Events on Mar 19

  • 1227Count Ugolino of Segna elected Pope Gregory IX
  • 1452Frederick III of Hapsburg crowned Roman German Emperor
  • 1524Giovanni de Varrazano of France sights land around area of Carolinas
  • 1540Court of Holland names Amsterdam sheriff John Hubrechtsz a "heretic"
  • 1563Peace of Amboise: Rights for Huguenots
  • 1571Spanish troops occupy Manila
  • 1628Massachusetts colony founded by Englishmen
  • 1644200 members of Peking imperial family / court commit suicide
  • 1682Nationally Council accept independence of French church
  • 1748English Naturalization Act passes granting Jews right to colonize US
  • 17754 people buried by avalanche for 37 days, 3 survive (Italy)
  • 1775Poland and Prussia sign trade agreement
  • 1803Johann von Schillers "Die Braut von Messina, " premieres in Weimar
  • 1822Boston, Mass incorporated as a city
  • 18311st US bank robbery (City Bank, New York / $245,000)
  • 1859Opera "Faust" by Charles Gounod premieres in Paris
  • 1864Opera "Mireille" premieres in Paris
  • 1865Battle of Bentonville-Confederates retreat from Greenville, North Carolina
  • 1866Immigrant ship Monarch of the Seas sinks in Liverpool; 738 die
  • 1870The opera "Guarany, " premieres in Milan
  • 1877Australia beat England by 45 runs in very 1st Test match
  • 1883Jan Matzeliger invents 1st machine to manufacture entire shoes
  • 1885Louis Riel returns to Canada, proclaims provisional Government of Saskatchewan
  • 1895Los Angeles Railway established to provide streetcar service
  • 1897Yale defeated Penn, 30-10 in 1st major college basketball game
  • 1914Stanley Cup: Tor Blueshirts (NHA) sweep Vict Capitals (PCHA) in 3 game
  • 1915Pluto photographed for 1st time (although unknown at the time)
  • 1917US Supreme Court upheld 8-hr work day for railroad employees
  • 1918Congress authorizes time zones and approves daylight saving time
  • 1918S Potter becomes 1st US pilot to shoot down a German seaplane

Born on Mar 19

  • 1503Benedetto Varchi: Italian humanist / historian (Storia Fiorentina)
  • 1589William Bradford: Gov of Plymouth colony for 30 years
  • 1593Georges de la Tour: French painter
  • 1601Alonzo Cano: Spanish painter / sculptor (Cathedral Granada)
  • 1604Johan IV: Composer / King of Portugal (1640-56)
  • 1610Hasegawa Tohaku: Japanese painter
  • 1629Aleksei M Romanov: 1st Romanov tsar of Russia
  • 1673Pedro Vaz Rego: Composer
  • 1715Charles-Joseph van Helmont: Composer
  • 1721Tobias Smollett: Scottish writer, baptized
  • 1728Pieter-Jozef Verhaghen: Flemish (court)painter
  • 1740Johann Georg Roser: Composer
  • 1740Joseph F Weigl: Violin Cellist
  • 1742Zacharias H Alewijn: Dutch literary / poet
  • 1745Nicolas Sejan: Composer
  • 1752Jose Mauricio: Composer
  • 1767Leonhard von Call: Composer
  • 1777Anton R Falck: Dutch Minister of Education / diplomat
  • 1785Pierre-Joseph-Guillaume Zimmermann: Composer
  • 1809Fredrik Pacius: Composer
  • 1813David Livingstone: Scotland, United Kingdom -- Explorer (found by Stanley in Africa)
  • 1816Johannes Josephus Hermanus Verhulst: Composer
  • 1817Lewis Henry Little: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1862
  • 1819David Henry Williams: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1891
  • 1821Francis Barretto Spinola: Brigadier General (Union volunteers)
  • 1821William Allingham: Irish poet (Laurence Bloomfield in Ireland)
  • 1823Cornelis A van Sypesteyn: Dutch Governor of Surinam (1873-82)
  • 1827Alexander Shaler: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1911
  • 1837Robert Daniel Johnston: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1919
  • 1844Ulrika "Minna" Cant-Johnstown: Finnish playwright (Kovan onnen lapsia)

