Events on Mar 9

  • 1452Pope Nicolaas I crowns Frederik III RC-German Emperor
  • 1496Jews are expelled from Carintha Austria
  • 1497Nicolaus Copernicus 1st recorded astronomical observation
  • 1500Pedro Cabral departs with 13 ships to India
  • 1551Emperor Karel appoints son Philip as heir to the throne
  • 1562Kissing in public banned in Naples (punishable by death)
  • 1617Sweden and Russia sign Peace of Stolbowa
  • 1640Pierre Corneilles "Horace, " premieres in Paris
  • 1642English Queen Henriette Mary arrives in Hellevoetsluis Neth
  • 1697Czar Peter the Great begins tour of West-Europe
  • 1701France, Cologne and Bavaria sign alliance
  • 1721English Chancellor Exchequer John Aislabie confined in London Tower
  • 1741English fleet under Admiral Ogle begins assault on Cartagena
  • 1745Bells for 1st American carillon shipped from England to Boston
  • 1796Napoleon Bonaparte marries Josephine de Beauharnais
  • 1798Dr George Balfour becomes 1st naval surgeon in the US navy
  • 1822Charles Graham of New York patents artificial teeth
  • 1839Prussian government limits work week for children to 51 hours
  • 1841US Supreme Court rules Negroes are free (Amistad Incident)
  • 1849Carl Nikolais opera "Die lustigen Weiber von Windsor, " premieres
  • 1858Albert Potts of Philadelphia patents the street mailbox
  • 18601st Japanese ambassador arrives in SF en route to Washington
  • 1861Confederate currency authorized-$50, $100, $500, $1,000
  • 1862"Monitor" (Union) and "Merrimack" (Rebel) battle in Hampton Roads
  • 1864Ulysses S Grant is appointed commander of Union Army
  • 1868The opera "Hamlet" premieres in Paris
  • 1873Royal Canadian Mounted Police founded
  • 1882False teeth patented
  • 1889Kansas passes 1st general antitrust law in US
  • 1893Congo cannibals killed 1000s of Arabs

Born on Mar 9

  • 1564David Fabricius: Essens, Germany -- Astronomer (discoved variable star)
  • 1568Aloysius "Luigi" van Gonzaga: Italian Prince / Jesuit / Saint
  • 1697Friederike C Neuber: German actress / author (Allerkostbarste Schatz)
  • 1735August Bernhard Valentin Herbing: Composer
  • 1737Josef Myslivecek: Composer
  • 1758Franz Joseph Gall: German / French Physician (frenology)
  • 1777Alexander Orlowski: Polish painter / cartoonist / graphic artist
  • 1791George Hayward: United States -- Surgeon - 1st to use ether
  • 1810Jean-Georges Kastner: Composer
  • 1812Jakob Eduard Schmolzer: Composer
  • 1824Leland Stanford: (Gov / Sen) / founder of Stanford University
  • 1826Jean Joseph Bott: German violinist / composer
  • 1839Felix Huston Robertson: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1928
  • 1848Martin Pierre Joseph Marsick: Composer
  • 1850Alexandre Luigini: Composer
  • 1865Margaret Murray Washington: Wife of Booker T / head (NACW 1896..1918)
  • 1874Johann Richard Ohlsson: Composer
  • 1875Martin Fallas Shaw: Composer
  • 1877Emil Abderhalden: Switzerland -- Physiologist / bio-chemist
  • 1881Enver Pasja: Turkish General / politician
  • 1881Ernest Bevin: British Minister of Labour / Foreign affairs
  • 1883Umberto Saba: Writer
  • 1885Ringgold "Ring" Lardner: Baseball player
  • 1890Vyacheslav Mikhailovich Molotov: Soviet Foreign Minister (UN)
  • 1892David Garnett: England, United Kingdom -- Novelist / editor (Lady into Fox)
  • 1892Frank Puglia: Sicily, Italy -- Actor (Black Orchid, Jungle Book)
  • 1892Joseph Weinheber: Austria -- Poet / writer (Adel und Untergang)
  • 1892Vita Sackville-West: England, United Kingdom -- Novelist / poet (The Land)
  • 1893Edgar Scauflaire: Belgian muralist / decorator
  • 1893Hans Munch: Composer

