Events on Mar 24

  • 1379End of Gelderse war victory
  • 1545German Parliament opens in Worms
  • 1550France and England sign Peace of Boulogne
  • 1603Scottish King James VI becomes King James I of England
  • 16291st game law passed in American colonies, by Virginia
  • 1645Battle at Jankov Bohemia: Sweden beatS RC Emperor Ferdinand III
  • 1664Roger Williams is granted a charter to colonize Rhode Island
  • 1721Johann Sebastian Bach opens his Brandenburgse Concerts
  • 1765Britain enacts Quartering Act, required colonists to provide temporary housing to British soldiers
  • 1792Benjamin West (US) becomes President of Royal Academy of London
  • 1801Aleksandr P Romanov becomes Emperor of Russia
  • 1828Philadelphia and Columbia Railway (1st state owned) authorized
  • 1832Mormon Joseph Smith beaten, tarred and feathered in Ohio
  • 1837Canada gives blacks the right to vote
  • 1848State of siege proclaimed in Amsterdam
  • 1855Manhattan Kansas founded as New Boston, Kansas
  • 1860Clipper Andrew Jackson arrives in SF, 89 days out of New York
  • 1868Metropolitan Life Insurance Co forms
  • 1877University boat race between Oxford and Cambridge ends in a dead heat
  • 1878British frigate Eurydice sunk; 300 lost
  • 1882German Scientist Robert Koch discovers bacillus cause of TB
  • 18831st telephone call between New York and Chicago
  • 1887Oscar Straus appointed 1st Jewish ambassador from US (to Turkey)
  • 1890Start of Sherlock Holmes "The Adventure of Wisteria Lodge" (BG)
  • 189437 miners killed at Franklin, Washington
  • 18981st automobile sold
  • 1906"Census of the British Empire" shows England rules 1 / 5 of the world
  • 1913Palace Theater opens at 1564 Broadway, New York City
  • 19201st US coast guard air station established (Morehead City NC)
  • 1922Grand National at Aintree sees only 3 horses out of 32 starters finish

Born on Mar 24

  • 1188Ferrand of Portugal: Earl of Flanders / Son of Sancho I
  • 1441Ernst I: Elector of Saxon (1464-86)
  • 1494Georgius Agricola: Germany -- Mineralogist (De Re Metallica)
  • 1607Michiel A de Ruyter: Dutch Rear Admiral (St Vincent, Dune)
  • 1703Jose F de Isla [Francisco de Salazar]: Spanish Jesuit / writer
  • 1714Carlo Giovanni Testori: Composer
  • 1732Gian Francesco de Majo: Composer
  • 1740John Antes: Composer
  • 1749Bernard Jumentier: Composer
  • 1755Rufus King: Framer of US constitution
  • 1762Marcos Antonio da Fonseca: Portugal -- Opera composer (Portogallo)
  • 1797Antonio Rosmini-Serbati: Philosopher / founder (Institute of Charity)
  • 1802Jacob van Lennep: Attorney / Dutch MP
  • 1809Joseph Liouville: France -- Discover of transcendental numbers
  • 1814Galen Clark: United States -- Naturalist / discovered Mariposa Grove
  • 1817Aime Maillart: Composer
  • 1821[George] Hector Tyndale: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1834John Wesley Powell: United States -- Geologist / explorer / ethnologist
  • 1834William Morris: England, United Kingdom -- Designer / craftsman / poet / socialist
  • 1835Josef Stefan: Austria -- Physicist (Stefan-Boltzmann law)
  • 1837Philips: Count of Flanders Belgium
  • 1855Andrew W Mellon: Founder (Mellon Bank) / US Secretary of Treasury
  • 1855Olive Schreiner: South African writer (Portrait of a South African Woman)
  • 1866Jack McAuliffe: US lightweight boxing champ and hall of famer
  • 1871Ernest Rutherford: Nuclear Scientist
  • 1874Luigi Einaudi: Economist / 1st President of Italy (1948-55)
  • 1878Top Naeff [Anthonetta van Rhijn-N-Naeff]: Dutch writer
  • 1883James I Wedgwood: British theosophist / old-Catholic Bishop
  • 1884Gino Marinuzzi: Composer
  • 1884Peter Debye: Holland, Netherlands -- Physical chemist (Nobel 1936)

