Events on Mar 28

  • 1535Bloemkamp Abbey (Oldeklooster) attacked and destroyed
  • 1556Origin of Fasli Era (India)
  • 1774Britain passes Coercive Act against Massachusetts
  • 1794Louvre opens to the public (although officially opened since August)
  • 1796Bethel African Methodist Church of Philadelphia is 1st US-African church
  • 1797Nathaniel Briggs of NH patents a washing machine
  • 1799New York State abolished slavery
  • 1804Ohio passed law restricting movement of Blacks, 1804
  • 1834Senate censure President Jackson for taking Federal deposits from Bank of US
  • 1845Mexico drops diplomatic relations with US
  • 1849Dutch Princess Marianne and Prince Albert of Prussia separate
  • 1854During the Crimean War, Britain and France declare war on Russia
  • 1862Skirmish at Bealeton Station, Virginia
  • 18661st ambulance goes into service
  • 1871San Francisco Art Association holds open reception at 430 Pine
  • 1881Greatest Show On Earth was formed by PT Barnum and James A Bailey
  • 1885US Salvation Army officially organized
  • 18911st world weightlifting championship held
  • 1896The opera "Andrea Chenier" is produced (Milan)
  • 190227.9 cm precipitation at McMinnville, Tennessee (state record)
  • 1905Paramaribo-Dam railway opens in Suriname, never used
  • 19101st seaplane, takes off from water at Martinques France (Henri Fabre)
  • 1917Jews are expelled from Tel Aviv and Jaffa by Turkish authorities
  • 1920Actor Douglas Fairbanks marries actress Mary Pickford
  • 1920Thomas Masaryk elected President of Czechoslovakia
  • 19221st microfilm device introduced
  • 1922Stanley Cup: Toronto St. Pats (NHL) beat Vancouver Millionaires (PCHA), 3 games to 2
  • 1924WGN-AM in Chicago IL begins radio transmissions
  • 1927Majestic Theater opens at 245 W 44th St, New York City
  • 1929Democratic constitution goes into effect in Ecuador

Born on Mar 28

  • 1468Charles I: Duke of Savoy
  • 1472Fra Bartolomeo: Monk, Florentine Renaissance painter
  • 1483Raphael: Urbino, Italy -- Painter (School of Athens)
  • 1515Theresa of Avila / Teresa de Jesus: Spanish mystic writer / Saint
  • 1615Pieter de Groot: Dutch regent / diplomat
  • 1621Heinrich Schwemmer: Composer
  • 1643Jose Solana: Composer
  • 1660Arnold Houbraken: Dutch schilder / writer
  • 1660Georg Ludwig: German Monarch of Hannover / King George I of Gt Britain
  • 1727Maximilian III Jozef: Elector of Bayern (1745-77)
  • 1729Pieter Fouquet: Dutch art seller (Atlas of Fouquet)
  • 1737Francesco Zannetti: Composer
  • 1741Johann Andre: Composer
  • 1750Francisco A G de Miranda: Venezuelan freedom fighter
  • 1760Thomas Clarkson: English abolitionist (Negro Emancipation)
  • 1766Joseph Weigl: Austria -- Composer / conductor (Emmeline)
  • 1770Sophie Mereau: Writer
  • 1779Angelo Maria Benincori: Composer
  • 1799Karl Adolph von Basedow: German artist (Ziekte van Basedow)
  • 1806Ludolf AJW Sloet van de Beele: Governor-General of the Netherlands Indies (1861-66)
  • 1817Mariano Soriano Fuertes y Piqueras: Composer
  • 1818Wade Hampton: South Carolina, United States -- Lieutenant General (Confederate Army), died in 1902
  • 1840Mehemed Emin Pasja: German explorer / Governor (Equatoria)
  • 1853Rudolf Kittel: German theologist (Psalms)
  • 1862Aristide Briand: France -- 11x Premier (1909-22) (Nobel 1926)
  • 1868Cuno Amiet: Switzerland -- Painter
  • 1868Wojciech Gawronski: Composer
  • 1871Willem Mengelberg: Utrecht, Netherlands -- Conductor (NY Philharmonic 1922-30)
  • 1872Jose Sanjurjo y Sacanell: Spanish General (Morocco)
  • 1883William H Harris: Composer

