Events on Apr 5

  • 0823Pope Peschalis I crowns Lotharius I, co-Emperor of France
  • 1058Bishop John "Minchio, " [domkop] elected as Pope Benedictus X
  • 1242Alexander Nevsky of Novgorod defeats Teutonic Knights
  • 1242Battle on the More of Pskov Estonia
  • 1566200 Brussel nobles offer Margaretha of Parma a petition
  • 1585Clemens Crabbeels becomes Bishop of Hertogenbosch
  • 1603New English King James I departs Edinburgh for London
  • 16142nd parliament of King James I begin session (no enactments)
  • 1614Indian Princess Pocahontas marries English colonist John Rolfe
  • 1621Mayflower sails from Plymouth on a return trip to England
  • 1722Jacob Roggeveen discovers Easter Island
  • 1739French Emperor Karel VI sign secret treaty
  • 1751Adolf Frederik of Holstein-Gottorp crowns himself King of Sweden
  • 1753British Museum forms (opens in 1759)
  • 1762British take Grenada, West Indies, from French
  • 17681st US Chamber of Commerce forms (NYC)
  • 1792George Washington casts 1st presidential veto
  • 1806Isaac Quintard patents apple cider
  • 1812Brits storm Badajoz fortress, held by French and Spanish
  • 1815Eruption of Tambora volcano (Sumbawa Java)
  • 1847Opera "Die Fledermaus" is produced (Vienna)
  • 1861Federals abandon Ft Quitman, Texas
  • 1862Siege of Yorktown, Virginia
  • 1865Battle at Amelia Springs / Jetersville Va (Appomattox Campaign)
  • 1874"Die Fledermaus" 1st performed (Vienna)
  • 1881Transvaal regains independence under British suzerainty
  • 1887Anne Sullivan teaches "water" to Helen Keller
  • 1893Cleveland passes Park Act (forerunner of Metroparks)
  • 189411 strikers killed in riot at Connellsville, Penn
  • 1895Oscar Wilde loses libel case against Marquess of Queensberry, who accused him of homosexual practices

Born on Apr 5

  • 1588Thomas Hobbes: England, United Kingdom -- Philosopher (Leviathan)
  • 1595John Wilson: Composer
  • 1598Laurentius Erhard: Composer
  • 1626Jan van Kessel: Flemish painter
  • 1643Charles V Leopold: Duke of Lorraine / Field Marshal in Austria
  • 1649Elihu Yale: England, United Kingdom -- Philanthropist founded Yale
  • 1698Georg Gottfried Wagner: Composer
  • 1725Giacomo Casanova: Italian writer / philanderer / adventurer (uncertain)
  • 1727Pasquale Ankossi: Composer
  • 1784Louis [Ludwig] Spohr: Germany -- Violin virtuoso / composer (Faust)
  • 1788Franz Pforr: German painter / cartoonist (Lukasbund)
  • 1795Henry Havelock: British soldier (War in Afghanistan 1838-39)
  • 1799Vincenzo Fioravanti: Composer
  • 1818Lewis Baldwin Parsons: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1822James Nagle: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1866
  • 1824Sydney Thompson Dobell: Poet (Roman)
  • 1825David Rumph "Neighbor" Jones: Major General (Confederate Army)
  • 1827Joseph Lister: England, United Kingdom -- Physician (founded aseptic surgery)
  • 1828Pietro Plantania: Composer
  • 1830Alexander Muir: Lesmahagow, Scotland -- Poet (Maple Leaf Forever)
  • 1832Jules-Francois Camille Ferry: French Statesman
  • 1837Algernon Charles Swinburne: England, United Kingdom -- Poet (Atalanta in Calydon)
  • 1838Alpheus Hyatt: United States -- Invertebrate paleontologist
  • 1839Robert Smalls: Beaufort, South Carolina -- Black congressman 1875-87 (Rep-SC)
  • 1839Stanislaw Pilinski: Composer
  • 1845Jules M Cambon: French Governor-General of Algeria / ambassador
  • 1853Alfonso Randano: Composer
  • 1854Vicente Goicoechea Errasti: Composer
  • 1856Booker Taliaferro Washington: Pioneer educator (1st black on US stamp)
  • 1857Alexander-Jozef von Battenberg: Ruler of Bulgaria (1879-86)

