Events on Mar 5

  • 11793rd Lateran Council (11th ecumenical council) opens in Rome
  • 1461Henry VI was deposed by Duke of York during War of the Roses
  • 1496English King Henry VII hires John Cabot (Giovanni Caboto) to explore
  • 1528Utrecht Governor Maarten van Rossum plunders The Hague
  • 1558Smoking tobacco introduced in Europe by Francisco Fernandes
  • 1579Betuwe joins Union of Utrecht
  • 16231st American temperance law enacted, Virginia
  • 1651South Sea dike in Amsterdam breaks after storm
  • 1684Emperor Leopold I, Poland and Venice sign Heilig Covenant of Linz
  • 17431st US religious journal, The Christian History, published, Boston
  • 1746Jakobijnse troops leave Aberdeen
  • 17501st American Shakespearean production-"altered" Richard III, New York City
  • 1760Princess Carolina marries General Charles Christian van Nassau-Weilburg
  • 1766Don Antonio de Ulloa takes possession of Louisiana Terr from French
  • 1770Blanche Kelso Bruce sworn in as a US Senator (Mississippi)
  • 1770Boston Massacre, British troops kill 5 in crowd. Crispus Attackus becomes 1st black to die for American freedom
  • 1783King Stanislaus Augustus Poniatowski grants rights to Jews of Kovno
  • 1795Amsterdam celebrates Revolution on the Dam; Square of Revolution
  • 1795Treaty of Basel-Prussia ends war with France
  • 1820Dutch city of Leeuwarden forbids Jews to go to synagogues on Sundays
  • 1821Monroe is 1st President inaugurated on March 5th, because 4th was Sun
  • 1836Mexico attacks Alamo
  • 1836Samuel Colt manufactures 1st pistol, 34-caliber "Texas" model
  • 1845Congress appropriates $30,000 to ship camels to western US
  • 1849Zachary Taylor sworn in as 12th President
  • 1856Covent Garden Opera House destroyed in a fire
  • 1856Georgia becomes 1st state to regulate railroads
  • 1862Union troops under Brigadier General Wright occupy Fernandina Florida
  • 18641st track meet between Oxford and Cambridge
  • 1868Stapler patented in England by C H Gould

Born on Mar 5

  • 1324David II Bruce: King of Scotland (1331..71)
  • 1326Louis I [the Great]: King of Hungary (1342-82), Poland (1370-82)
  • 1512Gerardus Mercator: Rupelmonde (Belgium), geographer / mapmaker
  • 1574William Oughtred: England, United Kingdom -- Mathematician / inventor (slide rule)
  • 1585Johan Georg I: Elector of Saxon (1611-56) (Peace of Prague)
  • 1637John van der Heyden: Dutch painter / inventor (fire extinguisher)
  • 1658Antoine de la Mothe Cadillac: French colonial Governor of America
  • 1668Francesco Gasparini: Composer
  • 1733Vincenzo Galeotti [Tomazelli]: Italian dancer / choreographer
  • 1746Jacob Wallenberg: Swedish writer / naval chaplain
  • 1748William Shield: Composer
  • 1751Jan Krtitel Kuchar: Composer
  • 1774Christoph Ernst Friedrich Weyse: Composer
  • 1794Jacques Babinet: French physicist / mathematician / astronomer
  • 1805Theodore Labarre: Composer
  • 1817Austen H Layard: British archaeologist / diplomat
  • 1824Elisha Harris: United States -- Physician / founder of the American Public Health Association
  • 1824James Merritt Ives: Lithographer (Currier & Ives)
  • 1825John Dunovant: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1864
  • 1825Joseph Albert: German photographer (albertotype)
  • 1828Johann Gungl: Composer
  • 1840Constance Fenimore Woolson: New Hampshire, United States -- Writer (Jupiter Lights)
  • 1843William F Sudds: Composer
  • 1845Alfonse Hasselmans: Composer
  • 1850Daniel Brink Towner: Composer
  • 1852Isabella Gregory: Ireland -- Writer / playwright (Golden Apple)
  • 1853Arthur W Foote: Salem, Massachusetts -- Organist / composer (Suite for Strings in E)
  • 1853Howard Pyle: Illustrator / painter / author (King Stork)
  • 1868Prosper Poullet: Belgian viscount / jurist / minister
  • 1869Michael von Faulhaber: Cardinal / Archbishop of Munich

