Events on Mar 17

  • 0432St. Patrick, a bishop, is carried off to Ireland as a slave
  • 0455Roman senator Petronius Maximus becomes Emperor
  • 1190Crusades complete massacre of Jews of York England
  • 1521Ferdinand Magellan discovers the Philippines
  • 1521Magelhaes lands on Homohon
  • 1526French King Francois I freed from Spain
  • 1537French troops invade Flanders
  • 1580Prince Willem of Orange welcomed in Amsterdam
  • 1658Pro-Charles II plot in England discovered
  • 1672England declares war on Netherlands
  • 1722Willem KH Friso appointed Mayor of Drente
  • 1755Transylvania Land Co buys Kentucky for $50,000 from a Cherokee chief
  • 1776British forces evacuate Boston to Nova Scotia during Revolutionary War
  • 1800English warship Queen Charlotte catches fire; 700 die
  • 1824England and Netherlands sign a trade agreement
  • 1833Phoenix Society forms (NY)
  • 1836Texas abolishes slavery
  • 1845Bristol man, Henry Jones, patents self-raising flour
  • 1845Rubber band patented by Stephen Perry of London
  • 1847"Macbeth" opera premieres in Florence
  • 18541st park land purchased by a US city, Worcester, Massachusetts
  • 1860Japanese embassy arrives aboard Candinmarruh [sic]
  • 1861Italy declares independence; Kingdom of Italy proclaimed
  • 1868Postage stamp canceling machine patent issued
  • 1870Mass legislature authorizes incorporation of Wellesley Female Seminary
  • 1871National Association of Professional Base-Ball players organized
  • 1876Gen Crook destroy Cheyennes and Oglala-Sioux indian camps
  • 1884John Joseph Montgomery makes 1st glider flight, Otay, California
  • 1886Carrollton Massacre, (Mississippi) 20 blacks killed
  • 1891British Steamer "Utopia" sinks off Gibraltar killing 574

Born on Mar 17

  • 1473James IV: King of Scotland (1488-1513)
  • 1628Daniel van Papenbroeck [Papebrochius]: Flemish historian
  • 1664Georg Osterreich: Composer
  • 1675Petrus Laurentius Wockenfuss: Composer
  • 1685Jean-Marc Nattier: French portrait painter
  • 1746Jan David Holland: Composer
  • 1777Roger Brooke Taney: Calvert, Maryland -- 5th Chief Justice (Dred Scott dec)
  • 1780Thomas Chalmers: 1st moderator (Free Church of Scotland 1843-47)
  • 1781Dominique J de Eerens: Governor-General of the Netherlands Indies
  • 1789Edmund Kean: London, England -- Tragic actor (Shylock)
  • 1804James Bridger: Scout / fur trader / mountain man par excellance
  • 1820Patrick Edward Connor: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1825Rodolphe Bresdin: French cartoonist / lithographer (Le Bon Samaritain)
  • 1828Patrick Ronayne Cleburne: Major General (Confederate Army)
  • 1832Moncure Daniel Conway: United States -- Abolitionist (Life of Thomas Paine)
  • 1832Walter Quintin Gresham: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1834Gottlieb Daimler: Germany -- Engineer / inventor / designed 1st motorcycle
  • 1839Josef Rheinberger: Vaduz, Liechtenstein -- Opera composer (Munich Conser)
  • 1846Kate Greenaway: England, United Kingdom -- Artist / book illustrator (Under the Window)
  • 1848Horace Wadham Nicholl: Composer
  • 1873Chard Somerset: 1st woman Cabinet Minister (1929-31)
  • 1874Kincsem: Horse that never lost a race
  • 1874Stephen Samuel Wise: United States -- President of Zionist Organization of America
  • 1876Frederic Ayers: Composer
  • 1877Albert P Hahn: Dutch political cartoonist (People / Nutcracker)
  • 1880Guillermo Uribe Holguin: Composer
  • 1881Kristian Elster: Norwegian author (Less bror Harris)
  • 1887Ben Sajet: Dutch Physician / politician
  • 1888Frank Buck: Actor (Africa Screams, Tiger Queen, Tiger Fangs)
  • 1890Harold Morris: Composer

