Events on Mar 15

  • 0493Theodorik the Great beats Odoaker of Italy
  • 0933Battle at Riade: German King Henry I beats Magyaren
  • 1360France invasion army lands on English south coast, conquers Winchel
  • 1382Conservative "Popolo Grasso" regain power in Florence Italy
  • 1391Jew hating Monk in Seville Spain stirs up people to attack Jews
  • 1493Christopher Columbus returns to Spain after 1st new world voyage
  • 1560Failed assault on royal palace in Amboise France
  • 1562General Francois de Guise enters Paris
  • 1580Spanish King Philip II puts 25,000 gold coins on head of Prince Willem of Orange
  • 1672King Charles II enacts Declaration of Indulgence
  • 1729Sister St. Stanislas Hachard, 1st US nun, takes her vows, N Orleans
  • 1744French King Louis XV declares war on England
  • 1778Nootka Sound, Vancouver Is discovered by Captain Cook
  • 1781Battle of Guilford Court House, SC (British suffer heavy losses)
  • 18121st Russian settlement in California, Russian River
  • 1820Maine admitted as 23rd state
  • 1827University of Toronto is chartered
  • 1855Louisiana establishes 1st health board to regulate quarantine
  • 1862Gen John Hunt Morgan begins 4 days of raids near Gallatin, Tennessee
  • 1864Red River Campaign-Union forces reach Alexandria, Louisiana
  • 1867Michigan becomes 1st state to tax property to support a university
  • 1869Cincinnati Red Stockings beat Antioch 41-7
  • 1869Cincinnati Red Stockings become the 1st pro baseball team
  • 18751st US Cardinal (John McCloskey) invested
  • 18871st salaried fish and game warden (William Alden Smith in Michigan)
  • 18896 US and German warships perish in harbor of Apia Samoa, 200 die
  • 18921st escalator patented by inventor Jesse W Reno (NYC)
  • 1892New York State unveils automatic ballot booth (voting machine)
  • 18971st indoor fly casting tournament opens, at Madison Square Garden
  • 1901Horse racing is banned in San Francisco, last race March 16th

Born on Mar 15

  • 1493Anne Pierre Adrien Duke of Montmorency: Marshal of France
  • 1666Georg Baehr: German master builder (Frauenkirche, Dresden)
  • 1678Dominique Marie Valet: French RC / old-catholic Bishop
  • 1713Nicolas Louis de Lacaille: Astronomer who mapped the So Hemisphere
  • 1733Johann Zoffany: German painter, baptized
  • 1750Caroline Herschel: Astronomer / discoverer
  • 1754Silvestro Palma: Composer
  • 1767Andrew Jackson: Carolinas, United States -- General / (D) 7th President (1829-37)
  • 1779William Lamb: (Whig) Viscount Melbourne, British Prime Minister (1834, 1835-41)
  • 1790Nicola Vaccai: Composer
  • 1801Coenraad J van Houten: Dutch cocoa manufacturer
  • 1808Gaetano Gaspari: Composer
  • 1809Joseph Jenkins Roberts: 1st President of Liberia
  • 1810Aernout Drost: Dutch literary (Hermingard van de Eikenterpen)
  • 1811Robert Allen: Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1886
  • 1824Branko Radicevic: Serbian poet (1st Serbian Uprising)
  • 1830Paul von Heyse: Germany -- Writer (Nobel 1910)
  • 1831Edward Aylesworth Perry: Brigadier General (Confederate Army)
  • 1835Eduard Strauss: Austria -- Composer (318 Dance)
  • 1836Henrique Alves de Mesquita: Composer
  • 1838Alice Cunningham Fletcher: Ethnologist (Stranger in Her Native Land)
  • 1851Jozef Surzynski: Composer
  • 1852Augusta Gregory: Ireland -- Playwright / poet / Yates mistress
  • 1858Liberty Hyde Bailey: US Botanist (Plantbreeding)
  • 1864Johan Halvorsen: Composer
  • 1864Leslie Stuart: Composer
  • 1867Lionel Pigot Johnson: England, United Kingdom -- Poet / critic (Ireland & Other Poems)
  • 1867Will Rossiter: Composer
  • 1871Betsy van den Arend: Dutch [Betje], actress (Miss Hobbs)
  • 1873David Vaughan Thomas: Composer

