Events on Mar 29

  • 0502Bourgundy King Gundobar delegates royal power
  • 1461Battle near Towton Field, 33,000 die (War of the Roses)
  • 16381st permanent white settlement in Delaware (Swedish Lutherans)
  • 1673Eng King Charles II accept Test Act: RC excluded of public functions
  • 1795Beethoven (24) debuts as pianist in Vienna
  • 1798Republic of Switzerland forms
  • 1804Thousands of Whites massacred in Haiti
  • 1814Battle at Horseshoe Bend Ala: Andrew Jackson beats Creek-indians
  • 182720,000 attend Ludwig von Beethovens burial in Vienna
  • 1848Niagara Falls stops flowing for 30 hours due to an ice jam
  • 1849Britain formally annexs Punjab after defeat of Sikhs in India
  • 1852Ohio makes it illegal for children under 18 andwomen to work more than 10 hours a day
  • 1864Great Britain gives Isotope Islands back to Greece
  • 1864Union General Steeles troops reach Arkadelphia, Arkansas
  • 1865Battle of Quaker Road, Virginia
  • 1867British North America Act (Canadian constitution) passes
  • 1867Congress approves Lincoln Memorial
  • 1871Albert Hall opens by Queen Victoria in London
  • 1882Knights of Columbus chartered for Catholic men
  • 1886Chemist John Pemberton begins to advertise for Coca-Coke
  • 1897Japan adopts Gold Standard
  • 1906Stanley Cup: Montreal Wanderers sweep Kenora Thisles in 2 games
  • 1912Captain Robert Scott, storm-bound in a tent near South Pole, makes last entry in his diary "the end cannot be far"
  • 1919Stanley Cup: Mont (NHL) and Seat (PCHA) win 2 games each with 1 tie, 1919 Stanley Cup not awarded due to flu epidemic
  • 1924Bayern and Vatican reach accord
  • 1927Henry O D Seagrave races his Sunbeam to a record 203.79 mph at Daytona
  • 1928Yeshiva College (now University) chartered (NYC)
  • 1929Stanley Cup: Boston Bruins sweep New York Rangers in 2 games
  • 1932Jack Benny debuts on radio
  • 1935French liner Normandie begins its maiden voyage

Born on Mar 29

  • 1484Johann Spangenberg: Composer
  • 1519Carlo Caraffa: Italian Cardinal
  • 1561Santorio Sanctorius: Trieste, Italy -- Physician / burned at stake / heretic
  • 1602John Lightfoot: English theologist / literary (Horae Hebraicae)
  • 1616Johann Erasmus Kindermann: Composer
  • 1725Joseph Franz Xaver Dominik Stalder: Composer
  • 1752Edward Jones: Composer
  • 1790John Tyler: Virginia, United States -- (D / W) 10th President (1841-1845)
  • 1799Edward Stanley: Earl Derby (C), British Prime Minister (1852, 1858-59, 1866-68)
  • 1813John Letcher: Gov (Confederacy), died in 1884
  • 1816James Gallant Spears: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1869
  • 1817Constantine S Aksakov: Russian historian / poet
  • 1819Edwin Drake: Drilled 1st productive US oil well
  • 1819Isaac Mayer Wise: Rabbi / founder (American Hebrew Congregations)
  • 1821Joshua Thomas Owen: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1887
  • 1822Joseph Quinaux: Belgian painter
  • 1826Wilhelm Liebknecht: German MP (social-democratic)
  • 1829Ritta & Christina: Siamese twins, in Sardinia
  • 1829Robert Emmet Rodes: Major General (Confederate Army), died in 1864
  • 1831Amelia Barr: Writer
  • 1848Aleksei Kuropatkin: Russian General / Minister of War
  • 1867Cy [Denton True] Young: Gilmore, Ohio -- Pitcher (511 wins, 1890-1911)
  • 1869Ales Hrdlicka: United States -- Anthropologist / curator (US National Museum)
  • 1869Edwin Lutyens: London, England -- Architect
  • 1875Lou Henry Hoover: 1st lady (1929-33)
  • 1875Paul Rubens: Composer
  • 1876Jan Ingenhoven: Composer
  • 1876Joseph Schmidlin: German church historian / antifascist
  • 1883Donald Dexter Van Slyke: US chemist (Micromanometric analysis)
  • 1886Gustaf Adolf Tiburtius Bengtsson: Composer

