Events on Apr 1

  • 0374Comet 1P / 374 E1 (Halley) approaches within 0.0884 AUs of Earth
  • 0527Justinianus becomes compassionate Emperor of Byzantium
  • 0705Greek Pope John VII chosen as successor to John VI
  • 1064Body of Bishop Eleutherius of Blandain moved to Doornik
  • 1504English guilds / corp goes under state control
  • 1572Bloys van Treslong conquers Brielle
  • 1578William Harvey of England discovers blood circulation
  • 1581Portugese Cortes subjects himself on Philip II
  • 1663Gemert fines unwed motherhood (50 guilder penalty)
  • 1724Henry Pelham becomes English Minister of War
  • 1748Ruins of Pompeii found
  • 1778Oliver Pollock, a New Orleans businessman, creates "$" symbol
  • 1789House of Reps 1st full meeting, NYC, F Muhlenberg 1st speaker
  • 1793Volcano Unsen on Japan erupts killing about 53,000
  • 1803French law rules the use of intention
  • 1826Samuel Mory patents internal combustion engine
  • 1836Charles Darwin aboard HMS Beagle reaches Cocos Islands
  • 1850San Francisco County Government established
  • 1853Cincinnati became 1st US city to pay fire fighters a regular salary
  • 18631st wartime conscription law in US goes into effect
  • 1866US Congress rejects presidential veto gives all equal rights in US
  • 1867Blacks vote in municipal election in Tuscumbia, Alabama
  • 1867International Exhibition opens in Paris
  • 1867Singapore, Penang and Malakka become British crown colonies
  • 1868Hampton Institute opens
  • 18721st edition of The Standard
  • 1873British White Star steamship Atlantic sinks off Nova Scotia, 547 die
  • 1873Mehmed Kemals play "Vatan" premeres in Constantinople
  • 18761st official NL baseball game (Boston-6, Phila-5)
  • 1881Anti-Jewish riots in Jerusalem

Born on Apr 1

  • 1283Ludwig IV of Baveria: Roman Catholic Bavarian Emperor (1314-47)
  • 1578William Harvey: England, United Kingdom -- Physician (discovered blood circulation)
  • 1582Gaspar de Crayer: Flemish painter
  • 1582Thomas Simpson: Composer
  • 1643Christian Demelius: Composer
  • 1721Pieter Hellendaal: Dutch violinist / Organist / composer (Glees)
  • 1725Francois Bainville: Composer
  • 1755Jean Anthelme Brillat-Savarin: French lawyer (Fisiologia del Gusto)
  • 1772Ignaz Franz von Mosel: Composer
  • 1785J H Ferdinand Olivier: German painter
  • 1802Hubert Reis: Composer
  • 1807Fredrik Cygnaeus: Finnish poet / literature critic
  • 1809Willem Ruys J Dz: Dutch ship owner
  • 1815Otto Von Bismarck: Germany -- Chancellor (1866-90)
  • 1817Johannes J van Oosterzee: Dutch theologist
  • 1823Simon Bolivar Buckner: Lieutenant General (Confederate Army), died in 1914
  • 1834Isidore Edouard Legouix: Composer
  • 1843Ludwig Enneccerus: German jurist
  • 1847Gavriil Musicescu: Composer
  • 1847Jules-Nicolas Crevaux: French explorer (South America)
  • 1852Edward Austin Abbey: United States -- Painter (Quest of the Holy Grail)
  • 1858Arnold Aletrino: Dutch physician-criminologist / author (From Life)
  • 1858Gaetano Mosca: Italian sociologist (Circulation of Elite)
  • 1864Marie Jungius: Dutch fairy tale writer
  • 1865Richard Zsigmondy: Germany -- Chemist (Nobel-1925)
  • 1866Ferruccio D M B Busoni: Italy -- Pianist / composer / conductor (Arlecchino)
  • 1866Sophonisba Breckenridge: Scholar / teacher / social activist
  • 1868Edmond Rostand: France -- Poet / playwright (Cyrano de Bergerac)
  • 1869Peter A Egge: Norwegian writer (De Droom)
  • 1871F Melius Christiansen: Composer

