Events on Mar 6

  • 1079Omar ibn Ibrahim al-Chajjam completes Jalali-calendar
  • 1205Aken, [Philips van Zwaben], crowned Roman-Catholic German King
  • 1323Treaty of Paris
  • 1447Tommaso Parentucelli succeeds Pope Eugene IV as Nicolas V
  • 1460Treaty of Alcacovas-Portugal gives Castile Canary Is for W Africa
  • 1521Magellan discovers Guam
  • 1579Veluwe joins Union of Utrecht
  • 1590Earl Mauritius conquerors Breda "turfschip of Breda"
  • 1628Emperor Ferdinand II delegates Restitutie-edict
  • 1646Joseph Jenkes, MA, receives 1st colonial machine patent
  • 1664King Louis XIV and Emperor of Brandenburg signs covenant
  • 1665Philosophical Transactions of Royal Society starts publishing
  • 1714Peace of Rastatt - French Emperor Charles VI of Habsburg
  • 1728Spain and England sign (1st) Convention of Pardo
  • 17751st Negro Mason in US initiated, Boston
  • 18081st college orchestra in US founded, at Harvard
  • 1810Illinois passes 1st state vaccination legislation in US
  • 1816Jews are expelled from Free city of Lubeck Germany
  • 1831Edgar Allen Poe removed from West Point milt academy
  • 1834Toronto incorporated with William Lyon Mackenzie as its 1st mayor
  • 18363,000 Mexicans beat 182 Texans at the Alamo, after 13 day fight
  • 1855Gustave Flaubert writes goodbye to Louise Colet
  • 1857Dred Scott Decision: Supreme Court rules slaves cannot be citizens
  • 1861Provisionary Confederate Congress establishes Confederate Army
  • 1862Battle of Pea Ridge, AR (Elkhorn Tavern)
  • 1865Battle of Natural Bridge, Florida
  • 1865President Lincolns 2nd Inaugural Ball
  • 1882Monarch Milan Obrenovic of Serbia crowns himself King
  • 18861st US alternating current power plant starts, Great Barrington, Massachusetts
  • 18961st auto in Detroit, Charles B King rides his "Horseless Carriage"

Born on Mar 6

  • 1405Johan II: King of Castille
  • 1459Jacob Fugger: German banker / Merchant
  • 1483Francesco Guicciardini: Italian attorney / President of Romagna
  • 1492Jean Luis Vives: Spanish theory / humanist / Reformer
  • 1495Luigi Alamanni: Italian poet (Opere Toscane, La Coltivazione)
  • 1616Malachias Siebenhaar: Composer
  • 1619Cyrano de Bergerac: Famous nose, playwright (Voyage to the Moon)
  • 1698John Alberti: Dutch theologist / philologist
  • 1710Giuseppi Antonio Paganelli: Composer
  • 1740Giovanni Meli: Siclian poet (Buccolica)
  • 1763Jean Xavier Lefevre: Composer
  • 1765Jan Kops: Dutch agronomist / vicar
  • 1779Philipp Roth: Composer
  • 1785Karol Kazimierz Kurpinski: Composer
  • 1791Anna Claypoole Peale: Painted miniatures
  • 1793Bernhard Joseph Klein: Composer
  • 1812Aaron Lufkin Dennison: Father of American watchmaking
  • 1820Horatio Gouverneur Wright: Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1831Friedrich C K von Bodelschwingh: German theologist (Home Mission)
  • 1831Philip Henry Sheridan: Albany, New York -- Major General (Union Army)
  • 1835Charles Ewing: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1883
  • 1835Ludwik Grossman: Composer
  • 1843Artur Napoleao dos Santos: Composer
  • 1844Nicolai Rimski-Korsakov: Composer (Flight of the Bumble Bee) (NS 3 / 18)
  • 1852Joseph Bayer: Composer
  • 1870Oscar Straus: Vienna, Austria -- Composer (Ein Walzertraum)
  • 1882Guy Kibbee: El Paso, Texas -- Actor (Big Shot)
  • 1885Ring Lardner: United States -- Writer (You Know Me Al)
  • 1887Henri Gagnon: Composer
  • 1890Fernand Ansseau: Belgian operator / theory (Orfeo)

