Events on Mar 26

  • 1027John XIX crowns Conrad II the Salier Roman German Emperor
  • 1147Jewish community in Cologne fast to commemorate anti-Jewish violence
  • 1150Tichborne family of Hampshire England started tradition of giving a Gallon of flour to each resident to keep deathbed promise
  • 1526King Francois I returns Spanish captivity to France
  • 1636University of Utrecht opening ceremony
  • 1668England takes control of Bombay India
  • 1692King Maximilian installed as land guardian of South Netherlands
  • 17801st British Sunday newspaper appears (Brit Gazette & Sunday Monitor)
  • 1790Congress passes Naturalization Act, requires 2-year residency
  • 1804Congress orders removal of Indians east of Mississippi to Louisiana
  • 1804Territory of Orleans organizes in Louisiana Purchase
  • 1812Earthquake destroys 90% of Caracas; about 20,000 die
  • 18391st Henley Royal Regatta
  • 1845Joseph Francis, NYC, patents a corrugated sheet-iron lifeboat
  • 1845Patent awarded for adhesive medicated plaster, precusor of bandaid
  • 1856New South Wales 1st 1st-class game, vs. Victoria at Melbourne NSW won
  • 18591st sighting of Vulcan, a planet thought to orbit inside Mercury
  • 1863Voters in West Virginia approve gradual emancipation of slaves
  • 1871Paris Commune founded
  • 18727.8 earthquake shakes Owens Valley, California
  • 1872Thomas J Martin patents fire extinguisher
  • 1878Hastings College of Law founded
  • 1885Eastman Film Co manufactures 1st commercial motion picture film
  • 18861st cremation in England
  • 1889Johnny Briggs took 15-26 (7-17 & 8-11) vs. South Africa at Newlands
  • 1889South Africa all out 47, then follow-on all out 43 vs. England
  • 19001st edition The (Free) People (Neth, probably Amsterdam)
  • 1903American Hotel opens in Amsterdam
  • 1910US forbid immigration to criminals, anarchists, paupers and the sick
  • 1910William H Lewis appointed Assistant Attorney General of US

Born on Mar 26

  • 1479Vasili III: Great Prince of Moscow (1505-33) / Son of Ivan III
  • 1577Elisabeth of Nassau: Daughter of Willem I and Charlotte of Bourbon
  • 1659William Wollaston: Coton, England -- Philosopher
  • 1671Giacomo Cesare Predieri: Composer
  • 1684Johann Graf: Composer
  • 1717Manuel Jeronimo Romero de Avila: Composer
  • 1753Benjamin Thompson: Physicist (Royal Institution of Great Britain, Woburn MA)
  • 1758Johann Daniel Ferstenberg: Composer
  • 1773Nathaniel Bowditch: Mathematician / astronomer / author (Marine Sextant)
  • 1783Johann Baptist Weigl: Composer
  • 1806Josef Slavik: Composer
  • 1813Thomas West Sherman: Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1879
  • 1817Herman Haupt: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1905
  • 1819Francisco Eduardo da Costa: Composer
  • 1819Louise Otto: Germany -- Author / feminist
  • 1821Earnest Angel: German statistician (Law of Angel)
  • 1827Emanuel Kania: Composer
  • 1830Eliza Laurillard: Dutch vicar / poet / writer
  • 1830John Rogers Thomas: Composer
  • 1833Betsy Perk [Christina E]: Dutch journalist / writer / feminist
  • 1840Carli Zoeller: Composer
  • 1840George Smith: London, England -- Assyriologist (cuneiform (script))
  • 1850Edward Bellamy: Author (Looking Backward)
  • 1854Braulio Dueno Colon: Composer
  • 1856David Alfred Thomas: Glamorganshire, United Kingdom -- 1st Viscount Rhondda
  • 1859Nikolay Alexandrovich Sokolov: Composer
  • 1862George William Louis Marshall-Hall: Composer
  • 1868Fuad I: King of Egypt (1922-36)
  • 1873[Louise] Sophie de Vries: Actress (On Hope of Blessing)
  • 1874Gerald du Maurier: London, England -- Actor (Power, Escape, Masks & Faces)

