Events on Mar 7

  • 1138Conrad II von Hohenstaufen re-elected German King
  • 1560Christian fleet under Gian Andrea lands at Djerba, N Africa
  • 1573Turkey and Venice signs peace treaty
  • 1633Prince Frederik Henry appoints himself Viceroy of Limburg
  • 1644Massachusetts establishes 1st 2-chamber legislature in colonies
  • 1696English King Willem III departs Netherlands
  • 1774British close port of Boston to all commerce
  • 1778Captain James Cook 1st sights Oregon coast, at Yaquina Bay
  • 1801Massachusetts enacts 1st state voter registration law
  • 1824Meyerbeers opera "Il Crociati in Egitto, " premieres in Venice
  • 18431st Catholic Governor in US, Edward Kavanagh of Maine, takes office
  • 1847US General Scott occupies Vera Cruz Mexico
  • 1848In Hawaii, Great Mahele (division of lands) signed
  • 1850Daniel Webster endorses Compromise of 1850
  • 1851Poll tax levied on Russo-Polish Jews entering Austrian Galicia ends
  • 1852Dutch telegraph traffic regulated by law
  • 1854Charles Miller patents 1st US sewing machine to stitch buttonholes
  • 1857Baseball decides 9 innings constitutes an official game, not 9 runs
  • 1862Battle of Elkhorn Tavern, Day 2, Gens McCulloch and McIntosh killed
  • 1870Cin Red Stockings, 1st pro BB team, begin 8-mo tour of Midwest and East
  • 1876Alexander Graham Bell patents telephone
  • 1876Battle at Gura: Ethiopian Emperor Yohannes beats Egyptians
  • 1900Battle at Poplar Grove South Africa, President Kruger flees
  • 1900Stanley Cup: Montreal Shamrocks sweep Halifax Crescents in 2 games
  • 1902Boers beat British troop in Tweebosch Transvaal
  • 1906Finnish Senate accepts universal suffrage, except for poor
  • 1908Cincinnati Mayor Mark Breith stood before city council and announces that, "women are not physically fit to operate automobiles"
  • 1911US sent 20,000 troops to Mexican border
  • 1911Willis Farnsworth, Petaluma, CA, patents coin-operated locker
  • 1912Roald Amundsen announces discovery of the South Pole

Born on Mar 7

  • 1543Johan Casimir: Count of Rhine (occupied Gent)
  • 1574John Wilbye: Composer
  • 1602Kano Tanju: Japanese painter (palaces, portraits)
  • 1621Georg Neumark: Composer
  • 1659Henry Purcell: English Organist / composer (Dido & Aeneas)
  • 1663Tomaso Antonio Vitali: Composer
  • 1682Johan W van Ripperda: Dutch diplomat / Baron / Duke
  • 1693Clement XIII [Carlo Rezzonico]: Pope (1758-69)
  • 1707Stephen Hopkins: (Gov-Rhode Island) signed Declaration of Independence
  • 1731Jean-Louis Laruette: Composer
  • 1762Sebastiaan C Nederburgh: Director-General (East Indies Company)
  • 1769Josef Alois Ladurner: Composer
  • 1773Tommaso Marchesi: Composer
  • 1785Alessandro Manzoni: Italy -- Poet / Novelist (Betrothed)
  • 1797Karl Schwencke: Composer
  • 1799Frantisek L Celakovsky: Czechoslovakia -- Poet (national anthem, folk song)
  • 1807Franz Grave von Pocci: German poet / composer (Der Alchemist)
  • 1811Christian Heinrich Hohmann: Composer
  • 1813Judocus Smits: Dutch Catholic newspaper pioneer / founder (The Time)
  • 1820Gustav Heinrich Graben-Hoffman: Composer
  • 1822Victor Masse: Composer
  • 1827Henry DeLamar Clayton: Major General (Confederate Army), died in 1889
  • 1831John Bratton [Old Reliable]: US Physician / Confederate Brigadier General
  • 1832Orlando Metcalfe Poe: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1895
  • 1837Henry Draper: Virginia, United States -- Astro-spectro-photographer (Moon, Jupiter)
  • 1842Anne CAI van Diest: Belgian Physician / feminist
  • 1844Anthony Comstock: New Canaan, Connecticut -- Anti-vice crusader / philatelist
  • 1856Matilde Serao [Tuffolina]: Italian writer (Land of Cockayne)
  • 1857Julius Wagner von Jauregg: Austria -- Psychiatrist (Nobel 1927)
  • 1858Nikolai Artzibushev: Composer