Died on Mar 24

  • 0809Harun al-Rashid: Caliph of the Abbasid empire (786-809), dies at 44
  • 1400Florens Radewijns: Dutch priest / leader Modern Devotion
  • 1455Nicholas V [Tommaso Parentucelli]: Italian Pope (1447-55), dies at 57
  • 1455Rudolf van Diepholt: Bishop / Cardinal of Utrecht (1448-55)
  • 1558Anna van Buren: Countess of Egmond / Buren / Lingen
  • 1603Elizabeth I Tudor [Maiden Queen]: UK Queen (1558-1603), dies at 69
  • 1631Philipp Dulichius: Composer, dies at 68
  • 1635Jacques Callot: French cartoonist / engraver, dies at about 42
  • 1644Cecilia Renata: Arch Duchess of Austria
  • 1654Samuel Scheidt: German Composer (Concertus sacri), dies at 66
  • 1661William Leddra: Last Quaker, hanged in Boston
  • 1755Theodor Christleib Reinhold: Composer, dies at 72
  • 1823Cornelis van Foreest: Dutch mayor (Alkmaar), dies at 66
  • 1825Giovanni Domenico Perotti: Composer, dies at 64
  • 1838Thomas Attwood: Composer, dies at 72
  • 1842Stendhal [Marie-H Beyle]: French writer (The Love), buried at 59
  • 1866Maria Amalia: Of Bourbon-Sicily, Wife of Louis Filips of Austria
  • 1877Walter Bagehot: English economist / critic / banker, dies at 51
  • 1878Albin Masek: Composer, dies at 73
  • 1881Friedrich Hecker: German revolutionary Republic politician, dies at 69
  • 1882Henry Wadsworth Longfellow: US Poet (Song of Hiawatha), dies at 75
  • 1894Robert Prescott Stewart: Composer, dies at 68
  • 1905Jules Verne: Sci-fi Author (Around the World in 80 Days), dies at 77
  • 1909John Millington Synge: Irish dramatist / playwright / poet, dies at 37
  • 1911Matthew Stanley Robison: President (Cardinals)
  • 1918Theophile Ysaye: Composer, dies at 53
  • 1921Deodat de Severac: Composer, dies at 48
  • 1945Thomas Rennie: General Major (Dutch command 51st Highland Division)
  • 1946Alexander A Aljechin: World chess champ (1927-35, 37-46), dies at 53
  • 1946Gustaf Heintze: Composer, dies at 66

Historical events on March 25

  • 0001Origin of Dionysian Incarnation of the Word
  • 00311st Easter, according to calendar-maker Dionysius Exiguus
  • 0421Friday at 12pm - city of Venice founded
  • 0708Constantine begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1133William the Conqueror orders 1st Domesday Survey of England
  • 1306Robert the Bruce crowned King of Scotland
  • 1409Council of Pisa opens
  • 1571Catholic Italian businessman Roberto Ridolfi leaves Enngeland
  • 1581Portugese Cortes calls Philip II King of Portugal
  • 1609Henry Hudson embarks on an exploration for Dutch East India Company
  • 1634Lord Baltimore founded Catholic colony of Maryland
  • 1647Cape of Good Hope: tour ship Haerlem stranded in Tafel Bay
  • 16681st horse race in America takes place
  • 1669Mount Etna in Sicily erupts, destroying Nicolosi, killing 20,000
  • 1700England, France and Netherlands ratify 2nd Extermination treaty
  • 1753Voltaire leaves the court of Frederik II of Prussia
  • 1774English Parliament passes Boston Port Bill
  • 1776Continental Congress authorized a medal for George Washington
  • 1802France, Netherlands, Spain and England signs Peace of Amiens
  • 18071st railway passenger service began in England
  • 1807British Parliament abolishes slave trade
  • 1807George Canning becomes British Minister of Foreign Affairs
  • 18131st US flag flown in battle on the Pacific, frigate Essex
  • 1814Netherlands Bank established
  • 1817Tsar Alexander I recommends formation of Society of Israeli Christians
  • 1820Greece freedom revolt against anti Ottoman attack
  • 1821Greece gains independence from Turkey (National Day)
  • 1847Pope Pius IX encyclical "On aid for Ireland"
  • 1856A E Burnside patents Burnside carbine
  • 1857Frederick Laggenheim takes 1st photo of a solar eclipse