Died on Mar 9

  • 1566David Riccio: Italian singer / secretary of Mary Stuart, murdered
  • 1661Jules "Cardinal" Mazarin: Chief Minister of France, dies at 58
  • 1688Claude Mellan: French engraver / cartoonist / painter, dies at 89
  • 1693Antonio Caraffa: Italian General (Eperieser Bloedgericht)
  • 1747Jacob Campo Weyerman: S Netherlands adventurer / Painter / writer, dies at 69
  • 1800Dominique Della-Maria: Composer, dies at 30
  • 1819Janos Fusz: Composer, dies at 41
  • 1824Jacobus J Cramer: Priest of Holland / Zealand / Friesland, dies at 79
  • 1827Franz Xaver Gerl: Composer, dies at 62
  • 1831Friedrich M Klinger: German (stage)author (Plimplamplasko), dies at 79
  • 1870Theodore Labarre: Composer, dies at 65
  • 1877Mark Prager Lindo: English / Dutch Author (Netherlands Spectator), dies at 58
  • 1895Leopold von Sacher-Masoch: Austrian writer (Masochism), dies at 59
  • 1913Eberhard Nestle: German biblical scholar, dies at 61
  • 1918[Benjamin] Franc[lin] Wedekind: German writer / press sec, dies at 53
  • 1931Ida B Wells-Barnett: Famous black, dies in Chicago at 78
  • 1938Sydney Baynes: Composer, dies at 59
  • 1941Carlos Pedrell: Composer, dies at 62
  • 1955Matthew A Henson: Met Peary on 6 / 4 / 1909 at North Pole, dies at 88
  • 1962Howard Engstrom: Boston, a designer of Univac computer, dies at 59
  • 1964Johanna W "Mina" Bakker: Dutch actress (Boefje), dies at 87
  • 1964Paul von Lettow-Vorbeck: Prussian General / politician, dies at 93
  • 1965Anthon van der Horst: Dutch Organist / composer, dies at 65
  • 1965Kazys Boruta: Writer
  • 1969Riad: Chief of Staff (Egyptian army)
  • 1969Richard Crane: Actor (Surfside 6), dies at 50
  • 1971Jean-Pierre Guezek: Composer, dies at 36
  • 1974Earl W Sutherland, Jr.: US pharmacologist (Nobel 1971), dies at 58
  • 1975Joseph Dunninger: NYC, mentalist (Amazing Dunninger), dies at 82
  • 1975Shirley Ross: Actress (Night Vision, Mindkiller), dies at 62

Historical events on March 10

  • 0418Jews are excluded from public office in the Roman Empire
  • 1526Emperor Charles V marries Princess Isabella of Portugal
  • 1624England declares war on Spain
  • 1629King Charles I dissolved Parliament; he called it back 11 years later
  • 1661French King Louis XIV ends office of Premier
  • 1681English Quaker William Penn receives charter from Charles II, making him sole proprietor of colonial American territory Pennsylvania
  • 1734Spanish army under Don Carlos (III) draws into Naples
  • 1791John Stone, Concord, Mass, patents a pile driver
  • 18471st money minted in Hawaii
  • 1849Abraham Lincoln applies for a patent; only US President to do so
  • 1862Great Britain and France recognizes independence of Zanzibar
  • 1862US issues 1st paper money ($5, $10, $20, $50, $100, $500 & $1000)
  • 1864Grant is named commander of the Union armies
  • 1864Red River campaign, Louisiana
  • 18761st telephone call made (Alexander Graham Bell to Thomas Watson)
  • 1880Salvation Army of England sets up US welfare and religious activity
  • 1888HW Boxing champ John L Sullivan draws Charlie Mitchell in 30 rounds
  • 1893Ivory Coast becomes a French colony
  • 1896After Bob Fitzsimmons KOs much larger Jim Corbett to win world HW championship he says, "The bigger they are, the harder they fall"
  • 1900Battle at Driefontein, South-Africa (Boers vs. British army)
  • 1902Earthquake destroys Turkish city of Tochangri
  • 1903Harry Gammeter, Cleveland, patents multigraph duplicating machine
  • 1903Stanley Cup: Ottawa Silver 7 sweep Montreal AAA in 2 games
  • 1905Japanese Army captures Mukden (Shenyang)
  • 1906Coal dust explosion kills 1,060 at Courrieres France
  • 1906London Underground opens Bakeroo line (Baker Street to Waterloo Line)
  • 1909Jack Johnson fights Victor McLaglen to no decision in 6 for box title
  • 1910China ends slavery
  • 1910Pittsburgh Courier, begins publishing
  • 1913Stanley Cup: Quebec Bulldogs sweep Sydney (NS) Millionaires in 2 games