Died on Mar 5

  • 0254Lucius I: Bishop of Rome (253-54)
  • 0254St Lucius I: Pope (253-54)
  • 1574Philip of Saint-Aldegonde: Flem Viceroy Holland / Zealand / Utrecht
  • 1605Clement VIII [Ippolito Aldofireini]: Pope (1592-1605), dies at 69
  • 1625James I (VI): King of England (1603-25) / Poet / author, dies at 58
  • 1644Louise Juliana: Countess of Nassau, dies at 73
  • 1732Joseph-Francois Salomon: Composer, dies at 82
  • 1770Crispus Attuks: Slave, is 1st of 5 killed during Boston Massacre
  • 1778Thomas A Arne: English Composer (Alfred, Rule Britannia), dies at 67
  • 1795Josef Reicha: Composer, dies at 42
  • 1827Alessandro Volta: Italian physicist (made 1st battery), dies at 82
  • 1853Georg A Kestner: German art collector / diplomat, dies at 75
  • 1873Marie-Alexis Castillon de Saint-Victor: Composer, dies at 34
  • 1876Marie-C-S de Flavigny Agoult [Daniel Stern]: French author, dies at 70
  • 1893Hippolyte Taine: French philosopher / historian, dies at 64
  • 1893Richard Samuel Hughes: Composer, dies at 37
  • 1895Nikolai Leskow: Writer, dies at 64
  • 1904Alfred von Waldersee: Prussian Field Marshal / Chief of Staff, dies at 71
  • 1919Jozef Surzynski: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1932Takuma Dan: Japanese Baron / financier / industrial, murdered
  • 1941Ludwig Quidde: German Historian / politician (Nobel 1927), dies at 82
  • 1944Max Jacob: French writer, dies in Nazi concentration camp at 67
  • 1947Alfredo Casella: Italian Composer / conductor (La Giara), dies at 63
  • 1952Vladimir Vladimirovich Scherbachov: Composer, dies at 63
  • 1953Josef V Stalin: Soviet leader responsible for 11M murders, dies at 73
  • 1953Sergey Sergeyevich Prokofiev: Composer, dies at 61
  • 1954Julian Lowell Coolidge: Mathematician (Study-Segre school), dies at 80
  • 1956Erich Itor Kahn: Composer, dies at 50
  • 1962Anne C Veth: Dutch cartoonist / art critic, dies at 82
  • 1962Otakar Jeremias: Composer, dies at 69

Historical events on March 6

  • 1079Omar ibn Ibrahim al-Chajjam completes Jalali-calendar
  • 1205Aken, [Philips van Zwaben], crowned Roman-Catholic German King
  • 1323Treaty of Paris
  • 1447Tommaso Parentucelli succeeds Pope Eugene IV as Nicolas V
  • 1460Treaty of Alcacovas-Portugal gives Castile Canary Is for W Africa
  • 1521Magellan discovers Guam
  • 1579Veluwe joins Union of Utrecht
  • 1590Earl Mauritius conquerors Breda "turfschip of Breda"
  • 1628Emperor Ferdinand II delegates Restitutie-edict
  • 1646Joseph Jenkes, MA, receives 1st colonial machine patent
  • 1664King Louis XIV and Emperor of Brandenburg signs covenant
  • 1665Philosophical Transactions of Royal Society starts publishing
  • 1714Peace of Rastatt - French Emperor Charles VI of Habsburg
  • 1728Spain and England sign (1st) Convention of Pardo
  • 17751st Negro Mason in US initiated, Boston
  • 18081st college orchestra in US founded, at Harvard
  • 1810Illinois passes 1st state vaccination legislation in US
  • 1816Jews are expelled from Free city of Lubeck Germany
  • 1831Edgar Allen Poe removed from West Point milt academy
  • 1834Toronto incorporated with William Lyon Mackenzie as its 1st mayor
  • 18363,000 Mexicans beat 182 Texans at the Alamo, after 13 day fight
  • 1855Gustave Flaubert writes goodbye to Louise Colet
  • 1857Dred Scott Decision: Supreme Court rules slaves cannot be citizens
  • 1861Provisionary Confederate Congress establishes Confederate Army
  • 1862Battle of Pea Ridge, AR (Elkhorn Tavern)
  • 1865Battle of Natural Bridge, Florida
  • 1865President Lincolns 2nd Inaugural Ball
  • 1882Monarch Milan Obrenovic of Serbia crowns himself King
  • 18861st US alternating current power plant starts, Great Barrington, Massachusetts
  • 18961st auto in Detroit, Charles B King rides his "Horseless Carriage"