Died on Mar 26

  • 1258Floris [the Guardian]: Count-regent of Holland
  • 1566Antonio de Cabezon: Composer
  • 1638Palamedes "Stevens" Palamedesz: Painter, dies at about 30
  • 1657Jacob van Eyck: Dutch blind flautist / carillonneur, dies at 69
  • 1713Pal Esterhazy: Composer, dies at 77
  • 1726John Vanbrugh: Dutch / English playwright (Provoked Wife), dies at 62
  • 1736Georg Balthasar Schott: Composer, dies at 49
  • 1797James Hutton: Geologist
  • 1809Gabriele Mario Piozzi: Composer, dies at 68
  • 1820Jean-Etienne Despreaux: Composer, dies at 71
  • 1827Ludwig van Beethoven: German Composer (Appassionata), dies at 56
  • 1831Richard Allen: AME Church Bishop, dies at 71
  • 1837Joseph Lincke: Composer, dies at 53
  • 1865Thomas Hancock: Pioneer of rubber industry (Stoke Newington)
  • 1880Mariano Soriano Fuertes y Piqueras: Composer, dies at 62
  • 1892Anton Wallerstein: Composer, dies at 78
  • 1892Walt Whitman: Poet, dies in Camden, New Jersey at 72
  • 1896Nanny v Hof: Writer
  • 1900Isaac Mayer Wise: Rabbi / founder American Hebrew Congregations, dies at 80
  • 1902Cecil Rhodes: Prime Minister of Cape Colony (1890-96) dies at 48
  • 1909Nikolai Arkas: Composer, dies at 56
  • 1923Sarah Bernhardt [Henriette]: Actress (Qn Elizabeth), dies at 77
  • 1924Augusto de Oliviera Machado: Composer, dies at 78
  • 1926Georges Vezina: NHL Hall of Fame goalie (Canadiens)
  • 1926Konstantin Fehrenbach: German reichs chancellor (1920-21), dies at 74
  • 1932Jean Cartan: Composer, dies at 25
  • 1934Grete Gulbransson: Writer, dies at 51
  • 1945David Lloyd George: British (L) Premier (1916-22), dies at 82
  • 1945Isaack Stouten: Resistance fighter, shot to death at 29
  • 1948Helen Ernst: German poster artist / resistance fighter, dies at about 43

Historical events on March 27

  • 1513Spaniard Juan Ponce de Leon discovers Florida
  • 1599Robert Devereux becomes Lieutenant General of Ireland
  • 1625Charles I, King Of England, Scotland and Ireland, ascends English throne
  • 1668English King Charles II gives Bombay to East India Company
  • 1708English pretender to the throne James III flees to Dunkerk
  • 1709Dike at Hardinxveld breaks (Alblasserwaard flooded)
  • 1713Spain losses Menorca and Gibraltar
  • 1721France and Spain sign Treaty of Madrid
  • 1758Battle at Emmerich: British army floats around France the Rhine
  • 1790The shoelace invented
  • 1794US Navy forms
  • 1802Treaty of Amiens-French Revolutionary War ends
  • 1814Battle at Horseshoe Bend: General Andrew Jackson beats Creek-indians
  • 18361st Mormon temple dedicated (Kirtland Ohio)
  • 18411st US steam fire engine tested, New York City
  • 1848John Parker Paynard originates medicated adhesive plaster
  • 1849Joseph Couch patents steam-powered percussion rock drill
  • 1855Abraham Gesner patents kerosene
  • 1861Black demonstrators in Charleston staged ride-ins on street cars
  • 1863President Davis calls for this to be a day of fasting and prayer
  • 1865Siege of Spanish Fort, AL-captured by Federals
  • 1866Andrew Rankin patents the urinal
  • 1866President Johnson vetoes civil rights bill; it later becomes 14th amend
  • 18711st international rugby game-Scotland 1, England 0
  • 1879Longest championship fight (136 rounds)
  • 18841st long-distance telephone call, Boston-NY
  • 19121st Japanese cherry blossom trees planted in Washington DC
  • 19141st successful blood transfusion (in Brussels)
  • 1920Film stars Mary Pickford and Douglas Fairbanks wed
  • 1924Canada recognizes USSR

