Events on Mar 23

  • 1026Koenraad II crowns himself King of Italy
  • 1153Treaty of Konstanz between Frederik I "Barbarossa" andPope Eugene III
  • 14901st dated edition of Maimonides "Mishna Torah" published
  • 1490Maimonides Mishneh Torah published
  • 1568Treaty of Longjumeau: French huguenots go on strike
  • 1579Friesland joins Union of Utrecht
  • 1593English Congressionalist Henry Barrow accused of slander
  • 1630French troops occupy Pinerolo Piedmont
  • 1657France and England form alliance against Spain; England gets Dunkirk
  • 1708English pretender to the throne James III lands at Firth of Forth
  • 1752Pope Stephen II elected to succeed Zacharias, died 2 days later
  • 1775Patrick Henry proclaims "Give me liberty or give me death"
  • 17941st US patent (Joseph G Pierson for a riveting machine)
  • 1794Josiah Pierson patents a "cold-header" (rivet) machine
  • 1794Lieutenant General Tadeusz Kosciuszko returns to Poland
  • 1801Murder attempt on Czar Paul I
  • 1806Lewis and Clark reach Pacific coast
  • 1832British Parliament passes reform bill
  • 1835Charles Darwin reaches Los Arenales, in the Andes
  • 1836Coin Press invented by Franklin Beale
  • 18391st known use of term OK (Boston)
  • 1840Draper takes 1st successful photo of the Moon (daguerrotype)
  • 1849Battle of Novara (King Charles Albert vs. Italian Republic)
  • 1858Streetcar patented (E A Gardner of Philadelphia)
  • 1862Battle of Kernstown VA-Jackson begins his Valley Campaign
  • 1864Encounter at Camden AR
  • 1868University of California founded (Oakland, California)
  • 1880Flour rolling mill patented (John Stevens of Wisc)
  • 1881Boers and Britain sign peace accord; end 1st Boer war
  • 1881Gas lamp sets fire to Nice France opera house; 70 die

Born on Mar 23

  • 1599Thomas Selle: Composer
  • 1638Frederik Ruysch: Dutch anatomist
  • 1699John Bartram: Naturalist / explorer, father of American botany
  • 1736Iman Willem Falck: Dutch Governor of Ceylon (1765-83)
  • 1749Hugo Franz Karl Alexander von Kerpen: Composer
  • 1749Pierre-Simon Laplace: Mathematician / astronomer / physicist
  • 1750Johannes Matthias Sperger: Composer
  • 1761John W de Winter: Dutch Vice-Admiral (Battle at Kamperduin)
  • 1769William Smith: Geologist (Strata Identified by Organized Fossils)
  • 1795Leopold Jansa: Composer
  • 1801Peterus D Regout: Dutch industrialist (Sphinx, Maastricht)
  • 1808Jeronimo de Bosch Kemper: Sociologist / historian (Statistic yearbook)
  • 1811Camille Marie Stamaty: Composer
  • 1811Carl Gottfried Wilhelm Taubert: Composer
  • 1818Don Carlos Buell: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1898
  • 1821Aleksej F Pisemski: Russian writer (Clodhopper)
  • 1823Schuyler Colfax: (R) 17th VP (1869-73)
  • 1825Edward Lloyd Thomas: Brigadier General (Confederate Army) died in 1898
  • 1826Leon Minkus: Composer
  • 1834Julius Reubke: Composer
  • 1837Joseph Wieniawski: Composer
  • 1844Eugene Gigout: Composer
  • 1847Alexandru D Xenopol: Romania -- Historian
  • 1854Alfred Milner: Giessen, Germany -- British Governor (Cape colony)
  • 1857Fannie Farmer: Actress (namesake of a candy company)
  • 1858Ludwig Quidde: German historian / politician (Nobel prize 1927)
  • 1863Godfried CE van Daalen: Dutch General / Governor of Atjeh
  • 1864Hjalmar Borgstrom: Composer
  • 1876Muirhead Bone: Glasgow, Scotland -- Etcher / engraver of architecture
  • 1878Franz Schrecker: Composer

