Events on Mar 18

  • 0417St. Zosimus begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 0731St. Gregory III begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 11231st Latern Council (9th ecumenical council) opens in Rome
  • 1167Battle of El-Babein, Egypt: Franks under Amalrik vs. Syrians
  • 1190Crusaders kill 57 Jews in Bury St. Edmonds England
  • 1229German Emperor Frederick II crowns himself King of Jerusalem
  • 1438Albrecht II von Habsburg becomes King of Germany
  • 1509Emperor Maximilian I names Margaretha land guardians of the Netherlands
  • 1532English parliament bans payments by English church to Rome
  • 1541Hernan de Soto observes 1st recorded flood in America (Mississippi River)
  • 1582Prince Willem of Orange injured in attack at Antwerp
  • 1583Dutch States General and Anjou sign treaty
  • 1673Lord Berkley sells his half of New Jersey to the Quakers
  • 1754Duke of Newcastle becomes English Premier
  • 17932nd Battle at Neerwinden: Austria army beats France
  • 1810"Converse, " 1st US opera, premieres in New York
  • 1813David Melville, Newport, RI, patents apparatus for making coal gas
  • 1818Congress approves 1st pensions for government service
  • 18341st railroad tunnel in US completed, in Penn (275 m long)
  • 1835Charles Darwin departs Santiago Chile on his way to Portillo Pass
  • 18471st Dutch public telegram
  • 1850Henry Wells and William Fargo forms American Express in Buffalo
  • 1858Dutch Van der Brugghen government resigns
  • 1864Dale Dike on Humber River crumbles drowning some 240
  • 1865Congress of Confederate States of American adjourns for last time
  • 18701st US National Wildlife Preserve (Lake Meritt in Oakland, California)
  • 1871Communards revolt in Paris
  • 1877President Hayes appoints Frederick Douglass marshal of Washington DC
  • 18901st US state naval militia organized (Massachusetts)
  • 1891Britain is linked to the continent by Telephone

Born on Mar 18

  • 1548Cornelis Ketel: Dutch portrait painter / poet
  • 1556Francois-Hercule de Valois: French Duke of Anjou / Brabant
  • 1578Adam Elsheimer: German painter / cartoonist / etcher, baptized
  • 1609Frederick III: King of Denmark and Norway (1648-70); absolutist
  • 1644Gottfried Wegner: Composer
  • 1657Giuseppe Ottavio Pitoni: Italian composer
  • 1690Christian Goldbach: German mathematician (Goldbach position)
  • 1734Joseph Schmitt: Composer
  • 1756Johann Christoph Vogel: Composer
  • 1781Gustave Vogt: Composer
  • 1813Friedrich Hebbel: Writer
  • 1830Numa D Fustel de Coulanges: French historian / sociologist
  • 1837Grover Cleveland [Stephen]: New Jersey, United States -- 22nd / 24th President (1885-89, 93-97)
  • 1838Jan B Stobbaerts: Flemish painter
  • 1838Randal Cremer: Britain -- Trade unionist, pacifist (Nobel 1903)
  • 1839Francis Fessenden: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1906
  • 1843Jules HPFX Vandenpeereboom: Premier of Belgium (1899)
  • 1844Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov: Tikhvin, Russia -- Composer (Scheherazade)
  • 1848Nathaniel Herreshoff: America Cup yacht designer
  • 1864Karl M Lybeck: Finnish / Swedish language poet (Samlade Arbeten)
  • 1866Dumitru Kiriac-Georgescu: Composer
  • 1866John Loudon: Dutch Minister of Foreign Affairs (1913-18)
  • 1867Michael G de Boer: Historian (Harbor of Amsterdam)
  • 1869[Arthur] Neville Chamberlain: British Prime Minister (C, 1937-40)
  • 1872Frank Hoyt Losey: Composer
  • 1881Oliver Seibert: Hall of fame hockey player (elected 1963)
  • 1881Paul Le Flem: Composer
  • 1882Gian Francesco Malipiero: Composer
  • 1886Edward Everett Horton: Brooklyn, New York -- Actor / narrator (Bulwinkle Show)
  • 1886Kurt Koffka: Germany -- Gestalt psychologist

