Events on Mar 22

  • 0752Stephen II elected Catholic Pope (or 23rd)
  • 1349Townspeople of Fulda Germany massacre Jews (blamed for black death)
  • 1457Gutenberg Bible became the 1st printed book
  • 1556Cardinal Reginald Pole becomes Archbishop of Canterbury
  • 1594French King Henri IV festival in Paris
  • 1621Hugo de Grote escapes in bookcase from Loevenstein castle, Neth
  • 16221st Indian (Powhattan) massacre of whites Jamestown Va; 347 slain
  • 16301st colonial legislation prohibiting gambling enacted (Boston)
  • 1638Religious dissident Anne Hutchinson expelled from Mass Bay Colony
  • 1680Parliament of Breisach accept French sovereignty over Elzas
  • 1692Emperor Leopold I names Duke Earnest August of Braunschweig, King
  • 1733Joseph Priestly invents carbonated water (seltzer)
  • 1765Stamp Act passed; 1st direct British tax on colonists
  • 1775Edmund Burke presents his 13 articles to the English parliament
  • 1778Captain Cook sights Cape Flattery, in Washington state
  • 1790Thomas Jefferson becomes the 1st US Secretary of State
  • 1794Congress bans US vessels from supplying slaves to other countries
  • 1822Gioacchino Rossini marries Isabella Colbran in Bologna
  • 1822New York Horticultural Society founded
  • 1841Cornstarch patented (Orlando Jones)
  • 18611st US nursing school chartered
  • 1862San Marino and Italy conclude treaty of friendship and cooperation
  • 1871William Holden of NC becomes 1st Governor removed by impeachment
  • 1872Illinois becomes 1st state to require sexual equality in employment
  • 1882Congress outlaws polygamy (again); bad news for Mormons
  • 1882Edmunds Act adopted by US to suppress polygamy in the territories
  • 1888English Football League established
  • 1894Stanley Cup: Mont AAA beat Ottawa Generals, 3-1 (1st Cup game ever)
  • 1895Auguste and Louis Lumiere show their 1st movie to an invited audience
  • 1896Charilaos Vasilakos wins 1st marathon (3:18)

Born on Mar 22

  • 1459Maximilian I of Habsburg: German Emperor / Archduke of Austria
  • 1609John II Casimir Vasa: Cardinal / King of Poland (1648-68)
  • 1700Giuseppe Sellitto: Composer
  • 1728Anton Raphael Mengs: German writer / neo-classic painter
  • 1728Giacomo Insanguine: Composer
  • 1752Johann Georg Joseph Spangler: Composer
  • 1767Cornelis T Elout: Dutch Minister of Finance
  • 1771Heinrich D Zschokke: Switzerland -- Author (Das Goldmacherdorf)
  • 1797Kaiser Wilhelm I: German Emperor (1871-88)
  • 1799F W A Argelander: Memel, East Prussia -- Cataloguer of 324,188 stars
  • 1803Anthonie Waldrop: Dutch painter / lithographer
  • 1813Gabriel Rene Paul: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1886
  • 1814Thomas Crawford: US sculptor (Babes in the Wood)
  • 1817Braxton Bragg: Gen (Confederate Army), died in 1876
  • 1819William Wirt Adams: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1888
  • 1822Ahmed Djevdet Pasha: Turkish Minister of Education / Justice
  • 1822Isaac D Fransen van de Putte: Dutch Premier (1866)
  • 1822Seth Williams: Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1866
  • 1824William Henry Chase Whiting: Major General (Confederate Army)
  • 1834Francis Asbury Shoup: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1896
  • 1842Carl A N Rosa: German violinist / composer
  • 1846Randolph Caldecott: England, United Kingdom -- Illustrator (Caldecott Medal namesake)
  • 1852Theodor Birt [Beatus Rhenanus]: German classical / writer
  • 1857Arnold Sauwen: Flemish poet (Along the Meuse)
  • 1857Paul Doumer: Governor-General of Indo-China / 13th President of France (1931-32)
  • 1865Theophile Ysaye: Composer
  • 1868Hamish MacCunn: Composer
  • 1868Henry W Methorst: Lawyer / director (Dutch Central Bureau of Statistics)
  • 1868Robert A Millikan: US physicist (photoelectric effect; Nobel 1923)
  • 1874Ellen Glasgow: Novelist