Died on Mar 15

  • 0493Odiaker: German army leader / King of Italy (476-93)
  • 0963Romanus II: Byzantine Emperor (959-63), dies at 25
  • 1034Mieszko II: King of Poland (1025-34)
  • 1673Salvatore Rosa: Italian Painter (Baroque) / Poet / music / actor, dies at 57
  • 1731Adolf H van Rechteren: Dutch diplomat / politician, dies at 75
  • 1842Maria Luigi C Z S Cherubini: Italian Composer (Dies Irae), dies at 81
  • 1880Jan K J de Jonge: Dutch historian, dies at 51
  • 1881Emory Upton: US Union General Major (Selma), commits suicide at 42
  • 1883Karol Studzinski: Composer, dies at 55
  • 1905Arnold Kerdijk: Dutch liberal / founder (Social Weekly), dies at 60
  • 1906Alfred Gilpin Jones: Lt-gov of Nova Scotia (1900-06), dies at 81
  • 1918Jose Silvestre de los Dolores White Lafitte: Composer, dies at 82
  • 1918Juliette Marie Olga Lili Boulanger: Composer, dies at 24
  • 1918Lili Boulanger: Composer, dies at 24
  • 1929Pine-Top Smith: Jazz pianist (Boogie Woogie Piano), dies at 24
  • 1930Antonio Beltramelli: Writer, dies at 51
  • 1944Otto von Below: German Commandant (WWI), dies at 86
  • 1945Herman B Wiardi Beckman: Dutch MP (SDAP), dies at 41
  • 1954Arthur Fickenscher: Composer, dies at 82
  • 1964Paul Cavanagh: Actor (Black Arrow, Woman in Green), dies at 75
  • 1966Abe Saperstein: Founder (Harlem Globetrotters), dies at 63
  • 1966Heinrich Lemacher: Composer, dies at 74
  • 1970Josef Martin Bauer: Writer, dies at 68
  • 1970Tarjei Vesaas: Nowegian Author / Novelist / writer (Isslottet), dies at 72
  • 1975Antonino Rocca: Professional wrestler / sportscaster, dies at 49
  • 1975Aristotle S Onassis: Greek shipping magnate, dies at 69
  • 1977Kamal Joemblat: Lebanese politician, murdered
  • 1983Jose Luis Sert: Spanish-US Architect / urban developer, dies at 80
  • 1987Sterling W Cole: (Rep-R-NY), dies at 82
  • 1988Dmitri F Polyakov: Russian Secret-General / top spy for US, executed

Historical events on March 16

  • 1079Iran adopts solar Hijrah calendar
  • 1190Crusades begin massacre of Jews of York England
  • 1190Jews of York England commit mass sucide rather than submit to baptism
  • 1345Holy spirit glides above fire: "the miracle of Amsterdam" (legend)
  • 1517Pope Leo X signs 5th Council of Lateranen
  • 1521Portuguese navigator Ferdinand Magellan reaches Philippines
  • 1527Battle at Khanua: Mogol Emperor Babur beats Rajputen
  • 1621Native American chief visits colony of Plymouth, Massachusetts
  • 1641General court declares RI a democracy and adopts new constitution
  • 1660English Long Parliament disbands
  • 1690French King Louis XIV sends troops to Ireland
  • 1730Willem Charles Henry Friso installed as Viceroy of Drenthe
  • 1731Treaty of Vienna: Emperor Charles VI of England and Netherlands
  • 1792Murder attempt on King Gustavus III by count Ankarstrom at opera
  • 1802Law signed to establish US Military Academy (West Point, NY)
  • 1802US army Corps of Engineers established (2nd time)
  • 1815Willem I proclaimed King of the Netherlands, including Belgium
  • 1822Composer Gioacchino Rossini marries Spanish soprano
  • 1829Ohio authorizes high school night classes
  • 1830New York Stock Exchange slowest day ever (31 shares traded)
  • 1833Susan Hayhurst becomes 1st US woman grad of a pharmacy college
  • 1834HMS Beagle anchors at Berkeley Sound, Falkland Islands
  • 1836Texas approves a constitution
  • 1861Arizona Territory votes to leave the Union
  • 1861Confederate government appoints commissioners to Britain
  • 1862Battle at Pound Gap Kentucky: Confederates separate battles
  • 1865Battle of Averasboro NC (1,500 casualities)
  • 1869Hiram R Revels makes 1st official speech by a black in the Senate
  • 18711st fertilizer law enacted
  • 18721st FA Cup Final: Wanderers-Royal Engineers 1-0 in Bolton

