Events on Mar 14

  • 1558Ferdinand I appointed Holy Roman Emperor
  • 1559Storm floods ravage Gorinchem, Dordrecht andWoudrichem, Neth
  • 1629England granted a royal charter to Massachusetts Bay Colony
  • 1644England grants patent for Providence Plantations (now Rhode Island)
  • 1653Johan van Galen beats English fleet at Livorno
  • 1689Scotland dismisses Willem III and Mary Stuart as King and Queen
  • 1794Eli Whitney patents cotton gin
  • 1800Luigi Chiaramonti crowned Pope Pius VII
  • 1812Congress authorizes war bonds to finance War of 1812
  • 1821African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church founded (NY)
  • 1836HMS Beagle / Charles Darwin leaves Australia
  • 1843Boston conducts its 1st town meeting (Faneuil Hall)
  • 1862Battle of New Bern NC: General Burnside conquers New Bern
  • 1864Union troops occupy Fort de Russy, Louisiana
  • 1870California legislature approves act making Golden Gate Park possible
  • 1885"Mikado" opera premieres in London
  • 18882nd largest snowfall in NYC history (21")
  • 1896Sutro Baths (San Francisco) opens by Cliff House (closed September 1, 1952)
  • 1899Stanley Cup: Montreal Shamrocks beat Winnipeg Victorias, 6-2
  • 1900US currency goes on gold standard
  • 19031st national bird reservation established in Sebastian, Florida
  • 1903Stanley Cup: Ottawa Silver 7 sweep Rat Portage Thisles in 2 games
  • 1906Calgary City Rugby Foot-ball Club forms
  • 1908Stanley Cup: Mont Wanderers beat Toronto Trolley Leaguers, 6-4
  • 1909Amsterdam Social-Democratic Party (SDP) forms
  • 1912King Vittorio Emanuel III of Rome injured during assassination attempt
  • 1913John D Rockefeller gives $100 million to Rockefeller Foundation
  • 1914Serbia and Turkey sign peace treaty
  • 1915German cruiser Dresden blows itself up near coast of Chile
  • 1916Battle of Verdun - German attack on Mort-Homme ridge, West of Verdun

Born on Mar 14

  • 1623Adam-Nicolas Gascon: Composer
  • 1681Georg Philipp Telemann: Magdeburg, Germany -- Late baroque composer
  • 1692Peter Musschenbroek: Dutch Physician / physicist (Leyden jar)
  • 1726Josef Antonin Stepan: Composer
  • 1727Johann Gottlieb Goldberg: Composer
  • 1755Pierre-Louis Couperin: Composer
  • 1782Thomas Hart Benton: (rep), "Old Bullion"
  • 1795Rubert Lucas Pearsall: Composer
  • 1800James Bogardus: US inventor / builder (made cast-iron buildings)
  • 1803F G Klopstock: Writer
  • 1808Catharinus Putnam Buckingham: Brigadier General (Union volunteers)
  • 1815Josephine Lang: Composer
  • 1816Montgomery Dent Corse: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1895
  • 1820Victor Emmanuel II: King of Sardinia (1849-61) / Italy (1861-78)
  • 1821Jens Worsaae: Denmark -- Archaeologist
  • 1823Roswell Sabine Ripley: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1887
  • 1826William Fisk Sherwin: Composer
  • 1829Charles Charlesworth: England, United Kingdom -- (dies at 7 of old age)
  • 1831Leon Leopold Lewandoski: Composer
  • 1833John Sappington Marmaduke: Major General (Confederate Army)
  • 1833Lucy Hobbs Taylor: 1st US woman dentist (1866)
  • 1835Manuel Fernandez Caballero: Composer
  • 1837Charles Ammi Cutter: US librarian (Expansive classification)
  • 1844King Umberto I of Italy: (1878-1900)
  • 1847Antonio de Castro Alves: Brazilian poet (Espumas Flutuantes)
  • 1854Paul Ehrlich: Germany -- Bacteriologist (Nobel-1908)
  • 1854Thomas Riley Marshall: (D) 28th VP (1913-21)
  • 1862Vilhelm FK Bjerknes: Norwegian / US physicist / meteorology
  • 1873Joannes DJ Aengenent: Sociologist / Bishop of Haarlem (1928-35)
  • 1874Anton F Philips: President-Director of Philips

