Events on Apr 7

  • 1118Pope Gelasius II excommunicated Henry V, Holy Roman Emperor
  • 1348Prague University, 1st university in central Europe, formed by Charles IV
  • 1456Louis van Burbon becomes prince-bishop of Luik
  • 1509France declares war on Venice
  • 1521Inquisitor-General Adrian Boeyens bans Lutheran books
  • 1584Ieper surrenders to Duke Van Parma
  • 1625Albrecht von Wallenstein appointed German Supreme Commander
  • 1645Michael Cardozo becomes 1st Jewish lawyer in Brazil
  • 1652Dutch establish settlement at Cape Town, South Africa
  • 1655Fabio Chigi replaces Pope Innocent X as Alexander VII
  • 17881st settlement in Ohio, at Marietta
  • 1798Mississippi Territory organized
  • 1818Gen Andrew Jackson conquers St. Marks, Florida from Seminole indians
  • 1827English chemist John Walker invents wooden matches
  • 1831Dom Pedro abdicates to son, Dom Pedro II crowned Emperor of Brazil
  • 1860Grand Duke Frederik I liberalizes laws in Bathe
  • 1862Grant defeats Confederates at Battle of Shiloh, Tenn, Island #10 falls
  • 1863Battle of Charleston SC, failed Federal fleet attack on Fort Sumter
  • 1865Battle of Farmville, Virginia
  • 1888Start of Sherlock Holmes adventure "Yellow Face" (BG)
  • 1891Nebraska introduces 8 hour work day
  • 1901SDAP demands general voting right / abolishing First Chamber
  • 1902Texas Oil Company (Texaco) forms
  • 1906Act of Algeciras drawn between Moroccan police and banking business
  • 19191st parcel of land is purchased for Cleveland Metroparks
  • 1922Naval Reserve #3, "Teapot Dome, " leased to Harry F Sinclair
  • 19231st brain tumor operation under local anesthetic performed (Beth Israel Hospital in NYC) by Dr K Winfield Ney
  • 1923Workers Party of America (NYC) becomes official communist party
  • 1926Forest fire burns 900 acres and kills 2 (San Luis Obispo, California)
  • 1927Using phone lines TV is sent from Washington DC to New York City

Born on Apr 7

  • 1506Francis Xavier: Saint / Jesuit Missionary to India, Malaya and Japan
  • 1534Jose de Anchieta: Spanish Jesuit / Missionary (Brazilian Tupi-Indians)
  • 1613Gerard Dou: Dutch painter (Night School)
  • 1622Louise Hollandine: Daughter of King Frederik V and Elizabeth Stuart
  • 1648Ferdinand van Kessel: Flemish painter
  • 1694Coelestin Praelisauer: Composer
  • 1699Andreas Benedikt Praelisauer: Composer
  • 1727Henri Hardouin: Composer
  • 1745Georg Druschetzky: Composer
  • 1748Georg Wenzel Ritter: Composer
  • 1756Charles Felix: King of Sardina (1821-31)
  • 1763Domenico Dragonetti: Composer
  • 1768Karl Theodor Toeschi: Composer
  • 1770William Wordsworth: England, United Kingdom -- Poet laureate (Prelude)
  • 1772F M Charles Fourier: French socialist
  • 1775Francis C Lowell: Founded 1st raw cotton-to-cloth textile mill
  • 1780William Ellery Channing: United States -- Unitarian clergyman
  • 1786William Rufus DeVane King: (D) 13th VP (1853)
  • 1801Henry Eagle: Commander (Union Navy), died in 1882
  • 1803Flora Tristan: Writer
  • 1805Francis Wilkinson Pickens: Governor of South Carolina (Confederacy) died in 1869
  • 1819Hubert Leonard: Composer
  • 1822Gershom Mott: Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1826Johann Hermann Berens: Composer
  • 1841Alfred Cogniaux: Belgian botanicus
  • 1841Joseph H "Jozef" Neuhuys: Painter
  • 1847J P Jacobsen: Writer
  • 1851Otto Adolf Klauwell: Composer
  • 1858Adrien H Gerhard: Dutch socialist politician (SDAP)
  • 1859Walter Camp: Connecticut, United States -- Father of American football (Yale)

