Events on Apr 8

  • 1341Francesco Petrarca crowned in Rome
  • 1378Bartolomeo Prignano elected as Pope Urban VI
  • 1455Alfonso de Borgia elected as Pope Callistus III
  • 1500Battle at Novara: King Louis XII beats Duke Ludovico Sforza
  • 1513Explorer Juan Ponce de Leon claimed Florida for Spain
  • 17301st Jewish congregation in US forms synagogue, "Shearith Israel, NYC"
  • 1759British troops chase French out of Masulipatam India
  • 17661st fire escape patented, wicker basket on a pulley and chain
  • 1783Catharina II of Russia annexes the Krim
  • 1789House of Representives 1st meeting
  • 1801Soldiers riot in Bucharest, kill 128 Jews
  • 1802French Protestant church becomes state-supported and -controlled
  • 1832Charles Darwin begins trip through Rio de Janeiro
  • 1838Steamship "Great Western" maiden voyage (Bristol England to NYC)
  • 18481st battle at Gioto: Sardinia-Piemonte beats Austrians
  • 1848Battle at Xaquixaguana, Peru: Pedro de la Gasca beats Gonzalo Pizarro
  • 1861US mint at Dahlonega, Georgia seized by confederacy
  • 1862John D Lynde patents aerosol dispenser
  • 1864Battle of Mansfield, La Federals routed by General Richard Taylor
  • 1865General Robert E Lee surrenders at Appomattox Court House in Virginia
  • 1869American Museum of Natural History opens (NYC)
  • 1879Khedive Ismael of Egypt fires French / British ministers
  • 1879Milk was sold in glass bottles for 1st time
  • 1893The Critic reports that ice cream soda is our national drink
  • 1898Battle of Atbara River, Anglo-Egyptian forces crush 6,000 Sudanese
  • 1904Great Britain and France sign Cordial Entente concerning colonial matter
  • 1908Lord Asquith succeeds Henry Campbell-Bannerman as British Premier
  • 1912Steamers collide in Nile, drowning 200
  • 191317th amendment, requiring direct election of senators, ratified
  • 1914US and Colombia sign a treaty concerning Panama Canal Zone

Born on Apr 8

  • 1533Claudio Merulo: Organist / composer
  • 1582Phienas Fletcher: Poet
  • 1605Louis de Vadder: Flemish painter
  • 1605Philip IV: King of Spain and Portugal (1621-65)
  • 1631Cornelis de Heem: Painter
  • 1642Gerard Callenbach: Dutch Admiral
  • 1655Louis Willem I: Margrave (Baden-Baden)
  • 1697Pierre Prowo: Composer
  • 1708Georg Zarth: Composer
  • 1726Lewis Morris: US farmer (signed Declaration of Independence)
  • 1731William Williams: US Merchant (signed Declaration of Independence)
  • 1741Jose B da Gama: Portuguese poet (O Uraguai)
  • 1756Joseph Gehot: Composer
  • 1776Thaddaus Weigl: Composer
  • 1783John Claudius: London, England -- Horticulturist
  • 1798Dionysios Solomos: Poet
  • 1816Frederick William Burton: Painter
  • 1818Christaan IX: King of Denmark (1863-1906)
  • 1828George Baird Hodge: Brigadier General (Confederate Army)
  • 1831Allard Pierson: Dutch theologiost / philosopher / art historian / poet
  • 1832Alfred von Waldersee: Prussian Field Marshal
  • 1843Asger Hamerik [Hammerich]: Composer
  • 1850William Henry Welch: United States -- Pathologist (founded John Hopkins)
  • 1859Edmund Husserl: Germany -- Philosopher (founded Phenomenology)
  • 1869Harvey Cushing: United States -- Neurosurgeon (blood pressure studies)
  • 1875Albert I LCMM von Saksen-Coburg: King of Belgium (1909-34)
  • 1878Rudolf Nelson: Composer
  • 1880Victor Schertzinger: Composer / director (Uptown NY)
  • 1881Fernand Lamy: Composer
  • 1885Dimitrios Levidis: Composer

