Events on Mar 13

  • 0483St. Felix III begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1138German King Koenraad II von Hohenstaufen crowned
  • 1560Spanish fleet occupies Djerba, at Tripoli
  • 1564Cardinal Granvelle flees Brussels
  • 1567Battle at Oosterweel: Spanish troops destroy Geuzenleger
  • 1569Battle of Jarnac, Count of Anjou defeats Huguenots
  • 1591Battle at Tondibi: Moroccans army under Judar beats Sultan Askia Ishaq II of Songhai
  • 1639Cambridge College renamed Harvard for clergyman John Harvard
  • 1656Jews are denied the right to build a synagogue in New Amsterdam
  • 1677Massachusetts gains title to Maine for $6,000
  • 17351st US Moravian bishop, David Nitschmann, consecrated in Germany
  • 1781Sir William Herschel sees "comet" (really discovered Uranus)
  • 1790John Martin, 1st American-born actor, performs in Philadelphia
  • 1835Charles Darwin departs Valparaiso for Andes crossing
  • 1852Uncle Sam cartoon figure made its debut in the New York Lantern weekly
  • 1861Jefferson Davis signs bill authorizing use of slaves as soldiers
  • 1865US Confederate Congress calls on black slaves for field service
  • 1868Senate begins President Andrew Johnson impeachment trial
  • 1869Arkansas legislature passes anti-Klan law
  • 1878Oxford defeats Cambridge in their 1st golf match
  • 1884Siege of Khartoum Sudan begins
  • 1884US adopts Standard Time
  • 1887Chester Greenwood of Maine patents earmuffs
  • 1888Great Blizzard of 1888 rages
  • 1894J L Johnstone of England invents horse racing starting gate
  • 1895Spanish cruiser Reina Regente sinks off Gibraltar, 402 die
  • 1900British troops occupy Bloemfontein, Orange-Free state
  • 1904Bronze statue of Christ on Argentine-Chilian border dedicated
  • 1911Stanley Cup: Ottawa Senators beat Galt (Ont), 7-4
  • 1912Stanley Cup: Quebec Bulldogs sweep Moncton (NB) in 2 games

Born on Mar 13

  • 1548Sasbout Vosmeer: Dutch Catholic theologist / apostole
  • 1599Johannes Berchmans: Dutch Jesuit / Saint
  • 1615Innocent XII [Antonio Pignatelli]: Pope (1691-1700)
  • 1696Louis F A D Duke de Richelieu: French marshal
  • 1700James Kent: Composer
  • 1700Michel Blavet: Composer
  • 1712Isfrid Kayser: Composer
  • 1733Joseph Priestly: England, United Kingdom -- Clergyman / Scientist (discovered oxygen)
  • 1741Jozef II: Archduke of Austria / RC German Emperor (1765-90)
  • 1744David Allan: Scottish painter
  • 1746Maurus Haberhauer: Composer
  • 1752Josef Reicha: Composer
  • 1764Charles Earl Grey: (Whig), British Prime Minister (1830-34)
  • 1767Heinrich Domnich: Composer
  • 1768Charles Louis WJ van Keverberg: Dutch civil servant
  • 1770Daniel Lambert: England, United Kingdom -- Giant (weighed 739 lbs (334 kg) at death)
  • 1779Oliver Shaw: Composer
  • 1781Karl F Schinkel: German architect / painter / writer (Schloss Tegel)
  • 1798Abigail Powers Fillmore: 1st lady (1850-53)
  • 1818Albion Parris Howe: Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1897
  • 1820Louis Herbert: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1901
  • 1822Moritz Grave von Strachwitz: German poet
  • 1832Alberto Randegger: Composer
  • 1850Emilio Serrano y Ruiz: Composer
  • 1855Percival "Percy" Lowell: US astronomer (predicted discovery of Pluto)
  • 1858Maximilien Luce: French painter
  • 1862Vasily Mikhaylovich Metallov: Composer
  • 1872Oswald Garrison Villard: American journalist
  • 1875Maria E G "Lizzy" Ansingh: Dutch painter (Caught Sultane)
  • 1881Balthazar H Verhagen: Netherlands -- South African dramatist / writer