Died on Apr 7

  • 0030Christ: Crucified, according to astronomer Schaefer
  • 0924Berengarius I: Emperor of Italy, murdered
  • 1444John Capreolus: French Theologist (Libri IV), dies at about 50
  • 1524Philip of Burgundy: Bishop of Utrecht
  • 1614El Greco: Spanish Painter (View of Toledo)
  • 1719Jean-Baptiste de la Salle: French priest / theory / saint, dies at 67
  • 1766Tiberius Hemsterhuis: Dutch classicist, dies at 81
  • 1767Franz Sparry: Composer, dies at 51
  • 1768Michel Mathieu: Composer, dies at 78
  • 1778Johann Balthasar Kehl: Composer, dies at 52
  • 1783Ignaz Jakob Holzbauer: Composer, dies at 71
  • 1789Peter Camper: Anatomist / animal scholar, dies at 66
  • 1810Pieter L van de Kasteele: Dutch politician / patriot, dies at 61
  • 1833Antoni Henryk Radziwill: Lithuanian / Polish composer, dies at 57
  • 1842Henrik A Bjerregaard: Norw writer / Poet (Fjeldeventyret), dies at 50
  • 1850William Lisle Bowles: English Poet (14 Sonnets), dies at 87
  • 1862Sydney Nelson: Composer, dies at 62
  • 1871Alexander: Grandson of English Queen Victoria, dies at 1 day old
  • 1871Wilhelm Freiherr von Tegetthoff: Aus Admiral (Helgoland / Lissa), dies at 43
  • 1875Georg Herwegh: Writer, dies at 57
  • 1877Errico Petrella: Composer, dies at 63
  • 1880Diederich Krug: Composer, dies at 58
  • 1881Pierre Napoleon Bonaparte: Corsican MP, dies at 65
  • 1884Maria van Ackere-Doolaeghe: Flemish Poet (Avondlamp), dies at 80
  • 1891Phineas T Barnum: US circus promoter (B & Bailey), dies at 88
  • 1917Spyridon Filiskos Samaras: Composer, dies at 53
  • 1932Erv A Kelley: US policeman, shot to death by Pretty Boy Floyd
  • 1933Jan Erik / Eric Jan Hanussen: Berlin astrologist / illusionist, murdered
  • 1934William Monroe Trotter: African, dies on 62nd birthday in Boston
  • 1943Jovan Ducic: Serbian Poet (Blue Legends), dies at 72

Historical events on April 8

  • 1341Francesco Petrarca crowned in Rome
  • 1378Bartolomeo Prignano elected as Pope Urban VI
  • 1455Alfonso de Borgia elected as Pope Callistus III
  • 1500Battle at Novara: King Louis XII beats Duke Ludovico Sforza
  • 1513Explorer Juan Ponce de Leon claimed Florida for Spain
  • 17301st Jewish congregation in US forms synagogue, "Shearith Israel, NYC"
  • 1759British troops chase French out of Masulipatam India
  • 17661st fire escape patented, wicker basket on a pulley and chain
  • 1783Catharina II of Russia annexes the Krim
  • 1789House of Representives 1st meeting
  • 1801Soldiers riot in Bucharest, kill 128 Jews
  • 1802French Protestant church becomes state-supported and -controlled
  • 1832Charles Darwin begins trip through Rio de Janeiro
  • 1838Steamship "Great Western" maiden voyage (Bristol England to NYC)
  • 18481st battle at Gioto: Sardinia-Piemonte beats Austrians
  • 1848Battle at Xaquixaguana, Peru: Pedro de la Gasca beats Gonzalo Pizarro
  • 1861US mint at Dahlonega, Georgia seized by confederacy
  • 1862John D Lynde patents aerosol dispenser
  • 1864Battle of Mansfield, La Federals routed by General Richard Taylor
  • 1865General Robert E Lee surrenders at Appomattox Court House in Virginia
  • 1869American Museum of Natural History opens (NYC)
  • 1879Khedive Ismael of Egypt fires French / British ministers
  • 1879Milk was sold in glass bottles for 1st time
  • 1893The Critic reports that ice cream soda is our national drink
  • 1898Battle of Atbara River, Anglo-Egyptian forces crush 6,000 Sudanese
  • 1904Great Britain and France sign Cordial Entente concerning colonial matter
  • 1908Lord Asquith succeeds Henry Campbell-Bannerman as British Premier
  • 1912Steamers collide in Nile, drowning 200
  • 191317th amendment, requiring direct election of senators, ratified
  • 1914US and Colombia sign a treaty concerning Panama Canal Zone