Born on March 6

  • 1405Johan II: King of Castille
  • 1459Jacob Fugger: German banker / Merchant
  • 1483Francesco Guicciardini: Italian attorney / President of Romagna
  • 1492Jean Luis Vives: Spanish theory / humanist / Reformer
  • 1495Luigi Alamanni: Italian poet (Opere Toscane, La Coltivazione)
  • 1616Malachias Siebenhaar: Composer
  • 1619Cyrano de Bergerac: Famous nose, playwright (Voyage to the Moon)
  • 1698John Alberti: Dutch theologist / philologist
  • 1710Giuseppi Antonio Paganelli: Composer
  • 1740Giovanni Meli: Siclian poet (Buccolica)
  • 1763Jean Xavier Lefevre: Composer
  • 1765Jan Kops: Dutch agronomist / vicar
  • 1779Philipp Roth: Composer
  • 1785Karol Kazimierz Kurpinski: Composer
  • 1791Anna Claypoole Peale: Painted miniatures
  • 1793Bernhard Joseph Klein: Composer
  • 1812Aaron Lufkin Dennison: Father of American watchmaking
  • 1820Horatio Gouverneur Wright: Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1831Friedrich C K von Bodelschwingh: German theologist (Home Mission)
  • 1831Philip Henry Sheridan: Albany, New York -- Major General (Union Army)
  • 1835Charles Ewing: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1883
  • 1835Ludwik Grossman: Composer
  • 1843Artur Napoleao dos Santos: Composer
  • 1844Nicolai Rimski-Korsakov: Composer (Flight of the Bumble Bee) (NS 3 / 18)
  • 1852Joseph Bayer: Composer
  • 1870Oscar Straus: Vienna, Austria -- Composer (Ein Walzertraum)
  • 1882Guy Kibbee: El Paso, Texas -- Actor (Big Shot)
  • 1885Ring Lardner: United States -- Writer (You Know Me Al)
  • 1887Henri Gagnon: Composer
  • 1890Fernand Ansseau: Belgian operator / theory (Orfeo)

Died on March 6

  • 0766Chrodegang: Church Reformer / Bishop of Mainz, dies at about 50
  • 1583Zacharias Ursinus: German Theologist (Heidelberger), dies at 48
  • 1615Pieter Both: Dutch Admiral / 1st Governor-General (East Indies, 1609-14), drowns
  • 1616Francis Beaumont: Elizabethan playwright
  • 1674Johann Paul Schor: German barok painter, dies at 58
  • 1720Pieter van Flowers: Flemish painter, buried at 63
  • 1753Gerhardus Havingha: Composer, dies at 56
  • 1754Henry Pelham: English Premier (1745, 46-54), Gin Act, dies at about 57
  • 1836Davy Crockett: US pioneer (Alamo), killed in battle at 49
  • 1851Alexander Aliabiev: Composer, dies at 63
  • 1854Caspar GC Reinwardt: German / Dutch biologist, dies at 80
  • 1867Wiktor Kazynski: Composer, dies at 54
  • 1888Louisa May Alcott: US Author (Old-fashioned Girl), dies at 55
  • 1900Gottlieb Daimler: Designed 1st motorcycle, dies at 65
  • 1917Jules HPFX Vandenpeereboom: Premier of Belgium (1899), dies at 73
  • 1924Meyer E van Beem: Actor (Moittige Janus), dies at 85
  • 1932John Philip Sousa: US Composer (Stars & Stripes Forever), dies at 77
  • 1936Josef Stransky: Composer, dies at 63
  • 1936Rubin Goldmark: Composer, dies at 63
  • 1937Frank Vosper: Actor / writer (Jew Suss), dies at 37
  • 1939[Carl L] Ferdinand von Lindemann: German mathematician, dies at 86
  • 1941Gutzon Borglum: Sculptor (Mt Rushmore), dies at 73
  • 1941John Gutzon de la Mothe Borglum: Sculptor (Mount Rushmore), dies at 73
  • 1941Leen Schijvenschuurder: Dutch February strike leader, executed
  • 1945Jan Thijssen: Dutch resistance fighter, executed at Savage Farm
  • 1945Rudolph Karel: Composer, dies at 64
  • 1947Ludwig Weber: Composer, dies at 55
  • 1950Lew Lehr: Comedian (Stop Me if I heard this One), dies at 54
  • 1951Ivor Novello: Actor / writer (Lodger, Phantom Fiend), dies at 58
  • 1954Jan Kalf: Dutch literature / art historian, dies at 80