Died on Mar 29

  • 1058Stephen IX [Frederik van Lotharingen]: 1st Belg Pope (1057-58)
  • 1650Cornelis Galle I: Flemish engraver, dies at about 73
  • 1655Valerius Andreas: Flemish historian, dies at 66
  • 1697Nikolaus Bruhns: Composer
  • 1745Robert Walpole: 1st British Premier (1722-42), dies at 68
  • 1792Gustav III: King of Sweden (1771-92), dies of wounds
  • 1794Marie-J-A-N C Condorcet: Mathematician (Theory of Comets), dies at 50
  • 1802Frederic Thieme: Composer, dies at 51
  • 1837Maria Fitzherbert: Morganatic Wife of King George IV
  • 1839Bernardus JC Dibbets: Dutch Baron / General Major (Maastricht), dies at 56
  • 1847Auguste De Polignac: Premier France, dies at 66
  • 1848John Jacob Astor: Charted American Fur Company, dies at 84
  • 1866Menachem Mendel of Lubavitch: Rabbi / Chassidic leader
  • 1880Jakob Axel Josephson: Composer, dies at 62
  • 1886John Keble: Theologian, Bournemouth
  • 1888Charles-Henri Valentin Alkan: Composer, dies at 74
  • 1891Georges-Pierre Seurat: French Painter (Pointillism), dies at 31
  • 1892William Bowman: English anatomist, dies at 75
  • 1911Felix Alexandre Guilmant: Composer, dies at 74
  • 1912Robert F Scott: British pole explorer (Antarctica)
  • 1917Fran Gerbic: Composer, dies at 76
  • 1930Anton Bettelheim: Writer
  • 1933Alexander Schmuller: Russian / Dutch violinist / conductor, dies at 52
  • 1937Karol Szymanowski: Polish / Ukraine Composer (Stabat Mater), dies at 54
  • 1945Karl T Sapper: German geographer / geologist (Vulkankunde), dies at 79
  • 1955Everard Verachtert: Flemish linguist (I Can Speak Nicely), dies at 81
  • 1958W[illiam] C[hristopher] Handy: Composer, dies at 84
  • 1959Sara Wennerberg-Reuter: Composer, dies at 84
  • 1963Pola Gojawiczynska: Polish Author (Stolica), dies at 64
  • 1964Ted Collins: Pianist (Kate Smith Evening Hour), dies at 63

Historical events on March 30

  • 0988Boudouin IV with the Beard becomes Earl of Flanders
  • 1282Furious inhabitants of Palermo attack French occupation force
  • 1422Ketsugan, Zen teacher, performs exorcisms to free aizoji temple
  • 1456Prince Louis of Bourbon elected Bishop of Liege
  • 1474Duke Sigismund van Tirol ends contacts with Switzerland
  • 1492King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella sign decree expelling Jews from Spain
  • 1533Henry VIII divorces his 1st wife, Catherine of Aragon
  • 1533Thomas Cranmer becomes Archbishop of Canterbury
  • 1603Battle at Mellifont: English army under Lord Mountjoy beats Irish
  • 1778Playwright Voltaire crowned with laurel wreath
  • 1814Britain and allies march into Paris after defeating Napoleon
  • 1822Congress combined East and West Florida into Florida Territory
  • 1842Ether was used as an anaesthetic for 1st time by Dr Crawford Long (Ga)
  • 1856Russia signs Peace of Paris, ending the Crimean War
  • 1858Pencil with attached eraser patented (Hyman L Lipman of Philadelphia)
  • 1864Skirmish at Mount Elba, Arkansas
  • 187015th Amendment passes, guarantees right to vote regardless of race
  • 1870Texas becomes last confederate state readmitted to Union
  • 1889John T Reid opens 1st US golf course (Yonkers, NY)
  • 1893Thomas F Bayard becomes 1st US ambassador in Great Britain
  • 1895British inventor Birt Acres films Oxford-Cambridge
  • 1900Dutch 2nd Chamber accepts Compulsory education law
  • 1909Queensboro Bridge opens, linking Manhattan and Queens
  • 1912French protectorate in Morocco established
  • 1916Stanley Cup: Montreal Canadiens (NHA) beat Portland Rosebuds (PCHA), 3 games to 2
  • 1918Stanley Cup: Toronto Arenas (NHL) beat Vancouver Millionaires (PCHA), 3 games to 2
  • 1919Gandhi announces resistance against Rowlatt Act
  • 1922KGY-AM in Olympia WA begins radio transmissions
  • 1922WWL-AM in New Orleans LA begins radio transmissions
  • 1923Zeta Phi Beta Sorority, formed at Howard University in 1920, incorporates

