Events on Mar 10

  • 0418Jews are excluded from public office in the Roman Empire
  • 1526Emperor Charles V marries Princess Isabella of Portugal
  • 1624England declares war on Spain
  • 1629King Charles I dissolved Parliament; he called it back 11 years later
  • 1661French King Louis XIV ends office of Premier
  • 1681English Quaker William Penn receives charter from Charles II, making him sole proprietor of colonial American territory Pennsylvania
  • 1734Spanish army under Don Carlos (III) draws into Naples
  • 1791John Stone, Concord, Mass, patents a pile driver
  • 18471st money minted in Hawaii
  • 1849Abraham Lincoln applies for a patent; only US President to do so
  • 1862Great Britain and France recognizes independence of Zanzibar
  • 1862US issues 1st paper money ($5, $10, $20, $50, $100, $500 & $1000)
  • 1864Grant is named commander of the Union armies
  • 1864Red River campaign, Louisiana
  • 18761st telephone call made (Alexander Graham Bell to Thomas Watson)
  • 1880Salvation Army of England sets up US welfare and religious activity
  • 1888HW Boxing champ John L Sullivan draws Charlie Mitchell in 30 rounds
  • 1893Ivory Coast becomes a French colony
  • 1896After Bob Fitzsimmons KOs much larger Jim Corbett to win world HW championship he says, "The bigger they are, the harder they fall"
  • 1900Battle at Driefontein, South-Africa (Boers vs. British army)
  • 1902Earthquake destroys Turkish city of Tochangri
  • 1903Harry Gammeter, Cleveland, patents multigraph duplicating machine
  • 1903Stanley Cup: Ottawa Silver 7 sweep Montreal AAA in 2 games
  • 1905Japanese Army captures Mukden (Shenyang)
  • 1906Coal dust explosion kills 1,060 at Courrieres France
  • 1906London Underground opens Bakeroo line (Baker Street to Waterloo Line)
  • 1909Jack Johnson fights Victor McLaglen to no decision in 6 for box title
  • 1910China ends slavery
  • 1910Pittsburgh Courier, begins publishing
  • 1913Stanley Cup: Quebec Bulldogs sweep Sydney (NS) Millionaires in 2 games

Born on Mar 10

  • 1452Ferdinand II [the Catholic]: King of Aragon / Sicily (expelled Jews)
  • 1503Ferdinand I: German Emperor (1558-64)
  • 1628Constantine Huygens, Jr.: Dutch poet / painter / cartoonist
  • 1656Adolf H van Rechteren: Dutch diplomat / politician
  • 1698Gaetano Maria Schiassi: Composer
  • 1713Christian Friedrich Schale: Composer
  • 1713Raphael Weiss: Composer
  • 1748John Playfair: Scotland, United Kingdom -- Clergyman / geologist / mathematician
  • 1755Philipp Christoph Kayser: Composer
  • 1771Georg F Creuzer: German philological / historian (Idea und Probe)
  • 1772Friedrich von Schlegel: Germany -- Romantic writer / critic (Lucinde)
  • 1776Luise: Queen of Prussia / Wife of Frederik Willem III
  • 1780Juan Jose Landaeta: Composer
  • 1787William Etty: English painter (nudes)
  • 1788Joseph Freiherr von Eichendorff: German poet (Das Marmorbild)
  • 1809William David Porter: Commander (Union Navy), died in 1864
  • 1812Victor Tesch: Belgian lawyer / Minister of Justice
  • 1818George Wythe Randolph: Confederate States Secretary of War, died in 1867
  • 1822Willem Roelofs: Dutch painter / lithographer
  • 1824Thomas James Churchill: Major General (Confederate Army), died in 1905
  • 1832William Henry Penrose: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1903
  • 1839Dudley Buck: Hartford, Connecticut -- Organist / church composer
  • 1842Ina Donna Coolbrith: United States -- Poet laureate of California
  • 1844Pablo Martin M de Sarasate y Navascuez: Composer (Spanish Dancing)
  • 1845Alexander III A Romanov: Russian tsar (1881-94)
  • 1865Pim [Willem JH] Mulier: Dutch journalist / writer / sport-organizer
  • 1867Lillian D Wald: United States -- Sociologist / organizer (Visiting Nurses)
  • 1870Alfred Kastner: Composer
  • 1872Felix Borowski: Composer
  • 1873Jakob Wassermann: Germany -- Novelist (My Life as German and Jew)