Died on Mar 6

  • 0766Chrodegang: Church Reformer / Bishop of Mainz, dies at about 50
  • 1583Zacharias Ursinus: German Theologist (Heidelberger), dies at 48
  • 1615Pieter Both: Dutch Admiral / 1st Governor-General (East Indies, 1609-14), drowns
  • 1616Francis Beaumont: Elizabethan playwright
  • 1674Johann Paul Schor: German barok painter, dies at 58
  • 1720Pieter van Flowers: Flemish painter, buried at 63
  • 1753Gerhardus Havingha: Composer, dies at 56
  • 1754Henry Pelham: English Premier (1745, 46-54), Gin Act, dies at about 57
  • 1836Davy Crockett: US pioneer (Alamo), killed in battle at 49
  • 1851Alexander Aliabiev: Composer, dies at 63
  • 1854Caspar GC Reinwardt: German / Dutch biologist, dies at 80
  • 1867Wiktor Kazynski: Composer, dies at 54
  • 1888Louisa May Alcott: US Author (Old-fashioned Girl), dies at 55
  • 1900Gottlieb Daimler: Designed 1st motorcycle, dies at 65
  • 1917Jules HPFX Vandenpeereboom: Premier of Belgium (1899), dies at 73
  • 1924Meyer E van Beem: Actor (Moittige Janus), dies at 85
  • 1932John Philip Sousa: US Composer (Stars & Stripes Forever), dies at 77
  • 1936Josef Stransky: Composer, dies at 63
  • 1936Rubin Goldmark: Composer, dies at 63
  • 1937Frank Vosper: Actor / writer (Jew Suss), dies at 37
  • 1939[Carl L] Ferdinand von Lindemann: German mathematician, dies at 86
  • 1941Gutzon Borglum: Sculptor (Mt Rushmore), dies at 73
  • 1941John Gutzon de la Mothe Borglum: Sculptor (Mount Rushmore), dies at 73
  • 1941Leen Schijvenschuurder: Dutch February strike leader, executed
  • 1945Jan Thijssen: Dutch resistance fighter, executed at Savage Farm
  • 1945Rudolph Karel: Composer, dies at 64
  • 1947Ludwig Weber: Composer, dies at 55
  • 1950Lew Lehr: Comedian (Stop Me if I heard this One), dies at 54
  • 1951Ivor Novello: Actor / writer (Lodger, Phantom Fiend), dies at 58
  • 1954Jan Kalf: Dutch literature / art historian, dies at 80

Historical events on March 7

  • 1138Conrad II von Hohenstaufen re-elected German King
  • 1560Christian fleet under Gian Andrea lands at Djerba, N Africa
  • 1573Turkey and Venice signs peace treaty
  • 1633Prince Frederik Henry appoints himself Viceroy of Limburg
  • 1644Massachusetts establishes 1st 2-chamber legislature in colonies
  • 1696English King Willem III departs Netherlands
  • 1774British close port of Boston to all commerce
  • 1778Captain James Cook 1st sights Oregon coast, at Yaquina Bay
  • 1801Massachusetts enacts 1st state voter registration law
  • 1824Meyerbeers opera "Il Crociati in Egitto, " premieres in Venice
  • 18431st Catholic Governor in US, Edward Kavanagh of Maine, takes office
  • 1847US General Scott occupies Vera Cruz Mexico
  • 1848In Hawaii, Great Mahele (division of lands) signed
  • 1850Daniel Webster endorses Compromise of 1850
  • 1851Poll tax levied on Russo-Polish Jews entering Austrian Galicia ends
  • 1852Dutch telegraph traffic regulated by law
  • 1854Charles Miller patents 1st US sewing machine to stitch buttonholes
  • 1857Baseball decides 9 innings constitutes an official game, not 9 runs
  • 1862Battle of Elkhorn Tavern, Day 2, Gens McCulloch and McIntosh killed
  • 1870Cin Red Stockings, 1st pro BB team, begin 8-mo tour of Midwest and East
  • 1876Alexander Graham Bell patents telephone
  • 1876Battle at Gura: Ethiopian Emperor Yohannes beats Egyptians
  • 1900Battle at Poplar Grove South Africa, President Kruger flees
  • 1900Stanley Cup: Montreal Shamrocks sweep Halifax Crescents in 2 games
  • 1902Boers beat British troop in Tweebosch Transvaal
  • 1906Finnish Senate accepts universal suffrage, except for poor
  • 1908Cincinnati Mayor Mark Breith stood before city council and announces that, "women are not physically fit to operate automobiles"
  • 1911US sent 20,000 troops to Mexican border
  • 1911Willis Farnsworth, Petaluma, CA, patents coin-operated locker
  • 1912Roald Amundsen announces discovery of the South Pole

