Events on Mar 25

  • 0001Origin of Dionysian Incarnation of the Word
  • 00311st Easter, according to calendar-maker Dionysius Exiguus
  • 0421Friday at 12pm - city of Venice founded
  • 0708Constantine begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1133William the Conqueror orders 1st Domesday Survey of England
  • 1306Robert the Bruce crowned King of Scotland
  • 1409Council of Pisa opens
  • 1571Catholic Italian businessman Roberto Ridolfi leaves Enngeland
  • 1581Portugese Cortes calls Philip II King of Portugal
  • 1609Henry Hudson embarks on an exploration for Dutch East India Company
  • 1634Lord Baltimore founded Catholic colony of Maryland
  • 1647Cape of Good Hope: tour ship Haerlem stranded in Tafel Bay
  • 16681st horse race in America takes place
  • 1669Mount Etna in Sicily erupts, destroying Nicolosi, killing 20,000
  • 1700England, France and Netherlands ratify 2nd Extermination treaty
  • 1753Voltaire leaves the court of Frederik II of Prussia
  • 1774English Parliament passes Boston Port Bill
  • 1776Continental Congress authorized a medal for George Washington
  • 1802France, Netherlands, Spain and England signs Peace of Amiens
  • 18071st railway passenger service began in England
  • 1807British Parliament abolishes slave trade
  • 1807George Canning becomes British Minister of Foreign Affairs
  • 18131st US flag flown in battle on the Pacific, frigate Essex
  • 1814Netherlands Bank established
  • 1817Tsar Alexander I recommends formation of Society of Israeli Christians
  • 1820Greece freedom revolt against anti Ottoman attack
  • 1821Greece gains independence from Turkey (National Day)
  • 1847Pope Pius IX encyclical "On aid for Ireland"
  • 1856A E Burnside patents Burnside carbine
  • 1857Frederick Laggenheim takes 1st photo of a solar eclipse

Born on Mar 25

  • 1133Henry II: King of England (1154-89)
  • 1252Konradijn Hohenstaufen [Koenrad van Zwaben]: Son of Konrad IV
  • 1495Leonhard Paminger: Composer
  • 1532Pietro Pontio: Composer
  • 1594Maria Tesselschade Roemers Visscher: Dutch writer
  • 1653Joseph Sauveur: French physicist / mathematician
  • 1688Johann Gotthilf Ziegler: Composer
  • 1699Johann Adolf Hasse: Composer
  • 1702Christian Gottlieb Ziegler: Composer
  • 1713Jean-Baptiste Canavas: Composer
  • 1723Kaat Mussel [Catharina Mulder]: Dutch demonstrater
  • 1745Nicolas Etienne Framery: Composer
  • 1762Francesco Giuseppi Pollini: Composer
  • 1767Joachim Murat: Marshal of France / King of Naples (1808-15)
  • 1769Salvatore Vigano: Composer
  • 1770Carl Friedrich Ebers: Composer
  • 1782Carolina [Maria A] Bonaparte [countess Lipona]: Sister of Napoleon
  • 1786Giovanni B Amia: Italian astronomer / physicist / Botanist
  • 1797John Winebrenner: United States -- Clergyman that founded the Church of God
  • 1800Paulin Paris: French historian
  • 1808Jose de Espronceda y Delgado: Spanish revolutionary / poet (Cortes)
  • 1818Isaac Ingalls Stevens: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1862
  • 1820Xavier F M G: Earl of Merode, Belgian Minister to Pope (in Rome)
  • 1823William Thompson Martin: Major General (Confederate Army), died in 1910
  • 1839William Bell Wait: United States -- Educated the blind
  • 1867Arturo Toscanini: Parma, Italy -- Temperamental conductor (NBC)
  • 1867Gutzon Borglum: Sculptor (Mt Rushmore)
  • 1869Gustaaf DFL Schamelhout: Flemish Physician / writer
  • 1871John Gutzon Borglum: Sculptor (Mt Rushmore)
  • 1872Vito Pardo: Italian sculptor (Columbus monument in Argentina)