Died on Mar 10

  • 0483Simplicius: Italian Pope (468-83)
  • 1585Rembert Dodoens [Rembertus Dodonaeus]: Physician / botanist, dies at 67
  • 1592Michiel Coxcie: Flemish (court)painter / carpet designer
  • 1597Petrus Forestus: Dutch Physician (Willem of Orange)
  • 1700Diogo Diaz Melgaz: Composer, dies at 61
  • 1701Johann Schelle: Composer, dies at 52
  • 1716Wenzel Ludwig von Radolt: Composer, dies at 48
  • 1735Dirk T van Cloon: Dutch lawyer / Governor-General of E Indies, dies at about 46
  • 1792John Stuart: 3rd Earl of Bute / English Premier (1760-63), dies at 78
  • 1819Friedrich Heinrich Jacobi: Writer
  • 1826Johan VI M L J: King of Portugal (1816-26), dies at 56
  • 1832Muzio Clementi: Italian composer, dies at 79
  • 1861Josepf Francois Snel: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1864Maximilian II Jozef: King of Bayern (1848-64), dies at 52
  • 1865William Henry "Little Billy" Chase Whiting: Confederate General Major, dies at 48
  • 1866Antonio Francesco Gaetano S Pacini: Composer, dies at 87
  • 1870Isaak-Ignaz Moscheles: Composer, dies at 75
  • 1872Giuseppe Mazzini: Italian revolutionary (Giovane Italy), dies at 66
  • 1875Louis Joseph Daussoigne-Mehul: Composer, dies at 84
  • 1888Ciro Pinsuti: Italian pianist / composer, dies at 57
  • 1892Otto van Raised: Governor-General of the Netherlands Indies (1884-88), dies at 69
  • 1897Teodulo Mabellini: Composer, dies at 79
  • 1900Johann Peter Emilius Hartmann: Composer, dies at 94
  • 1901Vasily Georgiyevich Wrangell: Composer, dies at 38
  • 1906Eugen Richter: German MP (Liberal), dies at 67
  • 1910Carl Heinrich Carsten Reinecke: Composer, dies at 85
  • 1910Karl Lueger: Austrian anti-semite / Mayor of Vienna, dies at 65
  • 1913Harriet Tubman: Abolitionist, conductor on Underground RR, dies in New York
  • 1922Arthur Hervey: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1922Horace Wadham Nicholl: Composer, dies at 73

Historical events on March 11

  • 0417Zosimus becomes Bishop of Rome
  • 0537Goths lay siege to Rome
  • 0843Icon worship officially re-instated in Aya Sofia Constantinople
  • 1502Tebriz: Shah Ismail I of Persia crowned
  • 1563League of High Nobles routes 2nd protest against King Philip II
  • 1567Geuzen army leaves Walcheren to return to Oosterweel
  • 1597Land guardian Albrecht occupies Amiens on France
  • 1598Countess Charlotte of Nassau marries Duke Claude de la Tremoille
  • 1649Treaty of Rueil destroys 1st Fronde-uprising
  • 1665New York approves new code guaranteeing Protestants religious rights
  • 1669Volcano Etna in Italy erupts killing 15,000
  • 17021st English daily newspaper "Daily Courant, " publishes
  • 1779US army Corps of Engineers established (1st time)
  • 1791Samuel Mulliken, Philadelphia, is 1st to obtain more than 1 US patent
  • 1795Battle at Kurdla India: Mahratten beat Mogols
  • 1810Emperor Napoleon married by proxy to Archduchess Marie Louise
  • 1812Citizenship granted to Prussian Jews
  • 18231st normal school in US opens, Concord Academy, Concord, Vermont
  • 1824US War Department creates the Bureau of Indian Affairs
  • 1835HMS Beagle anchors off Valparaiso, Chile
  • 1861Confederate convention in Montgomery, adopts constitution
  • 1862General Stonewall Jackson evacuates Winchester Virginia Army of the Potomac. General Henry Halleck is named general-in-chief
  • 1862Lincoln removes McClellen as general-in-chief and makes him head of
  • 1867Great Mauna Loa eruption (Hawaiian volcano)
  • 1882Intercollegiate Lacrosse Association organized in Princeton, New Jersey
  • 18921st public basketball game (Springfield, Massachusetts)
  • 1895Spanish cruiser Reina Regenta sinks at Gibraltar, 400 killed
  • 1901Cincinnati Enquirer reports Baltimore Manager John McGraw signed Cherokee Indian Tokohoma, who is really black 2nd baseman Charlie Grant
  • 1904Stanley Cup: Ottawa Silver 7 sweep Brandon Wheat Kings in 2 games
  • 1905Stanley Cup: Ottawa Silver 7 beat Rat Portage Thisles, 2 games to 1