Born on March 25

  • 1133Henry II: King of England (1154-89)
  • 1252Konradijn Hohenstaufen [Koenrad van Zwaben]: Son of Konrad IV
  • 1495Leonhard Paminger: Composer
  • 1532Pietro Pontio: Composer
  • 1594Maria Tesselschade Roemers Visscher: Dutch writer
  • 1653Joseph Sauveur: French physicist / mathematician
  • 1688Johann Gotthilf Ziegler: Composer
  • 1699Johann Adolf Hasse: Composer
  • 1702Christian Gottlieb Ziegler: Composer
  • 1713Jean-Baptiste Canavas: Composer
  • 1723Kaat Mussel [Catharina Mulder]: Dutch demonstrater
  • 1745Nicolas Etienne Framery: Composer
  • 1762Francesco Giuseppi Pollini: Composer
  • 1767Joachim Murat: Marshal of France / King of Naples (1808-15)
  • 1769Salvatore Vigano: Composer
  • 1770Carl Friedrich Ebers: Composer
  • 1782Carolina [Maria A] Bonaparte [countess Lipona]: Sister of Napoleon
  • 1786Giovanni B Amia: Italian astronomer / physicist / Botanist
  • 1797John Winebrenner: United States -- Clergyman that founded the Church of God
  • 1800Paulin Paris: French historian
  • 1808Jose de Espronceda y Delgado: Spanish revolutionary / poet (Cortes)
  • 1818Isaac Ingalls Stevens: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1862
  • 1820Xavier F M G: Earl of Merode, Belgian Minister to Pope (in Rome)
  • 1823William Thompson Martin: Major General (Confederate Army), died in 1910
  • 1839William Bell Wait: United States -- Educated the blind
  • 1867Arturo Toscanini: Parma, Italy -- Temperamental conductor (NBC)
  • 1867Gutzon Borglum: Sculptor (Mt Rushmore)
  • 1869Gustaaf DFL Schamelhout: Flemish Physician / writer
  • 1871John Gutzon Borglum: Sculptor (Mt Rushmore)
  • 1872Vito Pardo: Italian sculptor (Columbus monument in Argentina)

Died on March 25

  • 1223Afonso II: 3rd King of Portugal (1211-23), dies at 36
  • 1692Gerardus L Blasius: Flemish anatomist, dies at about 66
  • 1697Hendrik Casimir II: King of Nassau-Dietzstadhouder
  • 1751Frederik of Hessen Kassel: King of Sweden (1720-51), dies at 74
  • 1766Johannes Ritschel: Composer, dies at 26
  • 1799Constantin Reindl: Composer, dies at 60
  • 1801Anthony Ziesenis: Architect / Sculptor (Camper), dies at 69
  • 1801Novalis: Writer, dies at 28
  • 1823Coelestin Jungbauer: Composer, dies at 75
  • 1825Rutger Jan Schimmelpenninck: Dutch patriot / earl, dies at 63
  • 1835Friederike Blum: Writer
  • 1852Alexis Garaude: Composer, dies at 73
  • 1880Joseph Rummel: Composer, dies at 61
  • 1880Ludmilla Assing: Writer
  • 1909Ruperto Chapi y Lorente: Composer, dies at 57
  • 1918Claude A Debussy: French Composer (Iberia / La mer), dies in Paris at 55
  • 1937John Drinkwater: English Poet / playwright (Bird in Hand), dies at 54
  • 1940Ion Nonna Otescu: Composer, dies at 51
  • 1948Warren Hymer: Actor (Show Them No Mercy), dies at 42
  • 1949Hanns A Rauter: German SS-commandant in Netherland, executed at 54
  • 1956George Luther Foote: Composer, dies at 70
  • 1956Robert Newton: Actor (Henry V, Odd Man Out), dies at 50
  • 1957Fud Livingston: Composer, dies at 50
  • 1958Emerson Whithorne: Composer, dies at 73
  • 1959Billy Mayerl: Composer, dies at 56
  • 1962Auguste Piccard: Swiss explorer / balloonist, dies at 78
  • 1963David Moore: US feather weight boxer, dies at 29
  • 1965Giorgio Federico Ghedini: Composer, dies at 72
  • 1965Viola Gregg Liuzzo: US civil rights activist, murdered
  • 1966Colin Campbell: Actor (Leather Boys), dies at 83