Died on Mar 25

  • 1223Afonso II: 3rd King of Portugal (1211-23), dies at 36
  • 1692Gerardus L Blasius: Flemish anatomist, dies at about 66
  • 1697Hendrik Casimir II: King of Nassau-Dietzstadhouder
  • 1751Frederik of Hessen Kassel: King of Sweden (1720-51), dies at 74
  • 1766Johannes Ritschel: Composer, dies at 26
  • 1799Constantin Reindl: Composer, dies at 60
  • 1801Anthony Ziesenis: Architect / Sculptor (Camper), dies at 69
  • 1801Novalis: Writer, dies at 28
  • 1823Coelestin Jungbauer: Composer, dies at 75
  • 1825Rutger Jan Schimmelpenninck: Dutch patriot / earl, dies at 63
  • 1835Friederike Blum: Writer
  • 1852Alexis Garaude: Composer, dies at 73
  • 1880Joseph Rummel: Composer, dies at 61
  • 1880Ludmilla Assing: Writer
  • 1909Ruperto Chapi y Lorente: Composer, dies at 57
  • 1918Claude A Debussy: French Composer (Iberia / La mer), dies in Paris at 55
  • 1937John Drinkwater: English Poet / playwright (Bird in Hand), dies at 54
  • 1940Ion Nonna Otescu: Composer, dies at 51
  • 1948Warren Hymer: Actor (Show Them No Mercy), dies at 42
  • 1949Hanns A Rauter: German SS-commandant in Netherland, executed at 54
  • 1956George Luther Foote: Composer, dies at 70
  • 1956Robert Newton: Actor (Henry V, Odd Man Out), dies at 50
  • 1957Fud Livingston: Composer, dies at 50
  • 1958Emerson Whithorne: Composer, dies at 73
  • 1959Billy Mayerl: Composer, dies at 56
  • 1962Auguste Piccard: Swiss explorer / balloonist, dies at 78
  • 1963David Moore: US feather weight boxer, dies at 29
  • 1965Giorgio Federico Ghedini: Composer, dies at 72
  • 1965Viola Gregg Liuzzo: US civil rights activist, murdered
  • 1966Colin Campbell: Actor (Leather Boys), dies at 83

Historical events on March 26

  • 1027John XIX crowns Conrad II the Salier Roman German Emperor
  • 1147Jewish community in Cologne fast to commemorate anti-Jewish violence
  • 1150Tichborne family of Hampshire England started tradition of giving a Gallon of flour to each resident to keep deathbed promise
  • 1526King Francois I returns Spanish captivity to France
  • 1636University of Utrecht opening ceremony
  • 1668England takes control of Bombay India
  • 1692King Maximilian installed as land guardian of South Netherlands
  • 17801st British Sunday newspaper appears (Brit Gazette & Sunday Monitor)
  • 1790Congress passes Naturalization Act, requires 2-year residency
  • 1804Congress orders removal of Indians east of Mississippi to Louisiana
  • 1804Territory of Orleans organizes in Louisiana Purchase
  • 1812Earthquake destroys 90% of Caracas; about 20,000 die
  • 18391st Henley Royal Regatta
  • 1845Joseph Francis, NYC, patents a corrugated sheet-iron lifeboat
  • 1845Patent awarded for adhesive medicated plaster, precusor of bandaid
  • 1856New South Wales 1st 1st-class game, vs. Victoria at Melbourne NSW won
  • 18591st sighting of Vulcan, a planet thought to orbit inside Mercury
  • 1863Voters in West Virginia approve gradual emancipation of slaves
  • 1871Paris Commune founded
  • 18727.8 earthquake shakes Owens Valley, California
  • 1872Thomas J Martin patents fire extinguisher
  • 1878Hastings College of Law founded
  • 1885Eastman Film Co manufactures 1st commercial motion picture film
  • 18861st cremation in England
  • 1889Johnny Briggs took 15-26 (7-17 & 8-11) vs. South Africa at Newlands
  • 1889South Africa all out 47, then follow-on all out 43 vs. England
  • 19001st edition The (Free) People (Neth, probably Amsterdam)
  • 1903American Hotel opens in Amsterdam
  • 1910US forbid immigration to criminals, anarchists, paupers and the sick
  • 1910William H Lewis appointed Assistant Attorney General of US