Died on Mar 19

  • 1263Hugo of St-Cher / a S Caro: French cardinal
  • 1556Lieven van der Maude [Ammonius]: South Netherlands poet, dies at 70
  • 1635Pieter Christiaensz Bor: Dutch historian
  • 1638Paul Moreelse: Dutch Painter / master builder, dies at about 66
  • 1644Si Sang: Last Ming-Emperor of China, commits suicide
  • 1687Rene-Robert Cavelier La Salle: French explorer (Louisiana), killed at 43
  • 1702Willem III Henry [Dutch William]: King of England / Scot, dies at 51
  • 1721Clement XI [Giovanni F Albani]: Italian Pope (1700-21), dies at 71
  • 1782Adrien Trudo Sale: Composer, dies at 59
  • 1782Louis-Henry Paisible: Composer, dies at 33
  • 1796Stephen Storace: Composer, dies at 33
  • 1797Philip Hayes: Composer, dies at 58
  • 1811Frantisek Adam Mica: Composer, dies at 65
  • 1845George Augustus Kollmann: Composer, dies at 56
  • 1850Adalbert Gyrowetz: Composer, dies at 87
  • 1862F Wilhelm von Schadow: German Painter (Modern Vasari), dies at 73
  • 1866Louis Clapisson: Composer, dies at 57
  • 1869Guillaume Nerenburger: Belgian General (triangulatie), dies at 64
  • 1876Jozef Stefani: Composer, dies at 75
  • 1884Alfonse Charles Renaud de Vilback: Composer, dies at 54
  • 1898Joao da Cruz: Brazilian poet, dies at 26
  • 1905Makar Grigori Ekmalyan: Composer, dies at 49
  • 1907Thomas Bailey Aldrich: US writer (Stillwater Tragedy), dies at 70
  • 1913John Thomas: Composer, dies at 87
  • 1918Willem H de Beaufort: Dutch Historian / liberal politician, dies at 73
  • 1930Arthur J Balfour: British Theologist / Premier (1902-05), dies at 81
  • 1934Anthony J Block: Lawyer (Dutch strafproces), dies at 66
  • 1936John Larkin IV: Actor / writer (Charlie Chan in Panama), dies at 63
  • 1937Horacio Quiroga: Uruguayan Author / poet, commits suicide at 58
  • 1940Gustaaf Sap: Belgian Minister of Economic Affairs, dies at 54

Historical events on March 20

  • 1345Saturn / Jupiter / Mars-conjunction: thought "cause of plague epidemic"
  • 1598French King Henri IV and Duke van Mercour sign treaty
  • 1602United Dutch East Indian Company (VOC) forms
  • 1616Walter Raleigh released from Tower of London to seek gold in Guyana
  • 1627France and Spain signs accord for fighting protestantism
  • 1697Willem de Vlamingh returns to Batavia after exploring "South Land"
  • 1760Great Fire of Boston destroys 349 buildings
  • 1800French army defeats Turks at Helipolis Turkey, and advance to Cairo
  • 1814Prince Willem Frederik becomes Monarch of the Netherlands
  • 1815Napoleon enters Paris after escape from Elba, begins 100-day rule
  • 1816US Supreme Court affirms its right to review state court decisions
  • 1833US and Siam sign commercial treaty
  • 1848King Louis I of Bayern abdicates to marry dancer Lola Montez
  • 1863Battle of Pensacola Florida - evacuated by Federals
  • 18652nd day of Battle of Bentonville, North Carolina
  • 1868Jesse James Gang robs bank in Russelville Kentucky of $14,000
  • 1883Unity treaty of Paris signed: protects industrial property
  • 1885John Matzeliger of Suriname patents shoe lacing machine
  • 1885Yiddish theater opens in New York with Golldfaden operetta
  • 18861st AC power plant in US begins commercial operation, Massachusetts
  • 1888Start of the Sherlock Holmes Adventure, "A Scandal in Bohemia"
  • 1890German Emperor Wilhelm II fires Republic chancellor Otto Von Bismarck
  • 1896Marines land in Nicaragua to protect US citizens
  • 1896Uprising in Matabeleland
  • 18971st known intercollegiate basketball game, Yale beats Penn 32-10
  • 18971st US orthodox Jewish Rabbinical seminary (RIETS) incorporates in New York
  • 1897France signs treaty with Emperor Menelik II of Abyssinia
  • 1911National Squash Tennis Association forms (NYC)
  • 1911Winter Garden Theater opens at 1634 Broadway, New York City
  • 19141st international figure-skating tournament held in US, New Haven