Born on March 7

  • 1543Johan Casimir: Count of Rhine (occupied Gent)
  • 1574John Wilbye: Composer
  • 1602Kano Tanju: Japanese painter (palaces, portraits)
  • 1621Georg Neumark: Composer
  • 1659Henry Purcell: English Organist / composer (Dido & Aeneas)
  • 1663Tomaso Antonio Vitali: Composer
  • 1682Johan W van Ripperda: Dutch diplomat / Baron / Duke
  • 1693Clement XIII [Carlo Rezzonico]: Pope (1758-69)
  • 1707Stephen Hopkins: (Gov-Rhode Island) signed Declaration of Independence
  • 1731Jean-Louis Laruette: Composer
  • 1762Sebastiaan C Nederburgh: Director-General (East Indies Company)
  • 1769Josef Alois Ladurner: Composer
  • 1773Tommaso Marchesi: Composer
  • 1785Alessandro Manzoni: Italy -- Poet / Novelist (Betrothed)
  • 1797Karl Schwencke: Composer
  • 1799Frantisek L Celakovsky: Czechoslovakia -- Poet (national anthem, folk song)
  • 1807Franz Grave von Pocci: German poet / composer (Der Alchemist)
  • 1811Christian Heinrich Hohmann: Composer
  • 1813Judocus Smits: Dutch Catholic newspaper pioneer / founder (The Time)
  • 1820Gustav Heinrich Graben-Hoffman: Composer
  • 1822Victor Masse: Composer
  • 1827Henry DeLamar Clayton: Major General (Confederate Army), died in 1889
  • 1831John Bratton [Old Reliable]: US Physician / Confederate Brigadier General
  • 1832Orlando Metcalfe Poe: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1895
  • 1837Henry Draper: Virginia, United States -- Astro-spectro-photographer (Moon, Jupiter)
  • 1842Anne CAI van Diest: Belgian Physician / feminist
  • 1844Anthony Comstock: New Canaan, Connecticut -- Anti-vice crusader / philatelist
  • 1856Matilde Serao [Tuffolina]: Italian writer (Land of Cockayne)
  • 1857Julius Wagner von Jauregg: Austria -- Psychiatrist (Nobel 1927)
  • 1858Nikolai Artzibushev: Composer

Died on March 7

  • 0161Antoninus Pius [Titus Aurelius]: Emperor of Rome (138-61), dies at 74
  • 1040Harold I: King of England (1035-40)
  • 1111Bohemund I of Tarente: French ruler of Antioch
  • 1274Thomas Aquinas: Italian thelogian / saint, dies at 48
  • 1305Gwijde van Dampierre: Count of Flanders / Count of Namur, dies at 78
  • 1724Innocent XIII [Michelangiolo dei Conti]: Pope (1721-24), dies at 68
  • 1737Guido Starhemberg: Austrian Earl / Field Marshal, dies at 79
  • 1750Cornelis Troost: Dutch Painter (Beslikte Zwaentje), dies at 52
  • 1761Antonio Palella: Composer, dies at 68
  • 1786Frantisek Benda: Composer, dies at 76
  • 1802Johann Georg Witthauer: Composer, dies at 50
  • 1804John Wedgwood: Founder (Royal Horticulture Society)
  • 1809Johann Georg Albrechtsberger: Austrian composer, dies at 73
  • 1810Albertus H Wiese: Governor-General of the Netherlands Indies, dies at about 48
  • 1833Rahel Varnhagen von Ense-Levin: German author, dies at 61
  • 1842Christian Theodor Weinlig: Composer, dies at 61
  • 1862Ben McCulloch: US Confederate Brigadier General (KIA), dies at 50
  • 1862John Baillie McIntosh: US General Major (Union Army), dies at 32
  • 1862William Slack: US Confederate Brigadier General, dies in battle
  • 1907Victor Alphonse Duvernoy: Composer, dies at 64
  • 1911Antonio Fogazzarro: Italian writer / Poet (Il Santo, Leila), dies at 68
  • 1926Jindrich Z Albestu Kaan: Composer, dies at 73
  • 1931Akseli V Gallen-Kallela: Finnish Painter / illustrator, dies at 65
  • 1931Theo van Doesburg [Christian Kupper]: Painter / architect, dies at 47
  • 1932Aristide Briand: 11 x Premier of France (Nobel 1926), dies at 69
  • 1939Amadeo Roldan: Composer, dies at 38
  • 1941Arnold Schering: German musicologist, dies at 63
  • 1945Adolf Bartels: German writer / racist, dies at 82
  • 1951Ali Razmara: Shah of Iran (1950-51), assassinated
  • 1951Shah Ali Razmara: Of Iran, assassinated