Died on Mar 22

  • 0337Constantine: Emperor of Rome, dies at 47
  • 1471George van Podiebrad: King of Bohemia (1458-71)
  • 1589Lodovico Guicciardini: Ital historian, dies at 67
  • 1639Thomas Carew: English Poet / diplomat (The Rapture)
  • 1661Hendrick Uylenburgh: Art dealer, buried at about 73
  • 1777John Bartram: Father of American botany, dies at 77
  • 1796Gaspare Gabellone: Composer, dies at 68
  • 1798Justin Morgan: Composer, dies at 51
  • 1820Stephen Decatur: Killed in a duel with Com James Barron at 41
  • 1824Johann Melchior Dreyer: Composer, dies at 76
  • 1832J W Goethe: Writer, dies at 82
  • 1838Hendrik Fagel: Dutch / English baron, dies at 73
  • 1845Franz Joseph Volkert: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1867Ferdinando Giorgetti: Composer, dies at 70
  • 1906Martin Wegelius: Finnish musicologist / composer, dies at 59
  • 1909Gyula Erkel: Composer, dies at 66
  • 1922Louis A Ranvier: French anatomist / historian, dies at 86
  • 1924R G Nivelle: French General (Verdun), dies at 67
  • 1929Anton Beer-Walbrun: Composer, dies at 64
  • 1944Pucheu: French Internal Minister to Vichy, executed
  • 1945J Postuma: Dutch resistance fighter
  • 1946Clemens A von Galen: Bishop of Munster / anti fascist, dies at 68
  • 1953James Anderson II: (Jo-Northern Exposure)
  • 1956George A L Sarton: Belgian / US historian, dies at 71
  • 1958Michael Todd: Producer (Around the World in 80 Days), dies at 56
  • 1962Aura Abranches: Port actress (Lisboa, O Primo Basilio), dies at 65
  • 1964Addison Richards: Actor (Col-Pentagon), dies at 76
  • 1969Ernst Deutsch [Dorian]: Czech actor (3rd Man, Golem), dies at 78
  • 1971Martin Bodmer: Writer
  • 1974Peter Revson: US race car driver (Indianapolis 500), dies at 35

Historical events on March 23

  • 1026Koenraad II crowns himself King of Italy
  • 1153Treaty of Konstanz between Frederik I "Barbarossa" andPope Eugene III
  • 14901st dated edition of Maimonides "Mishna Torah" published
  • 1490Maimonides Mishneh Torah published
  • 1568Treaty of Longjumeau: French huguenots go on strike
  • 1579Friesland joins Union of Utrecht
  • 1593English Congressionalist Henry Barrow accused of slander
  • 1630French troops occupy Pinerolo Piedmont
  • 1657France and England form alliance against Spain; England gets Dunkirk
  • 1708English pretender to the throne James III lands at Firth of Forth
  • 1752Pope Stephen II elected to succeed Zacharias, died 2 days later
  • 1775Patrick Henry proclaims "Give me liberty or give me death"
  • 17941st US patent (Joseph G Pierson for a riveting machine)
  • 1794Josiah Pierson patents a "cold-header" (rivet) machine
  • 1794Lieutenant General Tadeusz Kosciuszko returns to Poland
  • 1801Murder attempt on Czar Paul I
  • 1806Lewis and Clark reach Pacific coast
  • 1832British Parliament passes reform bill
  • 1835Charles Darwin reaches Los Arenales, in the Andes
  • 1836Coin Press invented by Franklin Beale
  • 18391st known use of term OK (Boston)
  • 1840Draper takes 1st successful photo of the Moon (daguerrotype)
  • 1849Battle of Novara (King Charles Albert vs. Italian Republic)
  • 1858Streetcar patented (E A Gardner of Philadelphia)
  • 1862Battle of Kernstown VA-Jackson begins his Valley Campaign
  • 1864Encounter at Camden AR
  • 1868University of California founded (Oakland, California)
  • 1880Flour rolling mill patented (John Stevens of Wisc)
  • 1881Boers and Britain sign peace accord; end 1st Boer war
  • 1881Gas lamp sets fire to Nice France opera house; 70 die

