Events on Mar 27

  • 1513Spaniard Juan Ponce de Leon discovers Florida
  • 1599Robert Devereux becomes Lieutenant General of Ireland
  • 1625Charles I, King Of England, Scotland and Ireland, ascends English throne
  • 1668English King Charles II gives Bombay to East India Company
  • 1708English pretender to the throne James III flees to Dunkerk
  • 1709Dike at Hardinxveld breaks (Alblasserwaard flooded)
  • 1713Spain losses Menorca and Gibraltar
  • 1721France and Spain sign Treaty of Madrid
  • 1758Battle at Emmerich: British army floats around France the Rhine
  • 1790The shoelace invented
  • 1794US Navy forms
  • 1802Treaty of Amiens-French Revolutionary War ends
  • 1814Battle at Horseshoe Bend: General Andrew Jackson beats Creek-indians
  • 18361st Mormon temple dedicated (Kirtland Ohio)
  • 18411st US steam fire engine tested, New York City
  • 1848John Parker Paynard originates medicated adhesive plaster
  • 1849Joseph Couch patents steam-powered percussion rock drill
  • 1855Abraham Gesner patents kerosene
  • 1861Black demonstrators in Charleston staged ride-ins on street cars
  • 1863President Davis calls for this to be a day of fasting and prayer
  • 1865Siege of Spanish Fort, AL-captured by Federals
  • 1866Andrew Rankin patents the urinal
  • 1866President Johnson vetoes civil rights bill; it later becomes 14th amend
  • 18711st international rugby game-Scotland 1, England 0
  • 1879Longest championship fight (136 rounds)
  • 18841st long-distance telephone call, Boston-NY
  • 19121st Japanese cherry blossom trees planted in Washington DC
  • 19141st successful blood transfusion (in Brussels)
  • 1920Film stars Mary Pickford and Douglas Fairbanks wed
  • 1924Canada recognizes USSR

Born on Mar 27

  • 1416Antonio Squarcialupi: Composer
  • 1554Everhardus van Bronchorst: Dutch lawyer
  • 1665Benjamin Neukirch: German poet (Herrn von Hofmannswaldau)
  • 1702Johann Ernst Eberlin: Composer
  • 1746Augustin Ullinger: Composer
  • 1746Carlo Bonaparte: Corsican attorney / father of Emperor Napoleon
  • 1757Richard John Samuel Stevens: Composer
  • 1760Ishmail Spicer: Composer
  • 1760MJ Auguste Vestrius: French ballet dancers
  • 1765Franz Xaver von Baader: German philosopher / theologist
  • 1772Giovanni Liverati: Composer
  • 1780August L Crelle: German inventor / mathematician (1st Prussian Railway)
  • 1785Louis XVII Charles: King of France (1793-95)
  • 1809Georges Eugene Haussmann: Paris, France -- Architect
  • 1810A Glabbrenner: Writer
  • 1813Nathaniel Currier: Lithographer (Currier & Ives)
  • 1816George Elvey: Composer
  • 1818Jakob Axel Josephson: Composer
  • 1823Samuel Kosciusko Zook: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1844Alophus Washington Greely: United States -- Arctic explorer
  • 1847Otto Wallach: Germany -- Chemist (Nobel 1910)
  • 1851Ruperto Chapi y Lorente: Composer
  • 1857Karl Pearson: London, England -- Mathematician
  • 1857Pearson: Mathematician
  • 1858Peter Christian Lutkin: Composer
  • 1867Edyth Walker: US singer
  • 1871Heinrich Mann: Germany -- Novelist / essayist (Blue Angel); bros of Thomas
  • 1871Petrus J M Aalberse: Dutch Minister of Labor (1918-25)
  • 1879Edward Steichen: Pioneered American photography
  • 1883Jan Kunc: Composer

