Governor (St Maarten), dies at 42
  • 1883Alexander H Stephens: VP Confederate States, dies at 71
  • 1888Amos Bronson Alcott: US theory / Poet (Table Talk), dies at 88
  • 1903Joseph H Shorthouse: English writer (John Inglesant), dies at 68
  • 1916Franz Marc: German Painter / co-founder (Blaue Reiter), killed at 36
  • 1922Bert Williams: Famous black, dies at 46 in New York City
  • 1925Moritz Moszkowski: Polish / German composer, dies at 70
  • 1933Willie Walker: US jazz singer / guitarist (Dupree Blues), dies at 36
  • 1936Ruben Mattias Liljefors: Composer, dies at 64
  • 1941Edoardo Mascheroni: Composer, dies at 81
  • 1942Yuliya Lazarevna Veysberg: Composer, dies at 62
  • 1943Nikolaos "Sokrates" Politis: Greek foreign minister, dies at 71
  • 1943Pieter C Boutens: Dutch Poet (Beatrijs), dies at 73
  • 1948Antonin Artaud: French Poet / actor (Napoleon), dies at 51
  • 1953Sergei S Prokoviev: Russian Composer (Peter & the wolf), dies at 61

Historical events on March 5

  • 11793rd Lateran Council (11th ecumenical council) opens in Rome
  • 1461Henry VI was deposed by Duke of York during War of the Roses
  • 1496English King Henry VII hires John Cabot (Giovanni Caboto) to explore
  • 1528Utrecht Governor Maarten van Rossum plunders The Hague
  • 1558Smoking tobacco introduced in Europe by Francisco Fernandes
  • 1579Betuwe joins Union of Utrecht
  • 16231st American temperance law enacted, Virginia
  • 1651South Sea dike in Amsterdam breaks after storm
  • 1684Emperor Leopold I, Poland and Venice sign Heilig Covenant of Linz
  • 17431st US religious journal, The Christian History, published, Boston
  • 1746Jakobijnse troops leave Aberdeen
  • 17501st American Shakespearean production-"altered" Richard III, New York City
  • 1760Princess Carolina marries General Charles Christian van Nassau-Weilburg
  • 1766Don Antonio de Ulloa takes possession of Louisiana Terr from French
  • 1770Blanche Kelso Bruce sworn in as a US Senator (Mississippi)
  • 1770Boston Massacre, British troops kill 5 in crowd. Crispus Attackus becomes 1st black to die for American freedom
  • 1783King Stanislaus Augustus Poniatowski grants rights to Jews of Kovno
  • 1795Amsterdam celebrates Revolution on the Dam; Square of Revolution
  • 1795Treaty of Basel-Prussia ends war with France
  • 1820Dutch city of Leeuwarden forbids Jews to go to synagogues on Sundays
  • 1821Monroe is 1st President inaugurated on March 5th, because 4th was Sun
  • 1836Mexico attacks Alamo
  • 1836Samuel Colt manufactures 1st pistol, 34-caliber "Texas" model
  • 1845Congress appropriates $30,000 to ship camels to western US
  • 1849Zachary Taylor sworn in as 12th President
  • 1856Covent Garden Opera House destroyed in a fire
  • 1856Georgia becomes 1st state to regulate railroads
  • 1862Union troops under Brigadier General Wright occupy Fernandina Florida
  • 18641st track meet between Oxford and Cambridge
  • 1868Stapler patented in England by C H Gould