Born on March 23

  • 1599Thomas Selle: Composer
  • 1638Frederik Ruysch: Dutch anatomist
  • 1699John Bartram: Naturalist / explorer, father of American botany
  • 1736Iman Willem Falck: Dutch Governor of Ceylon (1765-83)
  • 1749Hugo Franz Karl Alexander von Kerpen: Composer
  • 1749Pierre-Simon Laplace: Mathematician / astronomer / physicist
  • 1750Johannes Matthias Sperger: Composer
  • 1761John W de Winter: Dutch Vice-Admiral (Battle at Kamperduin)
  • 1769William Smith: Geologist (Strata Identified by Organized Fossils)
  • 1795Leopold Jansa: Composer
  • 1801Peterus D Regout: Dutch industrialist (Sphinx, Maastricht)
  • 1808Jeronimo de Bosch Kemper: Sociologist / historian (Statistic yearbook)
  • 1811Camille Marie Stamaty: Composer
  • 1811Carl Gottfried Wilhelm Taubert: Composer
  • 1818Don Carlos Buell: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1898
  • 1821Aleksej F Pisemski: Russian writer (Clodhopper)
  • 1823Schuyler Colfax: (R) 17th VP (1869-73)
  • 1825Edward Lloyd Thomas: Brigadier General (Confederate Army) died in 1898
  • 1826Leon Minkus: Composer
  • 1834Julius Reubke: Composer
  • 1837Joseph Wieniawski: Composer
  • 1844Eugene Gigout: Composer
  • 1847Alexandru D Xenopol: Romania -- Historian
  • 1854Alfred Milner: Giessen, Germany -- British Governor (Cape colony)
  • 1857Fannie Farmer: Actress (namesake of a candy company)
  • 1858Ludwig Quidde: German historian / politician (Nobel prize 1927)
  • 1863Godfried CE van Daalen: Dutch General / Governor of Atjeh
  • 1864Hjalmar Borgstrom: Composer
  • 1876Muirhead Bone: Glasgow, Scotland -- Etcher / engraver of architecture
  • 1878Franz Schrecker: Composer

Died on March 23

  • 1237Jan of Brienne: King of Jerusalem / Emperor of Constantinople
  • 1369Pedro [the Cruel]: King / tyrant of Castile and Leon, murdered
  • 1555Julius III [Giovanni M del Monte]: Pope (1550-55), dies at 67
  • 1606Justus Lipsius [Joost Lips]: Dutch classic philologist, dies at 58
  • 1658Valentin Dretzel: Composer, dies at 79
  • 1669Philipp Buchner: Composer, dies at 54
  • 1748Johann Gottfried Walther: German Composer / musicologist, dies at 63
  • 1756Georg Gottfried Wagner: Composer, dies at 57
  • 1783Gaspard Fritz: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1786Patience Wright: 1st US woman pro artist
  • 1801Paul I: Tsar of Russia (1796-1801), strangled at 46
  • 1806George Frederic Pinto: Composer, dies at 20
  • 1809Ferdinand-Philippe-Joseph Staes: Composer, dies at 60
  • 1816Ignaz Vitzthumb: Composer, dies at 95
  • 1818Nicolas Isouard: Composer, dies at 42
  • 1819August v Kotzebue: Writer
  • 1821Bernhard Anselm Weber: Pianist / conductor / composer, dies at 56
  • 1832Vaclav Vilem Wurfel: Composer, dies at 41
  • 1842Stendhal [Marie-Henri Beyle]: French Author (Lamiel), dies at 59
  • 1862Karl Robert von Nesselrode: German chancellor, dies at 81
  • 1869Charles Lucas: Composer, dies at 60
  • 1880Gustav Adolf Mankell: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1881Nikolay Rubinstein: Composer, dies at 45
  • 1907Constantine P Pobedonostsev: Russian reactionary senator, dies at 79
  • 1914Teunis Stoel: Actor, dies at 62
  • 1918Cesar Cortinas: Composer, dies at 27
  • 1919Jean HL Bossard: Actor / impresario (2 Orphans), dies at 45
  • 1925Aleksei Kuropatkin: Russian General / Minister of War, dies at 76
  • 1937Helge Rode: Danish Poet / essayist, dies at 66
  • 1943Joseph Moiseyevich Schillinger: Composer, dies at 47