Events on Apr 6

  • 0402Battle at Pollentia: Roman army under Stilicho beats Visigoten
  • 0610Lailat-ul Qadar, night koran descended to Earth
  • 0774Charles the Great affirms Pippins promise of Quiercy
  • 1106Fire in Venice
  • 1327Italian Poet Petrarch 1st sets eyes on his beloved Laura
  • 1362Robber bastion Tard-Venus strikes at Brignais France
  • 1634Heeren XIX asks "to secure Eylands Curacao"
  • 1652Cape Colony, the 1st European settlement in South Africa, established
  • 1652John of Riebeeck lands / establishes VOC-post in Cape Town
  • 1663King Charles II signs Carolina Charter
  • 1664France and Saksen sign alliance
  • 1672France declares war on Netherlands
  • 1722Peter the Great ends tax on men with beards
  • 1724Duke of Newcastle becomes English Minister of Foreign Affairs
  • 1727Denmark signs Covenant of Hannover
  • 1757English King George II fires Minister William Pitt Sr
  • 17891st US Congress begins regular sessions, Federal Hall, New York City
  • 1830Joseph Smith and 5 others organizes Mormon church in Seneca Co, New York
  • 1841Cornerstone laid for 2nd Mormon temple, Nauvoo, Missouri
  • 1848Jews of Prussia granted equality
  • 1862Battle of Shiloh, Union defeats Confederacy in SW Tennessee
  • 1866G.A.R. forms
  • 1868Brigham Young marries his 27th and final wife
  • 18691st plastic, Celluloid, patented
  • 1883Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Speckled Band" (BG)
  • 1886City of Vancouver BC incorporated
  • 1886Declaration of Berlin neutralizes Tonga
  • 1889George Eastman places Kodak Camera on sale for 1st time
  • 1890French troops under Captain Archinard occupy Segu, West-Sudan
  • 1893Andy Bowen and Jack Burke box 7 hours 19 minutes to no decision (111 rounds)

Born on Apr 6

  • 1483Raphael Sanzio: Italian painter / master builder (Madonna Sistina)
  • 1631Vincenzo De Grandis: Composer
  • 1660Johann Kuhnau: Composer
  • 1671Jean-Baptiste Rousseau: French playwright / poet (Sacred Odes & Songs)
  • 1672Andre Cardinal Destouches: Composer
  • 1708George Reuter: Composer
  • 1752Johann Friedrich Kranz: Composer
  • 1757Alessandro Rolla: Composer
  • 1773James Mill: Scotland, United Kingdom -- Philosopher / historian (Hist of British India)
  • 1778Joseph Funk: Composer
  • 1810Philip Gosse: Intentor of institutional aquarium, writer (Omphalos)
  • 1812Aaron Bernstein: Writer
  • 1812Gavril Yakimovich Lomakin: Composer
  • 1815Friedrich Robert Volkmann: Composer
  • 1818Francis Henry Brown: Composer
  • 1819Johann A H Scheler: Belgian librarian
  • 1823Joseph Medill: St. John, New Brunswick -- Newspaper editor (Chicago Tribune)
  • 1826Gustave Moreau: French painter
  • 1828Charles William Field: Major General (Confederate Army), died in 1892
  • 1830James Augustine Healy: Macon, Georgia -- 1st black Roman Catholic Bishop
  • 1833Johan H C Kern: Dutch linguist (Sanskrit, Old Javan)
  • 1835Jose Marraco y Ferrer: Composer
  • 1844Joseph Ludwig: Composer
  • 1866Joseph Lincoln Steffens: Muckraker / journalist (Shame of the Cities)
  • 1869Louis Raemakers: Dutch draftsman / painter
  • 1878Carl Emil Theodor Ehrenberg: Composer
  • 1883Mien Labberton: Dutch poetress
  • 1884Walter Huston: Toronto, Ontario -- Actor (Maltese Falcon, Treasure of Sierra Madre)
  • 1885Carlos Leon Salzedo: Composer
  • 1888Daniel Andersson: Swedish poet / writer (Svarta Ballader)

