Events on Apr 2

  • 0999Gerbert of Aurillac elected as 1st French Pope
  • 1550Jews are expelled from Genoa Italy
  • 1559Genoa Italy, expels Jews
  • 1590States-General appoints Earl Mauritius, Viceroy of Utrecht
  • 1645Robert Devereux resigns as parliament Supreme Commander
  • 1745Austria and Bavaria sign peace
  • 1792Congress establishes Philadelphia mint
  • 18191st successful agricultural journal ("American Farmer") begins
  • 1827Joseph Dixon begins manufacturing lead pencils
  • 1845H L Fizeau and J Leon Foucault take 1st photo of Sun
  • 18601st Italian Parliament met at Turin
  • 1863Bread revolt in Richmond Virginia
  • 1864Skirmish at Spoonville / Antoine, Arkansas
  • 1865Battle of Ft Blakely AL and Selma, Alabama
  • 1865CSA President Jefferson Davis flees Confederate capital of Richmond, Virginia
  • 1866President Johnson ends war in Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Mississippi, Louisiana, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, and Virgina
  • 1870Victoria Woodhull is 1st woman to be nominated for US President
  • 1872George B Brayton patents gasoline powered engine
  • 1876Philadelphia Athletics and Boston Red Caps play 1st NL game, in Philadelphia
  • 18771st Easter egg roll held on White House lawn
  • 1883Battle at Bamako: French assault on Fabous arm forces attack
  • 1884London prison for debtors closed
  • 19001st edition of The Volk published (Amsterdam)
  • 19021st motion picture theater opens (LA)
  • 1905Cairo to Cape Town railway opens
  • 1906South Africa complete a 4-1 series drubbing of England
  • 1908Mills Committee declares baseball was invented by Abner Doubleday
  • 1912Sun Yet Sen forms Guomindang-Party in China
  • 1912Titanic undergoes sea trials under its own power
  • 1916German troops overtake Bois de Caillette

Born on Apr 2

  • 0742Charlemagne: 1st Holy Roman Emperor (800-14)
  • 1602Maria de Jesus de Agreda [Maria Coronel]: Spanish Franciscan
  • 1618Francesco M Grimaldi: Mathematician / physicist (light defraction)
  • 1628Constantin Christian Dedekind: Composer
  • 1632Georg Caspar Weckler: Composer
  • 1711Jan Punt: Dutch engraver / illustrator / actor (Gideonschool)
  • 1713Onno Zwier van Haren: Frisian poet (Fatherland)
  • 1725Casanova: Writer
  • 1728Franz Asplmayr: Composer
  • 1733Giacomo Tritto: Composer
  • 1735Christian Gotthilf Tag: Composer
  • 1735Franz Volrath Buttstett: Composer
  • 1740Armand-Gaston Camus: French CEO (Council of 500)
  • 1763Giacomo Gotifredo Ferrari: Composer
  • 1798H v Fallersleben: Writer
  • 1803Franz Paul Lachner: Composer
  • 1806Giacomo Antonelli: Italian Cardinal / Assistant Secretary of State for Pius IX
  • 1814Henry Lewis "Old Rock" Benning: Brigadier General (Confederate Army)
  • 1817Teodulo Mabellini: Composer
  • 1826Philip Dale Roddey: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1897
  • 1827William Holdman Hunt: English painter (Light of the World)
  • 1833Thomas Howard Ruger: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1862Nicholas Murray Butler: United States -- Columbia University President / pacifist (Nobel 1931)
  • 1863Henry C Van de Velde: Flemish painter / architect (Art Nouveau)
  • 1868Eduard Jacobs: Singer / pianist (Dutch cabaret)
  • 1875Walter Chrysler: Founded car company (Chrysler)
  • 1877Arnold Schering: German musicologist (Humor, Heldentum, Tragik)
  • 1891Max Ernst: Germany -- Painter / sculptor (founded surrealism)
  • 1894Rudolph P Cleveringa: Dutch anti-Nazi lawyer
  • 1894Walter Mittelholzer: Switzerland -- Aviation pioneer (Swiss Air)