Died on Mar 14

  • 0840Eginhard: French nobleman / biographer (Vita Karoli Magni), dies at 69
  • 1272Re Enzo: Italian Poet / Son of Emp Frederik II von Hohenstaufen
  • 1298Petrus Johannis Olivi: South France theologist
  • 1490Charles I: Duke of Savoy, dies at 21
  • 1573Claude II: Of Lotharingen, Duke of Aumale / murdered Admiral Coligny
  • 1590Philip van Egmont: General / prince of Gavere, dies in battle at 30
  • 1612Philip Galle: Flemish engraver, dies at about 74
  • 1647Frederik Hendrik: Count of Nassau / prince of Orange, dies at 63
  • 1682Jacob I van Ruysdael: Physician / landscape painter, dies at about 53
  • 1757John Byng: English Admiral (Minorca), executed at 52
  • 1760Anton Filtz: Composer, dies at 26
  • 1768Vigilio Blasio Faitello: Composer, dies at 58
  • 1801Christian Friedrich Penzel: Composer, dies at 63
  • 1803Friedrich Gottlieb Klopstock: German poet, dies at 78
  • 1811August Henry Fitzroy: English Premier (1768-70), dies at 75
  • 1861Abraham Louis Niedermeyer: Composer, dies at 58
  • 1899Emile Erckmann: French writer (Waterloo), dies at 76
  • 1903Johannes H Weissenbruch: Dutch landscape painter, dies at 88
  • 1925Walter Camp: Father of American football, dies at 65
  • 1932George Eastman: US industrialist (Kodak-camera), suicide at 77
  • 1953Klement Gottwald: Premier / President of Czechoslovakia, dies at 56
  • 1954Ludomir Michal Rogowski: Composer, dies at 72
  • 1958Eugeen Van de Velde: Flemish musicologist / critic / composer, dies at 64
  • 1961Akiba Rubinstein: Polish chess player (opening theorist), dies at 78
  • 1968Erwin Panofsky: German / US art Historian / iconologist
  • 1969Ben Shahn: US painter, dies at 70
  • 1973Murat B "Chic" Young: US comic strip artist (Blondie), dies at 72
  • 1975Susan Hayward: Actress (Young & Willing), dies at 56
  • 1976Alberta Franklin: Silent screen actress, dies at 79
  • 1976Busby Berkeley: US choreographer / director (Strike Up the Band), dies at 80

Historical events on March 15

  • 0493Theodorik the Great beats Odoaker of Italy
  • 0933Battle at Riade: German King Henry I beats Magyaren
  • 1360France invasion army lands on English south coast, conquers Winchel
  • 1382Conservative "Popolo Grasso" regain power in Florence Italy
  • 1391Jew hating Monk in Seville Spain stirs up people to attack Jews
  • 1493Christopher Columbus returns to Spain after 1st new world voyage
  • 1560Failed assault on royal palace in Amboise France
  • 1562General Francois de Guise enters Paris
  • 1580Spanish King Philip II puts 25,000 gold coins on head of Prince Willem of Orange
  • 1672King Charles II enacts Declaration of Indulgence
  • 1729Sister St. Stanislas Hachard, 1st US nun, takes her vows, N Orleans
  • 1744French King Louis XV declares war on England
  • 1778Nootka Sound, Vancouver Is discovered by Captain Cook
  • 1781Battle of Guilford Court House, SC (British suffer heavy losses)
  • 18121st Russian settlement in California, Russian River
  • 1820Maine admitted as 23rd state
  • 1827University of Toronto is chartered
  • 1855Louisiana establishes 1st health board to regulate quarantine
  • 1862Gen John Hunt Morgan begins 4 days of raids near Gallatin, Tennessee
  • 1864Red River Campaign-Union forces reach Alexandria, Louisiana
  • 1867Michigan becomes 1st state to tax property to support a university
  • 1869Cincinnati Red Stockings beat Antioch 41-7
  • 1869Cincinnati Red Stockings become the 1st pro baseball team
  • 18751st US Cardinal (John McCloskey) invested
  • 18871st salaried fish and game warden (William Alden Smith in Michigan)
  • 18896 US and German warships perish in harbor of Apia Samoa, 200 die
  • 18921st escalator patented by inventor Jesse W Reno (NYC)
  • 1892New York State unveils automatic ballot booth (voting machine)
  • 18971st indoor fly casting tournament opens, at Madison Square Garden
  • 1901Horse racing is banned in San Francisco, last race March 16th