Died on Mar 28

  • 0193Publius Helvius Pertinax: Roman Emperor (192-93), assassinated
  • 0593Guntram: French King in Burgundy, dies at about 67
  • 1285Martinus IV [Simon de Brion]: Pope (1281-85)
  • 1566Siegmund Freiherr von Herberstein: Austrian diplomat, dies at 79
  • 1673Adam Pijnacker: Dutch landscape Painter / etcher, buried at 51
  • 1677Wenzel Hollar: Bohemia cartoonist / etcher, dies at about 69
  • 1687Constantine Huygens: Diplomat / Poet / Composer (Bluebottles), dies at 90
  • 1701Domenico Guidi: Italian sculptor, dies at 75
  • 1712Jan van der Heyden: Dutch inventor (street lantern), dies at 75
  • 1799Etta L J "baronne" Palm-Aelders: Dutch adventurer / spy, dies at 55
  • 1801Ralph Abercromby: English army commander (North Holland), dies at 66
  • 1818Giuseppe Antonio Capuzzi: Composer, dies at 62
  • 1840Simon-Antoine-Jean Lhuillier: Swiss mathematician, dies at 89
  • 1847Mariano Rodriguiz de Ledesma: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1849Stephan L Endlicher: Austrian priest / botany, dies at 44
  • 1856Pyotr Ivanovich Turchaninov: Composer, dies at 76
  • 1860Johann Ludwig Bohner: Composer, dies at 73
  • 1863James Cooper: US attorney / senator / Union Brigadier General, dies at 52
  • 1865Albert G Bilders: Dutch landscape painter, dies at 26
  • 1868James Thomas Brudenell: 7th Earl of Cardigan, dies at about 70
  • 1877Vincenzo Fioravanti: Composer, dies at 77
  • 1880Achille Peri: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1885Fredrick Vilhelm Ludvig Norman: Composer, dies at 53
  • 1887Ditler G Monrad: Danish Bishop / Premier (1863-..), dies at 75
  • 1889Matilde "Tillie" Ziegler: Killed by husband William Kemmler
  • 1896E Rundle Charles: Writer
  • 1907Pavel Ivanovich Blaramberg: Composer, dies at 65
  • 1908John Eliot: English meteorology, dies at 68
  • 1910Edouard [Judas] Colonne: French violinist / conductor
  • 1914Hanus Trnecek: Composer, dies at 55

Historical events on March 29

  • 0502Bourgundy King Gundobar delegates royal power
  • 1461Battle near Towton Field, 33,000 die (War of the Roses)
  • 16381st permanent white settlement in Delaware (Swedish Lutherans)
  • 1673Eng King Charles II accept Test Act: RC excluded of public functions
  • 1795Beethoven (24) debuts as pianist in Vienna
  • 1798Republic of Switzerland forms
  • 1804Thousands of Whites massacred in Haiti
  • 1814Battle at Horseshoe Bend Ala: Andrew Jackson beats Creek-indians
  • 182720,000 attend Ludwig von Beethovens burial in Vienna
  • 1848Niagara Falls stops flowing for 30 hours due to an ice jam
  • 1849Britain formally annexs Punjab after defeat of Sikhs in India
  • 1852Ohio makes it illegal for children under 18 andwomen to work more than 10 hours a day
  • 1864Great Britain gives Isotope Islands back to Greece
  • 1864Union General Steeles troops reach Arkadelphia, Arkansas
  • 1865Battle of Quaker Road, Virginia
  • 1867British North America Act (Canadian constitution) passes
  • 1867Congress approves Lincoln Memorial
  • 1871Albert Hall opens by Queen Victoria in London
  • 1882Knights of Columbus chartered for Catholic men
  • 1886Chemist John Pemberton begins to advertise for Coca-Coke
  • 1897Japan adopts Gold Standard
  • 1906Stanley Cup: Montreal Wanderers sweep Kenora Thisles in 2 games
  • 1912Captain Robert Scott, storm-bound in a tent near South Pole, makes last entry in his diary "the end cannot be far"
  • 1919Stanley Cup: Mont (NHL) and Seat (PCHA) win 2 games each with 1 tie, 1919 Stanley Cup not awarded due to flu epidemic
  • 1924Bayern and Vatican reach accord
  • 1927Henry O D Seagrave races his Sunbeam to a record 203.79 mph at Daytona
  • 1928Yeshiva College (now University) chartered (NYC)
  • 1929Stanley Cup: Boston Bruins sweep New York Rangers in 2 games
  • 1932Jack Benny debuts on radio
  • 1935French liner Normandie begins its maiden voyage