Died on Mar 27

  • 0922Al-Hallaj al-Mughith-al-Hsayn Mansur: Persian mystic, beheaded at 64
  • 0965Arnulf I [the Elder / the Great]: Count of Flanders (918-65)
  • 1378Gregory XI [Pierre R the Beaufort]: Last French Pope (1370-78)
  • 1472Janus Pannonius: Hungarian Poet / translator, dies at 37
  • 1482Maria: Duchess of Burgundy / Countess of Holland, dies at 25
  • 1625James I Stuart: King of Scotland (1567) / England (1603-25), dies at 58
  • 1668Clemens Thieme: Composer, dies at 36
  • 1679Abraham Mignon: Dutch still life painter, dies at 38
  • 1701Anne Hilarion de Cotentin: Count of Tourville / Fr Admiral, dies at 58
  • 1714Anton Ulrich: German Duke of Brunswick / poet, dies at 80
  • 1761Johann Ludwig Steiner: Composer, dies at 72
  • 1769Josef Antonin Gurecky: Composer, dies at 60
  • 1770Giovanni B Tiepolo: Italian Painter (Banquet of Cleopatra), dies at 73
  • 1809Joseph M Vien: French (court)painter / etcher, dies at 92
  • 1826Jakob Haibel: Composer, dies at 63
  • 1850Wilhelm Bear: German banker / astronomer (Moon Map), dies at 53
  • 1878Dobri Voynikov: Composer, dies at 44
  • 1878George Gilbert Scott: Architect
  • 1889Moritz Furstenau: Composer, dies at 64
  • 1894Verney L Cameron: English explorer (Tanganyika), dies at 49
  • 1898Sajjid Ahmad Chan: Co founder (Pakistan), dies at 80
  • 1900Pieter J Joubert [Smart Piet]: South African General, dies at 69
  • 1910Alexander E Agassiz: US businessman / biologist / geologist, dies at 74
  • 1910David Duffle Wood: Composer, dies at 72
  • 1920Johan G Danser: Dutch Poet (Meetings), dies at 26
  • 1922Nikolay Alexandrovich Sokolov: Composer, dies at 63
  • 1924Walter Parratt: Composer, dies at 83
  • 1925Carl G Neumann: German Mathematician / physicist, dies at 92
  • 1928Leslie Stuart: Composer, dies at 64
  • 1929Shatunovsky: Mathematician

Historical events on March 28

  • 1535Bloemkamp Abbey (Oldeklooster) attacked and destroyed
  • 1556Origin of Fasli Era (India)
  • 1774Britain passes Coercive Act against Massachusetts
  • 1794Louvre opens to the public (although officially opened since August)
  • 1796Bethel African Methodist Church of Philadelphia is 1st US-African church
  • 1797Nathaniel Briggs of NH patents a washing machine
  • 1799New York State abolished slavery
  • 1804Ohio passed law restricting movement of Blacks, 1804
  • 1834Senate censure President Jackson for taking Federal deposits from Bank of US
  • 1845Mexico drops diplomatic relations with US
  • 1849Dutch Princess Marianne and Prince Albert of Prussia separate
  • 1854During the Crimean War, Britain and France declare war on Russia
  • 1862Skirmish at Bealeton Station, Virginia
  • 18661st ambulance goes into service
  • 1871San Francisco Art Association holds open reception at 430 Pine
  • 1881Greatest Show On Earth was formed by PT Barnum and James A Bailey
  • 1885US Salvation Army officially organized
  • 18911st world weightlifting championship held
  • 1896The opera "Andrea Chenier" is produced (Milan)
  • 190227.9 cm precipitation at McMinnville, Tennessee (state record)
  • 1905Paramaribo-Dam railway opens in Suriname, never used
  • 19101st seaplane, takes off from water at Martinques France (Henri Fabre)
  • 1917Jews are expelled from Tel Aviv and Jaffa by Turkish authorities
  • 1920Actor Douglas Fairbanks marries actress Mary Pickford
  • 1920Thomas Masaryk elected President of Czechoslovakia
  • 19221st microfilm device introduced
  • 1922Stanley Cup: Toronto St. Pats (NHL) beat Vancouver Millionaires (PCHA), 3 games to 2
  • 1924WGN-AM in Chicago IL begins radio transmissions
  • 1927Majestic Theater opens at 245 W 44th St, New York City
  • 1929Democratic constitution goes into effect in Ecuador

