Events on Mar 8

  • 1418Jacoba van Bayern marries her cousin John IV van Brabant
  • 1586Johan van Oldenbarnevelt becomes Dutch chief legal advisor
  • 1658Peace of Roskilde between Sweden and Denmark
  • 1702England Queen Anne ascends throne upon death of King William III
  • 1711Antoin de Guiscard tries English Premier Haley for murder
  • 1722Afghan monarch Mir Mahmud occupies Persia
  • 1754Marquis of Ensenada becomes Premier of Spain
  • 1766Willem V (18) becomes Governor of United Provinces
  • 1782Gnadenhutten Massacre - Ohio militia kills 90 indians
  • 1801British drive French forces from Abukir, Egypt
  • 18131st concerto of Royal Philharmonic
  • 1838US mint in New Orleans begins operation (producing dimes)
  • 18551st train crosses 1st US railway suspension bridge, Niagara Falls
  • 1858Opera "I Pagliacci" is produced (Naples)
  • 1861St. Augustine Florida surrenders to Union armies
  • 1862Battle of Elkhorn Tavern ends with Confederate withdrawal
  • 1862Confederate ironclad "Merrimack" launched
  • 1862Naval Engagement at Hampton Roads, VA CSS Virginia, Jamestown andYorktown vs. USS Cumberland, Congress andMonitor
  • 1887Everett Horton, CT, patents fishing rod of telescoping steel tubes
  • 1894New York passes 1st state dog license law
  • 1896Volunteers of America forms (NYC)
  • 1900NL decides to go with 8 teams They exclude Baltimore, Cleveland, Louisville and Washington (in 1953 Boston Braves move to Milwaukee)
  • 1906Stanley Cup: Ottawa Silver 7 sweep Smiths Falls (Ont) in 2 games
  • 1908Collingwood Elementary (Cleveland) burns, kills 173 kids and 2 teachers
  • 1908Dutch utopist Frederick of Eden speaks in Carnegie Hall, New York
  • 1910Baroness Raymonde de Laroche of Paris is 1st licensed female pilot
  • 1913Federal League organizes with 6 teams
  • 1913Internal Revenue Service begins to levy and collect income taxes
  • 19151st US navy minelayer, Baltimore, commissioned
  • 1916US invades Cuba for 3rd time, this to end corrupt Menocal regime

Born on Mar 8

  • 1607Johann Rist: Composer
  • 1714Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach: German composer, Son of JS Bach
  • 1743Bendix Friedrich Zinck: Composer
  • 1748Willem V Batavus: Prince of Orange-Nassau
  • 1778Friedrich August Kanne: Composer
  • 1783Gottfied Wilhelm Fink: Composer
  • 1783Hannah Hoes Van Buren: New York, United States -- Wife of President Martin (1837-41) (died 1819)
  • 1787Karl Ferdinand von Grafe: Help create modern plastic surgery
  • 1799Simon Cameron: Secretary of War (Union), died in 1889
  • 1815Jean Delphin Alard: French violinist / composer
  • 1825George William Martin: Composer
  • 1836Matthew Calbraith Butler: Major General (Confederate Army)
  • 1839James Mason Crafts: US chemist (Friedel-Crafts-synthesis)
  • 1840Franco Faccio: Italian composer / conductor
  • 1841Oliver Wendell Holmes: Massachusetts, United States -- 59th Supreme Court Justice (1902-32)
  • 1843Per Jonas Fredrik Vilhelm Svedbom: Composer
  • 1847Karl von Bach: German engineer (Maschinenelemente)
  • 1853Edward Hubertus Joannes Keurvels: Flemish composer (Parisina)
  • 1857Ruggiero Leoncavallo: Italian composer (I pagliacci / Zaza)
  • 1859Kenneth Grahame: Author (Wind, Willows)
  • 1859Otto Taubmann: Composer
  • 1862Joseph Lee: Helped develop playgrounds
  • 1865Frederick William Goudy: United States -- Printer / type designer
  • 1872Paul Juon: Russian / Swiss violinist / composer
  • 1876Franco Alfano: Italian opera composer (Il dottore Antonio)
  • 1879M Lichnowsky: Writer
  • 1879Otto Hahn: German physicist / chemist (Nobel 44, radiothorium / actinium)
  • 1883Manuel Gomez Carillo: Composer
  • 1886Anton Portielje: Dutch radio host / zoo director (Artis)
  • 1886Edward Kendall: Chemist, isolated cortisone (Nobel 1950)