Died on Mar 23

  • 1237Jan of Brienne: King of Jerusalem / Emperor of Constantinople
  • 1369Pedro [the Cruel]: King / tyrant of Castile and Leon, murdered
  • 1555Julius III [Giovanni M del Monte]: Pope (1550-55), dies at 67
  • 1606Justus Lipsius [Joost Lips]: Dutch classic philologist, dies at 58
  • 1658Valentin Dretzel: Composer, dies at 79
  • 1669Philipp Buchner: Composer, dies at 54
  • 1748Johann Gottfried Walther: German Composer / musicologist, dies at 63
  • 1756Georg Gottfried Wagner: Composer, dies at 57
  • 1783Gaspard Fritz: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1786Patience Wright: 1st US woman pro artist
  • 1801Paul I: Tsar of Russia (1796-1801), strangled at 46
  • 1806George Frederic Pinto: Composer, dies at 20
  • 1809Ferdinand-Philippe-Joseph Staes: Composer, dies at 60
  • 1816Ignaz Vitzthumb: Composer, dies at 95
  • 1818Nicolas Isouard: Composer, dies at 42
  • 1819August v Kotzebue: Writer
  • 1821Bernhard Anselm Weber: Pianist / conductor / composer, dies at 56
  • 1832Vaclav Vilem Wurfel: Composer, dies at 41
  • 1842Stendhal [Marie-Henri Beyle]: French Author (Lamiel), dies at 59
  • 1862Karl Robert von Nesselrode: German chancellor, dies at 81
  • 1869Charles Lucas: Composer, dies at 60
  • 1880Gustav Adolf Mankell: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1881Nikolay Rubinstein: Composer, dies at 45
  • 1907Constantine P Pobedonostsev: Russian reactionary senator, dies at 79
  • 1914Teunis Stoel: Actor, dies at 62
  • 1918Cesar Cortinas: Composer, dies at 27
  • 1919Jean HL Bossard: Actor / impresario (2 Orphans), dies at 45
  • 1925Aleksei Kuropatkin: Russian General / Minister of War, dies at 76
  • 1937Helge Rode: Danish Poet / essayist, dies at 66
  • 1943Joseph Moiseyevich Schillinger: Composer, dies at 47

Historical events on March 24

  • 1379End of Gelderse war victory
  • 1545German Parliament opens in Worms
  • 1550France and England sign Peace of Boulogne
  • 1603Scottish King James VI becomes King James I of England
  • 16291st game law passed in American colonies, by Virginia
  • 1645Battle at Jankov Bohemia: Sweden beatS RC Emperor Ferdinand III
  • 1664Roger Williams is granted a charter to colonize Rhode Island
  • 1721Johann Sebastian Bach opens his Brandenburgse Concerts
  • 1765Britain enacts Quartering Act, required colonists to provide temporary housing to British soldiers
  • 1792Benjamin West (US) becomes President of Royal Academy of London
  • 1801Aleksandr P Romanov becomes Emperor of Russia
  • 1828Philadelphia and Columbia Railway (1st state owned) authorized
  • 1832Mormon Joseph Smith beaten, tarred and feathered in Ohio
  • 1837Canada gives blacks the right to vote
  • 1848State of siege proclaimed in Amsterdam
  • 1855Manhattan Kansas founded as New Boston, Kansas
  • 1860Clipper Andrew Jackson arrives in SF, 89 days out of New York
  • 1868Metropolitan Life Insurance Co forms
  • 1877University boat race between Oxford and Cambridge ends in a dead heat
  • 1878British frigate Eurydice sunk; 300 lost
  • 1882German Scientist Robert Koch discovers bacillus cause of TB
  • 18831st telephone call between New York and Chicago
  • 1887Oscar Straus appointed 1st Jewish ambassador from US (to Turkey)
  • 1890Start of Sherlock Holmes "The Adventure of Wisteria Lodge" (BG)
  • 189437 miners killed at Franklin, Washington
  • 18981st automobile sold
  • 1906"Census of the British Empire" shows England rules 1 / 5 of the world
  • 1913Palace Theater opens at 1564 Broadway, New York City
  • 19201st US coast guard air station established (Morehead City NC)
  • 1922Grand National at Aintree sees only 3 horses out of 32 starters finish

