Events on Apr 3

  • 0419[Etalius] ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1043Edward the Confessor crowned King of England
  • 13122nd council of Vienna
  • 1376Battle of Navarrete (Najera), English beat France
  • 1582French van Valois honored as Duke of Gelre / Earl of Zutphen
  • 1645English parliament accept Self-Denying Ordinance
  • 1657English Lord Protector Cromwell refuses crown
  • 1679Edmund Halley meets Johannes Hevelius in Danzig
  • 1764Austrian Archduke Jozef crowned himself Roman Catholic King
  • 1776Washington receives honorary Ll.D. degree from Harvard College
  • 1783Sweden & US sign a treaty of Amity & Commerce
  • 1790Revenue Marine Service (US Coast Guard), created
  • 1848Thomas Douglas becomes 1st SF public teacher
  • 1856Gunpowder in church explodes killing 4,000 in Rhodos
  • 1860Pony Express began between St. Joseph, Missouri and Sacramento, California
  • 1864Skirmish at Okolona, Arkansas
  • 1865Battle at Namozine Church, Virginia (Appomattox Campaign)
  • 1865Union forces occupy Confederate capital of Richmond Va and Petersberg
  • 1882Wood block alarm invented, when alarm rang, it dropped 20 wood blocks
  • 1889Savings Bank of Order of True Reformers opens in Richmond, Virginia
  • 18931st NSW vs. Queensland F-C game, at Brisbane Exhibition Ground
  • 1908Frank Gotch wins world heavyweight wrestling championship in 2 hours
  • 1913British suffragette Emily Pankhurst sentenced to 3 years in jail
  • 1917Lenin leaves Switzerland for Petrograd
  • 1918House of Reps accepts American Creed written by William Tyler
  • 1919Austria expels all Habsburgers
  • 1922Stalin appointed General Secretary of Communist Party
  • 19232 "Black Sox" sue White Sox (unsuccessfully) for back salary
  • 1925Great Britain goes back to gold standard
  • 1925Netherlands and Belgium sign accord of Westerschelde

Born on Apr 3

  • 1245Philips III [the Stout]: King of France (1270-85)
  • 1367Henry IV: Bolingbroke Lincolnshire, United Kingdom -- King of England (1399-1413)
  • 1438John III van Egmont [Manke John]: Viceroy of Holland
  • 1485Lieven van der Maude [Ammonius]: Netherlands -- Poet
  • 1569Giovanni Battista Massarengo: Composer
  • 1593George Herbert: English metaphysical poet (5 Mystical Songs)
  • 1603William Smith: Composer
  • 1617Antimo Liberati: Composer
  • 1627Johann Caspar Kerll: Composer
  • 1649Joseph-Francois Salomon: Composer
  • 1682Johann Valentin Rathgeber: German benedictine / composer
  • 1720Elia van Vilnius [Elijahu ben Salomo Zalman]: Latvian rabbi
  • 1727Philippe-Lambert-Joseph Spruyt: Flemish painter / engraver
  • 1751Jean-Baptiste Lamoyne: Composer
  • 1757Ferenc Verseghy: Composer
  • 1764John Abernethy: London, England -- Surgeon
  • 1783Washington Irving: US writer (Legend of Sleepy Hollow)
  • 1798Charles D Wilkes: Commander (Union Navy), died in 1877
  • 1812Louisa Maria: Queen of the Belgians (1832-50 / Wife of Leopold I)
  • 1822Edward Everett Hale: United States -- Clergyman / author (Man without a Country)
  • 1823William Macy "Boss" Tweed: Corrupt political boss (NYC)
  • 1825Adolf Rzepko: Composer
  • 1837John Burroughs: Writer / nature enthusiast (Burroughs Medal namesake)
  • 1842Ulric Dahlgren: Colonel (Union volunteers), died in 1864
  • 1858Matthew Ricketts: 1st Black man elected to Neb State Legislature
  • 1859Reginald De Koven: Composer
  • 1860Frederik W van Eeden: Dutch utopian writer (Walden)
  • 1866James B Hertzog: South African General / Premier (1914-39)
  • 1871Jose Juan Tablada: Mexican poet (El Florilegio)
  • 1874Eduardo Sanchez de Fuentes: Composer

