Events on Apr 4

  • 1081Alexius I Comnenus occupies Byzantine throne
  • 1460University of Basle in Swizerland forms
  • 1541Ignatius of Loyola becomes 1st superior-general of Jesuits
  • 1552Mauritius van Saksen begins alliance with Karel Anikita Stroganov
  • 1558Czar Ivan IV gives parts of North-Russia to fur traders
  • 1581Frances Drake completes circumnavigation of world
  • 1581Francis Drake becomes knight
  • 1588Christian IV succeeds Frederik II as King of Denmark
  • 1625Viceroy Frederik Henry marries Amalia countess von Solms-Braunfels
  • 1655Battle at Postage Farina, Tunis: English fleet beats Barbarian pirates
  • 1660Declaration of Breda
  • 1660English King Charles II ends Declaration of Breda (freedom of religion)
  • 1686English King James II publishes Declaration of Indulgence
  • 1687King James II orders his declaration of indulgence read in church
  • 1737Anthony van Heim installed as Dutch pension advisor
  • 1818Congress decided US flag is 13 red and white stripes and 20 stars
  • 1828Casparus van Wooden patents chocolate milk powder (Amsterdam)
  • 1832Charles Darwin aboard HMS Beagle reaches Rio de Janeiro
  • 1850City of Los Angeles incorporated
  • 1859Opera "Dinorah" is produced (Paris)
  • 1862Battle of Yorktown begins
  • 1862US begins Peninsular Campaign aimed at capturing Richmond
  • 1870Golden Gate Park forms by City Order #800
  • 1887Susanna Medora Salter elected 1st US woman mayor (Argonia, KS)
  • 1896Announcement of Gold in Yukon
  • 1899South Africa all out 35 vs. England (Trott 4-19, Haigh 6-11)
  • 1900Assassination attempt on Prince of Wales / King Edward VII
  • 1900British garrison of Reddersberg surrenders to Boer general De Wet
  • 1902Cecil Rhodes scholarship fund forms with $10 million
  • 1905Earthquake in Kangra India, kills 20,000

Born on Apr 4

  • 0188Caracalla [Marcus Aureiius Antoniius]: Roman Emperor (211-17)
  • 1648Grinling Gibbons: Sculptor / woodcarver
  • 1696Giovanni Battista Tiepoldo: Painter
  • 1716John Evangelist Schreiber: Composer
  • 1731Francisco Morera: Composer
  • 1740Wolfgang Nicolaus Haueisen: Composer
  • 1752Niccolo Antonio Zingarelli: Composer (Andromeda)
  • 1755Vincenc Masek: Composer
  • 1758John Hoppner: Portrait painter
  • 1762Stephen Storace: Composer
  • 1785Bettina Brentano: Composer
  • 1785Bettina von Arnim: German writer (This Book Belongs to the King)
  • 1786John Franklin: British explorer (Arctic)
  • 1792Thaddeus Stevens: US Radical Republican congressional leader (Rep-R)
  • 1802Dorothea Dix: United States -- Aroused interest in treatment of mental inmates
  • 1804Joseph Fischhof: Composer
  • 1809Benjamin Pierce: US mathematician / astronomer
  • 1814John Blair Smith Todd: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1872
  • 1817John Wilson Sprague: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1893
  • 1820Charles Devens, Jr.: Major General, Bvt (Union volunteers), died in 1891
  • 1821Linus Yale: United States -- Portrait painter / inventor (Yale cylinder lock)
  • 1823Karl Wilhelm Siemens: Inventor (laid undersea cables)
  • 1823Robert Byington Mitchell: Brigadier General (Union volunteers)
  • 1828Margaret Oliphant: Scotland, United Kingdom -- Novelist / biographer (Beleaguered City)
  • 1831Edward Cary Walthall: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1898
  • 1832Jose Echegaray y Elizaguirre: Playwright / Scientist (Teatro Escogido)
  • 1836Jerome Hopkins: Composer
  • 1843Hans Richter: Composer
  • 1866George P Baker: US playwright (47 Workshop)
  • 1870George A Smith: Salt Lake City, Utah -- 8th President of Mormon church

