Events on Apr 9

  • 0715Constantine ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1241Battle of Liegnitz - Mongol armies defeat Poles and Germans
  • 1454Milan / Venice signs peace of Lodi
  • 1474Breisach land guardian Peter von Hagenbach throws out Walloon / Italians
  • 1483Edward I (12) succeeds Edward IV as King of England
  • 1538Danish King Christian III enters Schmalkaldische Union
  • 1555Marcello Cervini elected Pope Marcellus II
  • 1609Spain and Netherlands sign 12 Year Resistant Pact
  • 1621Spain and Netherlands 12 Year Resistant Pact ends
  • 16671st public art exhibition (Palais-Royale, Paris)
  • 1682Robert La Salle claims lower Mississippi (Louisiana) for France
  • 1691French troops occupy Mons
  • 1770Captain James Cook discovers Botany Bay (Australia)
  • 1783Tippu Sahib drives out English from Bednore India
  • 1808Mayor Wolters offers French King Louis Napoleon townhall as a palace
  • 1814Elias Canneman (L) resigns as Minister of Finance
  • 1816African Methodist Episcopal Church organizes (Philadelphia)
  • 1829Danzig (Gdansk) dike break flood kills 1,200
  • 1831Robert Jenkins loses an ear, starts war between Britain and Spain
  • 18331st tax-supported public library (Peterborough, NH)
  • 1838National Galley opens in London
  • 1864Battle of Pleasant Hill LA, 2870 casualities
  • 1865Federals capture Ft Blakely, Alabama
  • 1865Robert E Lee and 26,765 troops, surrender to US Grant at Appomattox
  • 1870American Anti-Slavery Society dissolves
  • 1872Samuel R Percy patents dried milk
  • 18781st Lady Lucy Hayes begins egg rolling contest on White House lawn
  • 19121st exhibition baseball game at Fenway Park (Red Sox vs. Harvard)
  • 1912Titanic leaves Queenstown Ireland for New York
  • 1914"World, the Flesh & the Devil, " 1st color film, shown in London

Born on Apr 9

  • 1611Giacomo Maria Predieri: Composer
  • 1627Johann Kaspar Kerll: Composer
  • 1634Albertine Agnes: Princess of Orange-Nassau
  • 1649James Scott: Duke of Monmouth, bastard Son of English King Charles II
  • 1716Johann Georg Zechner: Composer
  • 1717Georg Matthias Monn: Composer
  • 1754Antonio Frantisek Becvarovsky: Composer
  • 1754Pieter Paulus: Dutch lawyer / CEO (National Convention)
  • 1757Wojciech Boguslawski: Composer
  • 1785Sibrand Acker Stratingh: Dutch Physician / chemist (electric car 1835)
  • 1798Giuditta Pasta [Negri]: Soprano
  • 1806Isambard Kingdom Brunel: Designer of 1st transatlantic steamer
  • 1812Randolph Barnes Marcy: Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1887
  • 1821Charles-Pierre Baudelaire: France -- Symbolist poet (Flowers of Evil)
  • 1826Thomas Hewson Neill: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1885
  • 1830Eadweard Muybridge: England, United Kingdom -- Pioneered study of motion photography
  • 1847Francesco Paolo Tosti: Composer
  • 1847Francis William Davenport: Composer
  • 1848Helena Lange: German feminist
  • 1850Herman Zumpe: Composer
  • 1851C E Arthur Wichmann: German / Dutch geologist (Netherlands Indies)
  • 1854Seaborn M Denson: Composer
  • 1855Gyula Reviczky: Hungarian author / poet
  • 1861Charles Holroyd: Painter / etcher
  • 1865Charles Proteus Steinmetz: Germany -- Experiment with AC electricity
  • 1865Erich Ludendorff: General (Germany)
  • 1871Arthur Fickenscher: Composer
  • 1874Julius Bittner: Austrian composer (Little Violet)
  • 1879Gerald Festus Kelly: Artist
  • 1883Renzo Bossi: Composer