Born on March 10

  • 1452Ferdinand II [the Catholic]: King of Aragon / Sicily (expelled Jews)
  • 1503Ferdinand I: German Emperor (1558-64)
  • 1628Constantine Huygens, Jr.: Dutch poet / painter / cartoonist
  • 1656Adolf H van Rechteren: Dutch diplomat / politician
  • 1698Gaetano Maria Schiassi: Composer
  • 1713Christian Friedrich Schale: Composer
  • 1713Raphael Weiss: Composer
  • 1748John Playfair: Scotland, United Kingdom -- Clergyman / geologist / mathematician
  • 1755Philipp Christoph Kayser: Composer
  • 1771Georg F Creuzer: German philological / historian (Idea und Probe)
  • 1772Friedrich von Schlegel: Germany -- Romantic writer / critic (Lucinde)
  • 1776Luise: Queen of Prussia / Wife of Frederik Willem III
  • 1780Juan Jose Landaeta: Composer
  • 1787William Etty: English painter (nudes)
  • 1788Joseph Freiherr von Eichendorff: German poet (Das Marmorbild)
  • 1809William David Porter: Commander (Union Navy), died in 1864
  • 1812Victor Tesch: Belgian lawyer / Minister of Justice
  • 1818George Wythe Randolph: Confederate States Secretary of War, died in 1867
  • 1822Willem Roelofs: Dutch painter / lithographer
  • 1824Thomas James Churchill: Major General (Confederate Army), died in 1905
  • 1832William Henry Penrose: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1903
  • 1839Dudley Buck: Hartford, Connecticut -- Organist / church composer
  • 1842Ina Donna Coolbrith: United States -- Poet laureate of California
  • 1844Pablo Martin M de Sarasate y Navascuez: Composer (Spanish Dancing)
  • 1845Alexander III A Romanov: Russian tsar (1881-94)
  • 1865Pim [Willem JH] Mulier: Dutch journalist / writer / sport-organizer
  • 1867Lillian D Wald: United States -- Sociologist / organizer (Visiting Nurses)
  • 1870Alfred Kastner: Composer
  • 1872Felix Borowski: Composer
  • 1873Jakob Wassermann: Germany -- Novelist (My Life as German and Jew)

Died on March 10

  • 0483Simplicius: Italian Pope (468-83)
  • 1585Rembert Dodoens [Rembertus Dodonaeus]: Physician / botanist, dies at 67
  • 1592Michiel Coxcie: Flemish (court)painter / carpet designer
  • 1597Petrus Forestus: Dutch Physician (Willem of Orange)
  • 1700Diogo Diaz Melgaz: Composer, dies at 61
  • 1701Johann Schelle: Composer, dies at 52
  • 1716Wenzel Ludwig von Radolt: Composer, dies at 48
  • 1735Dirk T van Cloon: Dutch lawyer / Governor-General of E Indies, dies at about 46
  • 1792John Stuart: 3rd Earl of Bute / English Premier (1760-63), dies at 78
  • 1819Friedrich Heinrich Jacobi: Writer
  • 1826Johan VI M L J: King of Portugal (1816-26), dies at 56
  • 1832Muzio Clementi: Italian composer, dies at 79
  • 1861Josepf Francois Snel: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1864Maximilian II Jozef: King of Bayern (1848-64), dies at 52
  • 1865William Henry "Little Billy" Chase Whiting: Confederate General Major, dies at 48
  • 1866Antonio Francesco Gaetano S Pacini: Composer, dies at 87
  • 1870Isaak-Ignaz Moscheles: Composer, dies at 75
  • 1872Giuseppe Mazzini: Italian revolutionary (Giovane Italy), dies at 66
  • 1875Louis Joseph Daussoigne-Mehul: Composer, dies at 84
  • 1888Ciro Pinsuti: Italian pianist / composer, dies at 57
  • 1892Otto van Raised: Governor-General of the Netherlands Indies (1884-88), dies at 69
  • 1897Teodulo Mabellini: Composer, dies at 79
  • 1900Johann Peter Emilius Hartmann: Composer, dies at 94
  • 1901Vasily Georgiyevich Wrangell: Composer, dies at 38
  • 1906Eugen Richter: German MP (Liberal), dies at 67
  • 1910Carl Heinrich Carsten Reinecke: Composer, dies at 85
  • 1910Karl Lueger: Austrian anti-semite / Mayor of Vienna, dies at 65
  • 1913Harriet Tubman: Abolitionist, conductor on Underground RR, dies in New York
  • 1922Arthur Hervey: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1922Horace Wadham Nicholl: Composer, dies at 73