Events on Mar 30

  • 0988Boudouin IV with the Beard becomes Earl of Flanders
  • 1282Furious inhabitants of Palermo attack French occupation force
  • 1422Ketsugan, Zen teacher, performs exorcisms to free aizoji temple
  • 1456Prince Louis of Bourbon elected Bishop of Liege
  • 1474Duke Sigismund van Tirol ends contacts with Switzerland
  • 1492King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella sign decree expelling Jews from Spain
  • 1533Henry VIII divorces his 1st wife, Catherine of Aragon
  • 1533Thomas Cranmer becomes Archbishop of Canterbury
  • 1603Battle at Mellifont: English army under Lord Mountjoy beats Irish
  • 1778Playwright Voltaire crowned with laurel wreath
  • 1814Britain and allies march into Paris after defeating Napoleon
  • 1822Congress combined East and West Florida into Florida Territory
  • 1842Ether was used as an anaesthetic for 1st time by Dr Crawford Long (Ga)
  • 1856Russia signs Peace of Paris, ending the Crimean War
  • 1858Pencil with attached eraser patented (Hyman L Lipman of Philadelphia)
  • 1864Skirmish at Mount Elba, Arkansas
  • 187015th Amendment passes, guarantees right to vote regardless of race
  • 1870Texas becomes last confederate state readmitted to Union
  • 1889John T Reid opens 1st US golf course (Yonkers, NY)
  • 1893Thomas F Bayard becomes 1st US ambassador in Great Britain
  • 1895British inventor Birt Acres films Oxford-Cambridge
  • 1900Dutch 2nd Chamber accepts Compulsory education law
  • 1909Queensboro Bridge opens, linking Manhattan and Queens
  • 1912French protectorate in Morocco established
  • 1916Stanley Cup: Montreal Canadiens (NHA) beat Portland Rosebuds (PCHA), 3 games to 2
  • 1918Stanley Cup: Toronto Arenas (NHL) beat Vancouver Millionaires (PCHA), 3 games to 2
  • 1919Gandhi announces resistance against Rowlatt Act
  • 1922KGY-AM in Olympia WA begins radio transmissions
  • 1922WWL-AM in New Orleans LA begins radio transmissions
  • 1923Zeta Phi Beta Sorority, formed at Howard University in 1920, incorporates

Born on Mar 30

  • 1222Nichiren: Japan -- Buddhist priest / Saint
  • 1672Peter I "the Great" Romanov: Great tsar of Russia (1682-1725)
  • 1674Jethro Tull: Agricultural writer (Basildon), baptised
  • 1681Pieter Snyers: Flemish painter / engraver
  • 1687Johann Balthasar Freisslich: Composer
  • 1697John-Baptist Xavery: Flemish sculptor
  • 1719John Hawkins: England, United Kingdom -- Wrote 1st history of music
  • 1727Tommaso MFS Traetta: Italian opera composer / band leader (Farnace)
  • 1746Francisco Jose de Goya: Fuendetodos, Spain -- Painter / etcher (Naked Maja)
  • 1750John Stafford Smith: Composer
  • 1772Johann Wilhelm Wilms: Composer
  • 1804Salomon Sulzer: Composer
  • 1805Adrien de La Fage: Composer
  • 1811Angelo Catelani: Italian composer / conductor
  • 1815Wincenty Studzinski: Composer
  • 1823Joseph Farmer Knipe: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1901
  • 1824Innis Newton Palmer: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1825Samuel Bell Maxey: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1895
  • 1830Auguste Tolbecque: Composer
  • 1830Julius F A Bahnsen: German philosopher
  • 1835Bernhard Scholz: Composer
  • 1836Karl Freiherr von Stumm-Halberg: German industrialist / politician
  • 1842Dr Crawford Long: 1st Physician to use ether as anesthetic
  • 1842John Fiske [Edmund Fisk Green]: US historian / philosopher
  • 1844Paul M Verlaine: France -- Lyric poet (Sagesse Bonbeur)
  • 1864Franz Oppenheimer: German sociologist / politician
  • 1865Heinrich Rubens: German physicist
  • 1872Sergey Nikiforovich Vasilenko: Composer
  • 1876Clifford Whittingham Beers: United States -- Mental hygiene pioneer
  • 1882Melanie Klein: Austrian / British psycho analysis

