Events on Mar 16

  • 1079Iran adopts solar Hijrah calendar
  • 1190Crusades begin massacre of Jews of York England
  • 1190Jews of York England commit mass sucide rather than submit to baptism
  • 1345Holy spirit glides above fire: "the miracle of Amsterdam" (legend)
  • 1517Pope Leo X signs 5th Council of Lateranen
  • 1521Portuguese navigator Ferdinand Magellan reaches Philippines
  • 1527Battle at Khanua: Mogol Emperor Babur beats Rajputen
  • 1621Native American chief visits colony of Plymouth, Massachusetts
  • 1641General court declares RI a democracy and adopts new constitution
  • 1660English Long Parliament disbands
  • 1690French King Louis XIV sends troops to Ireland
  • 1730Willem Charles Henry Friso installed as Viceroy of Drenthe
  • 1731Treaty of Vienna: Emperor Charles VI of England and Netherlands
  • 1792Murder attempt on King Gustavus III by count Ankarstrom at opera
  • 1802Law signed to establish US Military Academy (West Point, NY)
  • 1802US army Corps of Engineers established (2nd time)
  • 1815Willem I proclaimed King of the Netherlands, including Belgium
  • 1822Composer Gioacchino Rossini marries Spanish soprano
  • 1829Ohio authorizes high school night classes
  • 1830New York Stock Exchange slowest day ever (31 shares traded)
  • 1833Susan Hayhurst becomes 1st US woman grad of a pharmacy college
  • 1834HMS Beagle anchors at Berkeley Sound, Falkland Islands
  • 1836Texas approves a constitution
  • 1861Arizona Territory votes to leave the Union
  • 1861Confederate government appoints commissioners to Britain
  • 1862Battle at Pound Gap Kentucky: Confederates separate battles
  • 1865Battle of Averasboro NC (1,500 casualities)
  • 1869Hiram R Revels makes 1st official speech by a black in the Senate
  • 18711st fertilizer law enacted
  • 18721st FA Cup Final: Wanderers-Royal Engineers 1-0 in Bolton

Born on Mar 16

  • 1585Gerbrant A Bredero: Holland, Netherlands -- Poet / playwright (Klucht van de Koe)
  • 1609Michael Franck: Composer
  • 1634Contessa Marie Madeleine La Fayette: Novelist
  • 1651Zaccaria Tevo: Composer
  • 1663Nicholas Siret: Composer
  • 1729Georg W "Franz" Panzer: German vicar / librarian (Annales typographic)
  • 1739George Clymer: US Merchant (signed Declaration of Independence, Constitution)
  • 1745Johann Wilhelm Cornelius von Konigslow: Composer
  • 1750Caroline Lucretia Herchel: Hanover, Germany -- 1st mod woman astronomer
  • 1751James Madison: Port Conway, Virginia -- (D-R), 4th US President (1809-17)
  • 1757Bengt Lidner: Swedish poet (Medea, Yttersa Domen)
  • 1774Matthew Flinders: English navigator / cartographer (coast Australia)
  • 1776Johan G Verstolk van Soelen: Dutch Minister of Foreign Affairs
  • 1802George Archibald McCall: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1868
  • 1806Norbert Rillieux: Inventor (sugar refiner)
  • 1812Henry Dwight Terry: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1869
  • 1814Jules Eugene Abraham Alary: Composer
  • 1821Ernest Feydeau: French author (Georges Feydeau)
  • 1822John Pope: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1892
  • 1822Rosa Bonheur: French landscape painter (Buffalo Bill)
  • 1823William Henry Monk: Composer
  • 1832Charles Camp Doolittle: Bvt Major General (Union volunteer)
  • 1836Andrew S Hallidie: Inventor (cable car)
  • 1849James E Smith: Became father at 100 with woman 64 years younger
  • 1856E Louis YY Napoleon Bonaparte: French / English Prince
  • 1873Hippoliet Daeye: Flemish painter (Sereniteit)
  • 1876Charles Halton: Washington, DC -- Actor (Dr Cyclops, Tugboat Annie Sails Again)
  • 1878Clemens A Graaf von Galen: Cardinal / Bishop of Munster / anti-Nazi
  • 1878Henry B Walthall: Shelby City, Alabama -- Actor (Birth of a Nation, Klondike)
  • 1878Reza Sjah Pahlawi [Reza Chan]: Shah of Iran