Born on March 20

  • 1634Balthasar Bekker: Frisian theologist (Examiner of Comets)
  • 1728Franciscus L Kersteman: Dutch lawyer / astrologist
  • 1739Eligio Celestino: Composer
  • 1750Martinus van Marum: Dutch chemist / physicist (Homo Diluvii Testus)
  • 1774John Braham: Composer
  • 1804Neal Dow: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1897
  • 1811George Caleb Bingham: United States -- Politician / painter (Country Election)
  • 1812George Bibb Crittenden: Major General (Confederate Army), died in 1880
  • 1813Matthias Keller: Ulm, Germany -- Hymm writer (O Farther un High)
  • 1820Alexander J Cuza: Monarch of Moldavia / Wallachia / Romania
  • 1823John Echols: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1896
  • 1825William Nelson Rector Beall: Brigadier General (Confederate Army)
  • 1826Carel Vosmaer: Dutch art historian / poet / editor
  • 1828Henrik Ibsen: Norway -- Playwright (Peer Gynt, Hedda Gabler)
  • 1829Charles Albert White: Composer
  • 1830Eugene Asa Carr: Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1910
  • 1833Henry Southwick Perkins: Composer
  • 1834Charles William Elliot: Boston, Massachusetts -- President of Harvard (1869-1909)
  • 1846Auguste Bender: Writer
  • 1853George Godfrey: Chelsea, Massachusetts -- Heavyweight boxer (Old Chocolate)
  • 1856Frederick Winslow Taylor: Father of scientific management
  • 1863Ernesto Nazareth: Composer
  • 1868Obe Postma: Frisian poet / geography / historian (Frisian Clay Farm)
  • 1870Paul von Lettow-Vorbeck: Prussian General / politician (East Africa)
  • 1872Bernhard Seklas: Composer
  • 1872Karin Michaelis: Writer
  • 1873Sergei V Rachmaninov: Russian / US pianist / composer (Aleko)
  • 1883Colin Campbell: Falkirk, Scotland -- Actress (High Bright Sun, Leather Boys)
  • 1883Karl Hasse: Composer
  • 1885Eugen Herrigel: Germany -- Philosopher / early pioneer of Zen in Europe

Died on March 20

  • 0842Alfonso II the Chaste: King of Asturia (791-842)
  • 1191Clement III [Paolo Scolari]: Pope (1187-91, 3rd crusades)
  • 1351Mohammed ibn-Tughluq: Sultan of Delhi India
  • 1393Johannes Nepomucenus [Jan Nepomucky]: Czech saint, killed
  • 1415Henry IV Bolingbroke: King of England (1399-1413), dies at 45
  • 1501Jean Carondelet: Lawyer / chancellor of Burgundy (1480-96), dies at 72
  • 1531Sicke Freerks / Frericx [Cutter]: Dutch anabaptist, beheaded
  • 1549Thomas Seymour of Sudely: English Lord Admiral, beheaded
  • 1568Albrecht von Hohenzollern: 1st Duke of Prussia, dies at 77
  • 1617Franciscus Aguilon: Physicist / Theologist / mathematician, dies at 50
  • 1619Matthias II: Holy Roman Catholic Emperor (1611-19)
  • 1646Matthew Vossius: Historian (Annales Holland Zelandiaeque), dies at 35
  • 1703Johann Kunckel / Kunkel: German Alchemist / ambassador to Sweden
  • 1727Issac Newton: English physicist / astronomer, dies in London at 84
  • 1751Frederick Louis: English Prince of Wales / Son of George I
  • 1757Johann Paul Kunzen: Composer, dies at 60
  • 1767Firmin Abauzit: French huguenot / scholar, dies at 87
  • 1804Ignaz Malzat: Composer, dies at 47
  • 1812Jan Ladislav Dussek: Bohemian pianist / composer, dies at 52
  • 1848Abraham des Amorie van der Hoeven: Dutch Theologist / poet, dies at 27
  • 1866Rikard Nordraak: Composer, dies at 23
  • 1871Antonio Buzzolla: Composer, dies at 56
  • 1873Adolfe Louis Eugene Fetis: Composer, dies at 52
  • 1874Hans Christian Lumbye: Composer, dies at 63
  • 1892Arthor Goring Thomas: Composer, dies at 41
  • 1894Lajos Kossuth: Hungarian freedom fighter / President (1849), dies at 91
  • 1899Martha M Place: Of Brooklyn, becomes 1st woman to die by electrocution
  • 1911Jean-Theodore Radoux: Composer, dies at 75
  • 1913Christian Barnekow: Composer, dies at 75
  • 1913Song Jiao-ren: Leader Chinese Guomindang-Party