Died on Apr 1

  • 1204Eleanor of Aquitaine: Wife of Louis VII and Henry II, dies at 81
  • 1205Amalrik II: King of Cyprus / Jerusalem
  • 1548Sigismund I [the Elder]: King of Poland, dies at 81
  • 1611Gillis van Valkenborch: Flemish painter, buried at about 72
  • 1734Louis Lully: Composer, dies at 69
  • 1799Narciso Casanovas: Composer, dies at 52
  • 1807Louis Francois Chambray: Composer, dies at 69
  • 1807Vaclav Josef Bartolomej Praupner: Composer, dies at 61
  • 1814Jozef de Ferraris: French / Austrian General / cartographer, dies at 87
  • 1830Carl Borromaus Neuner: Composer, dies at 51
  • 1832Robert the Hermit: US ex-slave / hermit in Massachusetts
  • 1866Aime Ambroise Simon Leborne: Composer, dies at 98
  • 1866Johannes C H de Meijere: Dutch zoologist
  • 1869Anthony G O Ridder van Rappard: Min of Reformed Worship, dies at 69
  • 1870Patrick Gass: Sgt of Lewis & Clark Expedition, dies at 98
  • 1878Eugene Gautier: Composer, dies at 56
  • 1901Francois M Raoult: French physicist / chemist (Law of Raoult), dies at 70
  • 1910Andreas Aschenbach: German Painter / engraver, dies at 94
  • 1914Rube Waddell: Baseballer, dies at 37 of tuberculosis
  • 1915Johann Joseph Abert: Composer, dies at 82
  • 1916Gabrielle Petit: Belgian resistance fighter, executed
  • 1917Scott Joplin: Ragtime Composer (Sting), dies at 48
  • 1918Karl Fritjof Valentin: Composer, dies at 64
  • 1922Charles I: Emperor (Austria) / King of Hungary (Charles IV)
  • 1925Francis William Davenport: Composer, dies at 77
  • 1930Cosima Liszt: Wife of Austrian Composer Richard Wagner, dies at 92
  • 1930Zawditu: 1st reigning female Monarch of Ethiopia
  • 1933Frederick Lord Chelmsford: Viceroy of Britain - Ind (1916-21), dies at 64
  • 1936Mikhail Vladimirovich Ivanov-Boretsky: Composer, dies at 61
  • 1941Hippolyte Delehaye: Flemish historian, dies at 81

Historical events on April 2

  • 0999Gerbert of Aurillac elected as 1st French Pope
  • 1550Jews are expelled from Genoa Italy
  • 1559Genoa Italy, expels Jews
  • 1590States-General appoints Earl Mauritius, Viceroy of Utrecht
  • 1645Robert Devereux resigns as parliament Supreme Commander
  • 1745Austria and Bavaria sign peace
  • 1792Congress establishes Philadelphia mint
  • 18191st successful agricultural journal ("American Farmer") begins
  • 1827Joseph Dixon begins manufacturing lead pencils
  • 1845H L Fizeau and J Leon Foucault take 1st photo of Sun
  • 18601st Italian Parliament met at Turin
  • 1863Bread revolt in Richmond Virginia
  • 1864Skirmish at Spoonville / Antoine, Arkansas
  • 1865Battle of Ft Blakely AL and Selma, Alabama
  • 1865CSA President Jefferson Davis flees Confederate capital of Richmond, Virginia
  • 1866President Johnson ends war in Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Mississippi, Louisiana, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, and Virgina
  • 1870Victoria Woodhull is 1st woman to be nominated for US President
  • 1872George B Brayton patents gasoline powered engine
  • 1876Philadelphia Athletics and Boston Red Caps play 1st NL game, in Philadelphia
  • 18771st Easter egg roll held on White House lawn
  • 1883Battle at Bamako: French assault on Fabous arm forces attack
  • 1884London prison for debtors closed
  • 19001st edition of The Volk published (Amsterdam)
  • 19021st motion picture theater opens (LA)
  • 1905Cairo to Cape Town railway opens
  • 1906South Africa complete a 4-1 series drubbing of England
  • 1908Mills Committee declares baseball was invented by Abner Doubleday
  • 1912Sun Yet Sen forms Guomindang-Party in China
  • 1912Titanic undergoes sea trials under its own power
  • 1916German troops overtake Bois de Caillette