Died on Apr 6

  • 0885Methodius: Greek apostle of the slaves / Archbishop of Sirmium
  • 0912Nottker "the Stamelaar": Benedictine Monk / poet, dies at about 71
  • 1199Richard I [the Lion-hearted]: King of England (1189-99), dies at 41
  • 1252Peter of Verona [Peter Martyr]: Italian inquisitor / st, dies at 45
  • 1362Jacques de Bourbon: Count of Marche, killed in battle
  • 1472Pieter Bladelin: Belgium -- Land owner (Middelburg castle)
  • 1489Hans Waldmann: Swiss military / mayor (Zurich), beheaded
  • 1490Matthias Corvinus: King of Hungary
  • 1520Raphael [Sanzio]: Artist (Sistine Madonna), dies on his 37th birthday
  • 1551Joachim Vadianus: Swiss Physician / Mayor of Sankt Gallen, dies at 66
  • 1590Francis Walsingham: English Secretary of State, dies at about 57
  • 1593Henry Barrow: English puritian / Congressionalist, hanged
  • 1593John Greenwood: English Congressionalist, hanged
  • 1605John Stow: British historian
  • 1779Tommaso MFS Traetta: Italian opera Composer (Farnace), dies at 52
  • 1782Rynoldus Popma van Oevering: Composer, dies at 90
  • 1805Lorenz Justinian Ott: Composer, dies at 56
  • 1817Bonaventura Furlanetto: Composer, dies at 78
  • 1822Franz Xaver Partsch: Composer, dies at 62
  • 1829Niels H Able: Norwegian Mathematician (infinite series), dies at 26
  • 1838Jose B de Andrada e Silva: Premier of Brazil (1822-23), dies at 74
  • 1854William Strickland: US architect
  • 1862Adley Hogan Gladden: Confederate Brigadier General, dies in battle at 51
  • 1862Albert Sidney Johnston: US Confederate General, dies in battle at 59
  • 1865John Austin Wharton: US Confederate General Major, dies at 36
  • 1865Reuben B Boston: US Confederate cavalery Colonel, dies in battle
  • 1884Emanuel Geibel: Writer, dies at 68
  • 1906Alexander L Kielland: Norwegian writer (Working People), dies at 57
  • 1913Jose Marraco y Ferrer: Composer, dies on 78th birthday
  • 1919Stefan Surzynski: Composer, dies at 63

Historical events on April 7

  • 1118Pope Gelasius II excommunicated Henry V, Holy Roman Emperor
  • 1348Prague University, 1st university in central Europe, formed by Charles IV
  • 1456Louis van Burbon becomes prince-bishop of Luik
  • 1509France declares war on Venice
  • 1521Inquisitor-General Adrian Boeyens bans Lutheran books
  • 1584Ieper surrenders to Duke Van Parma
  • 1625Albrecht von Wallenstein appointed German Supreme Commander
  • 1645Michael Cardozo becomes 1st Jewish lawyer in Brazil
  • 1652Dutch establish settlement at Cape Town, South Africa
  • 1655Fabio Chigi replaces Pope Innocent X as Alexander VII
  • 17881st settlement in Ohio, at Marietta
  • 1798Mississippi Territory organized
  • 1818Gen Andrew Jackson conquers St. Marks, Florida from Seminole indians
  • 1827English chemist John Walker invents wooden matches
  • 1831Dom Pedro abdicates to son, Dom Pedro II crowned Emperor of Brazil
  • 1860Grand Duke Frederik I liberalizes laws in Bathe
  • 1862Grant defeats Confederates at Battle of Shiloh, Tenn, Island #10 falls
  • 1863Battle of Charleston SC, failed Federal fleet attack on Fort Sumter
  • 1865Battle of Farmville, Virginia
  • 1888Start of Sherlock Holmes adventure "Yellow Face" (BG)
  • 1891Nebraska introduces 8 hour work day
  • 1901SDAP demands general voting right / abolishing First Chamber
  • 1902Texas Oil Company (Texaco) forms
  • 1906Act of Algeciras drawn between Moroccan police and banking business
  • 19191st parcel of land is purchased for Cleveland Metroparks
  • 1922Naval Reserve #3, "Teapot Dome, " leased to Harry F Sinclair
  • 19231st brain tumor operation under local anesthetic performed (Beth Israel Hospital in NYC) by Dr K Winfield Ney
  • 1923Workers Party of America (NYC) becomes official communist party
  • 1926Forest fire burns 900 acres and kills 2 (San Luis Obispo, California)
  • 1927Using phone lines TV is sent from Washington DC to New York City