Born on April 8

  • 1533Claudio Merulo: Organist / composer
  • 1582Phienas Fletcher: Poet
  • 1605Louis de Vadder: Flemish painter
  • 1605Philip IV: King of Spain and Portugal (1621-65)
  • 1631Cornelis de Heem: Painter
  • 1642Gerard Callenbach: Dutch Admiral
  • 1655Louis Willem I: Margrave (Baden-Baden)
  • 1697Pierre Prowo: Composer
  • 1708Georg Zarth: Composer
  • 1726Lewis Morris: US farmer (signed Declaration of Independence)
  • 1731William Williams: US Merchant (signed Declaration of Independence)
  • 1741Jose B da Gama: Portuguese poet (O Uraguai)
  • 1756Joseph Gehot: Composer
  • 1776Thaddaus Weigl: Composer
  • 1783John Claudius: London, England -- Horticulturist
  • 1798Dionysios Solomos: Poet
  • 1816Frederick William Burton: Painter
  • 1818Christaan IX: King of Denmark (1863-1906)
  • 1828George Baird Hodge: Brigadier General (Confederate Army)
  • 1831Allard Pierson: Dutch theologiost / philosopher / art historian / poet
  • 1832Alfred von Waldersee: Prussian Field Marshal
  • 1843Asger Hamerik [Hammerich]: Composer
  • 1850William Henry Welch: United States -- Pathologist (founded John Hopkins)
  • 1859Edmund Husserl: Germany -- Philosopher (founded Phenomenology)
  • 1869Harvey Cushing: United States -- Neurosurgeon (blood pressure studies)
  • 1875Albert I LCMM von Saksen-Coburg: King of Belgium (1909-34)
  • 1878Rudolf Nelson: Composer
  • 1880Victor Schertzinger: Composer / director (Uptown NY)
  • 1881Fernand Lamy: Composer
  • 1885Dimitrios Levidis: Composer

Died on April 8

  • 0217Caracalla [Marcus Antoniius]: Roman Emperor (198-217), murdered at 29
  • 1143John II Comnenus: Emperor of Byzantium (1118-43), dies in an accident
  • 1364Jan II [the Good]: King of France (1350-64), dies at 44
  • 1537Willem Aerts: Flemish architect
  • 1629Willem Teellinck: Dutch Theologist / vicar, dies at 50
  • 1736Pedro Vaz Rego: Composer, dies at 63
  • 1759Francois de La Croix: Composer, dies at 76
  • 1778Pieter Teyler van der Hulst: Dutch founder (Teyler Museum), dies at 76
  • 1794Marie-Jean-Antoine-Nicholas-Caritat: Mathematician dies
  • 1844Ignaz Franz von Mosel: Composer, dies at 72
  • 1848Domenico Gaetano Maria Donizetti: Italian composer, dies at 50
  • 1848Gaetano Donizetti: Composer, dies at 50
  • 1851John Parry: Composer, dies at 75
  • 1853Jan W Pieneman: Historical Painter (Battle at Waterloo), dies at 73
  • 1861Elisha G Otis: US elevator builder (Otis), dies at 50
  • 1863Joseph Netherclift: Composer, dies at 70
  • 1865John Park: Composer, dies at 61
  • 1870Charles-Auguste de Beriot: Belgian violinist / composer, dies at 68
  • 1871Charles-Louis Hanssens: Composer, dies at 68
  • 1890Junius Morgan: Philanthropist, dies at 76
  • 1894Bankim C Chattopadhyaya: Writer (Mrinalini, Anandamath), dies at 55
  • 1897George Garrett: Composer, dies at 62
  • 1897Heinrich von Stephan: UK politician
  • 1902Sipyagain: Russian Minister of Interior / headed Secret Service, assassinated
  • 1920Charles Tomlinson Griffes: US Composer (White Peacock), dies at 35
  • 1921Earnest von Possart: German actor / stage manager
  • 1931Eric Axel Karlfeldt: Poet
  • 1935Edwin Cannan: Economist
  • 1937Arthur William Foote: US Organist / composer, dies at 84
  • 1937William Henry Hadow: Composer (Studies in Modern Music), dies at 77