Events on Mar 11

  • 0417Zosimus becomes Bishop of Rome
  • 0537Goths lay siege to Rome
  • 0843Icon worship officially re-instated in Aya Sofia Constantinople
  • 1502Tebriz: Shah Ismail I of Persia crowned
  • 1563League of High Nobles routes 2nd protest against King Philip II
  • 1567Geuzen army leaves Walcheren to return to Oosterweel
  • 1597Land guardian Albrecht occupies Amiens on France
  • 1598Countess Charlotte of Nassau marries Duke Claude de la Tremoille
  • 1649Treaty of Rueil destroys 1st Fronde-uprising
  • 1665New York approves new code guaranteeing Protestants religious rights
  • 1669Volcano Etna in Italy erupts killing 15,000
  • 17021st English daily newspaper "Daily Courant, " publishes
  • 1779US army Corps of Engineers established (1st time)
  • 1791Samuel Mulliken, Philadelphia, is 1st to obtain more than 1 US patent
  • 1795Battle at Kurdla India: Mahratten beat Mogols
  • 1810Emperor Napoleon married by proxy to Archduchess Marie Louise
  • 1812Citizenship granted to Prussian Jews
  • 18231st normal school in US opens, Concord Academy, Concord, Vermont
  • 1824US War Department creates the Bureau of Indian Affairs
  • 1835HMS Beagle anchors off Valparaiso, Chile
  • 1861Confederate convention in Montgomery, adopts constitution
  • 1862General Stonewall Jackson evacuates Winchester Virginia Army of the Potomac. General Henry Halleck is named general-in-chief
  • 1862Lincoln removes McClellen as general-in-chief and makes him head of
  • 1867Great Mauna Loa eruption (Hawaiian volcano)
  • 1882Intercollegiate Lacrosse Association organized in Princeton, New Jersey
  • 18921st public basketball game (Springfield, Massachusetts)
  • 1895Spanish cruiser Reina Regenta sinks at Gibraltar, 400 killed
  • 1901Cincinnati Enquirer reports Baltimore Manager John McGraw signed Cherokee Indian Tokohoma, who is really black 2nd baseman Charlie Grant
  • 1904Stanley Cup: Ottawa Silver 7 sweep Brandon Wheat Kings in 2 games
  • 1905Stanley Cup: Ottawa Silver 7 beat Rat Portage Thisles, 2 games to 1

Born on Mar 11

  • 1544Torquato Tasso: Italy -- Renaissance poet (Aminta, Apologia)
  • 1549Henric Spieghel: Dutch Renaissance poet (Hertspiegel)
  • 1596Isaac Elsevier: Book publisher
  • 1654Heinrich Georg Neuss: Composer
  • 1683Giovanni Veneziano: Composer
  • 1731Robert Treat Paine: Judge, signer (Declaration of Independence)
  • 1781Anthony Philip Heinrich: Composer
  • 1793Jan F Willems: Flemish writer / philologist
  • 1811Marsena Rudolph Patrick: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1811Urbain Jean Joseph le Verrier: Co-discoverer (Neptune)
  • 1812James Speed: Attorney General (Union), died in 1887
  • 1812William Vincent Wallace: Composer
  • 1818John Wilkins Whitfield: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1879
  • 1819Henry Tate: English sugar producer (Tate Gallery)
  • 1819Marius Petipa: French ballet dancer / choreographer (Don Quiotte)
  • 1822Allison Nelson: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1862
  • 1827Septimus Winner: Composer
  • 1832Franz Melde: German phyicist (Melde test)
  • 1832William Ruffin Cox: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1919
  • 1840Edmund Kirby, Jr.: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1863
  • 1860Thomas Hastings: NYC, New York -- Architect (NY Public Library)
  • 1863Wobbe de Vries: Dutch linguist
  • 1872Abraham van Stolk Jzn: Lumber Merchant / art collector
  • 1876Carl Ruggles: Marion, Massachusetts -- Composer (Evocations)
  • 1876David Wijnkoop: Dutch revolutionary socialist
  • 1879Justus Hermann Wetzel: Composer
  • 1879Niels Bjerrum: Danish chemist (ph tests)
  • 1884Jan Lemaire: Dutch writer / actor (Beautiful Juliet)
  • 1885Malcolm Campbell: 1st auto racer to travel 5 miles / min (8 km / min)
  • 1890Vannevar Bush: Developed 1st electronic analogue computer