Born on March 29

  • 1484Johann Spangenberg: Composer
  • 1519Carlo Caraffa: Italian Cardinal
  • 1561Santorio Sanctorius: Trieste, Italy -- Physician / burned at stake / heretic
  • 1602John Lightfoot: English theologist / literary (Horae Hebraicae)
  • 1616Johann Erasmus Kindermann: Composer
  • 1725Joseph Franz Xaver Dominik Stalder: Composer
  • 1752Edward Jones: Composer
  • 1790John Tyler: Virginia, United States -- (D / W) 10th President (1841-1845)
  • 1799Edward Stanley: Earl Derby (C), British Prime Minister (1852, 1858-59, 1866-68)
  • 1813John Letcher: Gov (Confederacy), died in 1884
  • 1816James Gallant Spears: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1869
  • 1817Constantine S Aksakov: Russian historian / poet
  • 1819Edwin Drake: Drilled 1st productive US oil well
  • 1819Isaac Mayer Wise: Rabbi / founder (American Hebrew Congregations)
  • 1821Joshua Thomas Owen: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1887
  • 1822Joseph Quinaux: Belgian painter
  • 1826Wilhelm Liebknecht: German MP (social-democratic)
  • 1829Ritta & Christina: Siamese twins, in Sardinia
  • 1829Robert Emmet Rodes: Major General (Confederate Army), died in 1864
  • 1831Amelia Barr: Writer
  • 1848Aleksei Kuropatkin: Russian General / Minister of War
  • 1867Cy [Denton True] Young: Gilmore, Ohio -- Pitcher (511 wins, 1890-1911)
  • 1869Ales Hrdlicka: United States -- Anthropologist / curator (US National Museum)
  • 1869Edwin Lutyens: London, England -- Architect
  • 1875Lou Henry Hoover: 1st lady (1929-33)
  • 1875Paul Rubens: Composer
  • 1876Jan Ingenhoven: Composer
  • 1876Joseph Schmidlin: German church historian / antifascist
  • 1883Donald Dexter Van Slyke: US chemist (Micromanometric analysis)
  • 1886Gustaf Adolf Tiburtius Bengtsson: Composer

Died on March 29

  • 1058Stephen IX [Frederik van Lotharingen]: 1st Belg Pope (1057-58)
  • 1650Cornelis Galle I: Flemish engraver, dies at about 73
  • 1655Valerius Andreas: Flemish historian, dies at 66
  • 1697Nikolaus Bruhns: Composer
  • 1745Robert Walpole: 1st British Premier (1722-42), dies at 68
  • 1792Gustav III: King of Sweden (1771-92), dies of wounds
  • 1794Marie-J-A-N C Condorcet: Mathematician (Theory of Comets), dies at 50
  • 1802Frederic Thieme: Composer, dies at 51
  • 1837Maria Fitzherbert: Morganatic Wife of King George IV
  • 1839Bernardus JC Dibbets: Dutch Baron / General Major (Maastricht), dies at 56
  • 1847Auguste De Polignac: Premier France, dies at 66
  • 1848John Jacob Astor: Charted American Fur Company, dies at 84
  • 1866Menachem Mendel of Lubavitch: Rabbi / Chassidic leader
  • 1880Jakob Axel Josephson: Composer, dies at 62
  • 1886John Keble: Theologian, Bournemouth
  • 1888Charles-Henri Valentin Alkan: Composer, dies at 74
  • 1891Georges-Pierre Seurat: French Painter (Pointillism), dies at 31
  • 1892William Bowman: English anatomist, dies at 75
  • 1911Felix Alexandre Guilmant: Composer, dies at 74
  • 1912Robert F Scott: British pole explorer (Antarctica)
  • 1917Fran Gerbic: Composer, dies at 76
  • 1930Anton Bettelheim: Writer
  • 1933Alexander Schmuller: Russian / Dutch violinist / conductor, dies at 52
  • 1937Karol Szymanowski: Polish / Ukraine Composer (Stabat Mater), dies at 54
  • 1945Karl T Sapper: German geographer / geologist (Vulkankunde), dies at 79
  • 1955Everard Verachtert: Flemish linguist (I Can Speak Nicely), dies at 81
  • 1958W[illiam] C[hristopher] Handy: Composer, dies at 84
  • 1959Sara Wennerberg-Reuter: Composer, dies at 84
  • 1963Pola Gojawiczynska: Polish Author (Stolica), dies at 64
  • 1964Ted Collins: Pianist (Kate Smith Evening Hour), dies at 63