Born on March 26

  • 1479Vasili III: Great Prince of Moscow (1505-33) / Son of Ivan III
  • 1577Elisabeth of Nassau: Daughter of Willem I and Charlotte of Bourbon
  • 1659William Wollaston: Coton, England -- Philosopher
  • 1671Giacomo Cesare Predieri: Composer
  • 1684Johann Graf: Composer
  • 1717Manuel Jeronimo Romero de Avila: Composer
  • 1753Benjamin Thompson: Physicist (Royal Institution of Great Britain, Woburn MA)
  • 1758Johann Daniel Ferstenberg: Composer
  • 1773Nathaniel Bowditch: Mathematician / astronomer / author (Marine Sextant)
  • 1783Johann Baptist Weigl: Composer
  • 1806Josef Slavik: Composer
  • 1813Thomas West Sherman: Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1879
  • 1817Herman Haupt: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1905
  • 1819Francisco Eduardo da Costa: Composer
  • 1819Louise Otto: Germany -- Author / feminist
  • 1821Earnest Angel: German statistician (Law of Angel)
  • 1827Emanuel Kania: Composer
  • 1830Eliza Laurillard: Dutch vicar / poet / writer
  • 1830John Rogers Thomas: Composer
  • 1833Betsy Perk [Christina E]: Dutch journalist / writer / feminist
  • 1840Carli Zoeller: Composer
  • 1840George Smith: London, England -- Assyriologist (cuneiform (script))
  • 1850Edward Bellamy: Author (Looking Backward)
  • 1854Braulio Dueno Colon: Composer
  • 1856David Alfred Thomas: Glamorganshire, United Kingdom -- 1st Viscount Rhondda
  • 1859Nikolay Alexandrovich Sokolov: Composer
  • 1862George William Louis Marshall-Hall: Composer
  • 1868Fuad I: King of Egypt (1922-36)
  • 1873[Louise] Sophie de Vries: Actress (On Hope of Blessing)
  • 1874Gerald du Maurier: London, England -- Actor (Power, Escape, Masks & Faces)

Died on March 26

  • 1258Floris [the Guardian]: Count-regent of Holland
  • 1566Antonio de Cabezon: Composer
  • 1638Palamedes "Stevens" Palamedesz: Painter, dies at about 30
  • 1657Jacob van Eyck: Dutch blind flautist / carillonneur, dies at 69
  • 1713Pal Esterhazy: Composer, dies at 77
  • 1726John Vanbrugh: Dutch / English playwright (Provoked Wife), dies at 62
  • 1736Georg Balthasar Schott: Composer, dies at 49
  • 1797James Hutton: Geologist
  • 1809Gabriele Mario Piozzi: Composer, dies at 68
  • 1820Jean-Etienne Despreaux: Composer, dies at 71
  • 1827Ludwig van Beethoven: German Composer (Appassionata), dies at 56
  • 1831Richard Allen: AME Church Bishop, dies at 71
  • 1837Joseph Lincke: Composer, dies at 53
  • 1865Thomas Hancock: Pioneer of rubber industry (Stoke Newington)
  • 1880Mariano Soriano Fuertes y Piqueras: Composer, dies at 62
  • 1892Anton Wallerstein: Composer, dies at 78
  • 1892Walt Whitman: Poet, dies in Camden, New Jersey at 72
  • 1896Nanny v Hof: Writer
  • 1900Isaac Mayer Wise: Rabbi / founder American Hebrew Congregations, dies at 80
  • 1902Cecil Rhodes: Prime Minister of Cape Colony (1890-96) dies at 48
  • 1909Nikolai Arkas: Composer, dies at 56
  • 1923Sarah Bernhardt [Henriette]: Actress (Qn Elizabeth), dies at 77
  • 1924Augusto de Oliviera Machado: Composer, dies at 78
  • 1926Georges Vezina: NHL Hall of Fame goalie (Canadiens)
  • 1926Konstantin Fehrenbach: German reichs chancellor (1920-21), dies at 74
  • 1932Jean Cartan: Composer, dies at 25
  • 1934Grete Gulbransson: Writer, dies at 51
  • 1945David Lloyd George: British (L) Premier (1916-22), dies at 82
  • 1945Isaack Stouten: Resistance fighter, shot to death at 29
  • 1948Helen Ernst: German poster artist / resistance fighter, dies at about 43