Died on Apr 2

  • 1118Boudouin I: Of Bologne / Edessa, 1st crusader / King of Jerusalem
  • 1416Ferdinand I [the Justified]: King of Aragon / Sicily, dies at 52
  • 1640Matthias C Sarbiewski [Sarbievius]: Polish Jesuit / poet, dies at 45
  • 1657Ferdinand III: King of Hungarian / Bohemia / German Emperor, dies at 48
  • 1705Johann Lohner: Composer, dies at 59
  • 1747Johann J Dillenius: German botanist, dies at 63
  • 1758Johann Balthasar Konig: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1784Pierre Leclair: Composer, dies at 74
  • 1803Hieronymus van Alphen: Dutch attorney / Poet (church hymns), dies at 56
  • 1831Charles Felix: Blind King of Sardina (1821-31), dies at 74
  • 1852Theodor Althaus: Writer
  • 1865Ambrose Powell Hill: Confederate General, killed in action at 39
  • 1865Richard Cobden: Founder Anti-Corn-Law League, dies at 60
  • 1872Samuel F B Morse: Developer of electric telegraph, dies at 80
  • 1876Paul van Vlissingen: Dutch ship owner, dies at 78
  • 1890Marinus FAG Campbell: Bibliographer, dies at 70
  • 1910Boyd Alexander: English explorer (Niger to the Nile), murdered at 37
  • 1910Friedrich von Bodelschwingh: German theologist, dies at 79
  • 1928Theodore Richards: US chemist (atomic weight, Nobel 1914)
  • 1932Hugo Kaun: Composer, dies at 69
  • 1937Nathan Birnbaum: Austria philosopher (Zionism), dies at about 72
  • 1938Alice Berend: Writer
  • 1941Paul Teleki: Premier Hungary
  • 1944Mikulas Moyzes: Composer, dies at 71
  • 1951Simon Barere: Pianist, dies while perfoming at Carnegie Hall
  • 1952Bernard F Lyot: French astronomer (chronograph, Lyot-filter), dies at 55
  • 1953Jean Epstein: French director (Vive la Vie), dies at 56
  • 1956Albert MLA de Bassompierre: Belgium ambassador to Tokyo, dies at 82
  • 1956Chester Clute: Actor (Niagara Falls), dies at 65
  • 1956Philippo de Pisis: Italian painter, dies at 59

Historical events on April 3

  • 0419[Etalius] ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1043Edward the Confessor crowned King of England
  • 13122nd council of Vienna
  • 1376Battle of Navarrete (Najera), English beat France
  • 1582French van Valois honored as Duke of Gelre / Earl of Zutphen
  • 1645English parliament accept Self-Denying Ordinance
  • 1657English Lord Protector Cromwell refuses crown
  • 1679Edmund Halley meets Johannes Hevelius in Danzig
  • 1764Austrian Archduke Jozef crowned himself Roman Catholic King
  • 1776Washington receives honorary Ll.D. degree from Harvard College
  • 1783Sweden & US sign a treaty of Amity & Commerce
  • 1790Revenue Marine Service (US Coast Guard), created
  • 1848Thomas Douglas becomes 1st SF public teacher
  • 1856Gunpowder in church explodes killing 4,000 in Rhodos
  • 1860Pony Express began between St. Joseph, Missouri and Sacramento, California
  • 1864Skirmish at Okolona, Arkansas
  • 1865Battle at Namozine Church, Virginia (Appomattox Campaign)
  • 1865Union forces occupy Confederate capital of Richmond Va and Petersberg
  • 1882Wood block alarm invented, when alarm rang, it dropped 20 wood blocks
  • 1889Savings Bank of Order of True Reformers opens in Richmond, Virginia
  • 18931st NSW vs. Queensland F-C game, at Brisbane Exhibition Ground
  • 1908Frank Gotch wins world heavyweight wrestling championship in 2 hours
  • 1913British suffragette Emily Pankhurst sentenced to 3 years in jail
  • 1917Lenin leaves Switzerland for Petrograd
  • 1918House of Reps accepts American Creed written by William Tyler
  • 1919Austria expels all Habsburgers
  • 1922Stalin appointed General Secretary of Communist Party
  • 19232 "Black Sox" sue White Sox (unsuccessfully) for back salary
  • 1925Great Britain goes back to gold standard
  • 1925Netherlands and Belgium sign accord of Westerschelde