Born on March 11

  • 1544Torquato Tasso: Italy -- Renaissance poet (Aminta, Apologia)
  • 1549Henric Spieghel: Dutch Renaissance poet (Hertspiegel)
  • 1596Isaac Elsevier: Book publisher
  • 1654Heinrich Georg Neuss: Composer
  • 1683Giovanni Veneziano: Composer
  • 1731Robert Treat Paine: Judge, signer (Declaration of Independence)
  • 1781Anthony Philip Heinrich: Composer
  • 1793Jan F Willems: Flemish writer / philologist
  • 1811Marsena Rudolph Patrick: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1811Urbain Jean Joseph le Verrier: Co-discoverer (Neptune)
  • 1812James Speed: Attorney General (Union), died in 1887
  • 1812William Vincent Wallace: Composer
  • 1818John Wilkins Whitfield: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1879
  • 1819Henry Tate: English sugar producer (Tate Gallery)
  • 1819Marius Petipa: French ballet dancer / choreographer (Don Quiotte)
  • 1822Allison Nelson: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1862
  • 1827Septimus Winner: Composer
  • 1832Franz Melde: German phyicist (Melde test)
  • 1832William Ruffin Cox: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1919
  • 1840Edmund Kirby, Jr.: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1863
  • 1860Thomas Hastings: NYC, New York -- Architect (NY Public Library)
  • 1863Wobbe de Vries: Dutch linguist
  • 1872Abraham van Stolk Jzn: Lumber Merchant / art collector
  • 1876Carl Ruggles: Marion, Massachusetts -- Composer (Evocations)
  • 1876David Wijnkoop: Dutch revolutionary socialist
  • 1879Justus Hermann Wetzel: Composer
  • 1879Niels Bjerrum: Danish chemist (ph tests)
  • 1884Jan Lemaire: Dutch writer / actor (Beautiful Juliet)
  • 1885Malcolm Campbell: 1st auto racer to travel 5 miles / min (8 km / min)
  • 1890Vannevar Bush: Developed 1st electronic analogue computer

Died on March 11

  • 0638Sophronius of Jerusalem: Saint / patriarch of Jerusalem
  • 1486Albrecht III Achilles: Elector of Brandenburg, dies at 71
  • 1715Jan-Erasmus Quellinus: Flemish painter, dies at 80
  • 1772George Reuter: Composer, dies at 63
  • 1786Jacobus Bellamy [Zelandus]: Dutch / Swiss poet, dies at 28
  • 1787Maximilian JLP Gardel: French ballet dancer / choreographer, dies at 45
  • 1807Anton Eberl: Composer, dies at 41
  • 1820Benjamin West: British Painter (Death of General Wolfe), dies at 81
  • 1826Gervais-Francois Couperin: Composer, dies at 66
  • 1833Fridolin Weber: Composer, dies at 71
  • 1845John Chapman [Johnny Appleseed]: Dies in Allen County, Indiana
  • 1857Manuel Jose Quintana: Spanish Author / Poet (A la paz), dies at 84
  • 1874Charles Sumner: A white civil rights leader, dies at 63
  • 1897Berthold Tours: Composer, dies at 58
  • 1897Henry Drummond: Scottish geologist / evangelist, dies at 45
  • 1907Nikola Petkow: Premier (Bulgaria), murdered
  • 1908Peter Milne: Composer, dies at 83
  • 1919Harald Fryklof: Composer, dies at 36
  • 1921Sherburne W Burnham: US astronomer (binary stars), dies at 83
  • 1925Andreas Hallen: Composer, dies at 78
  • 1937Paul Scheinpflug: Composer, dies at 61
  • 1941Walford Davies: British Organist / composer, dies at 71
  • 1944Hendrik W van Loon: Neth / US radio commentator / writer, dies at 62
  • 1947Victor Hely-Hutchinson: Composer, dies at 45
  • 1949Juan Lamonte de Grignon: Composer, dies at 76
  • 1950Florence Arliss: Actress (Disraeli), dies at 78
  • 1951Philippe of Isacker: Belgian minister, dies at 66
  • 1955Alexander Fleming: English bacteriologist (penicillin), dies at 73
  • 1956Sergey Nikiforovich Vasilenko: Russian opera composer, dies at 83
  • 1957Richard E Byrd: United States -- Explorer (Antarctica), dies at 68