Died on Mar 11

  • 0638Sophronius of Jerusalem: Saint / patriarch of Jerusalem
  • 1486Albrecht III Achilles: Elector of Brandenburg, dies at 71
  • 1715Jan-Erasmus Quellinus: Flemish painter, dies at 80
  • 1772George Reuter: Composer, dies at 63
  • 1786Jacobus Bellamy [Zelandus]: Dutch / Swiss poet, dies at 28
  • 1787Maximilian JLP Gardel: French ballet dancer / choreographer, dies at 45
  • 1807Anton Eberl: Composer, dies at 41
  • 1820Benjamin West: British Painter (Death of General Wolfe), dies at 81
  • 1826Gervais-Francois Couperin: Composer, dies at 66
  • 1833Fridolin Weber: Composer, dies at 71
  • 1845John Chapman [Johnny Appleseed]: Dies in Allen County, Indiana
  • 1857Manuel Jose Quintana: Spanish Author / Poet (A la paz), dies at 84
  • 1874Charles Sumner: A white civil rights leader, dies at 63
  • 1897Berthold Tours: Composer, dies at 58
  • 1897Henry Drummond: Scottish geologist / evangelist, dies at 45
  • 1907Nikola Petkow: Premier (Bulgaria), murdered
  • 1908Peter Milne: Composer, dies at 83
  • 1919Harald Fryklof: Composer, dies at 36
  • 1921Sherburne W Burnham: US astronomer (binary stars), dies at 83
  • 1925Andreas Hallen: Composer, dies at 78
  • 1937Paul Scheinpflug: Composer, dies at 61
  • 1941Walford Davies: British Organist / composer, dies at 71
  • 1944Hendrik W van Loon: Neth / US radio commentator / writer, dies at 62
  • 1947Victor Hely-Hutchinson: Composer, dies at 45
  • 1949Juan Lamonte de Grignon: Composer, dies at 76
  • 1950Florence Arliss: Actress (Disraeli), dies at 78
  • 1951Philippe of Isacker: Belgian minister, dies at 66
  • 1955Alexander Fleming: English bacteriologist (penicillin), dies at 73
  • 1956Sergey Nikiforovich Vasilenko: Russian opera composer, dies at 83
  • 1957Richard E Byrd: United States -- Explorer (Antarctica), dies at 68

Historical events on March 12

  • 1000Odo of Lagery elected as Pope Urban II, replacing Victor III
  • 1054Pope Leo IX escapes captivity and returns to Rome
  • 1144Gherardo Caccianemici elected Pope Lucius II, succeeding Callistus II
  • 1350Orvieto city says it will behead and burn Jewish-Christian couples
  • 1365University of Vienna founded
  • 1496Jews are expelled from Syria
  • 1594Company of Distant established for business on East-Indies
  • 1597England routes troops to Amiens
  • 1609Bermuda becomes an English colony
  • 1619Dutch settlement on Java changes name to Batavia
  • 1622Ignatius of Loyola declared a Saint
  • 1642Abel Tasman is 1st European in New Zealand
  • 16641st naturalization act in American colonies
  • 1664New Jersey becomes a British colony
  • 1689Former English King James II lands in Ireland
  • 17551st steam engine in America installed, to pump water from a mine
  • 1773Jeanne Baptiste Pointe de Sable found settlement now known as Chicago
  • 1799Austria declares war on France
  • 18482nd Republic established in France
  • 18491st gold seekers arrive in Nicaragua en route to California
  • 18501st US $20 gold piece issued
  • 1860Congress accepts Pre-emption Bill: free land in West for colonists
  • 1865Affair near Lone Jack, Missouri
  • 1867Last French troops leave Mexico
  • 1868Britain annexed Basutoland in Africa
  • 1868Great Britain annexes Basutoland in Africa
  • 1877British annex Walvis Bay in southern Africa
  • 1877Great Britain annexes Walvis Bay at Cape colony
  • 1884Mississippi establishes 1st US state college for women
  • 1889Battle at Metema (Gallabad): Ethiopian Emperor Yohannes IV, defeated