Died on Apr 9

  • 0715Constantine I: Greek / Syrian Pope (708-15)
  • 1024Benedict VIII [Theophylactus van Tusculum]: Pope (1012-24)
  • 1483Edward IV: King of England (1461-70, 71-83) dies at 38
  • 1553Francois Rabelais: French Author (Gargantua / Pantagruel), dies at 49
  • 1557Michael Agricola: Finnish Theologist / church Reformer / Bishop
  • 1681Alfonso Marsh: Composer, dies at 54
  • 1747Lord Lovat: English jacobiet
  • 1747Simon Fraser: 12th Baron Lovat Jacobite, last man beheaded in England
  • 1754Christian von Wolff: German philosopher, dies at 75
  • 1761William Law: Theologian
  • 1765Maria Louise van Hessen-Kassel: Princess of Orange-Nassau, dies at 77
  • 1793Ernestus Weinrauch: Composer, dies at 62
  • 1804Jacques Necker: Fiancier / statesman
  • 1806Willem V Batavus: Prince of Orange-Nassau, dies at 58
  • 1807John Opie: Engl Painter / illustrator: Shakespeare gallery, dies at 45
  • 1821Felix Maximo Lopez: Composer, dies at 78
  • 1850William Prout: Physician / chemist
  • 1851Antoine-Charles Glachant: Composer, dies at 80
  • 1852John Howard Payne: Actor / playwright (Fair Warning)
  • 1862George W Johnson: US planter / Confederate (gov-Ky), dies at about 50
  • 1865Thomas Alfred Smyth: Irish / US Union General Major, dies at 32
  • 1879Ernst Friedrich Richter: Composer, dies at 70
  • 1882D G Rossetti: Writer, dies at 53
  • 1882Gabriel Dante Rossetti: English Poet / painter, dies at 53
  • 1886Joseph V von Scheffel: German writer (Ekkehard), dies at 60
  • 1893Disma Fumagalli: Composer, dies at 66
  • 1904Isabella II: Queen of Spain (1833-68), dies at 73
  • 1909Charles Conder: Artist
  • 1916Vicente Goicoechea Errasti: Composer, dies at 62
  • 1917Edward Thomas: Poet, killed in WWI

Historical events on April 10

  • 0837Comet 1P / 837 F1 (Halley) approaches within 0.0334 AUs of Earth
  • 0847St. Leo IV begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 0879Louis III, crowned King of France
  • 1500France captures Duke Ludovico Sforza of Milan
  • 15161st ghetto, Jews are compelled to live in specific area of Venice
  • 1552Henri II of France occupies Metz
  • 1589Spanish troops conquer Geertruidenberg
  • 1656Dutch fleet occupiers Colombo Ceylon
  • 1694Duke Victor Amadeus of Savoye attacks Casale
  • 1739Dick Turpin executed in England for horse stealing
  • 1741Prussians defeat Austrians at Mollwitz
  • 1790Robert Gray is 1st American to circumnavigate the Earth
  • 1790US Patent system forms
  • 1815Austria declares war on realm of Naples
  • 18162nd Bank of US chartered
  • 18251st hotel in Hawaii opens
  • 1835Charles Darwin returns to Santiago, Chile
  • 1841New York "Tribune" begins publishing under editor Horace Greeley
  • 1845More than 1,000 buildings damaged by fire in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
  • 1849Safety pin patented by Walter Hunt (NYC); sold rights for $100
  • 1863Rebel General Earl Van Dorn attacks at Franklin, Tennessee
  • 1865At Appomattox, General Lee issues General Order #9, his last
  • 1866American Society for Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (ASPCA) forms
  • 1868Brits defeat King of Abyssinia at Magdala
  • 1869Congress increases number of Supreme Court judges from 7 to 9
  • 18721st National black convention meets in New Orleans
  • 1872Arbor day 1st celebrated in Nebraska, later changed to April 22
  • 18771st human cannonball act performed in London
  • 1877Federal troops withdrawn from Columbia, South Carolina
  • 1878California St. Cable Car RR Co starts service