Died on Mar 7

  • 0161Antoninus Pius [Titus Aurelius]: Emperor of Rome (138-61), dies at 74
  • 1040Harold I: King of England (1035-40)
  • 1111Bohemund I of Tarente: French ruler of Antioch
  • 1274Thomas Aquinas: Italian thelogian / saint, dies at 48
  • 1305Gwijde van Dampierre: Count of Flanders / Count of Namur, dies at 78
  • 1724Innocent XIII [Michelangiolo dei Conti]: Pope (1721-24), dies at 68
  • 1737Guido Starhemberg: Austrian Earl / Field Marshal, dies at 79
  • 1750Cornelis Troost: Dutch Painter (Beslikte Zwaentje), dies at 52
  • 1761Antonio Palella: Composer, dies at 68
  • 1786Frantisek Benda: Composer, dies at 76
  • 1802Johann Georg Witthauer: Composer, dies at 50
  • 1804John Wedgwood: Founder (Royal Horticulture Society)
  • 1809Johann Georg Albrechtsberger: Austrian composer, dies at 73
  • 1810Albertus H Wiese: Governor-General of the Netherlands Indies, dies at about 48
  • 1833Rahel Varnhagen von Ense-Levin: German author, dies at 61
  • 1842Christian Theodor Weinlig: Composer, dies at 61
  • 1862Ben McCulloch: US Confederate Brigadier General (KIA), dies at 50
  • 1862John Baillie McIntosh: US General Major (Union Army), dies at 32
  • 1862William Slack: US Confederate Brigadier General, dies in battle
  • 1907Victor Alphonse Duvernoy: Composer, dies at 64
  • 1911Antonio Fogazzarro: Italian writer / Poet (Il Santo, Leila), dies at 68
  • 1926Jindrich Z Albestu Kaan: Composer, dies at 73
  • 1931Akseli V Gallen-Kallela: Finnish Painter / illustrator, dies at 65
  • 1931Theo van Doesburg [Christian Kupper]: Painter / architect, dies at 47
  • 1932Aristide Briand: 11 x Premier of France (Nobel 1926), dies at 69
  • 1939Amadeo Roldan: Composer, dies at 38
  • 1941Arnold Schering: German musicologist, dies at 63
  • 1945Adolf Bartels: German writer / racist, dies at 82
  • 1951Ali Razmara: Shah of Iran (1950-51), assassinated
  • 1951Shah Ali Razmara: Of Iran, assassinated

Historical events on March 8

  • 1418Jacoba van Bayern marries her cousin John IV van Brabant
  • 1586Johan van Oldenbarnevelt becomes Dutch chief legal advisor
  • 1658Peace of Roskilde between Sweden and Denmark
  • 1702England Queen Anne ascends throne upon death of King William III
  • 1711Antoin de Guiscard tries English Premier Haley for murder
  • 1722Afghan monarch Mir Mahmud occupies Persia
  • 1754Marquis of Ensenada becomes Premier of Spain
  • 1766Willem V (18) becomes Governor of United Provinces
  • 1782Gnadenhutten Massacre - Ohio militia kills 90 indians
  • 1801British drive French forces from Abukir, Egypt
  • 18131st concerto of Royal Philharmonic
  • 1838US mint in New Orleans begins operation (producing dimes)
  • 18551st train crosses 1st US railway suspension bridge, Niagara Falls
  • 1858Opera "I Pagliacci" is produced (Naples)
  • 1861St. Augustine Florida surrenders to Union armies
  • 1862Battle of Elkhorn Tavern ends with Confederate withdrawal
  • 1862Confederate ironclad "Merrimack" launched
  • 1862Naval Engagement at Hampton Roads, VA CSS Virginia, Jamestown andYorktown vs. USS Cumberland, Congress andMonitor
  • 1887Everett Horton, CT, patents fishing rod of telescoping steel tubes
  • 1894New York passes 1st state dog license law
  • 1896Volunteers of America forms (NYC)
  • 1900NL decides to go with 8 teams They exclude Baltimore, Cleveland, Louisville and Washington (in 1953 Boston Braves move to Milwaukee)
  • 1906Stanley Cup: Ottawa Silver 7 sweep Smiths Falls (Ont) in 2 games
  • 1908Collingwood Elementary (Cleveland) burns, kills 173 kids and 2 teachers
  • 1908Dutch utopist Frederick of Eden speaks in Carnegie Hall, New York
  • 1910Baroness Raymonde de Laroche of Paris is 1st licensed female pilot
  • 1913Federal League organizes with 6 teams
  • 1913Internal Revenue Service begins to levy and collect income taxes
  • 19151st US navy minelayer, Baltimore, commissioned
  • 1916US invades Cuba for 3rd time, this to end corrupt Menocal regime