Died on Apr 5

  • 0828Nicephorus: Patriarch of Constantinopel (806-15), dies at about 77
  • 1258Julian of Cornillon / Liege: Flemish visionary / saint
  • 1270Ramban Nachmanides: Talmudic Scholar (Hiddushei Ha-Ramden)
  • 1531Richard Roose: Boiled to death for trying to poison an Archbishop
  • 1673Francois Caron: Admiral / Governor (Formosa), drowns at about 72
  • 1684William Brouncker: 2nd viscount / 1st President of Royal Society
  • 1695George Savile: 1st Marquis of Halifax, dies at 61
  • 1697Charles XI: King of Sweden (1660-97), dies at 41
  • 1712John Luyken: Poet / etcher (species company), dies at 63
  • 1723J Fischer von Erlach: Austrian Architect (Hofburg, Vienna), dies at 66
  • 1732Johann Christian Schieferdecker: Composer, dies at 52
  • 1765Edward Young: English Poet (Love of Fame), dies at 81
  • 1794Georges-Jacques Danton: French revolutionary leader, guillotined at 34
  • 1811Robert Raikes: Founder of Sunday Schools
  • 1820Henrik C Cras: Lawyer (Laudatio Hugonis Grotii), dies at 81
  • 1871Georg Andreas Henkel: Composer, dies at 66
  • 1878Wilhelm Speyer: Composer, dies at 87
  • 1896John Rogers Thomas: Composer, dies at 66
  • 1900Comte de Villebois-Marevil: French / South African General, dies in battle
  • 1907Anton G van Hamel: Founder (Roman philosphy in Netherlands), dies at 65
  • 1908Gaetano Coronaro: Composer, dies at 55
  • 1918Paul Vidal de la Blanche: French geographer, dies at 73
  • 1921Alphonsus J M Diepenbrock: Dutch Composer (Missa), dies at 58
  • 1922Charles F A Woeste: Belgian count / Minister of Justice, dies at 85
  • 1928Jane Ellen Harrison: Scholar / archaeologist
  • 1934Salvatore Di Giacomo: Composer, dies at 74
  • 1935Emil Mlynarski: Composer, dies at 64
  • 1944Isolde Kurz: German writer / poetess (Meine Mutter), dies at 90
  • 1944Willy Derby [Dieben]: Singer (Hello Bandoeng)
  • 1945Huldreich Georg Fruh: Composer, dies at 41

Historical events on April 6

  • 0402Battle at Pollentia: Roman army under Stilicho beats Visigoten
  • 0610Lailat-ul Qadar, night koran descended to Earth
  • 0774Charles the Great affirms Pippins promise of Quiercy
  • 1106Fire in Venice
  • 1327Italian Poet Petrarch 1st sets eyes on his beloved Laura
  • 1362Robber bastion Tard-Venus strikes at Brignais France
  • 1634Heeren XIX asks "to secure Eylands Curacao"
  • 1652Cape Colony, the 1st European settlement in South Africa, established
  • 1652John of Riebeeck lands / establishes VOC-post in Cape Town
  • 1663King Charles II signs Carolina Charter
  • 1664France and Saksen sign alliance
  • 1672France declares war on Netherlands
  • 1722Peter the Great ends tax on men with beards
  • 1724Duke of Newcastle becomes English Minister of Foreign Affairs
  • 1727Denmark signs Covenant of Hannover
  • 1757English King George II fires Minister William Pitt Sr
  • 17891st US Congress begins regular sessions, Federal Hall, New York City
  • 1830Joseph Smith and 5 others organizes Mormon church in Seneca Co, New York
  • 1841Cornerstone laid for 2nd Mormon temple, Nauvoo, Missouri
  • 1848Jews of Prussia granted equality
  • 1862Battle of Shiloh, Union defeats Confederacy in SW Tennessee
  • 1866G.A.R. forms
  • 1868Brigham Young marries his 27th and final wife
  • 18691st plastic, Celluloid, patented
  • 1883Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Speckled Band" (BG)
  • 1886City of Vancouver BC incorporated
  • 1886Declaration of Berlin neutralizes Tonga
  • 1889George Eastman places Kodak Camera on sale for 1st time
  • 1890French troops under Captain Archinard occupy Segu, West-Sudan
  • 1893Andy Bowen and Jack Burke box 7 hours 19 minutes to no decision (111 rounds)