Died on Mar 17

  • 0180Antonius Marcus Aurelius [Marcus Verus]: Emperor of Rome, dies at 58
  • 0461St Patrick: Patron St of Ireland, dies in Saul (according to legend)
  • 0659Gertrudis van Nijvel: Saint / Patron of travellers, dies at about 32
  • 1040Harold: British King (1035-40)
  • 1565Alexander Alesius [Aless / Alane]: Theologist / physician, dies at 64
  • 1588Petrus Dathenus: Flemish Minister / Physician (Psalms of David)
  • 1605Pieter Bast [Bastius]: Dutch engraver / cartographer, dies at about 34
  • 1640Philip Massinger: Dramatist
  • 1649Gerardus Johannis Vossius [Gerrit Vos]: Dutch regent, dies at 71
  • 1680Francois Duc de La Rochefoucauld: Writer
  • 1704Menno baron van Coehoorn: Fort builder / Coevorden / howitzer, dies at 63
  • 1764George Parker: English astronomer
  • 1796Pieter Paulus: Lawyer / Dutch CEO (National Convention), dies at 41
  • 1801Juan de Sesse y Balaguer: Composer, dies at 64
  • 1803Candido Jose Ruano: Composer, dies at 42
  • 1806David Dale: Industrialist and philanthropist
  • 1846F W Bessel: Measured distance to 61 Cygni
  • 1846Friedrich W Bessel: German astronomer (Bessel Functions), dies at 61
  • 1849Willem II Frederik GL: King of the Netherlands (1840-49), dies at 56
  • 1853Christian Doppler: Physicist
  • 1855Ramon Carnicer y Batlle: Composer, dies at 65
  • 1857Adolph Trube: Composer, dies at 42
  • 1861Petter Conrad Boman: Composer, dies at 56
  • 1862Fromental Halevy [Elie Levy]: French opera composer, dies at 62
  • 1863John Pelham: US Confederate artillery major, dies in battle at 24
  • 1864Alexandre Calamo: Swiss Painter / etcher / lithographer, dies at 53
  • 1889Joseph A Alberdingk Thijm [Pauwels Foreestier]: Poet, dies at 68
  • 1891Napoleon JKP Bonaparte: French prince / member National Convention, dies at 68
  • 1898Blanche Kelso Bruce: (Sen-Miss, 1875-1881), dies at 57 in Washington
  • 1901Franz Melde: German physicist (Melde Test), dies at 69

Historical events on March 18

  • 0417St. Zosimus begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 0731St. Gregory III begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 11231st Latern Council (9th ecumenical council) opens in Rome
  • 1167Battle of El-Babein, Egypt: Franks under Amalrik vs. Syrians
  • 1190Crusaders kill 57 Jews in Bury St. Edmonds England
  • 1229German Emperor Frederick II crowns himself King of Jerusalem
  • 1438Albrecht II von Habsburg becomes King of Germany
  • 1509Emperor Maximilian I names Margaretha land guardians of the Netherlands
  • 1532English parliament bans payments by English church to Rome
  • 1541Hernan de Soto observes 1st recorded flood in America (Mississippi River)
  • 1582Prince Willem of Orange injured in attack at Antwerp
  • 1583Dutch States General and Anjou sign treaty
  • 1673Lord Berkley sells his half of New Jersey to the Quakers
  • 1754Duke of Newcastle becomes English Premier
  • 17932nd Battle at Neerwinden: Austria army beats France
  • 1810"Converse, " 1st US opera, premieres in New York
  • 1813David Melville, Newport, RI, patents apparatus for making coal gas
  • 1818Congress approves 1st pensions for government service
  • 18341st railroad tunnel in US completed, in Penn (275 m long)
  • 1835Charles Darwin departs Santiago Chile on his way to Portillo Pass
  • 18471st Dutch public telegram
  • 1850Henry Wells and William Fargo forms American Express in Buffalo
  • 1858Dutch Van der Brugghen government resigns
  • 1864Dale Dike on Humber River crumbles drowning some 240
  • 1865Congress of Confederate States of American adjourns for last time
  • 18701st US National Wildlife Preserve (Lake Meritt in Oakland, California)
  • 1871Communards revolt in Paris
  • 1877President Hayes appoints Frederick Douglass marshal of Washington DC
  • 18901st US state naval militia organized (Massachusetts)
  • 1891Britain is linked to the continent by Telephone