Born on March 24

  • 1188Ferrand of Portugal: Earl of Flanders / Son of Sancho I
  • 1441Ernst I: Elector of Saxon (1464-86)
  • 1494Georgius Agricola: Germany -- Mineralogist (De Re Metallica)
  • 1607Michiel A de Ruyter: Dutch Rear Admiral (St Vincent, Dune)
  • 1703Jose F de Isla [Francisco de Salazar]: Spanish Jesuit / writer
  • 1714Carlo Giovanni Testori: Composer
  • 1732Gian Francesco de Majo: Composer
  • 1740John Antes: Composer
  • 1749Bernard Jumentier: Composer
  • 1755Rufus King: Framer of US constitution
  • 1762Marcos Antonio da Fonseca: Portugal -- Opera composer (Portogallo)
  • 1797Antonio Rosmini-Serbati: Philosopher / founder (Institute of Charity)
  • 1802Jacob van Lennep: Attorney / Dutch MP
  • 1809Joseph Liouville: France -- Discover of transcendental numbers
  • 1814Galen Clark: United States -- Naturalist / discovered Mariposa Grove
  • 1817Aime Maillart: Composer
  • 1821[George] Hector Tyndale: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1834John Wesley Powell: United States -- Geologist / explorer / ethnologist
  • 1834William Morris: England, United Kingdom -- Designer / craftsman / poet / socialist
  • 1835Josef Stefan: Austria -- Physicist (Stefan-Boltzmann law)
  • 1837Philips: Count of Flanders Belgium
  • 1855Andrew W Mellon: Founder (Mellon Bank) / US Secretary of Treasury
  • 1855Olive Schreiner: South African writer (Portrait of a South African Woman)
  • 1866Jack McAuliffe: US lightweight boxing champ and hall of famer
  • 1871Ernest Rutherford: Nuclear Scientist
  • 1874Luigi Einaudi: Economist / 1st President of Italy (1948-55)
  • 1878Top Naeff [Anthonetta van Rhijn-N-Naeff]: Dutch writer
  • 1883James I Wedgwood: British theosophist / old-Catholic Bishop
  • 1884Gino Marinuzzi: Composer
  • 1884Peter Debye: Holland, Netherlands -- Physical chemist (Nobel 1936)

Died on March 24

  • 0809Harun al-Rashid: Caliph of the Abbasid empire (786-809), dies at 44
  • 1400Florens Radewijns: Dutch priest / leader Modern Devotion
  • 1455Nicholas V [Tommaso Parentucelli]: Italian Pope (1447-55), dies at 57
  • 1455Rudolf van Diepholt: Bishop / Cardinal of Utrecht (1448-55)
  • 1558Anna van Buren: Countess of Egmond / Buren / Lingen
  • 1603Elizabeth I Tudor [Maiden Queen]: UK Queen (1558-1603), dies at 69
  • 1631Philipp Dulichius: Composer, dies at 68
  • 1635Jacques Callot: French cartoonist / engraver, dies at about 42
  • 1644Cecilia Renata: Arch Duchess of Austria
  • 1654Samuel Scheidt: German Composer (Concertus sacri), dies at 66
  • 1661William Leddra: Last Quaker, hanged in Boston
  • 1755Theodor Christleib Reinhold: Composer, dies at 72
  • 1823Cornelis van Foreest: Dutch mayor (Alkmaar), dies at 66
  • 1825Giovanni Domenico Perotti: Composer, dies at 64
  • 1838Thomas Attwood: Composer, dies at 72
  • 1842Stendhal [Marie-H Beyle]: French writer (The Love), buried at 59
  • 1866Maria Amalia: Of Bourbon-Sicily, Wife of Louis Filips of Austria
  • 1877Walter Bagehot: English economist / critic / banker, dies at 51
  • 1878Albin Masek: Composer, dies at 73
  • 1881Friedrich Hecker: German revolutionary Republic politician, dies at 69
  • 1882Henry Wadsworth Longfellow: US Poet (Song of Hiawatha), dies at 75
  • 1894Robert Prescott Stewart: Composer, dies at 68
  • 1905Jules Verne: Sci-fi Author (Around the World in 80 Days), dies at 77
  • 1909John Millington Synge: Irish dramatist / playwright / poet, dies at 37
  • 1911Matthew Stanley Robison: President (Cardinals)
  • 1918Theophile Ysaye: Composer, dies at 53
  • 1921Deodat de Severac: Composer, dies at 48
  • 1945Thomas Rennie: General Major (Dutch command 51st Highland Division)
  • 1946Alexander A Aljechin: World chess champ (1927-35, 37-46), dies at 53
  • 1946Gustaf Heintze: Composer, dies at 66