Died on Apr 4

  • 0397Ambrosius: Gov of Liguria / Bishop of Milan (374-97) / saint
  • 0896Formosus: Pope (891-96)
  • 1229Hugo van Pierrepont: Bishop of Liege
  • 1292Nicholas IV [Girolamo Masci]: Pope (1288-92)
  • 1393Floris van Wevelinkhoven: Bishop of Utrecht
  • 1406Robert III: King of Scotland (1390-1406)
  • 1417John van Touraine: 1st husband of Jacoba of Bavaria
  • 1585Caspar de Robles: Spanish Viceroy of Frisia, dies at about 57
  • 1588Frederik II: King of Denmark / Norway (1559-88), dies at 53
  • 1604Thomas Churchyard: Poet / pamphleteer
  • 1617John Napier: Scottish Mathematician / inventor (logarithms)
  • 1643Simon Episcopius [Bisschop]: Dutch theologist, dies at 60
  • 1662Davis Mell: Composer, dies at 57
  • 1662Leonhart Kern: German Sculptor, dies at about 73
  • 1664Adam Willaerts: Dutch seascape painter
  • 1714Karel: Duke of Berry / French heir to the throne
  • 1734Johann C van Erckel: Old Catholic theologist, dies at about 79
  • 1774Oliver Goldsmith: Irish Poet (She Stoops to Conquer), dies at 17
  • 1784Mary Mead: Wife of English journalist John Wilkes
  • 1806Friedrich Gottlob Fleischer: Composer, dies at 84
  • 1841William Henry Harrison: Becomes 1st President to die in office, at 68
  • 1844Charles Bulfinch: 1st US pro Architect (Mass State House), dies at 80
  • 1862Harmen S Sytstra: Dutch Poet / editor (Iduna), dies at 45
  • 1889Thomas T H Jorissen: Historian, dies at 56
  • 1893Alphonse LPP de Candolle: Swiss botanist, dies at 86
  • 1900Edward VII: King, assassinated
  • 1905Constantin Meunier: Belgian Painter / sculptor, dies at 73
  • 1908Josef Sucher: Composer, dies at 64
  • 1919William Crookes: English chemist / physicist (Crookes-pipe), dies at 86
  • 1923L Martov [Joulij O Tsederbaum]: Russ revolutionary, dies at 49

Historical events on April 5

  • 0823Pope Peschalis I crowns Lotharius I, co-Emperor of France
  • 1058Bishop John "Minchio, " [domkop] elected as Pope Benedictus X
  • 1242Alexander Nevsky of Novgorod defeats Teutonic Knights
  • 1242Battle on the More of Pskov Estonia
  • 1566200 Brussel nobles offer Margaretha of Parma a petition
  • 1585Clemens Crabbeels becomes Bishop of Hertogenbosch
  • 1603New English King James I departs Edinburgh for London
  • 16142nd parliament of King James I begin session (no enactments)
  • 1614Indian Princess Pocahontas marries English colonist John Rolfe
  • 1621Mayflower sails from Plymouth on a return trip to England
  • 1722Jacob Roggeveen discovers Easter Island
  • 1739French Emperor Karel VI sign secret treaty
  • 1751Adolf Frederik of Holstein-Gottorp crowns himself King of Sweden
  • 1753British Museum forms (opens in 1759)
  • 1762British take Grenada, West Indies, from French
  • 17681st US Chamber of Commerce forms (NYC)
  • 1792George Washington casts 1st presidential veto
  • 1806Isaac Quintard patents apple cider
  • 1812Brits storm Badajoz fortress, held by French and Spanish
  • 1815Eruption of Tambora volcano (Sumbawa Java)
  • 1847Opera "Die Fledermaus" is produced (Vienna)
  • 1861Federals abandon Ft Quitman, Texas
  • 1862Siege of Yorktown, Virginia
  • 1865Battle at Amelia Springs / Jetersville Va (Appomattox Campaign)
  • 1874"Die Fledermaus" 1st performed (Vienna)
  • 1881Transvaal regains independence under British suzerainty
  • 1887Anne Sullivan teaches "water" to Helen Keller
  • 1893Cleveland passes Park Act (forerunner of Metroparks)
  • 189411 strikers killed in riot at Connellsville, Penn
  • 1895Oscar Wilde loses libel case against Marquess of Queensberry, who accused him of homosexual practices