Born on April 3

  • 1245Philips III [the Stout]: King of France (1270-85)
  • 1367Henry IV: Bolingbroke Lincolnshire, United Kingdom -- King of England (1399-1413)
  • 1438John III van Egmont [Manke John]: Viceroy of Holland
  • 1485Lieven van der Maude [Ammonius]: Netherlands -- Poet
  • 1569Giovanni Battista Massarengo: Composer
  • 1593George Herbert: English metaphysical poet (5 Mystical Songs)
  • 1603William Smith: Composer
  • 1617Antimo Liberati: Composer
  • 1627Johann Caspar Kerll: Composer
  • 1649Joseph-Francois Salomon: Composer
  • 1682Johann Valentin Rathgeber: German benedictine / composer
  • 1720Elia van Vilnius [Elijahu ben Salomo Zalman]: Latvian rabbi
  • 1727Philippe-Lambert-Joseph Spruyt: Flemish painter / engraver
  • 1751Jean-Baptiste Lamoyne: Composer
  • 1757Ferenc Verseghy: Composer
  • 1764John Abernethy: London, England -- Surgeon
  • 1783Washington Irving: US writer (Legend of Sleepy Hollow)
  • 1798Charles D Wilkes: Commander (Union Navy), died in 1877
  • 1812Louisa Maria: Queen of the Belgians (1832-50 / Wife of Leopold I)
  • 1822Edward Everett Hale: United States -- Clergyman / author (Man without a Country)
  • 1823William Macy "Boss" Tweed: Corrupt political boss (NYC)
  • 1825Adolf Rzepko: Composer
  • 1837John Burroughs: Writer / nature enthusiast (Burroughs Medal namesake)
  • 1842Ulric Dahlgren: Colonel (Union volunteers), died in 1864
  • 1858Matthew Ricketts: 1st Black man elected to Neb State Legislature
  • 1859Reginald De Koven: Composer
  • 1860Frederik W van Eeden: Dutch utopian writer (Walden)
  • 1866James B Hertzog: South African General / Premier (1914-39)
  • 1871Jose Juan Tablada: Mexican poet (El Florilegio)
  • 1874Eduardo Sanchez de Fuentes: Composer

Died on April 3

  • 0033Christ: Crucified (according to astronomer Humphreys & Waddington)
  • 0628Chosroes II: Emperor of Persia (579..628), murdered by his son
  • 1287Honorius IV [Giacomo Savelli]: Italian Pope (1285-87)
  • 1512Richard Pafraet: Dutch printer
  • 1525Giovanni Rucellai: Italian Poet (Le Api), dies at 49
  • 1581Huibert Duifhuis: Roman Catholic pastor (Rotterdam / Utrecht)
  • 1694Ferdinand van Apshoven de Jongere: Flemish painter, buried at 64
  • 1695Melchior de Hondecoeter: Dutch still life painter, dies at about 58
  • 1769Gerhard Tersteegen: German evangelist / Poet (in blood), dies at 71
  • 1797Nonnosus Madlseder: Composer, dies at 66
  • 1811Pieter-Jozef Verhaghen: Flemish (court)painter, dies at 83
  • 1822Friedrich Bertuch: Writer
  • 1826Reginald Heber: Bishop and hymn writer
  • 1849Juliusz Slowacki: Pol Poet (Father of the Plague-Patient), dies at 39
  • 1850Vaclav Jan Krtitel Tomasek: Organist / pianist / composer, dies at 75
  • 1858Sigismund Ritter von Neukomm: Austrian composer, dies at 79
  • 1862James Clark Ross: Arctic explorer
  • 1868Franz Adolf Berwald: Swedish composer, dies at 71
  • 1876Henriette Davidis: Writer
  • 1882Friedrich Wilhelm Kucken: Composer, dies at 71
  • 1882Jesse James: Outlaw, shot dead at 34, in St Joseph Mo by Robert Ford
  • 1884Carel JCH van Nispen tot Sevenaer: Dutch Cath politician, dies at 59
  • 1897Johannes Brahms: German Composer / conductor (Hung Dances), dies at 63
  • 1909Benjamin Johnson Lang: Composer, dies at 71
  • 1919Paul Geisler: Composer, dies at 62
  • 1920Homer Newton Bartlett: Composer, dies at 74
  • 1936Bruno Hauptmann: Convicted Lindbergh baby killer, executed
  • 1941Pal Teleki-von Szek: Prime Minister Hungary (1920-21, 39-41), suicide at 61
  • 1942Albert Siklos: Composer, dies at 63
  • 1942Paul Gilson: Composer, dies at 76