Born on April 7

  • 1506Francis Xavier: Saint / Jesuit Missionary to India, Malaya and Japan
  • 1534Jose de Anchieta: Spanish Jesuit / Missionary (Brazilian Tupi-Indians)
  • 1613Gerard Dou: Dutch painter (Night School)
  • 1622Louise Hollandine: Daughter of King Frederik V and Elizabeth Stuart
  • 1648Ferdinand van Kessel: Flemish painter
  • 1694Coelestin Praelisauer: Composer
  • 1699Andreas Benedikt Praelisauer: Composer
  • 1727Henri Hardouin: Composer
  • 1745Georg Druschetzky: Composer
  • 1748Georg Wenzel Ritter: Composer
  • 1756Charles Felix: King of Sardina (1821-31)
  • 1763Domenico Dragonetti: Composer
  • 1768Karl Theodor Toeschi: Composer
  • 1770William Wordsworth: England, United Kingdom -- Poet laureate (Prelude)
  • 1772F M Charles Fourier: French socialist
  • 1775Francis C Lowell: Founded 1st raw cotton-to-cloth textile mill
  • 1780William Ellery Channing: United States -- Unitarian clergyman
  • 1786William Rufus DeVane King: (D) 13th VP (1853)
  • 1801Henry Eagle: Commander (Union Navy), died in 1882
  • 1803Flora Tristan: Writer
  • 1805Francis Wilkinson Pickens: Governor of South Carolina (Confederacy) died in 1869
  • 1819Hubert Leonard: Composer
  • 1822Gershom Mott: Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1826Johann Hermann Berens: Composer
  • 1841Alfred Cogniaux: Belgian botanicus
  • 1841Joseph H "Jozef" Neuhuys: Painter
  • 1847J P Jacobsen: Writer
  • 1851Otto Adolf Klauwell: Composer
  • 1858Adrien H Gerhard: Dutch socialist politician (SDAP)
  • 1859Walter Camp: Connecticut, United States -- Father of American football (Yale)

Died on April 7

  • 0030Christ: Crucified, according to astronomer Schaefer
  • 0924Berengarius I: Emperor of Italy, murdered
  • 1444John Capreolus: French Theologist (Libri IV), dies at about 50
  • 1524Philip of Burgundy: Bishop of Utrecht
  • 1614El Greco: Spanish Painter (View of Toledo)
  • 1719Jean-Baptiste de la Salle: French priest / theory / saint, dies at 67
  • 1766Tiberius Hemsterhuis: Dutch classicist, dies at 81
  • 1767Franz Sparry: Composer, dies at 51
  • 1768Michel Mathieu: Composer, dies at 78
  • 1778Johann Balthasar Kehl: Composer, dies at 52
  • 1783Ignaz Jakob Holzbauer: Composer, dies at 71
  • 1789Peter Camper: Anatomist / animal scholar, dies at 66
  • 1810Pieter L van de Kasteele: Dutch politician / patriot, dies at 61
  • 1833Antoni Henryk Radziwill: Lithuanian / Polish composer, dies at 57
  • 1842Henrik A Bjerregaard: Norw writer / Poet (Fjeldeventyret), dies at 50
  • 1850William Lisle Bowles: English Poet (14 Sonnets), dies at 87
  • 1862Sydney Nelson: Composer, dies at 62
  • 1871Alexander: Grandson of English Queen Victoria, dies at 1 day old
  • 1871Wilhelm Freiherr von Tegetthoff: Aus Admiral (Helgoland / Lissa), dies at 43
  • 1875Georg Herwegh: Writer, dies at 57
  • 1877Errico Petrella: Composer, dies at 63
  • 1880Diederich Krug: Composer, dies at 58
  • 1881Pierre Napoleon Bonaparte: Corsican MP, dies at 65
  • 1884Maria van Ackere-Doolaeghe: Flemish Poet (Avondlamp), dies at 80
  • 1891Phineas T Barnum: US circus promoter (B & Bailey), dies at 88
  • 1917Spyridon Filiskos Samaras: Composer, dies at 53
  • 1932Erv A Kelley: US policeman, shot to death by Pretty Boy Floyd
  • 1933Jan Erik / Eric Jan Hanussen: Berlin astrologist / illusionist, murdered
  • 1934William Monroe Trotter: African, dies on 62nd birthday in Boston
  • 1943Jovan Ducic: Serbian Poet (Blue Legends), dies at 72