Died on Apr 3

  • 0033Christ: Crucified (according to astronomer Humphreys & Waddington)
  • 0628Chosroes II: Emperor of Persia (579..628), murdered by his son
  • 1287Honorius IV [Giacomo Savelli]: Italian Pope (1285-87)
  • 1512Richard Pafraet: Dutch printer
  • 1525Giovanni Rucellai: Italian Poet (Le Api), dies at 49
  • 1581Huibert Duifhuis: Roman Catholic pastor (Rotterdam / Utrecht)
  • 1694Ferdinand van Apshoven de Jongere: Flemish painter, buried at 64
  • 1695Melchior de Hondecoeter: Dutch still life painter, dies at about 58
  • 1769Gerhard Tersteegen: German evangelist / Poet (in blood), dies at 71
  • 1797Nonnosus Madlseder: Composer, dies at 66
  • 1811Pieter-Jozef Verhaghen: Flemish (court)painter, dies at 83
  • 1822Friedrich Bertuch: Writer
  • 1826Reginald Heber: Bishop and hymn writer
  • 1849Juliusz Slowacki: Pol Poet (Father of the Plague-Patient), dies at 39
  • 1850Vaclav Jan Krtitel Tomasek: Organist / pianist / composer, dies at 75
  • 1858Sigismund Ritter von Neukomm: Austrian composer, dies at 79
  • 1862James Clark Ross: Arctic explorer
  • 1868Franz Adolf Berwald: Swedish composer, dies at 71
  • 1876Henriette Davidis: Writer
  • 1882Friedrich Wilhelm Kucken: Composer, dies at 71
  • 1882Jesse James: Outlaw, shot dead at 34, in St Joseph Mo by Robert Ford
  • 1884Carel JCH van Nispen tot Sevenaer: Dutch Cath politician, dies at 59
  • 1897Johannes Brahms: German Composer / conductor (Hung Dances), dies at 63
  • 1909Benjamin Johnson Lang: Composer, dies at 71
  • 1919Paul Geisler: Composer, dies at 62
  • 1920Homer Newton Bartlett: Composer, dies at 74
  • 1936Bruno Hauptmann: Convicted Lindbergh baby killer, executed
  • 1941Pal Teleki-von Szek: Prime Minister Hungary (1920-21, 39-41), suicide at 61
  • 1942Albert Siklos: Composer, dies at 63
  • 1942Paul Gilson: Composer, dies at 76

Historical events on April 4

  • 1081Alexius I Comnenus occupies Byzantine throne
  • 1460University of Basle in Swizerland forms
  • 1541Ignatius of Loyola becomes 1st superior-general of Jesuits
  • 1552Mauritius van Saksen begins alliance with Karel Anikita Stroganov
  • 1558Czar Ivan IV gives parts of North-Russia to fur traders
  • 1581Frances Drake completes circumnavigation of world
  • 1581Francis Drake becomes knight
  • 1588Christian IV succeeds Frederik II as King of Denmark
  • 1625Viceroy Frederik Henry marries Amalia countess von Solms-Braunfels
  • 1655Battle at Postage Farina, Tunis: English fleet beats Barbarian pirates
  • 1660Declaration of Breda
  • 1660English King Charles II ends Declaration of Breda (freedom of religion)
  • 1686English King James II publishes Declaration of Indulgence
  • 1687King James II orders his declaration of indulgence read in church
  • 1737Anthony van Heim installed as Dutch pension advisor
  • 1818Congress decided US flag is 13 red and white stripes and 20 stars
  • 1828Casparus van Wooden patents chocolate milk powder (Amsterdam)
  • 1832Charles Darwin aboard HMS Beagle reaches Rio de Janeiro
  • 1850City of Los Angeles incorporated
  • 1859Opera "Dinorah" is produced (Paris)
  • 1862Battle of Yorktown begins
  • 1862US begins Peninsular Campaign aimed at capturing Richmond
  • 1870Golden Gate Park forms by City Order #800
  • 1887Susanna Medora Salter elected 1st US woman mayor (Argonia, KS)
  • 1896Announcement of Gold in Yukon
  • 1899South Africa all out 35 vs. England (Trott 4-19, Haigh 6-11)
  • 1900Assassination attempt on Prince of Wales / King Edward VII
  • 1900British garrison of Reddersberg surrenders to Boer general De Wet
  • 1902Cecil Rhodes scholarship fund forms with $10 million
  • 1905Earthquake in Kangra India, kills 20,000