Born on March 16

  • 1585Gerbrant A Bredero: Holland, Netherlands -- Poet / playwright (Klucht van de Koe)
  • 1609Michael Franck: Composer
  • 1634Contessa Marie Madeleine La Fayette: Novelist
  • 1651Zaccaria Tevo: Composer
  • 1663Nicholas Siret: Composer
  • 1729Georg W "Franz" Panzer: German vicar / librarian (Annales typographic)
  • 1739George Clymer: US Merchant (signed Declaration of Independence, Constitution)
  • 1745Johann Wilhelm Cornelius von Konigslow: Composer
  • 1750Caroline Lucretia Herchel: Hanover, Germany -- 1st mod woman astronomer
  • 1751James Madison: Port Conway, Virginia -- (D-R), 4th US President (1809-17)
  • 1757Bengt Lidner: Swedish poet (Medea, Yttersa Domen)
  • 1774Matthew Flinders: English navigator / cartographer (coast Australia)
  • 1776Johan G Verstolk van Soelen: Dutch Minister of Foreign Affairs
  • 1802George Archibald McCall: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1868
  • 1806Norbert Rillieux: Inventor (sugar refiner)
  • 1812Henry Dwight Terry: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1869
  • 1814Jules Eugene Abraham Alary: Composer
  • 1821Ernest Feydeau: French author (Georges Feydeau)
  • 1822John Pope: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1892
  • 1822Rosa Bonheur: French landscape painter (Buffalo Bill)
  • 1823William Henry Monk: Composer
  • 1832Charles Camp Doolittle: Bvt Major General (Union volunteer)
  • 1836Andrew S Hallidie: Inventor (cable car)
  • 1849James E Smith: Became father at 100 with woman 64 years younger
  • 1856E Louis YY Napoleon Bonaparte: French / English Prince
  • 1873Hippoliet Daeye: Flemish painter (Sereniteit)
  • 1876Charles Halton: Washington, DC -- Actor (Dr Cyclops, Tugboat Annie Sails Again)
  • 1878Clemens A Graaf von Galen: Cardinal / Bishop of Munster / anti-Nazi
  • 1878Henry B Walthall: Shelby City, Alabama -- Actor (Birth of a Nation, Klondike)
  • 1878Reza Sjah Pahlawi [Reza Chan]: Shah of Iran

Died on March 16

  • 1072Adalbert: Archbishop of Bremen-Hamburg
  • 1536Ibrahim Pasha: Grand-visier of Osmaanse Rich, murdered at about 45
  • 1629Emilia of Nassau: Daughter of Willem of Orange, dies at 59
  • 1736Giovanni B Pergolesi: Italian Composer (Stabat Mater), dies at 26
  • 1738Georg Baehr: German master builder (Frauenkirche, Dresden), dies at 72
  • 1804Francisco Marquis Albergati Capacelli: Italian playwright, dies at 75
  • 1806Giuseppe Colla: Composer, dies at 74
  • 1819Nicolas Sejan: Composer, dies at 73
  • 1838Nathaniel Bowditch: Astronomer / navigation expert, dies at 64
  • 1843Anton R Falck: Dutch Minister of Education / Colonies, dies at 65
  • 1867Benjamin Hanby: Composer, dies at 33
  • 1878William Banting: English undertaker
  • 1881Modest P Mussorgsky: Russian Composer (Boris Godunov), dies at 42
  • 1882Charles R Darwin: English naturalist (Origin of species), dies at 73
  • 1887Emanuel Kania: Composer, dies at 59
  • 1898Aubrey (Vincent) Beardsley: English illustrator (Salome), dies at 23
  • 1909George Thorndike Angell: Lawyer (ASPCA), dies at 85
  • 1914Gaston Calmette: Editor (Le Figaro), killed by Mme Caillaux at 55
  • 1919Sigurd von Koch: Composer, dies at 39
  • 1933Alfred Her: Hungarian mathematician, dies at 47
  • 1935John J R Macleod: Scot / Canadian physiologist (Nobel 1923), dies at 58
  • 1937J Austen Chamberlain: English Minister of Foreign Affairs (Nobel), dies at 73
  • 1945Pierre Drieu la Rochelle: French writer / poet, commits suicide at 52
  • 1946Marius HLW "Max" Blokzijl: Dutch Nazi propagandist, executed at 61
  • 1955Mayhew Lake: Composer, dies at 75
  • 1956Joseph John Richards: Composer, dies at 77
  • 1957Mosa Pijade: Yugoslavian MP (communist), dies at 67
  • 1958Leon J Cadore: Pitched the 26 inning game, dies at 65
  • 1959John Sailling: Last documented Civil War vet, dies at 111
  • 1962John Owen Jones: Composer, dies at 85