Born on March 18

  • 1548Cornelis Ketel: Dutch portrait painter / poet
  • 1556Francois-Hercule de Valois: French Duke of Anjou / Brabant
  • 1578Adam Elsheimer: German painter / cartoonist / etcher, baptized
  • 1609Frederick III: King of Denmark and Norway (1648-70); absolutist
  • 1644Gottfried Wegner: Composer
  • 1657Giuseppe Ottavio Pitoni: Italian composer
  • 1690Christian Goldbach: German mathematician (Goldbach position)
  • 1734Joseph Schmitt: Composer
  • 1756Johann Christoph Vogel: Composer
  • 1781Gustave Vogt: Composer
  • 1813Friedrich Hebbel: Writer
  • 1830Numa D Fustel de Coulanges: French historian / sociologist
  • 1837Grover Cleveland [Stephen]: New Jersey, United States -- 22nd / 24th President (1885-89, 93-97)
  • 1838Jan B Stobbaerts: Flemish painter
  • 1838Randal Cremer: Britain -- Trade unionist, pacifist (Nobel 1903)
  • 1839Francis Fessenden: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1906
  • 1843Jules HPFX Vandenpeereboom: Premier of Belgium (1899)
  • 1844Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov: Tikhvin, Russia -- Composer (Scheherazade)
  • 1848Nathaniel Herreshoff: America Cup yacht designer
  • 1864Karl M Lybeck: Finnish / Swedish language poet (Samlade Arbeten)
  • 1866Dumitru Kiriac-Georgescu: Composer
  • 1866John Loudon: Dutch Minister of Foreign Affairs (1913-18)
  • 1867Michael G de Boer: Historian (Harbor of Amsterdam)
  • 1869[Arthur] Neville Chamberlain: British Prime Minister (C, 1937-40)
  • 1872Frank Hoyt Losey: Composer
  • 1881Oliver Seibert: Hall of fame hockey player (elected 1963)
  • 1881Paul Le Flem: Composer
  • 1882Gian Francesco Malipiero: Composer
  • 1886Edward Everett Horton: Brooklyn, New York -- Actor / narrator (Bulwinkle Show)
  • 1886Kurt Koffka: Germany -- Gestalt psychologist

Died on March 18

  • 0235Marcus Aurelius Alexander: Syrian Emperor of Rome (222-235), murdered
  • 0978Edward [the Martyr]: King of Anglo-Saxons (975-78) / st, murdered at 15
  • 1227Honorius III [Cencio Savelli]: Pope (1216-27)
  • 1314Jacques De Molay [the Last grand master of Order of Knights]
  • 1493John of Lannoy: Flemish Governor / Viceroy of the Netherlands / Zealand, dies at 82
  • 1582Jean Jaurequi: Basque murderer of Willem of Orange, lynched
  • 1584Ivan IV [the Terrible]: Russian tsar (1547-84), dies at 53
  • 1690Charles: Duke of Lutherans
  • 1768Lawrence Sterne: Writer (Sentimental Journey France and Italy)
  • 1799John Randall: Composer, dies at 82
  • 1816Johann Paul Schulthesius: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1817Johann Jakob Walder: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1823Jean-Baptiste Sebastien Breval: Composer, dies at 69
  • 1870Joaquin y Garbayo Gaztambide: Composer, dies at 48
  • 1875Ferdinand Laub: Composer, dies at 43
  • 1876F Freiligrath: Writer, dies at 65
  • 1886Leopold Zunz: German intellect (Synagogue Poetry), dies at 91
  • 1889William Henry Monk: Composer, dies at 66
  • 1899Douglas Strutt Galton: English engineer (rails, trains), dies at 76
  • 1899Svetolik Rankovic: Serbian writer (Crushed Ideals), dies at 35
  • 1913George I: King of Greece (1861-1913), assassinated by Schinas at 67
  • 1918Willem Coenen: Composer, dies at 80
  • 1924John Frederick Bridge: Composer, dies at 79
  • 1928Paul van Ostaijen: Flemish writer (Outlawed), dies at 32
  • 1933Luigi A Duke of the Abruzzi: Italian explorer (Ruwenzori), dies at 60
  • 1938Cyril Rootham: Composer, dies at 62
  • 1944Benjamin Delmonte: Theater director / actor, dies at 79
  • 1956Friedrich Panzer: German germanist (Hilde-Gudrun), dies at 85
  • 1956Louis Bromfield: Writer, dies at 59
  • 1964Norbert Wiener: US Mathematician (cybernetics), dies at 69