Died on Mar 16

  • 1072Adalbert: Archbishop of Bremen-Hamburg
  • 1536Ibrahim Pasha: Grand-visier of Osmaanse Rich, murdered at about 45
  • 1629Emilia of Nassau: Daughter of Willem of Orange, dies at 59
  • 1736Giovanni B Pergolesi: Italian Composer (Stabat Mater), dies at 26
  • 1738Georg Baehr: German master builder (Frauenkirche, Dresden), dies at 72
  • 1804Francisco Marquis Albergati Capacelli: Italian playwright, dies at 75
  • 1806Giuseppe Colla: Composer, dies at 74
  • 1819Nicolas Sejan: Composer, dies at 73
  • 1838Nathaniel Bowditch: Astronomer / navigation expert, dies at 64
  • 1843Anton R Falck: Dutch Minister of Education / Colonies, dies at 65
  • 1867Benjamin Hanby: Composer, dies at 33
  • 1878William Banting: English undertaker
  • 1881Modest P Mussorgsky: Russian Composer (Boris Godunov), dies at 42
  • 1882Charles R Darwin: English naturalist (Origin of species), dies at 73
  • 1887Emanuel Kania: Composer, dies at 59
  • 1898Aubrey (Vincent) Beardsley: English illustrator (Salome), dies at 23
  • 1909George Thorndike Angell: Lawyer (ASPCA), dies at 85
  • 1914Gaston Calmette: Editor (Le Figaro), killed by Mme Caillaux at 55
  • 1919Sigurd von Koch: Composer, dies at 39
  • 1933Alfred Her: Hungarian mathematician, dies at 47
  • 1935John J R Macleod: Scot / Canadian physiologist (Nobel 1923), dies at 58
  • 1937J Austen Chamberlain: English Minister of Foreign Affairs (Nobel), dies at 73
  • 1945Pierre Drieu la Rochelle: French writer / poet, commits suicide at 52
  • 1946Marius HLW "Max" Blokzijl: Dutch Nazi propagandist, executed at 61
  • 1955Mayhew Lake: Composer, dies at 75
  • 1956Joseph John Richards: Composer, dies at 77
  • 1957Mosa Pijade: Yugoslavian MP (communist), dies at 67
  • 1958Leon J Cadore: Pitched the 26 inning game, dies at 65
  • 1959John Sailling: Last documented Civil War vet, dies at 111
  • 1962John Owen Jones: Composer, dies at 85

Historical events on March 17

  • 0432St. Patrick, a bishop, is carried off to Ireland as a slave
  • 0455Roman senator Petronius Maximus becomes Emperor
  • 1190Crusades complete massacre of Jews of York England
  • 1521Ferdinand Magellan discovers the Philippines
  • 1521Magelhaes lands on Homohon
  • 1526French King Francois I freed from Spain
  • 1537French troops invade Flanders
  • 1580Prince Willem of Orange welcomed in Amsterdam
  • 1658Pro-Charles II plot in England discovered
  • 1672England declares war on Netherlands
  • 1722Willem KH Friso appointed Mayor of Drente
  • 1755Transylvania Land Co buys Kentucky for $50,000 from a Cherokee chief
  • 1776British forces evacuate Boston to Nova Scotia during Revolutionary War
  • 1800English warship Queen Charlotte catches fire; 700 die
  • 1824England and Netherlands sign a trade agreement
  • 1833Phoenix Society forms (NY)
  • 1836Texas abolishes slavery
  • 1845Bristol man, Henry Jones, patents self-raising flour
  • 1845Rubber band patented by Stephen Perry of London
  • 1847"Macbeth" opera premieres in Florence
  • 18541st park land purchased by a US city, Worcester, Massachusetts
  • 1860Japanese embassy arrives aboard Candinmarruh [sic]
  • 1861Italy declares independence; Kingdom of Italy proclaimed
  • 1868Postage stamp canceling machine patent issued
  • 1870Mass legislature authorizes incorporation of Wellesley Female Seminary
  • 1871National Association of Professional Base-Ball players organized
  • 1876Gen Crook destroy Cheyennes and Oglala-Sioux indian camps
  • 1884John Joseph Montgomery makes 1st glider flight, Otay, California
  • 1886Carrollton Massacre, (Mississippi) 20 blacks killed
  • 1891British Steamer "Utopia" sinks off Gibraltar killing 574