Died on Mar 8

  • 0883Albumasar [Ahmad Aboe M Gafar al-Balkhi]: Arabic astronomer
  • 1144Celestine II [Guido]: Italian Pope (1143-44), dies in battle
  • 1403Bajezid I Jildirim: 4th Sultan of Turkey (1389-1403), dies at 42
  • 1638Jacob C van Neck: Admiral / Mayor of Amsterdam, dies at about 73
  • 1640Guillaume van Messaus: Composer, dies at 50
  • 1661Jules Mazarin: Italian Cardinal / Premier of France, dies at 58
  • 1702John de Baen: Portrait Painter / etcher, buried at 69
  • 1709William Cowper / Cooper: English anatomist, dies at about 62
  • 1716Harald Vallerius: Composer, dies at 69
  • 1720Georg Bronner: Composer, dies at 53
  • 1724Enrico Giovanni Zuccalli: Swiss architect, dies at about 81
  • 1728Gian M Crescimbeni: Italian literary / critic (Arcadia), dies at 64
  • 1734Carolomannus Pachschmidt: Composer, dies at 33
  • 1828Johann Anton Sulzer: Composer, dies at 75
  • 1862Adrien de La Fage: Composer, dies at 56
  • 1862Nat Gordon: Last pirate, hanged in NYC for stealing 1, 000 slaves
  • 1869Louis Hector Berlioz: French Composer (Symphony Fantastic), dies at 65
  • 1874Millard Fillmore: 13th President (1850-53), dies at 74
  • 1889Jens / John Ericsson: Swed / US, engineer (fire extinguisher), dies at 85
  • 1901Karl Freiherr von Stumm-Halberg: German politician, dies at 64
  • 1901Peter Benoit: Flemish Composer / conductor (High Mass), dies at 66
  • 1917Ferdinand von Zeppelin: Dutch count / air pioneer, dies at 78
  • 1919Auguste Tolbecque: Composer, dies at 88
  • 1920Rafael Obligado: Argentine writer (Santos Vega), dies at 69
  • 1923Johannes S van der Waals: Dutch physicist (Nobel 1910), dies at 85
  • 1930William Howard Taft: 27th US President (1909-13) / Chief Justice, dies at 72
  • 1931Clara Kathleen Rogers: Composer, dies at 87
  • 1932Jan de Louter: Dutch lawyer / tutor of Queen Wilhelmina, dies at 84
  • 1936Peter H J "Piet" van Doorne: Director BOVA Red Peppers, executed at 52
  • 1937Albert Verwey: Dutch Poet / literature Historian (Motion), dies at 71

Historical events on March 9

  • 1452Pope Nicolaas I crowns Frederik III RC-German Emperor
  • 1496Jews are expelled from Carintha Austria
  • 1497Nicolaus Copernicus 1st recorded astronomical observation
  • 1500Pedro Cabral departs with 13 ships to India
  • 1551Emperor Karel appoints son Philip as heir to the throne
  • 1562Kissing in public banned in Naples (punishable by death)
  • 1617Sweden and Russia sign Peace of Stolbowa
  • 1640Pierre Corneilles "Horace, " premieres in Paris
  • 1642English Queen Henriette Mary arrives in Hellevoetsluis Neth
  • 1697Czar Peter the Great begins tour of West-Europe
  • 1701France, Cologne and Bavaria sign alliance
  • 1721English Chancellor Exchequer John Aislabie confined in London Tower
  • 1741English fleet under Admiral Ogle begins assault on Cartagena
  • 1745Bells for 1st American carillon shipped from England to Boston
  • 1796Napoleon Bonaparte marries Josephine de Beauharnais
  • 1798Dr George Balfour becomes 1st naval surgeon in the US navy
  • 1822Charles Graham of New York patents artificial teeth
  • 1839Prussian government limits work week for children to 51 hours
  • 1841US Supreme Court rules Negroes are free (Amistad Incident)
  • 1849Carl Nikolais opera "Die lustigen Weiber von Windsor, " premieres
  • 1858Albert Potts of Philadelphia patents the street mailbox
  • 18601st Japanese ambassador arrives in SF en route to Washington
  • 1861Confederate currency authorized-$50, $100, $500, $1,000
  • 1862"Monitor" (Union) and "Merrimack" (Rebel) battle in Hampton Roads
  • 1864Ulysses S Grant is appointed commander of Union Army
  • 1868The opera "Hamlet" premieres in Paris
  • 1873Royal Canadian Mounted Police founded
  • 1882False teeth patented
  • 1889Kansas passes 1st general antitrust law in US
  • 1893Congo cannibals killed 1000s of Arabs