Born on April 10

  • 0401Theodosius II [the Younger]: Eastern Roman Emperor
  • 1512James I: King of Scotland (1513-42)
  • 1569Emilia van Nassau: Daughter of Willem of Orange and Anna of Saxon
  • 1583Hugo Grotius: Holland, Netherlands -- Jurist, father of international law
  • 1633Werner Fabricius: Composer
  • 1695Balthazar Huydecoper: Dutch translator / historian
  • 1737Francois Giroust: Composer
  • 1755Samuel Hahnemann: German Physician / originator of homeopathy
  • 1778William Hazlitt: Maidstone Kent, England -- Essayist / critic
  • 1783Hortense E de Beauharnais: French Queen of the Netherlands (1806-10)
  • 1794Matthew Calbraith Perry: Commodore, opened Japan
  • 1806Leonidas Polk: Lieutenant General (Confederate Army), died in 1864
  • 1808Auguste Franchomme: Composer
  • 1823Thomas Reade Rootes Cobb: Brigadier General (Confederate Army)
  • 1827Lewis Wallace: Major General (Union volunteers) / author (Ben Hur)
  • 1829William Booth: Founder (Salvation Army)
  • 1833David McMurtrie Gregg: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1833James Edward Rains: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1862
  • 1847Charles Swinnerton Heap: Composer
  • 1847Joseph Pulitzer: Hungary -- Publisher (St. Louis Post-Dispatch, New York World)
  • 1854Jozef M T Orelio: Baritone
  • 1857Henry Ernest Dudeney: Mathematician / puzzle maker
  • 1864Tully Marshall: Nevada City, California
  • 1868George Arliss: London, England -- Actor (Devil, Green Goddess)
  • 1877Alfred Kubin: Writer
  • 1880Frances Perkins: 1st woman to hold cabinet-level position (Labor)
  • 1882Simon F H J Berkelbach Van der Sprenkel: Theologist (Fear & Religion)
  • 1886Val Paul
  • 1887Bernardo A Houssay: Argentine physiologist (Nobel 1947)
  • 1887Heinz Tiessen: Composer

Died on April 10

  • 0879Louis II [the Stutterer]: King of France (877-79)
  • 0947Hugo van Arles: Count of Arles / King of Italy
  • 1008Notger: Bishop of Luik (972-1008)
  • 1362Machteld: Countess of Holland
  • 1533Frederik I: King of Denmark / Norway (1523-33), dies at 61
  • 1585Gregory XIII [Ugo Buoncampagni]: Italian Pope (1572-85)
  • 1640Agostino Agazzari: Italian composer, dies at 61
  • 1640Charlotte Flandrina van Nassau: Daughter of Willem I, dies at 60
  • 1712Yusuf Nabi: Turkish Poet (Hayriye), dies at about 77
  • 1723Claude F Tserclaes: South Netherlands Earl of Tilly, dies at 74
  • 1731Maximilian Dietrich Freisslich: Composer, dies at 58
  • 1756Giacomo Antonio Perti: Italian composer, dies at 94
  • 1760Gerard George Clifford: Head of East-Indian Company, dies at 75
  • 1784Simon Fokke: Book illustrator, dies at 71
  • 1810Konrad Back: Composer, dies at 60
  • 1848Godert AGP baron van Capellen: Governor-General of Dutch-Indies, dies at 69
  • 1862William Harvey Lamb Wallace: US lawyer / Brigadier General, dies at 40
  • 1863Giovanni B Amia: Italian astronomer / physicist / botanist, dies at 77
  • 1885John H Scholten: Theologist (Free Want), dies at 73
  • 1909Algernon Charles Swinburne: English poet, dies at 72
  • 1911Mikolajus Konstantinas Ciurlionis: Composer, dies at 35
  • 1919Emiliano Zapata: Mexican leader, murdered at 39
  • 1920Moritz B Cantor: German mathematician, dies at 90
  • 1920Tryggve Andersen: Norwegian writer (Mod Kvaeld), dies at 53
  • 1929Edmond Thieffry: Belgium -- WWI pilot, dies at 36
  • 1937Algernon Ashton: Composer, dies at 77
  • 1938Nana Annor Adjaye: Pan-Africanist, dies in West Nzima, Ghana
  • 1939Alfredo Panzini: Ital Author (Il Bacio de Lesba), dies at 75
  • 1945Hendrik N Werkman: Resistance / Painter (Blue Boat), executed at 63
  • 1954Ludwig Curtius: German archaeologist (Die antike Kunst), dies at 79