Died on Apr 8

  • 0217Caracalla [Marcus Antoniius]: Roman Emperor (198-217), murdered at 29
  • 1143John II Comnenus: Emperor of Byzantium (1118-43), dies in an accident
  • 1364Jan II [the Good]: King of France (1350-64), dies at 44
  • 1537Willem Aerts: Flemish architect
  • 1629Willem Teellinck: Dutch Theologist / vicar, dies at 50
  • 1736Pedro Vaz Rego: Composer, dies at 63
  • 1759Francois de La Croix: Composer, dies at 76
  • 1778Pieter Teyler van der Hulst: Dutch founder (Teyler Museum), dies at 76
  • 1794Marie-Jean-Antoine-Nicholas-Caritat: Mathematician dies
  • 1844Ignaz Franz von Mosel: Composer, dies at 72
  • 1848Domenico Gaetano Maria Donizetti: Italian composer, dies at 50
  • 1848Gaetano Donizetti: Composer, dies at 50
  • 1851John Parry: Composer, dies at 75
  • 1853Jan W Pieneman: Historical Painter (Battle at Waterloo), dies at 73
  • 1861Elisha G Otis: US elevator builder (Otis), dies at 50
  • 1863Joseph Netherclift: Composer, dies at 70
  • 1865John Park: Composer, dies at 61
  • 1870Charles-Auguste de Beriot: Belgian violinist / composer, dies at 68
  • 1871Charles-Louis Hanssens: Composer, dies at 68
  • 1890Junius Morgan: Philanthropist, dies at 76
  • 1894Bankim C Chattopadhyaya: Writer (Mrinalini, Anandamath), dies at 55
  • 1897George Garrett: Composer, dies at 62
  • 1897Heinrich von Stephan: UK politician
  • 1902Sipyagain: Russian Minister of Interior / headed Secret Service, assassinated
  • 1920Charles Tomlinson Griffes: US Composer (White Peacock), dies at 35
  • 1921Earnest von Possart: German actor / stage manager
  • 1931Eric Axel Karlfeldt: Poet
  • 1935Edwin Cannan: Economist
  • 1937Arthur William Foote: US Organist / composer, dies at 84
  • 1937William Henry Hadow: Composer (Studies in Modern Music), dies at 77

Historical events on April 9

  • 0715Constantine ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1241Battle of Liegnitz - Mongol armies defeat Poles and Germans
  • 1454Milan / Venice signs peace of Lodi
  • 1474Breisach land guardian Peter von Hagenbach throws out Walloon / Italians
  • 1483Edward I (12) succeeds Edward IV as King of England
  • 1538Danish King Christian III enters Schmalkaldische Union
  • 1555Marcello Cervini elected Pope Marcellus II
  • 1609Spain and Netherlands sign 12 Year Resistant Pact
  • 1621Spain and Netherlands 12 Year Resistant Pact ends
  • 16671st public art exhibition (Palais-Royale, Paris)
  • 1682Robert La Salle claims lower Mississippi (Louisiana) for France
  • 1691French troops occupy Mons
  • 1770Captain James Cook discovers Botany Bay (Australia)
  • 1783Tippu Sahib drives out English from Bednore India
  • 1808Mayor Wolters offers French King Louis Napoleon townhall as a palace
  • 1814Elias Canneman (L) resigns as Minister of Finance
  • 1816African Methodist Episcopal Church organizes (Philadelphia)
  • 1829Danzig (Gdansk) dike break flood kills 1,200
  • 1831Robert Jenkins loses an ear, starts war between Britain and Spain
  • 18331st tax-supported public library (Peterborough, NH)
  • 1838National Galley opens in London
  • 1864Battle of Pleasant Hill LA, 2870 casualities
  • 1865Federals capture Ft Blakely, Alabama
  • 1865Robert E Lee and 26,765 troops, surrender to US Grant at Appomattox
  • 1870American Anti-Slavery Society dissolves
  • 1872Samuel R Percy patents dried milk
  • 18781st Lady Lucy Hayes begins egg rolling contest on White House lawn
  • 19121st exhibition baseball game at Fenway Park (Red Sox vs. Harvard)
  • 1912Titanic leaves Queenstown Ireland for New York
  • 1914"World, the Flesh & the Devil, " 1st color film, shown in London