Died on Mar 18

  • 0235Marcus Aurelius Alexander: Syrian Emperor of Rome (222-235), murdered
  • 0978Edward [the Martyr]: King of Anglo-Saxons (975-78) / st, murdered at 15
  • 1227Honorius III [Cencio Savelli]: Pope (1216-27)
  • 1314Jacques De Molay [the Last grand master of Order of Knights]
  • 1493John of Lannoy: Flemish Governor / Viceroy of the Netherlands / Zealand, dies at 82
  • 1582Jean Jaurequi: Basque murderer of Willem of Orange, lynched
  • 1584Ivan IV [the Terrible]: Russian tsar (1547-84), dies at 53
  • 1690Charles: Duke of Lutherans
  • 1768Lawrence Sterne: Writer (Sentimental Journey France and Italy)
  • 1799John Randall: Composer, dies at 82
  • 1816Johann Paul Schulthesius: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1817Johann Jakob Walder: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1823Jean-Baptiste Sebastien Breval: Composer, dies at 69
  • 1870Joaquin y Garbayo Gaztambide: Composer, dies at 48
  • 1875Ferdinand Laub: Composer, dies at 43
  • 1876F Freiligrath: Writer, dies at 65
  • 1886Leopold Zunz: German intellect (Synagogue Poetry), dies at 91
  • 1889William Henry Monk: Composer, dies at 66
  • 1899Douglas Strutt Galton: English engineer (rails, trains), dies at 76
  • 1899Svetolik Rankovic: Serbian writer (Crushed Ideals), dies at 35
  • 1913George I: King of Greece (1861-1913), assassinated by Schinas at 67
  • 1918Willem Coenen: Composer, dies at 80
  • 1924John Frederick Bridge: Composer, dies at 79
  • 1928Paul van Ostaijen: Flemish writer (Outlawed), dies at 32
  • 1933Luigi A Duke of the Abruzzi: Italian explorer (Ruwenzori), dies at 60
  • 1938Cyril Rootham: Composer, dies at 62
  • 1944Benjamin Delmonte: Theater director / actor, dies at 79
  • 1956Friedrich Panzer: German germanist (Hilde-Gudrun), dies at 85
  • 1956Louis Bromfield: Writer, dies at 59
  • 1964Norbert Wiener: US Mathematician (cybernetics), dies at 69

Historical events on March 19

  • 1227Count Ugolino of Segna elected Pope Gregory IX
  • 1452Frederick III of Hapsburg crowned Roman German Emperor
  • 1524Giovanni de Varrazano of France sights land around area of Carolinas
  • 1540Court of Holland names Amsterdam sheriff John Hubrechtsz a "heretic"
  • 1563Peace of Amboise: Rights for Huguenots
  • 1571Spanish troops occupy Manila
  • 1628Massachusetts colony founded by Englishmen
  • 1644200 members of Peking imperial family / court commit suicide
  • 1682Nationally Council accept independence of French church
  • 1748English Naturalization Act passes granting Jews right to colonize US
  • 17754 people buried by avalanche for 37 days, 3 survive (Italy)
  • 1775Poland and Prussia sign trade agreement
  • 1803Johann von Schillers "Die Braut von Messina, " premieres in Weimar
  • 1822Boston, Mass incorporated as a city
  • 18311st US bank robbery (City Bank, New York / $245,000)
  • 1859Opera "Faust" by Charles Gounod premieres in Paris
  • 1864Opera "Mireille" premieres in Paris
  • 1865Battle of Bentonville-Confederates retreat from Greenville, North Carolina
  • 1866Immigrant ship Monarch of the Seas sinks in Liverpool; 738 die
  • 1870The opera "Guarany, " premieres in Milan
  • 1877Australia beat England by 45 runs in very 1st Test match
  • 1883Jan Matzeliger invents 1st machine to manufacture entire shoes
  • 1885Louis Riel returns to Canada, proclaims provisional Government of Saskatchewan
  • 1895Los Angeles Railway established to provide streetcar service
  • 1897Yale defeated Penn, 30-10 in 1st major college basketball game
  • 1914Stanley Cup: Tor Blueshirts (NHA) sweep Vict Capitals (PCHA) in 3 game
  • 1915Pluto photographed for 1st time (although unknown at the time)
  • 1917US Supreme Court upheld 8-hr work day for railroad employees
  • 1918Congress authorizes time zones and approves daylight saving time
  • 1918S Potter becomes 1st US pilot to shoot down a German seaplane