Died on Mar 13

  • 1202Mieszko III [the Elder]: Grand Duke of Poland (1173-77, 1200-02)
  • 1516Vladislav II Jagiello: King of Bohemia (1490-1516), dies at 60
  • 1558Jean Fernel: French Physician / physiologist
  • 1619Richard Burbage: English actor (Shakespeare)
  • 1716Georg Gabriel Schutz: Composer, dies at 46
  • 1756Johann Melchior Conradi: Composer, dies at 81
  • 1817Matej Sojka: Composer, dies at 77
  • 1837Nikita P Panin: Russian diplomat / Minister of Foreign Affairs, dies at 66
  • 1839Robert Gallenberg: Composer, dies at 55
  • 1879Adolf Anderssen: German world champ chess (1851..66), dies at 60
  • 1881Alexander II: Tsar of Russia, assassinated at 62
  • 1890Henry Wylde: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1901Benjamin Harrison: 23rd President (1889-1893), dies in Indianapolis at 67
  • 1903Nicolas Beets [Hildebrand]: Dutch writer (Camera Obscura), dies at 88
  • 1906Susan B[rownell] Anthony: American suffragist, dies at 85
  • 1911Jacob M van Bemmelen: Dutch physicist / chemist, dies at 80
  • 1915Sergei J Witte: Dutch count / Premier of Russia, dies at 65
  • 1918Karel Stecker: Composer, dies at 57
  • 1930Mary E W Freeman: US writer (Pembroke), dies at 77
  • 1934Fritz Cortolezis: Composer, dies at 56
  • 1938Clarence S Darrow: Scopes Monkey Trial attorney, dies in Chicago at 80
  • 1941A Coenradi: Dutch resistance fighter, executed
  • 1941Bernard Ijzerdraat: Dutch resistance fighter, executed
  • 1941E Hellendoorn: Dutch resistance fighter, executed
  • 1941J Eyl: Dutch resistance fighter, executed
  • 1945Herbert Bedford: Composer, dies at 78
  • 1946Abraham Bredius: Dutch art Historian (Rembrandt), dies at 90
  • 1946Thomas Frederick Dunhill: Composer, dies at 69
  • 1946Werner von Blomberg: German Minister of Reichswehr, dies at 67
  • 1951Alfred Hugenberg: German RC President of the Directorate of Krupp / media magnate

Historical events on March 14

  • 1558Ferdinand I appointed Holy Roman Emperor
  • 1559Storm floods ravage Gorinchem, Dordrecht andWoudrichem, Neth
  • 1629England granted a royal charter to Massachusetts Bay Colony
  • 1644England grants patent for Providence Plantations (now Rhode Island)
  • 1653Johan van Galen beats English fleet at Livorno
  • 1689Scotland dismisses Willem III and Mary Stuart as King and Queen
  • 1794Eli Whitney patents cotton gin
  • 1800Luigi Chiaramonti crowned Pope Pius VII
  • 1812Congress authorizes war bonds to finance War of 1812
  • 1821African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church founded (NY)
  • 1836HMS Beagle / Charles Darwin leaves Australia
  • 1843Boston conducts its 1st town meeting (Faneuil Hall)
  • 1862Battle of New Bern NC: General Burnside conquers New Bern
  • 1864Union troops occupy Fort de Russy, Louisiana
  • 1870California legislature approves act making Golden Gate Park possible
  • 1885"Mikado" opera premieres in London
  • 18882nd largest snowfall in NYC history (21")
  • 1896Sutro Baths (San Francisco) opens by Cliff House (closed September 1, 1952)
  • 1899Stanley Cup: Montreal Shamrocks beat Winnipeg Victorias, 6-2
  • 1900US currency goes on gold standard
  • 19031st national bird reservation established in Sebastian, Florida
  • 1903Stanley Cup: Ottawa Silver 7 sweep Rat Portage Thisles in 2 games
  • 1906Calgary City Rugby Foot-ball Club forms
  • 1908Stanley Cup: Mont Wanderers beat Toronto Trolley Leaguers, 6-4
  • 1909Amsterdam Social-Democratic Party (SDP) forms
  • 1912King Vittorio Emanuel III of Rome injured during assassination attempt
  • 1913John D Rockefeller gives $100 million to Rockefeller Foundation
  • 1914Serbia and Turkey sign peace treaty
  • 1915German cruiser Dresden blows itself up near coast of Chile
  • 1916Battle of Verdun - German attack on Mort-Homme ridge, West of Verdun