Born on March 28

  • 1468Charles I: Duke of Savoy
  • 1472Fra Bartolomeo: Monk, Florentine Renaissance painter
  • 1483Raphael: Urbino, Italy -- Painter (School of Athens)
  • 1515Theresa of Avila / Teresa de Jesus: Spanish mystic writer / Saint
  • 1615Pieter de Groot: Dutch regent / diplomat
  • 1621Heinrich Schwemmer: Composer
  • 1643Jose Solana: Composer
  • 1660Arnold Houbraken: Dutch schilder / writer
  • 1660Georg Ludwig: German Monarch of Hannover / King George I of Gt Britain
  • 1727Maximilian III Jozef: Elector of Bayern (1745-77)
  • 1729Pieter Fouquet: Dutch art seller (Atlas of Fouquet)
  • 1737Francesco Zannetti: Composer
  • 1741Johann Andre: Composer
  • 1750Francisco A G de Miranda: Venezuelan freedom fighter
  • 1760Thomas Clarkson: English abolitionist (Negro Emancipation)
  • 1766Joseph Weigl: Austria -- Composer / conductor (Emmeline)
  • 1770Sophie Mereau: Writer
  • 1779Angelo Maria Benincori: Composer
  • 1799Karl Adolph von Basedow: German artist (Ziekte van Basedow)
  • 1806Ludolf AJW Sloet van de Beele: Governor-General of the Netherlands Indies (1861-66)
  • 1817Mariano Soriano Fuertes y Piqueras: Composer
  • 1818Wade Hampton: South Carolina, United States -- Lieutenant General (Confederate Army), died in 1902
  • 1840Mehemed Emin Pasja: German explorer / Governor (Equatoria)
  • 1853Rudolf Kittel: German theologist (Psalms)
  • 1862Aristide Briand: France -- 11x Premier (1909-22) (Nobel 1926)
  • 1868Cuno Amiet: Switzerland -- Painter
  • 1868Wojciech Gawronski: Composer
  • 1871Willem Mengelberg: Utrecht, Netherlands -- Conductor (NY Philharmonic 1922-30)
  • 1872Jose Sanjurjo y Sacanell: Spanish General (Morocco)
  • 1883William H Harris: Composer

Died on March 28

  • 0193Publius Helvius Pertinax: Roman Emperor (192-93), assassinated
  • 0593Guntram: French King in Burgundy, dies at about 67
  • 1285Martinus IV [Simon de Brion]: Pope (1281-85)
  • 1566Siegmund Freiherr von Herberstein: Austrian diplomat, dies at 79
  • 1673Adam Pijnacker: Dutch landscape Painter / etcher, buried at 51
  • 1677Wenzel Hollar: Bohemia cartoonist / etcher, dies at about 69
  • 1687Constantine Huygens: Diplomat / Poet / Composer (Bluebottles), dies at 90
  • 1701Domenico Guidi: Italian sculptor, dies at 75
  • 1712Jan van der Heyden: Dutch inventor (street lantern), dies at 75
  • 1799Etta L J "baronne" Palm-Aelders: Dutch adventurer / spy, dies at 55
  • 1801Ralph Abercromby: English army commander (North Holland), dies at 66
  • 1818Giuseppe Antonio Capuzzi: Composer, dies at 62
  • 1840Simon-Antoine-Jean Lhuillier: Swiss mathematician, dies at 89
  • 1847Mariano Rodriguiz de Ledesma: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1849Stephan L Endlicher: Austrian priest / botany, dies at 44
  • 1856Pyotr Ivanovich Turchaninov: Composer, dies at 76
  • 1860Johann Ludwig Bohner: Composer, dies at 73
  • 1863James Cooper: US attorney / senator / Union Brigadier General, dies at 52
  • 1865Albert G Bilders: Dutch landscape painter, dies at 26
  • 1868James Thomas Brudenell: 7th Earl of Cardigan, dies at about 70
  • 1877Vincenzo Fioravanti: Composer, dies at 77
  • 1880Achille Peri: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1885Fredrick Vilhelm Ludvig Norman: Composer, dies at 53
  • 1887Ditler G Monrad: Danish Bishop / Premier (1863-..), dies at 75
  • 1889Matilde "Tillie" Ziegler: Killed by husband William Kemmler
  • 1896E Rundle Charles: Writer
  • 1907Pavel Ivanovich Blaramberg: Composer, dies at 65
  • 1908John Eliot: English meteorology, dies at 68
  • 1910Edouard [Judas] Colonne: French violinist / conductor
  • 1914Hanus Trnecek: Composer, dies at 55