Born on March 12

  • 1336Eduard: Duke of Gelre (1361-71) husband of Catharina of Bayern
  • 1515Caspar Othmayr: Composer
  • 1685George Berkeley: Ireland -- Philosopher / Bishop of Cloyne
  • 1710Thomas Augustine Arne: English composer (Alfred, Rule Britannia)
  • 1755Georges Couthon: French politician
  • 1768Carolus Antonius Fodor: Composer
  • 1793Augustin-Philippe Peellaert: Composer
  • 1800Louis-Prosper Gachard: Belgian historian
  • 1806Jane Means Appleton Pierce: 1st lady (1853-57)
  • 1808Gerrit van der Linde Jz [Schoolmaster]: Dutch poet
  • 1816David Stuart: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1868
  • 1818John Lorimar Worden: Captain (Union Navy), died in 1897
  • 1821Luitpold von Bayern: Prince-regent of Bayern
  • 1823William Flank Perry: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1901
  • 1824Gustav R Kirchoff: Prussia -- Physicist (spectral analysis)
  • 1826Robert Lowry: Composer
  • 1827John Robert Jones: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1901
  • 1827William Richard Terry: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1897
  • 1830William Felix Brantley: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1870
  • 1831Clement Studebaker: Automobile pioneer (Studebaker)
  • 1832Charles Boycott: Ireland -- Estate manager / caused boycotts
  • 1835Simon Newcomb: United States -- Scientist / mathematician / astronomer
  • 1837Felix Alexandre Guilmant: Composer
  • 1838William Perkin: Inventor (1st artificial dye)
  • 1848Cyrill Kistler: Composer
  • 1859Josef Cyril Sychra: Composer
  • 1860Salvatore Di Giacomo: Composer
  • 1862Jane Delano: United States -- Nurse / teacher / founder (Red Cross)
  • 1863Adolf A Wolfschoon: Poet
  • 1874Edmund Eysler: Austrian composer

Died on March 12

  • 0417Innocent I: Italian Pope (401-417)
  • 0604Gregory I the Great: Pope (590-604), dies at 64
  • 1209Djamal al-din Abu Mohammed Iljas Nizami: Persian poet
  • 1471Dionysius the Carthusian / van Rijkel: Dutch scholastic theologist
  • 1496Johannes de Lapide [Johan Heynlin]: German philosopher
  • 1507Cesare Borgia: Cardinal / soldier / politician, killed in battle at 31
  • 1570Jacob van den Eynden: Grand Pensionary of Holland
  • 1648Tirso de Molina: Spanish author, dies at about 63
  • 1681French van Mieris [the Elder]: Dutch genre painter, dies at 45
  • 1734Antonius Schultingh [Schultingius]: Dutch lawyer, dies at 74
  • 1753George Berkeley: Philosopher / Bishop (Cloyne), dies on 68th birthday
  • 1824Heinrich Carl Ebell: Composer, dies at 48
  • 1831Johann Franz Volkert: Composer, dies at 64
  • 1832Daniel Friedrich Kuhlau: German / Danish opera composer, dies at 45
  • 1834Karl W Feuerbach: Mathematician (circle of Feuerbach), dies at 33
  • 1840Friedrich Westenholz: Composer, dies at 61
  • 1852Juan Bros y Bertomel: Composer, dies at 75
  • 1877Crystobal Oudrid y Segura: Composer, dies at 52
  • 1888Henry Bergh: Founder (ASPCA), dies at 76
  • 1889Yohannes IV [Kasa]: Emperor of Ethiopia (1872-89), dies in battle
  • 1902John Peter Altgeld: German / US Governor of Illinois, dies at 54
  • 1905Rudolf von Alt: Austrian painter, dies at 92
  • 1909Johanna "Lena" Bakker: Dutch actress / Wife of Bruno Gerlach, dies at 34
  • 1913Joseph Bayer: Composer, dies at 61
  • 1914George Westinghouse: US engineer (Westinghouse Electric), dies at 67
  • 1916M v Ebner-Eschenbach: Writer, dies at 39
  • 1924Hilaire Comte de Chardonnet: Inventor (rayon)
  • 1925Sun Yat-Sen: Chinese revolutionary President, dies at 58
  • 1932Ivar Kreuger: "Swedish Match King" industrialist, commits suicide
  • 1937Charles-Marie-Jean-Albert Widor: French Organist / composer, dies at 93