Born on April 2

  • 0742Charlemagne: 1st Holy Roman Emperor (800-14)
  • 1602Maria de Jesus de Agreda [Maria Coronel]: Spanish Franciscan
  • 1618Francesco M Grimaldi: Mathematician / physicist (light defraction)
  • 1628Constantin Christian Dedekind: Composer
  • 1632Georg Caspar Weckler: Composer
  • 1711Jan Punt: Dutch engraver / illustrator / actor (Gideonschool)
  • 1713Onno Zwier van Haren: Frisian poet (Fatherland)
  • 1725Casanova: Writer
  • 1728Franz Asplmayr: Composer
  • 1733Giacomo Tritto: Composer
  • 1735Christian Gotthilf Tag: Composer
  • 1735Franz Volrath Buttstett: Composer
  • 1740Armand-Gaston Camus: French CEO (Council of 500)
  • 1763Giacomo Gotifredo Ferrari: Composer
  • 1798H v Fallersleben: Writer
  • 1803Franz Paul Lachner: Composer
  • 1806Giacomo Antonelli: Italian Cardinal / Assistant Secretary of State for Pius IX
  • 1814Henry Lewis "Old Rock" Benning: Brigadier General (Confederate Army)
  • 1817Teodulo Mabellini: Composer
  • 1826Philip Dale Roddey: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1897
  • 1827William Holdman Hunt: English painter (Light of the World)
  • 1833Thomas Howard Ruger: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1862Nicholas Murray Butler: United States -- Columbia University President / pacifist (Nobel 1931)
  • 1863Henry C Van de Velde: Flemish painter / architect (Art Nouveau)
  • 1868Eduard Jacobs: Singer / pianist (Dutch cabaret)
  • 1875Walter Chrysler: Founded car company (Chrysler)
  • 1877Arnold Schering: German musicologist (Humor, Heldentum, Tragik)
  • 1891Max Ernst: Germany -- Painter / sculptor (founded surrealism)
  • 1894Rudolph P Cleveringa: Dutch anti-Nazi lawyer
  • 1894Walter Mittelholzer: Switzerland -- Aviation pioneer (Swiss Air)

Died on April 2

  • 1118Boudouin I: Of Bologne / Edessa, 1st crusader / King of Jerusalem
  • 1416Ferdinand I [the Justified]: King of Aragon / Sicily, dies at 52
  • 1640Matthias C Sarbiewski [Sarbievius]: Polish Jesuit / poet, dies at 45
  • 1657Ferdinand III: King of Hungarian / Bohemia / German Emperor, dies at 48
  • 1705Johann Lohner: Composer, dies at 59
  • 1747Johann J Dillenius: German botanist, dies at 63
  • 1758Johann Balthasar Konig: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1784Pierre Leclair: Composer, dies at 74
  • 1803Hieronymus van Alphen: Dutch attorney / Poet (church hymns), dies at 56
  • 1831Charles Felix: Blind King of Sardina (1821-31), dies at 74
  • 1852Theodor Althaus: Writer
  • 1865Ambrose Powell Hill: Confederate General, killed in action at 39
  • 1865Richard Cobden: Founder Anti-Corn-Law League, dies at 60
  • 1872Samuel F B Morse: Developer of electric telegraph, dies at 80
  • 1876Paul van Vlissingen: Dutch ship owner, dies at 78
  • 1890Marinus FAG Campbell: Bibliographer, dies at 70
  • 1910Boyd Alexander: English explorer (Niger to the Nile), murdered at 37
  • 1910Friedrich von Bodelschwingh: German theologist, dies at 79
  • 1928Theodore Richards: US chemist (atomic weight, Nobel 1914)
  • 1932Hugo Kaun: Composer, dies at 69
  • 1937Nathan Birnbaum: Austria philosopher (Zionism), dies at about 72
  • 1938Alice Berend: Writer
  • 1941Paul Teleki: Premier Hungary
  • 1944Mikulas Moyzes: Composer, dies at 71
  • 1951Simon Barere: Pianist, dies while perfoming at Carnegie Hall
  • 1952Bernard F Lyot: French astronomer (chronograph, Lyot-filter), dies at 55
  • 1953Jean Epstein: French director (Vive la Vie), dies at 56
  • 1956Albert MLA de Bassompierre: Belgium ambassador to Tokyo, dies at 82
  • 1956Chester Clute: Actor (Niagara Falls), dies at 65
  • 1956Philippo de Pisis: Italian painter, dies at 59