Born on April 5

  • 1588Thomas Hobbes: England, United Kingdom -- Philosopher (Leviathan)
  • 1595John Wilson: Composer
  • 1598Laurentius Erhard: Composer
  • 1626Jan van Kessel: Flemish painter
  • 1643Charles V Leopold: Duke of Lorraine / Field Marshal in Austria
  • 1649Elihu Yale: England, United Kingdom -- Philanthropist founded Yale
  • 1698Georg Gottfried Wagner: Composer
  • 1725Giacomo Casanova: Italian writer / philanderer / adventurer (uncertain)
  • 1727Pasquale Ankossi: Composer
  • 1784Louis [Ludwig] Spohr: Germany -- Violin virtuoso / composer (Faust)
  • 1788Franz Pforr: German painter / cartoonist (Lukasbund)
  • 1795Henry Havelock: British soldier (War in Afghanistan 1838-39)
  • 1799Vincenzo Fioravanti: Composer
  • 1818Lewis Baldwin Parsons: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1822James Nagle: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1866
  • 1824Sydney Thompson Dobell: Poet (Roman)
  • 1825David Rumph "Neighbor" Jones: Major General (Confederate Army)
  • 1827Joseph Lister: England, United Kingdom -- Physician (founded aseptic surgery)
  • 1828Pietro Plantania: Composer
  • 1830Alexander Muir: Lesmahagow, Scotland -- Poet (Maple Leaf Forever)
  • 1832Jules-Francois Camille Ferry: French Statesman
  • 1837Algernon Charles Swinburne: England, United Kingdom -- Poet (Atalanta in Calydon)
  • 1838Alpheus Hyatt: United States -- Invertebrate paleontologist
  • 1839Robert Smalls: Beaufort, South Carolina -- Black congressman 1875-87 (Rep-SC)
  • 1839Stanislaw Pilinski: Composer
  • 1845Jules M Cambon: French Governor-General of Algeria / ambassador
  • 1853Alfonso Randano: Composer
  • 1854Vicente Goicoechea Errasti: Composer
  • 1856Booker Taliaferro Washington: Pioneer educator (1st black on US stamp)
  • 1857Alexander-Jozef von Battenberg: Ruler of Bulgaria (1879-86)

Died on April 5

  • 0828Nicephorus: Patriarch of Constantinopel (806-15), dies at about 77
  • 1258Julian of Cornillon / Liege: Flemish visionary / saint
  • 1270Ramban Nachmanides: Talmudic Scholar (Hiddushei Ha-Ramden)
  • 1531Richard Roose: Boiled to death for trying to poison an Archbishop
  • 1673Francois Caron: Admiral / Governor (Formosa), drowns at about 72
  • 1684William Brouncker: 2nd viscount / 1st President of Royal Society
  • 1695George Savile: 1st Marquis of Halifax, dies at 61
  • 1697Charles XI: King of Sweden (1660-97), dies at 41
  • 1712John Luyken: Poet / etcher (species company), dies at 63
  • 1723J Fischer von Erlach: Austrian Architect (Hofburg, Vienna), dies at 66
  • 1732Johann Christian Schieferdecker: Composer, dies at 52
  • 1765Edward Young: English Poet (Love of Fame), dies at 81
  • 1794Georges-Jacques Danton: French revolutionary leader, guillotined at 34
  • 1811Robert Raikes: Founder of Sunday Schools
  • 1820Henrik C Cras: Lawyer (Laudatio Hugonis Grotii), dies at 81
  • 1871Georg Andreas Henkel: Composer, dies at 66
  • 1878Wilhelm Speyer: Composer, dies at 87
  • 1896John Rogers Thomas: Composer, dies at 66
  • 1900Comte de Villebois-Marevil: French / South African General, dies in battle
  • 1907Anton G van Hamel: Founder (Roman philosphy in Netherlands), dies at 65
  • 1908Gaetano Coronaro: Composer, dies at 55
  • 1918Paul Vidal de la Blanche: French geographer, dies at 73
  • 1921Alphonsus J M Diepenbrock: Dutch Composer (Missa), dies at 58
  • 1922Charles F A Woeste: Belgian count / Minister of Justice, dies at 85
  • 1928Jane Ellen Harrison: Scholar / archaeologist
  • 1934Salvatore Di Giacomo: Composer, dies at 74
  • 1935Emil Mlynarski: Composer, dies at 64
  • 1944Isolde Kurz: German writer / poetess (Meine Mutter), dies at 90
  • 1944Willy Derby [Dieben]: Singer (Hello Bandoeng)
  • 1945Huldreich Georg Fruh: Composer, dies at 41