Born on March 19

  • 1503Benedetto Varchi: Italian humanist / historian (Storia Fiorentina)
  • 1589William Bradford: Gov of Plymouth colony for 30 years
  • 1593Georges de la Tour: French painter
  • 1601Alonzo Cano: Spanish painter / sculptor (Cathedral Granada)
  • 1604Johan IV: Composer / King of Portugal (1640-56)
  • 1610Hasegawa Tohaku: Japanese painter
  • 1629Aleksei M Romanov: 1st Romanov tsar of Russia
  • 1673Pedro Vaz Rego: Composer
  • 1715Charles-Joseph van Helmont: Composer
  • 1721Tobias Smollett: Scottish writer, baptized
  • 1728Pieter-Jozef Verhaghen: Flemish (court)painter
  • 1740Johann Georg Roser: Composer
  • 1740Joseph F Weigl: Violin Cellist
  • 1742Zacharias H Alewijn: Dutch literary / poet
  • 1745Nicolas Sejan: Composer
  • 1752Jose Mauricio: Composer
  • 1767Leonhard von Call: Composer
  • 1777Anton R Falck: Dutch Minister of Education / diplomat
  • 1785Pierre-Joseph-Guillaume Zimmermann: Composer
  • 1809Fredrik Pacius: Composer
  • 1813David Livingstone: Scotland, United Kingdom -- Explorer (found by Stanley in Africa)
  • 1816Johannes Josephus Hermanus Verhulst: Composer
  • 1817Lewis Henry Little: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1862
  • 1819David Henry Williams: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1891
  • 1821Francis Barretto Spinola: Brigadier General (Union volunteers)
  • 1821William Allingham: Irish poet (Laurence Bloomfield in Ireland)
  • 1823Cornelis A van Sypesteyn: Dutch Governor of Surinam (1873-82)
  • 1827Alexander Shaler: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1911
  • 1837Robert Daniel Johnston: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1919
  • 1844Ulrika "Minna" Cant-Johnstown: Finnish playwright (Kovan onnen lapsia)

Died on March 19

  • 1263Hugo of St-Cher / a S Caro: French cardinal
  • 1556Lieven van der Maude [Ammonius]: South Netherlands poet, dies at 70
  • 1635Pieter Christiaensz Bor: Dutch historian
  • 1638Paul Moreelse: Dutch Painter / master builder, dies at about 66
  • 1644Si Sang: Last Ming-Emperor of China, commits suicide
  • 1687Rene-Robert Cavelier La Salle: French explorer (Louisiana), killed at 43
  • 1702Willem III Henry [Dutch William]: King of England / Scot, dies at 51
  • 1721Clement XI [Giovanni F Albani]: Italian Pope (1700-21), dies at 71
  • 1782Adrien Trudo Sale: Composer, dies at 59
  • 1782Louis-Henry Paisible: Composer, dies at 33
  • 1796Stephen Storace: Composer, dies at 33
  • 1797Philip Hayes: Composer, dies at 58
  • 1811Frantisek Adam Mica: Composer, dies at 65
  • 1845George Augustus Kollmann: Composer, dies at 56
  • 1850Adalbert Gyrowetz: Composer, dies at 87
  • 1862F Wilhelm von Schadow: German Painter (Modern Vasari), dies at 73
  • 1866Louis Clapisson: Composer, dies at 57
  • 1869Guillaume Nerenburger: Belgian General (triangulatie), dies at 64
  • 1876Jozef Stefani: Composer, dies at 75
  • 1884Alfonse Charles Renaud de Vilback: Composer, dies at 54
  • 1898Joao da Cruz: Brazilian poet, dies at 26
  • 1905Makar Grigori Ekmalyan: Composer, dies at 49
  • 1907Thomas Bailey Aldrich: US writer (Stillwater Tragedy), dies at 70
  • 1913John Thomas: Composer, dies at 87
  • 1918Willem H de Beaufort: Dutch Historian / liberal politician, dies at 73
  • 1930Arthur J Balfour: British Theologist / Premier (1902-05), dies at 81
  • 1934Anthony J Block: Lawyer (Dutch strafproces), dies at 66
  • 1936John Larkin IV: Actor / writer (Charlie Chan in Panama), dies at 63
  • 1937Horacio Quiroga: Uruguayan Author / poet, commits suicide at 58
  • 1940Gustaaf Sap: Belgian Minister of Economic Affairs, dies at 54