Born on April 4

  • 0188Caracalla [Marcus Aureiius Antoniius]: Roman Emperor (211-17)
  • 1648Grinling Gibbons: Sculptor / woodcarver
  • 1696Giovanni Battista Tiepoldo: Painter
  • 1716John Evangelist Schreiber: Composer
  • 1731Francisco Morera: Composer
  • 1740Wolfgang Nicolaus Haueisen: Composer
  • 1752Niccolo Antonio Zingarelli: Composer (Andromeda)
  • 1755Vincenc Masek: Composer
  • 1758John Hoppner: Portrait painter
  • 1762Stephen Storace: Composer
  • 1785Bettina Brentano: Composer
  • 1785Bettina von Arnim: German writer (This Book Belongs to the King)
  • 1786John Franklin: British explorer (Arctic)
  • 1792Thaddeus Stevens: US Radical Republican congressional leader (Rep-R)
  • 1802Dorothea Dix: United States -- Aroused interest in treatment of mental inmates
  • 1804Joseph Fischhof: Composer
  • 1809Benjamin Pierce: US mathematician / astronomer
  • 1814John Blair Smith Todd: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1872
  • 1817John Wilson Sprague: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1893
  • 1820Charles Devens, Jr.: Major General, Bvt (Union volunteers), died in 1891
  • 1821Linus Yale: United States -- Portrait painter / inventor (Yale cylinder lock)
  • 1823Karl Wilhelm Siemens: Inventor (laid undersea cables)
  • 1823Robert Byington Mitchell: Brigadier General (Union volunteers)
  • 1828Margaret Oliphant: Scotland, United Kingdom -- Novelist / biographer (Beleaguered City)
  • 1831Edward Cary Walthall: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1898
  • 1832Jose Echegaray y Elizaguirre: Playwright / Scientist (Teatro Escogido)
  • 1836Jerome Hopkins: Composer
  • 1843Hans Richter: Composer
  • 1866George P Baker: US playwright (47 Workshop)
  • 1870George A Smith: Salt Lake City, Utah -- 8th President of Mormon church

Died on April 4

  • 0397Ambrosius: Gov of Liguria / Bishop of Milan (374-97) / saint
  • 0896Formosus: Pope (891-96)
  • 1229Hugo van Pierrepont: Bishop of Liege
  • 1292Nicholas IV [Girolamo Masci]: Pope (1288-92)
  • 1393Floris van Wevelinkhoven: Bishop of Utrecht
  • 1406Robert III: King of Scotland (1390-1406)
  • 1417John van Touraine: 1st husband of Jacoba of Bavaria
  • 1585Caspar de Robles: Spanish Viceroy of Frisia, dies at about 57
  • 1588Frederik II: King of Denmark / Norway (1559-88), dies at 53
  • 1604Thomas Churchyard: Poet / pamphleteer
  • 1617John Napier: Scottish Mathematician / inventor (logarithms)
  • 1643Simon Episcopius [Bisschop]: Dutch theologist, dies at 60
  • 1662Davis Mell: Composer, dies at 57
  • 1662Leonhart Kern: German Sculptor, dies at about 73
  • 1664Adam Willaerts: Dutch seascape painter
  • 1714Karel: Duke of Berry / French heir to the throne
  • 1734Johann C van Erckel: Old Catholic theologist, dies at about 79
  • 1774Oliver Goldsmith: Irish Poet (She Stoops to Conquer), dies at 17
  • 1784Mary Mead: Wife of English journalist John Wilkes
  • 1806Friedrich Gottlob Fleischer: Composer, dies at 84
  • 1841William Henry Harrison: Becomes 1st President to die in office, at 68
  • 1844Charles Bulfinch: 1st US pro Architect (Mass State House), dies at 80
  • 1862Harmen S Sytstra: Dutch Poet / editor (Iduna), dies at 45
  • 1889Thomas T H Jorissen: Historian, dies at 56
  • 1893Alphonse LPP de Candolle: Swiss botanist, dies at 86
  • 1900Edward VII: King, assassinated
  • 1905Constantin Meunier: Belgian Painter / sculptor, dies at 73
  • 1908Josef Sucher: Composer, dies at 64
  • 1919William Crookes: English chemist / physicist (Crookes-pipe), dies at 86
  • 1923L Martov [Joulij O Tsederbaum]: Russ revolutionary, dies at 49