Born on March 8

  • 1607Johann Rist: Composer
  • 1714Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach: German composer, Son of JS Bach
  • 1743Bendix Friedrich Zinck: Composer
  • 1748Willem V Batavus: Prince of Orange-Nassau
  • 1778Friedrich August Kanne: Composer
  • 1783Gottfied Wilhelm Fink: Composer
  • 1783Hannah Hoes Van Buren: New York, United States -- Wife of President Martin (1837-41) (died 1819)
  • 1787Karl Ferdinand von Grafe: Help create modern plastic surgery
  • 1799Simon Cameron: Secretary of War (Union), died in 1889
  • 1815Jean Delphin Alard: French violinist / composer
  • 1825George William Martin: Composer
  • 1836Matthew Calbraith Butler: Major General (Confederate Army)
  • 1839James Mason Crafts: US chemist (Friedel-Crafts-synthesis)
  • 1840Franco Faccio: Italian composer / conductor
  • 1841Oliver Wendell Holmes: Massachusetts, United States -- 59th Supreme Court Justice (1902-32)
  • 1843Per Jonas Fredrik Vilhelm Svedbom: Composer
  • 1847Karl von Bach: German engineer (Maschinenelemente)
  • 1853Edward Hubertus Joannes Keurvels: Flemish composer (Parisina)
  • 1857Ruggiero Leoncavallo: Italian composer (I pagliacci / Zaza)
  • 1859Kenneth Grahame: Author (Wind, Willows)
  • 1859Otto Taubmann: Composer
  • 1862Joseph Lee: Helped develop playgrounds
  • 1865Frederick William Goudy: United States -- Printer / type designer
  • 1872Paul Juon: Russian / Swiss violinist / composer
  • 1876Franco Alfano: Italian opera composer (Il dottore Antonio)
  • 1879M Lichnowsky: Writer
  • 1879Otto Hahn: German physicist / chemist (Nobel 44, radiothorium / actinium)
  • 1883Manuel Gomez Carillo: Composer
  • 1886Anton Portielje: Dutch radio host / zoo director (Artis)
  • 1886Edward Kendall: Chemist, isolated cortisone (Nobel 1950)

Died on March 8

  • 0883Albumasar [Ahmad Aboe M Gafar al-Balkhi]: Arabic astronomer
  • 1144Celestine II [Guido]: Italian Pope (1143-44), dies in battle
  • 1403Bajezid I Jildirim: 4th Sultan of Turkey (1389-1403), dies at 42
  • 1638Jacob C van Neck: Admiral / Mayor of Amsterdam, dies at about 73
  • 1640Guillaume van Messaus: Composer, dies at 50
  • 1661Jules Mazarin: Italian Cardinal / Premier of France, dies at 58
  • 1702John de Baen: Portrait Painter / etcher, buried at 69
  • 1709William Cowper / Cooper: English anatomist, dies at about 62
  • 1716Harald Vallerius: Composer, dies at 69
  • 1720Georg Bronner: Composer, dies at 53
  • 1724Enrico Giovanni Zuccalli: Swiss architect, dies at about 81
  • 1728Gian M Crescimbeni: Italian literary / critic (Arcadia), dies at 64
  • 1734Carolomannus Pachschmidt: Composer, dies at 33
  • 1828Johann Anton Sulzer: Composer, dies at 75
  • 1862Adrien de La Fage: Composer, dies at 56
  • 1862Nat Gordon: Last pirate, hanged in NYC for stealing 1, 000 slaves
  • 1869Louis Hector Berlioz: French Composer (Symphony Fantastic), dies at 65
  • 1874Millard Fillmore: 13th President (1850-53), dies at 74
  • 1889Jens / John Ericsson: Swed / US, engineer (fire extinguisher), dies at 85
  • 1901Karl Freiherr von Stumm-Halberg: German politician, dies at 64
  • 1901Peter Benoit: Flemish Composer / conductor (High Mass), dies at 66
  • 1917Ferdinand von Zeppelin: Dutch count / air pioneer, dies at 78
  • 1919Auguste Tolbecque: Composer, dies at 88
  • 1920Rafael Obligado: Argentine writer (Santos Vega), dies at 69
  • 1923Johannes S van der Waals: Dutch physicist (Nobel 1910), dies at 85
  • 1930William Howard Taft: 27th US President (1909-13) / Chief Justice, dies at 72
  • 1931Clara Kathleen Rogers: Composer, dies at 87
  • 1932Jan de Louter: Dutch lawyer / tutor of Queen Wilhelmina, dies at 84
  • 1936Peter H J "Piet" van Doorne: Director BOVA Red Peppers, executed at 52
  • 1937Albert Verwey: Dutch Poet / literature Historian (Motion), dies at 71