Born on March 9

  • 1564David Fabricius: Essens, Germany -- Astronomer (discoved variable star)
  • 1568Aloysius "Luigi" van Gonzaga: Italian Prince / Jesuit / Saint
  • 1697Friederike C Neuber: German actress / author (Allerkostbarste Schatz)
  • 1735August Bernhard Valentin Herbing: Composer
  • 1737Josef Myslivecek: Composer
  • 1758Franz Joseph Gall: German / French Physician (frenology)
  • 1777Alexander Orlowski: Polish painter / cartoonist / graphic artist
  • 1791George Hayward: United States -- Surgeon - 1st to use ether
  • 1810Jean-Georges Kastner: Composer
  • 1812Jakob Eduard Schmolzer: Composer
  • 1824Leland Stanford: (Gov / Sen) / founder of Stanford University
  • 1826Jean Joseph Bott: German violinist / composer
  • 1839Felix Huston Robertson: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1928
  • 1848Martin Pierre Joseph Marsick: Composer
  • 1850Alexandre Luigini: Composer
  • 1865Margaret Murray Washington: Wife of Booker T / head (NACW 1896..1918)
  • 1874Johann Richard Ohlsson: Composer
  • 1875Martin Fallas Shaw: Composer
  • 1877Emil Abderhalden: Switzerland -- Physiologist / bio-chemist
  • 1881Enver Pasja: Turkish General / politician
  • 1881Ernest Bevin: British Minister of Labour / Foreign affairs
  • 1883Umberto Saba: Writer
  • 1885Ringgold "Ring" Lardner: Baseball player
  • 1890Vyacheslav Mikhailovich Molotov: Soviet Foreign Minister (UN)
  • 1892David Garnett: England, United Kingdom -- Novelist / editor (Lady into Fox)
  • 1892Frank Puglia: Sicily, Italy -- Actor (Black Orchid, Jungle Book)
  • 1892Joseph Weinheber: Austria -- Poet / writer (Adel und Untergang)
  • 1892Vita Sackville-West: England, United Kingdom -- Novelist / poet (The Land)
  • 1893Edgar Scauflaire: Belgian muralist / decorator
  • 1893Hans Munch: Composer

Died on March 9

  • 1566David Riccio: Italian singer / secretary of Mary Stuart, murdered
  • 1661Jules "Cardinal" Mazarin: Chief Minister of France, dies at 58
  • 1688Claude Mellan: French engraver / cartoonist / painter, dies at 89
  • 1693Antonio Caraffa: Italian General (Eperieser Bloedgericht)
  • 1747Jacob Campo Weyerman: S Netherlands adventurer / Painter / writer, dies at 69
  • 1800Dominique Della-Maria: Composer, dies at 30
  • 1819Janos Fusz: Composer, dies at 41
  • 1824Jacobus J Cramer: Priest of Holland / Zealand / Friesland, dies at 79
  • 1827Franz Xaver Gerl: Composer, dies at 62
  • 1831Friedrich M Klinger: German (stage)author (Plimplamplasko), dies at 79
  • 1870Theodore Labarre: Composer, dies at 65
  • 1877Mark Prager Lindo: English / Dutch Author (Netherlands Spectator), dies at 58
  • 1895Leopold von Sacher-Masoch: Austrian writer (Masochism), dies at 59
  • 1913Eberhard Nestle: German biblical scholar, dies at 61
  • 1918[Benjamin] Franc[lin] Wedekind: German writer / press sec, dies at 53
  • 1931Ida B Wells-Barnett: Famous black, dies in Chicago at 78
  • 1938Sydney Baynes: Composer, dies at 59
  • 1941Carlos Pedrell: Composer, dies at 62
  • 1955Matthew A Henson: Met Peary on 6 / 4 / 1909 at North Pole, dies at 88
  • 1962Howard Engstrom: Boston, a designer of Univac computer, dies at 59
  • 1964Johanna W "Mina" Bakker: Dutch actress (Boefje), dies at 87
  • 1964Paul von Lettow-Vorbeck: Prussian General / politician, dies at 93
  • 1965Anthon van der Horst: Dutch Organist / composer, dies at 65
  • 1965Kazys Boruta: Writer
  • 1969Riad: Chief of Staff (Egyptian army)
  • 1969Richard Crane: Actor (Surfside 6), dies at 50
  • 1971Jean-Pierre Guezek: Composer, dies at 36
  • 1974Earl W Sutherland, Jr.: US pharmacologist (Nobel 1971), dies at 58
  • 1975Joseph Dunninger: NYC, mentalist (Amazing Dunninger), dies at 82
  • 1975Shirley Ross: Actress (Night Vision, Mindkiller), dies at 62