Died on Mar 30

  • 0988Arnulf II: Count of Flanders (965-988)
  • 1202Joachim Van Fiore: Italian religious founder (Joachimism)
  • 1764Pietro Antonio Locatelli: Italian violinist / composer, dies at 68
  • 1840George (Beau) Brummell: Dandy
  • 1864Louis Alexander Balthasar Schindelmeisser: Composer, dies at 52
  • 1871W F A A Louisa / Lovisa: Queen of Sweden / Norway, dies at 42
  • 1872Nicolaos Mantzaros: Composer, dies at 76
  • 1873Benedict Augustin Morel: Psychologist (dementia praecox), dies at 63
  • 1875Marie Moke Pleyel: Composer, dies at 63
  • 1879David van der Kellen: Dutch coin engraver, dies at 74
  • 1879Thomas Couture: French Painter / author, dies at 63
  • 1884Hans Hampel: Composer, dies at 61
  • 1906Betsy Perk [Christina E]: Journalist / writer / feminist, dies at 73
  • 1912Karl May: German writer (Winnetou / Kara Ben Nemsi), dies at 70
  • 1925Rudolf Steiner: Austrian philosopher (anthroposophy), dies at 64
  • 1926Feliks E Dzerzjinski: Lithuanian organizer (KGB), dies at 48
  • 1942Alfred Coville: French Historian (Lesson Premier Valois), dies at 81
  • 1945Karel Moor: Composer, dies at 71
  • 1946John S S P V Gort: Viscount of Limerick / Hamsterley, dies at 59
  • 1949Friedrich C R Bergius: Chemist (brown coal, Nobel 1931), dies at 64
  • 1953Roderich Mojsisovics-Mojsvar: Composer, dies at 75
  • 1960Fritz Klimsch: German Sculptor / painter, dies at 90
  • 1964Willem CN Andriessen: Dutch Composer / pianist (Beethoven), dies at 76
  • 1966Erwin Piscator: German director (Plebeians test rebellion), dies at 72
  • 1966Maxfield Parrish: US painter, dies at 95
  • 1969Lucien Bianchi: Belgian auto racer, dies at 34
  • 1971Selmer Jackson: Actor (Life & Legend of Wyatt Earp), dies at 82
  • 1972Gabriel Heather: US news anchor, dies at 81
  • 1972Peter Whitney: Actor (Rough Riders), dies at 55
  • 1974Ludovicus J Rogier: Dutch Historian (Reborn in Freedom), dies at 79

Historical events on March 31

  • 1084Anti-pope Clemens crowns German Emperor Hendrik IV
  • 1492Queen Isabella of Castilia and Ferdinand of Aragon expels Jews
  • 1504France and Spain signs ceasefire
  • 1521Magelhaes takes possession of Homohon, Archipelago of St. Lazarus
  • 1547Henry II succeeds Francois I as King of France
  • 1644Pope Urbanus VIII and Duke of Parma signs Peace of Ferrara
  • 1651Great earthquake at Cuzco Peru
  • 1657English Humble Petition offers Lord Protector Cromwell the crown
  • 1667France / England signs anti-Dutch military accord
  • 1683Emperor Leopold I / Poland signs covenant against Turkey
  • 1745Jews are expelled from Prague
  • 1796Johann Wolfgang von Goethes "Egmont, " premieres in Weimar
  • 1808French created Kingdom of Westphalia orders Jews to adopt family names
  • 1814Forces allied against Napoleon capture Paris
  • 1831Mainzer Rijnvaart Convention ends
  • 1849Colonel John W Geary arrives as 1st postmaster of San Francisco
  • 1850US population hits 23,191,876 (Black population: 3,638,808 (15.7%))
  • 1854Treaty of Kanagawa: Commodore Perry forces Japan to opens ports to US
  • 1861Confederacy takes over mint at New Orleans
  • 1862Civil War action at Island #10 on Mississippi River
  • 1863Battle of Grand Gulf MS and Dinwiddie Court House, Virginia
  • 1865Battle of Boydton, VA (White Oaks Roads, Dinwiddie C H)
  • 1865Gen Pickette moves to 5 Forks, abandoning the defense of Peterburg
  • 1868Chinese Embassy arrives aboard steamship China
  • 18701st black to vote in US (Thomas P Mundy of Perth Amboy NJ)
  • 1877British high director / Governor sir Bartle Frere arrives in Cape Town
  • 1878Jack Johnson is 1st black to hold a heavyweight boxing title
  • 18801st town completely illuminated by electric lighting (Wabash, IN)
  • 1883Utrecht begins water pipe system
  • 1885Great Britain declares Bechuanaland a protectorate