Born on March 15

  • 1493Anne Pierre Adrien Duke of Montmorency: Marshal of France
  • 1666Georg Baehr: German master builder (Frauenkirche, Dresden)
  • 1678Dominique Marie Valet: French RC / old-catholic Bishop
  • 1713Nicolas Louis de Lacaille: Astronomer who mapped the So Hemisphere
  • 1733Johann Zoffany: German painter, baptized
  • 1750Caroline Herschel: Astronomer / discoverer
  • 1754Silvestro Palma: Composer
  • 1767Andrew Jackson: Carolinas, United States -- General / (D) 7th President (1829-37)
  • 1779William Lamb: (Whig) Viscount Melbourne, British Prime Minister (1834, 1835-41)
  • 1790Nicola Vaccai: Composer
  • 1801Coenraad J van Houten: Dutch cocoa manufacturer
  • 1808Gaetano Gaspari: Composer
  • 1809Joseph Jenkins Roberts: 1st President of Liberia
  • 1810Aernout Drost: Dutch literary (Hermingard van de Eikenterpen)
  • 1811Robert Allen: Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1886
  • 1824Branko Radicevic: Serbian poet (1st Serbian Uprising)
  • 1830Paul von Heyse: Germany -- Writer (Nobel 1910)
  • 1831Edward Aylesworth Perry: Brigadier General (Confederate Army)
  • 1835Eduard Strauss: Austria -- Composer (318 Dance)
  • 1836Henrique Alves de Mesquita: Composer
  • 1838Alice Cunningham Fletcher: Ethnologist (Stranger in Her Native Land)
  • 1851Jozef Surzynski: Composer
  • 1852Augusta Gregory: Ireland -- Playwright / poet / Yates mistress
  • 1858Liberty Hyde Bailey: US Botanist (Plantbreeding)
  • 1864Johan Halvorsen: Composer
  • 1864Leslie Stuart: Composer
  • 1867Lionel Pigot Johnson: England, United Kingdom -- Poet / critic (Ireland & Other Poems)
  • 1867Will Rossiter: Composer
  • 1871Betsy van den Arend: Dutch [Betje], actress (Miss Hobbs)
  • 1873David Vaughan Thomas: Composer

Died on March 15

  • 0493Odiaker: German army leader / King of Italy (476-93)
  • 0963Romanus II: Byzantine Emperor (959-63), dies at 25
  • 1034Mieszko II: King of Poland (1025-34)
  • 1673Salvatore Rosa: Italian Painter (Baroque) / Poet / music / actor, dies at 57
  • 1731Adolf H van Rechteren: Dutch diplomat / politician, dies at 75
  • 1842Maria Luigi C Z S Cherubini: Italian Composer (Dies Irae), dies at 81
  • 1880Jan K J de Jonge: Dutch historian, dies at 51
  • 1881Emory Upton: US Union General Major (Selma), commits suicide at 42
  • 1883Karol Studzinski: Composer, dies at 55
  • 1905Arnold Kerdijk: Dutch liberal / founder (Social Weekly), dies at 60
  • 1906Alfred Gilpin Jones: Lt-gov of Nova Scotia (1900-06), dies at 81
  • 1918Jose Silvestre de los Dolores White Lafitte: Composer, dies at 82
  • 1918Juliette Marie Olga Lili Boulanger: Composer, dies at 24
  • 1918Lili Boulanger: Composer, dies at 24
  • 1929Pine-Top Smith: Jazz pianist (Boogie Woogie Piano), dies at 24
  • 1930Antonio Beltramelli: Writer, dies at 51
  • 1944Otto von Below: German Commandant (WWI), dies at 86
  • 1945Herman B Wiardi Beckman: Dutch MP (SDAP), dies at 41
  • 1954Arthur Fickenscher: Composer, dies at 82
  • 1964Paul Cavanagh: Actor (Black Arrow, Woman in Green), dies at 75
  • 1966Abe Saperstein: Founder (Harlem Globetrotters), dies at 63
  • 1966Heinrich Lemacher: Composer, dies at 74
  • 1970Josef Martin Bauer: Writer, dies at 68
  • 1970Tarjei Vesaas: Nowegian Author / Novelist / writer (Isslottet), dies at 72
  • 1975Antonino Rocca: Professional wrestler / sportscaster, dies at 49
  • 1975Aristotle S Onassis: Greek shipping magnate, dies at 69
  • 1977Kamal Joemblat: Lebanese politician, murdered
  • 1983Jose Luis Sert: Spanish-US Architect / urban developer, dies at 80
  • 1987Sterling W Cole: (Rep-R-NY), dies at 82
  • 1988Dmitri F Polyakov: Russian Secret-General / top spy for US, executed