Born on April 9

  • 1611Giacomo Maria Predieri: Composer
  • 1627Johann Kaspar Kerll: Composer
  • 1634Albertine Agnes: Princess of Orange-Nassau
  • 1649James Scott: Duke of Monmouth, bastard Son of English King Charles II
  • 1716Johann Georg Zechner: Composer
  • 1717Georg Matthias Monn: Composer
  • 1754Antonio Frantisek Becvarovsky: Composer
  • 1754Pieter Paulus: Dutch lawyer / CEO (National Convention)
  • 1757Wojciech Boguslawski: Composer
  • 1785Sibrand Acker Stratingh: Dutch Physician / chemist (electric car 1835)
  • 1798Giuditta Pasta [Negri]: Soprano
  • 1806Isambard Kingdom Brunel: Designer of 1st transatlantic steamer
  • 1812Randolph Barnes Marcy: Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1887
  • 1821Charles-Pierre Baudelaire: France -- Symbolist poet (Flowers of Evil)
  • 1826Thomas Hewson Neill: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1885
  • 1830Eadweard Muybridge: England, United Kingdom -- Pioneered study of motion photography
  • 1847Francesco Paolo Tosti: Composer
  • 1847Francis William Davenport: Composer
  • 1848Helena Lange: German feminist
  • 1850Herman Zumpe: Composer
  • 1851C E Arthur Wichmann: German / Dutch geologist (Netherlands Indies)
  • 1854Seaborn M Denson: Composer
  • 1855Gyula Reviczky: Hungarian author / poet
  • 1861Charles Holroyd: Painter / etcher
  • 1865Charles Proteus Steinmetz: Germany -- Experiment with AC electricity
  • 1865Erich Ludendorff: General (Germany)
  • 1871Arthur Fickenscher: Composer
  • 1874Julius Bittner: Austrian composer (Little Violet)
  • 1879Gerald Festus Kelly: Artist
  • 1883Renzo Bossi: Composer

Died on April 9

  • 0715Constantine I: Greek / Syrian Pope (708-15)
  • 1024Benedict VIII [Theophylactus van Tusculum]: Pope (1012-24)
  • 1483Edward IV: King of England (1461-70, 71-83) dies at 38
  • 1553Francois Rabelais: French Author (Gargantua / Pantagruel), dies at 49
  • 1557Michael Agricola: Finnish Theologist / church Reformer / Bishop
  • 1681Alfonso Marsh: Composer, dies at 54
  • 1747Lord Lovat: English jacobiet
  • 1747Simon Fraser: 12th Baron Lovat Jacobite, last man beheaded in England
  • 1754Christian von Wolff: German philosopher, dies at 75
  • 1761William Law: Theologian
  • 1765Maria Louise van Hessen-Kassel: Princess of Orange-Nassau, dies at 77
  • 1793Ernestus Weinrauch: Composer, dies at 62
  • 1804Jacques Necker: Fiancier / statesman
  • 1806Willem V Batavus: Prince of Orange-Nassau, dies at 58
  • 1807John Opie: Engl Painter / illustrator: Shakespeare gallery, dies at 45
  • 1821Felix Maximo Lopez: Composer, dies at 78
  • 1850William Prout: Physician / chemist
  • 1851Antoine-Charles Glachant: Composer, dies at 80
  • 1852John Howard Payne: Actor / playwright (Fair Warning)
  • 1862George W Johnson: US planter / Confederate (gov-Ky), dies at about 50
  • 1865Thomas Alfred Smyth: Irish / US Union General Major, dies at 32
  • 1879Ernst Friedrich Richter: Composer, dies at 70
  • 1882D G Rossetti: Writer, dies at 53
  • 1882Gabriel Dante Rossetti: English Poet / painter, dies at 53
  • 1886Joseph V von Scheffel: German writer (Ekkehard), dies at 60
  • 1893Disma Fumagalli: Composer, dies at 66
  • 1904Isabella II: Queen of Spain (1833-68), dies at 73
  • 1909Charles Conder: Artist
  • 1916Vicente Goicoechea Errasti: Composer, dies at 62
  • 1917Edward Thomas: Poet, killed in WWI