Born on March 30

  • 1222Nichiren: Japan -- Buddhist priest / Saint
  • 1672Peter I "the Great" Romanov: Great tsar of Russia (1682-1725)
  • 1674Jethro Tull: Agricultural writer (Basildon), baptised
  • 1681Pieter Snyers: Flemish painter / engraver
  • 1687Johann Balthasar Freisslich: Composer
  • 1697John-Baptist Xavery: Flemish sculptor
  • 1719John Hawkins: England, United Kingdom -- Wrote 1st history of music
  • 1727Tommaso MFS Traetta: Italian opera composer / band leader (Farnace)
  • 1746Francisco Jose de Goya: Fuendetodos, Spain -- Painter / etcher (Naked Maja)
  • 1750John Stafford Smith: Composer
  • 1772Johann Wilhelm Wilms: Composer
  • 1804Salomon Sulzer: Composer
  • 1805Adrien de La Fage: Composer
  • 1811Angelo Catelani: Italian composer / conductor
  • 1815Wincenty Studzinski: Composer
  • 1823Joseph Farmer Knipe: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1901
  • 1824Innis Newton Palmer: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1825Samuel Bell Maxey: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1895
  • 1830Auguste Tolbecque: Composer
  • 1830Julius F A Bahnsen: German philosopher
  • 1835Bernhard Scholz: Composer
  • 1836Karl Freiherr von Stumm-Halberg: German industrialist / politician
  • 1842Dr Crawford Long: 1st Physician to use ether as anesthetic
  • 1842John Fiske [Edmund Fisk Green]: US historian / philosopher
  • 1844Paul M Verlaine: France -- Lyric poet (Sagesse Bonbeur)
  • 1864Franz Oppenheimer: German sociologist / politician
  • 1865Heinrich Rubens: German physicist
  • 1872Sergey Nikiforovich Vasilenko: Composer
  • 1876Clifford Whittingham Beers: United States -- Mental hygiene pioneer
  • 1882Melanie Klein: Austrian / British psycho analysis

Died on March 30

  • 0988Arnulf II: Count of Flanders (965-988)
  • 1202Joachim Van Fiore: Italian religious founder (Joachimism)
  • 1764Pietro Antonio Locatelli: Italian violinist / composer, dies at 68
  • 1840George (Beau) Brummell: Dandy
  • 1864Louis Alexander Balthasar Schindelmeisser: Composer, dies at 52
  • 1871W F A A Louisa / Lovisa: Queen of Sweden / Norway, dies at 42
  • 1872Nicolaos Mantzaros: Composer, dies at 76
  • 1873Benedict Augustin Morel: Psychologist (dementia praecox), dies at 63
  • 1875Marie Moke Pleyel: Composer, dies at 63
  • 1879David van der Kellen: Dutch coin engraver, dies at 74
  • 1879Thomas Couture: French Painter / author, dies at 63
  • 1884Hans Hampel: Composer, dies at 61
  • 1906Betsy Perk [Christina E]: Journalist / writer / feminist, dies at 73
  • 1912Karl May: German writer (Winnetou / Kara Ben Nemsi), dies at 70
  • 1925Rudolf Steiner: Austrian philosopher (anthroposophy), dies at 64
  • 1926Feliks E Dzerzjinski: Lithuanian organizer (KGB), dies at 48
  • 1942Alfred Coville: French Historian (Lesson Premier Valois), dies at 81
  • 1945Karel Moor: Composer, dies at 71
  • 1946John S S P V Gort: Viscount of Limerick / Hamsterley, dies at 59
  • 1949Friedrich C R Bergius: Chemist (brown coal, Nobel 1931), dies at 64
  • 1953Roderich Mojsisovics-Mojsvar: Composer, dies at 75
  • 1960Fritz Klimsch: German Sculptor / painter, dies at 90
  • 1964Willem CN Andriessen: Dutch Composer / pianist (Beethoven), dies at 76
  • 1966Erwin Piscator: German director (Plebeians test rebellion), dies at 72
  • 1966Maxfield Parrish: US painter, dies at 95
  • 1969Lucien Bianchi: Belgian auto racer, dies at 34
  • 1971Selmer Jackson: Actor (Life & Legend of Wyatt Earp), dies at 82
  • 1972Gabriel Heather: US news anchor, dies at 81
  • 1972Peter Whitney: Actor (Rough Riders), dies at 55
  • 1974Ludovicus J Rogier: Dutch Historian (Reborn in Freedom), dies at 79