Born on March 31

  • 1519Henry II: King of Germany (1547-59)
  • 1570Louise Juliana: Countess of Nassau
  • 1621Andrew Marvell: England, United Kingdom -- Poet (To His Coy Mistress)
  • 1675Benedict XIV [Prospero L Lambertini]: Italy -- Pope (1740-58)
  • 1684Francesco Durante: Composer
  • 1717Florian Wrastill: Composer
  • 1723Frederik V: King of Denmark / Norway (1746-66)
  • 1747Johann A P Schulz: German composer
  • 1747Johann Abraham Peter Schulz: German composer (Moon has Risen)
  • 1791Franciszek Wincenty Mirecki: Composer
  • 1809Edward FitzGerald: England, United Kingdom -- Writer (Rubaiyat of Omar Khayyam)
  • 1809Nikolai Gogol: Father of 19th-century Russian realism (Dead Souls)
  • 1809Otto Jonas Lindblad: Composer
  • 1811Robert Wilhelm Eberhard von Bunsen: Germany -- Chemist (Bunsen Burner)
  • 1822Rafael Hernando: Composer
  • 1831Archibald Scott: Scottish chemist
  • 1835John La Farge: US painter
  • 1837Robert Ross McBurney: 1st paid Secretary of the YMCA
  • 1839Nikolay Przhevalsky: Naturalist, explorer of east central Asia (OS)
  • 1840John Herbert Kelly: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1864
  • 1847Jarolslaw Zielinski: Composer
  • 1848John Henry Roberts: Composer
  • 1854Dugald Clerk: Inventor (2-stroke motorcycle engine)
  • 1868Karl Bonhoeffer: German psychiatrist / neurologist
  • 1872Sergei Pavlovich Diaghilev: Russia -- Dance master (Imperial Ballet)
  • 1878Jack Johnson: 1st black heavyweight boxing champ (1908-1915)
  • 1885Jules Pascin [Julius Pincas]: Bulgarian / US painter / cartoonist
  • 1887Jose Maria Usandizaga: Composer
  • 1891Erich Walter Sternberg: Composer
  • 1891Ion Pillat: Romaniams poet / senator (Umbra timpului)

Died on March 31

  • 1340Ivan I Kalita: Grand-duke of Vladimir
  • 1389Everhard Tserclaes: Sheriff of Brussels, murdered
  • 1567Philip [the Generous]: Count of Hessen, dies at 62
  • 1578Juan de Escobedo: Secretary of Spanish land guardian Don Juan, murdered
  • 1621Felipe III: King of Spain (1598-1621), dies at 42
  • 1631John Donne: Metaphysical poet
  • 1722Campegius Vitringa: Dutch Theologist / exegete, dies at 62
  • 1741Peter Burmannus [Peter Burman]: Dutch attorney / classicist, dies at 72
  • 1809Franz Joseph Haydn: Composer, dies on 77th birthday
  • 1837John Constable: English Painter / water colors painter, dies at 60
  • 1850John Calhoun: Dies at 68
  • 1877Antoine A Cournot: French Mathematician (rule of C), dies at 75
  • 1880Henryk Wieniawski: Polish violist / composer, dies at 44
  • 1881Gaetano Gaspari: Composer, dies at 73
  • 1884Jan T Beelen: Netherlands / Belgian Catholic bible expert, dies at 77
  • 1885Franz W Abbot: German Composer / choir conductor
  • 1885Franz Wilhelm Abt: German Composer / choir conductor, dies at 65
  • 1885Philipp Fahrbach: Composer, dies at 69
  • 1886Giovanni Rossi: Composer, dies at 57
  • 1892Adolf Rzepko: Composer, dies at 66
  • 1898Edward Noyes Westcott: US attorney / writer (David Harum)
  • 1901John Stainer: Composer, dies at 60
  • 1913John Pierpont Morgan: US banker / CEO (US Steel Corp), dies at 75
  • 1914Ch Morgenstern: Writer, dies at 42
  • 1928Gustave Ador: President of Austria (1919), dies at 82
  • 1928Medardo Rosso: Italian Sculptor (portraits), dies at 69
  • 1931Knute Rockne: Football player / coach, dies in a plane crash at 43
  • 1934Franz Ehrle: German Jesuit / head of Vatican library, dies at 88
  • 1938Willem J T Kloos: Dutch Poet / critic (New Guide), dies at 78
  • 1944Mineichi Koga: Admiral of Japanese fleet