Born on March 27

  • 1416Antonio Squarcialupi: Composer
  • 1554Everhardus van Bronchorst: Dutch lawyer
  • 1665Benjamin Neukirch: German poet (Herrn von Hofmannswaldau)
  • 1702Johann Ernst Eberlin: Composer
  • 1746Augustin Ullinger: Composer
  • 1746Carlo Bonaparte: Corsican attorney / father of Emperor Napoleon
  • 1757Richard John Samuel Stevens: Composer
  • 1760Ishmail Spicer: Composer
  • 1760MJ Auguste Vestrius: French ballet dancers
  • 1765Franz Xaver von Baader: German philosopher / theologist
  • 1772Giovanni Liverati: Composer
  • 1780August L Crelle: German inventor / mathematician (1st Prussian Railway)
  • 1785Louis XVII Charles: King of France (1793-95)
  • 1809Georges Eugene Haussmann: Paris, France -- Architect
  • 1810A Glabbrenner: Writer
  • 1813Nathaniel Currier: Lithographer (Currier & Ives)
  • 1816George Elvey: Composer
  • 1818Jakob Axel Josephson: Composer
  • 1823Samuel Kosciusko Zook: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1844Alophus Washington Greely: United States -- Arctic explorer
  • 1847Otto Wallach: Germany -- Chemist (Nobel 1910)
  • 1851Ruperto Chapi y Lorente: Composer
  • 1857Karl Pearson: London, England -- Mathematician
  • 1857Pearson: Mathematician
  • 1858Peter Christian Lutkin: Composer
  • 1867Edyth Walker: US singer
  • 1871Heinrich Mann: Germany -- Novelist / essayist (Blue Angel); bros of Thomas
  • 1871Petrus J M Aalberse: Dutch Minister of Labor (1918-25)
  • 1879Edward Steichen: Pioneered American photography
  • 1883Jan Kunc: Composer

Died on March 27

  • 0922Al-Hallaj al-Mughith-al-Hsayn Mansur: Persian mystic, beheaded at 64
  • 0965Arnulf I [the Elder / the Great]: Count of Flanders (918-65)
  • 1378Gregory XI [Pierre R the Beaufort]: Last French Pope (1370-78)
  • 1472Janus Pannonius: Hungarian Poet / translator, dies at 37
  • 1482Maria: Duchess of Burgundy / Countess of Holland, dies at 25
  • 1625James I Stuart: King of Scotland (1567) / England (1603-25), dies at 58
  • 1668Clemens Thieme: Composer, dies at 36
  • 1679Abraham Mignon: Dutch still life painter, dies at 38
  • 1701Anne Hilarion de Cotentin: Count of Tourville / Fr Admiral, dies at 58
  • 1714Anton Ulrich: German Duke of Brunswick / poet, dies at 80
  • 1761Johann Ludwig Steiner: Composer, dies at 72
  • 1769Josef Antonin Gurecky: Composer, dies at 60
  • 1770Giovanni B Tiepolo: Italian Painter (Banquet of Cleopatra), dies at 73
  • 1809Joseph M Vien: French (court)painter / etcher, dies at 92
  • 1826Jakob Haibel: Composer, dies at 63
  • 1850Wilhelm Bear: German banker / astronomer (Moon Map), dies at 53
  • 1878Dobri Voynikov: Composer, dies at 44
  • 1878George Gilbert Scott: Architect
  • 1889Moritz Furstenau: Composer, dies at 64
  • 1894Verney L Cameron: English explorer (Tanganyika), dies at 49
  • 1898Sajjid Ahmad Chan: Co founder (Pakistan), dies at 80
  • 1900Pieter J Joubert [Smart Piet]: South African General, dies at 69
  • 1910Alexander E Agassiz: US businessman / biologist / geologist, dies at 74
  • 1910David Duffle Wood: Composer, dies at 72
  • 1920Johan G Danser: Dutch Poet (Meetings), dies at 26
  • 1922Nikolay Alexandrovich Sokolov: Composer, dies at 63
  • 1924Walter Parratt: Composer, dies at 83
  • 1925Carl G Neumann: German Mathematician / physicist, dies at 92
  • 1928Leslie Stuart: Composer, dies at 64
  • 1929Shatunovsky: Mathematician