Born on March 5

  • 1324David II Bruce: King of Scotland (1331..71)
  • 1326Louis I [the Great]: King of Hungary (1342-82), Poland (1370-82)
  • 1512Gerardus Mercator: Rupelmonde (Belgium), geographer / mapmaker
  • 1574William Oughtred: England, United Kingdom -- Mathematician / inventor (slide rule)
  • 1585Johan Georg I: Elector of Saxon (1611-56) (Peace of Prague)
  • 1637John van der Heyden: Dutch painter / inventor (fire extinguisher)
  • 1658Antoine de la Mothe Cadillac: French colonial Governor of America
  • 1668Francesco Gasparini: Composer
  • 1733Vincenzo Galeotti [Tomazelli]: Italian dancer / choreographer
  • 1746Jacob Wallenberg: Swedish writer / naval chaplain
  • 1748William Shield: Composer
  • 1751Jan Krtitel Kuchar: Composer
  • 1774Christoph Ernst Friedrich Weyse: Composer
  • 1794Jacques Babinet: French physicist / mathematician / astronomer
  • 1805Theodore Labarre: Composer
  • 1817Austen H Layard: British archaeologist / diplomat
  • 1824Elisha Harris: United States -- Physician / founder of the American Public Health Association
  • 1824James Merritt Ives: Lithographer (Currier & Ives)
  • 1825John Dunovant: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1864
  • 1825Joseph Albert: German photographer (albertotype)
  • 1828Johann Gungl: Composer
  • 1840Constance Fenimore Woolson: New Hampshire, United States -- Writer (Jupiter Lights)
  • 1843William F Sudds: Composer
  • 1845Alfonse Hasselmans: Composer
  • 1850Daniel Brink Towner: Composer
  • 1852Isabella Gregory: Ireland -- Writer / playwright (Golden Apple)
  • 1853Arthur W Foote: Salem, Massachusetts -- Organist / composer (Suite for Strings in E)
  • 1853Howard Pyle: Illustrator / painter / author (King Stork)
  • 1868Prosper Poullet: Belgian viscount / jurist / minister
  • 1869Michael von Faulhaber: Cardinal / Archbishop of Munich

Died on March 5

  • 0254Lucius I: Bishop of Rome (253-54)
  • 0254St Lucius I: Pope (253-54)
  • 1574Philip of Saint-Aldegonde: Flem Viceroy Holland / Zealand / Utrecht
  • 1605Clement VIII [Ippolito Aldofireini]: Pope (1592-1605), dies at 69
  • 1625James I (VI): King of England (1603-25) / Poet / author, dies at 58
  • 1644Louise Juliana: Countess of Nassau, dies at 73
  • 1732Joseph-Francois Salomon: Composer, dies at 82
  • 1770Crispus Attuks: Slave, is 1st of 5 killed during Boston Massacre
  • 1778Thomas A Arne: English Composer (Alfred, Rule Britannia), dies at 67
  • 1795Josef Reicha: Composer, dies at 42
  • 1827Alessandro Volta: Italian physicist (made 1st battery), dies at 82
  • 1853Georg A Kestner: German art collector / diplomat, dies at 75
  • 1873Marie-Alexis Castillon de Saint-Victor: Composer, dies at 34
  • 1876Marie-C-S de Flavigny Agoult [Daniel Stern]: French author, dies at 70
  • 1893Hippolyte Taine: French philosopher / historian, dies at 64
  • 1893Richard Samuel Hughes: Composer, dies at 37
  • 1895Nikolai Leskow: Writer, dies at 64
  • 1904Alfred von Waldersee: Prussian Field Marshal / Chief of Staff, dies at 71
  • 1919Jozef Surzynski: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1932Takuma Dan: Japanese Baron / financier / industrial, murdered
  • 1941Ludwig Quidde: German Historian / politician (Nobel 1927), dies at 82
  • 1944Max Jacob: French writer, dies in Nazi concentration camp at 67
  • 1947Alfredo Casella: Italian Composer / conductor (La Giara), dies at 63
  • 1952Vladimir Vladimirovich Scherbachov: Composer, dies at 63
  • 1953Josef V Stalin: Soviet leader responsible for 11M murders, dies at 73
  • 1953Sergey Sergeyevich Prokofiev: Composer, dies at 61
  • 1954Julian Lowell Coolidge: Mathematician (Study-Segre school), dies at 80
  • 1956Erich Itor Kahn: Composer, dies at 50
  • 1962Anne C Veth: Dutch cartoonist / art critic, dies at 82
  • 1962Otakar Jeremias: Composer, dies at 69