Born on April 6

  • 1483Raphael Sanzio: Italian painter / master builder (Madonna Sistina)
  • 1631Vincenzo De Grandis: Composer
  • 1660Johann Kuhnau: Composer
  • 1671Jean-Baptiste Rousseau: French playwright / poet (Sacred Odes & Songs)
  • 1672Andre Cardinal Destouches: Composer
  • 1708George Reuter: Composer
  • 1752Johann Friedrich Kranz: Composer
  • 1757Alessandro Rolla: Composer
  • 1773James Mill: Scotland, United Kingdom -- Philosopher / historian (Hist of British India)
  • 1778Joseph Funk: Composer
  • 1810Philip Gosse: Intentor of institutional aquarium, writer (Omphalos)
  • 1812Aaron Bernstein: Writer
  • 1812Gavril Yakimovich Lomakin: Composer
  • 1815Friedrich Robert Volkmann: Composer
  • 1818Francis Henry Brown: Composer
  • 1819Johann A H Scheler: Belgian librarian
  • 1823Joseph Medill: St. John, New Brunswick -- Newspaper editor (Chicago Tribune)
  • 1826Gustave Moreau: French painter
  • 1828Charles William Field: Major General (Confederate Army), died in 1892
  • 1830James Augustine Healy: Macon, Georgia -- 1st black Roman Catholic Bishop
  • 1833Johan H C Kern: Dutch linguist (Sanskrit, Old Javan)
  • 1835Jose Marraco y Ferrer: Composer
  • 1844Joseph Ludwig: Composer
  • 1866Joseph Lincoln Steffens: Muckraker / journalist (Shame of the Cities)
  • 1869Louis Raemakers: Dutch draftsman / painter
  • 1878Carl Emil Theodor Ehrenberg: Composer
  • 1883Mien Labberton: Dutch poetress
  • 1884Walter Huston: Toronto, Ontario -- Actor (Maltese Falcon, Treasure of Sierra Madre)
  • 1885Carlos Leon Salzedo: Composer
  • 1888Daniel Andersson: Swedish poet / writer (Svarta Ballader)

Died on April 6

  • 0885Methodius: Greek apostle of the slaves / Archbishop of Sirmium
  • 0912Nottker "the Stamelaar": Benedictine Monk / poet, dies at about 71
  • 1199Richard I [the Lion-hearted]: King of England (1189-99), dies at 41
  • 1252Peter of Verona [Peter Martyr]: Italian inquisitor / st, dies at 45
  • 1362Jacques de Bourbon: Count of Marche, killed in battle
  • 1472Pieter Bladelin: Belgium -- Land owner (Middelburg castle)
  • 1489Hans Waldmann: Swiss military / mayor (Zurich), beheaded
  • 1490Matthias Corvinus: King of Hungary
  • 1520Raphael [Sanzio]: Artist (Sistine Madonna), dies on his 37th birthday
  • 1551Joachim Vadianus: Swiss Physician / Mayor of Sankt Gallen, dies at 66
  • 1590Francis Walsingham: English Secretary of State, dies at about 57
  • 1593Henry Barrow: English puritian / Congressionalist, hanged
  • 1593John Greenwood: English Congressionalist, hanged
  • 1605John Stow: British historian
  • 1779Tommaso MFS Traetta: Italian opera Composer (Farnace), dies at 52
  • 1782Rynoldus Popma van Oevering: Composer, dies at 90
  • 1805Lorenz Justinian Ott: Composer, dies at 56
  • 1817Bonaventura Furlanetto: Composer, dies at 78
  • 1822Franz Xaver Partsch: Composer, dies at 62
  • 1829Niels H Able: Norwegian Mathematician (infinite series), dies at 26
  • 1838Jose B de Andrada e Silva: Premier of Brazil (1822-23), dies at 74
  • 1854William Strickland: US architect
  • 1862Adley Hogan Gladden: Confederate Brigadier General, dies in battle at 51
  • 1862Albert Sidney Johnston: US Confederate General, dies in battle at 59
  • 1865John Austin Wharton: US Confederate General Major, dies at 36
  • 1865Reuben B Boston: US Confederate cavalery Colonel, dies in battle
  • 1884Emanuel Geibel: Writer, dies at 68
  • 1906Alexander L Kielland: Norwegian writer (Working People), dies at 57
  • 1913Jose Marraco y Ferrer: Composer, dies on 78th birthday
  • 1919Stefan Surzynski: Composer, dies at 63