Born on March 17

  • 1473James IV: King of Scotland (1488-1513)
  • 1628Daniel van Papenbroeck [Papebrochius]: Flemish historian
  • 1664Georg Osterreich: Composer
  • 1675Petrus Laurentius Wockenfuss: Composer
  • 1685Jean-Marc Nattier: French portrait painter
  • 1746Jan David Holland: Composer
  • 1777Roger Brooke Taney: Calvert, Maryland -- 5th Chief Justice (Dred Scott dec)
  • 1780Thomas Chalmers: 1st moderator (Free Church of Scotland 1843-47)
  • 1781Dominique J de Eerens: Governor-General of the Netherlands Indies
  • 1789Edmund Kean: London, England -- Tragic actor (Shylock)
  • 1804James Bridger: Scout / fur trader / mountain man par excellance
  • 1820Patrick Edward Connor: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1825Rodolphe Bresdin: French cartoonist / lithographer (Le Bon Samaritain)
  • 1828Patrick Ronayne Cleburne: Major General (Confederate Army)
  • 1832Moncure Daniel Conway: United States -- Abolitionist (Life of Thomas Paine)
  • 1832Walter Quintin Gresham: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1834Gottlieb Daimler: Germany -- Engineer / inventor / designed 1st motorcycle
  • 1839Josef Rheinberger: Vaduz, Liechtenstein -- Opera composer (Munich Conser)
  • 1846Kate Greenaway: England, United Kingdom -- Artist / book illustrator (Under the Window)
  • 1848Horace Wadham Nicholl: Composer
  • 1873Chard Somerset: 1st woman Cabinet Minister (1929-31)
  • 1874Kincsem: Horse that never lost a race
  • 1874Stephen Samuel Wise: United States -- President of Zionist Organization of America
  • 1876Frederic Ayers: Composer
  • 1877Albert P Hahn: Dutch political cartoonist (People / Nutcracker)
  • 1880Guillermo Uribe Holguin: Composer
  • 1881Kristian Elster: Norwegian author (Less bror Harris)
  • 1887Ben Sajet: Dutch Physician / politician
  • 1888Frank Buck: Actor (Africa Screams, Tiger Queen, Tiger Fangs)
  • 1890Harold Morris: Composer

Died on March 17

  • 0180Antonius Marcus Aurelius [Marcus Verus]: Emperor of Rome, dies at 58
  • 0461St Patrick: Patron St of Ireland, dies in Saul (according to legend)
  • 0659Gertrudis van Nijvel: Saint / Patron of travellers, dies at about 32
  • 1040Harold: British King (1035-40)
  • 1565Alexander Alesius [Aless / Alane]: Theologist / physician, dies at 64
  • 1588Petrus Dathenus: Flemish Minister / Physician (Psalms of David)
  • 1605Pieter Bast [Bastius]: Dutch engraver / cartographer, dies at about 34
  • 1640Philip Massinger: Dramatist
  • 1649Gerardus Johannis Vossius [Gerrit Vos]: Dutch regent, dies at 71
  • 1680Francois Duc de La Rochefoucauld: Writer
  • 1704Menno baron van Coehoorn: Fort builder / Coevorden / howitzer, dies at 63
  • 1764George Parker: English astronomer
  • 1796Pieter Paulus: Lawyer / Dutch CEO (National Convention), dies at 41
  • 1801Juan de Sesse y Balaguer: Composer, dies at 64
  • 1803Candido Jose Ruano: Composer, dies at 42
  • 1806David Dale: Industrialist and philanthropist
  • 1846F W Bessel: Measured distance to 61 Cygni
  • 1846Friedrich W Bessel: German astronomer (Bessel Functions), dies at 61
  • 1849Willem II Frederik GL: King of the Netherlands (1840-49), dies at 56
  • 1853Christian Doppler: Physicist
  • 1855Ramon Carnicer y Batlle: Composer, dies at 65
  • 1857Adolph Trube: Composer, dies at 42
  • 1861Petter Conrad Boman: Composer, dies at 56
  • 1862Fromental Halevy [Elie Levy]: French opera composer, dies at 62
  • 1863John Pelham: US Confederate artillery major, dies in battle at 24
  • 1864Alexandre Calamo: Swiss Painter / etcher / lithographer, dies at 53
  • 1889Joseph A Alberdingk Thijm [Pauwels Foreestier]: Poet, dies at 68
  • 1891Napoleon JKP Bonaparte: French prince / member National Convention, dies at 68
  • 1898Blanche Kelso Bruce: (Sen-Miss, 1875-1881), dies at 57 in Washington
  • 1901Franz Melde: German physicist (Melde Test), dies at 69