Born on March 14

  • 1623Adam-Nicolas Gascon: Composer
  • 1681Georg Philipp Telemann: Magdeburg, Germany -- Late baroque composer
  • 1692Peter Musschenbroek: Dutch Physician / physicist (Leyden jar)
  • 1726Josef Antonin Stepan: Composer
  • 1727Johann Gottlieb Goldberg: Composer
  • 1755Pierre-Louis Couperin: Composer
  • 1782Thomas Hart Benton: (rep), "Old Bullion"
  • 1795Rubert Lucas Pearsall: Composer
  • 1800James Bogardus: US inventor / builder (made cast-iron buildings)
  • 1803F G Klopstock: Writer
  • 1808Catharinus Putnam Buckingham: Brigadier General (Union volunteers)
  • 1815Josephine Lang: Composer
  • 1816Montgomery Dent Corse: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1895
  • 1820Victor Emmanuel II: King of Sardinia (1849-61) / Italy (1861-78)
  • 1821Jens Worsaae: Denmark -- Archaeologist
  • 1823Roswell Sabine Ripley: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1887
  • 1826William Fisk Sherwin: Composer
  • 1829Charles Charlesworth: England, United Kingdom -- (dies at 7 of old age)
  • 1831Leon Leopold Lewandoski: Composer
  • 1833John Sappington Marmaduke: Major General (Confederate Army)
  • 1833Lucy Hobbs Taylor: 1st US woman dentist (1866)
  • 1835Manuel Fernandez Caballero: Composer
  • 1837Charles Ammi Cutter: US librarian (Expansive classification)
  • 1844King Umberto I of Italy: (1878-1900)
  • 1847Antonio de Castro Alves: Brazilian poet (Espumas Flutuantes)
  • 1854Paul Ehrlich: Germany -- Bacteriologist (Nobel-1908)
  • 1854Thomas Riley Marshall: (D) 28th VP (1913-21)
  • 1862Vilhelm FK Bjerknes: Norwegian / US physicist / meteorology
  • 1873Joannes DJ Aengenent: Sociologist / Bishop of Haarlem (1928-35)
  • 1874Anton F Philips: President-Director of Philips

Died on March 14

  • 0840Eginhard: French nobleman / biographer (Vita Karoli Magni), dies at 69
  • 1272Re Enzo: Italian Poet / Son of Emp Frederik II von Hohenstaufen
  • 1298Petrus Johannis Olivi: South France theologist
  • 1490Charles I: Duke of Savoy, dies at 21
  • 1573Claude II: Of Lotharingen, Duke of Aumale / murdered Admiral Coligny
  • 1590Philip van Egmont: General / prince of Gavere, dies in battle at 30
  • 1612Philip Galle: Flemish engraver, dies at about 74
  • 1647Frederik Hendrik: Count of Nassau / prince of Orange, dies at 63
  • 1682Jacob I van Ruysdael: Physician / landscape painter, dies at about 53
  • 1757John Byng: English Admiral (Minorca), executed at 52
  • 1760Anton Filtz: Composer, dies at 26
  • 1768Vigilio Blasio Faitello: Composer, dies at 58
  • 1801Christian Friedrich Penzel: Composer, dies at 63
  • 1803Friedrich Gottlieb Klopstock: German poet, dies at 78
  • 1811August Henry Fitzroy: English Premier (1768-70), dies at 75
  • 1861Abraham Louis Niedermeyer: Composer, dies at 58
  • 1899Emile Erckmann: French writer (Waterloo), dies at 76
  • 1903Johannes H Weissenbruch: Dutch landscape painter, dies at 88
  • 1925Walter Camp: Father of American football, dies at 65
  • 1932George Eastman: US industrialist (Kodak-camera), suicide at 77
  • 1953Klement Gottwald: Premier / President of Czechoslovakia, dies at 56
  • 1954Ludomir Michal Rogowski: Composer, dies at 72
  • 1958Eugeen Van de Velde: Flemish musicologist / critic / composer, dies at 64
  • 1961Akiba Rubinstein: Polish chess player (opening theorist), dies at 78
  • 1968Erwin Panofsky: German / US art Historian / iconologist
  • 1969Ben Shahn: US painter, dies at 70
  • 1973Murat B "Chic" Young: US comic strip artist (Blondie), dies at 72
  • 1975Susan Hayward: Actress (Young & Willing), dies at 56
  • 1976Alberta Franklin: Silent screen actress, dies at 79
  • 1976Busby Berkeley: US choreographer / director (Strike Up the Band), dies at 80