Events on Apr 10

  • 0837Comet 1P / 837 F1 (Halley) approaches within 0.0334 AUs of Earth
  • 0847St. Leo IV begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 0879Louis III, crowned King of France
  • 1500France captures Duke Ludovico Sforza of Milan
  • 15161st ghetto, Jews are compelled to live in specific area of Venice
  • 1552Henri II of France occupies Metz
  • 1589Spanish troops conquer Geertruidenberg
  • 1656Dutch fleet occupiers Colombo Ceylon
  • 1694Duke Victor Amadeus of Savoye attacks Casale
  • 1739Dick Turpin executed in England for horse stealing
  • 1741Prussians defeat Austrians at Mollwitz
  • 1790Robert Gray is 1st American to circumnavigate the Earth
  • 1790US Patent system forms
  • 1815Austria declares war on realm of Naples
  • 18162nd Bank of US chartered
  • 18251st hotel in Hawaii opens
  • 1835Charles Darwin returns to Santiago, Chile
  • 1841New York "Tribune" begins publishing under editor Horace Greeley
  • 1845More than 1,000 buildings damaged by fire in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
  • 1849Safety pin patented by Walter Hunt (NYC); sold rights for $100
  • 1863Rebel General Earl Van Dorn attacks at Franklin, Tennessee
  • 1865At Appomattox, General Lee issues General Order #9, his last
  • 1866American Society for Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (ASPCA) forms
  • 1868Brits defeat King of Abyssinia at Magdala
  • 1869Congress increases number of Supreme Court judges from 7 to 9
  • 18721st National black convention meets in New Orleans
  • 1872Arbor day 1st celebrated in Nebraska, later changed to April 22
  • 18771st human cannonball act performed in London
  • 1877Federal troops withdrawn from Columbia, South Carolina
  • 1878California St. Cable Car RR Co starts service

Born on Apr 10

  • 0401Theodosius II [the Younger]: Eastern Roman Emperor
  • 1512James I: King of Scotland (1513-42)
  • 1569Emilia van Nassau: Daughter of Willem of Orange and Anna of Saxon
  • 1583Hugo Grotius: Holland, Netherlands -- Jurist, father of international law
  • 1633Werner Fabricius: Composer
  • 1695Balthazar Huydecoper: Dutch translator / historian
  • 1737Francois Giroust: Composer
  • 1755Samuel Hahnemann: German Physician / originator of homeopathy
  • 1778William Hazlitt: Maidstone Kent, England -- Essayist / critic
  • 1783Hortense E de Beauharnais: French Queen of the Netherlands (1806-10)
  • 1794Matthew Calbraith Perry: Commodore, opened Japan
  • 1806Leonidas Polk: Lieutenant General (Confederate Army), died in 1864
  • 1808Auguste Franchomme: Composer
  • 1823Thomas Reade Rootes Cobb: Brigadier General (Confederate Army)
  • 1827Lewis Wallace: Major General (Union volunteers) / author (Ben Hur)
  • 1829William Booth: Founder (Salvation Army)
  • 1833David McMurtrie Gregg: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1833James Edward Rains: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1862
  • 1847Charles Swinnerton Heap: Composer
  • 1847Joseph Pulitzer: Hungary -- Publisher (St. Louis Post-Dispatch, New York World)
  • 1854Jozef M T Orelio: Baritone
  • 1857Henry Ernest Dudeney: Mathematician / puzzle maker
  • 1864Tully Marshall: Nevada City, California
  • 1868George Arliss: London, England -- Actor (Devil, Green Goddess)
  • 1877Alfred Kubin: Writer
  • 1880Frances Perkins: 1st woman to hold cabinet-level position (Labor)
  • 1882Simon F H J Berkelbach Van der Sprenkel: Theologist (Fear & Religion)
  • 1886Val Paul
  • 1887Bernardo A Houssay: Argentine physiologist (Nobel 1947)
  • 1887Heinz Tiessen: Composer

Died on Apr 10

  • 0879Louis II [the Stutterer]: King of France (877-79)
  • 0947Hugo van Arles: Count of Arles / King of Italy
  • 1008Notger: Bishop of Luik (972-1008)
  • 1362Machteld: Countess of Holland
  • 1533Frederik I: King of Denmark / Norway (1523-33), dies at 61
  • 1585Gregory XIII [Ugo Buoncampagni]: Italian Pope (1572-85)
  • 1640Agostino Agazzari: Italian composer, dies at 61
  • 1640Charlotte Flandrina van Nassau: Daughter of Willem I, dies at 60
  • 1712Yusuf Nabi: Turkish Poet (Hayriye), dies at about 77
  • 1723Claude F Tserclaes: South Netherlands Earl of Tilly, dies at 74
  • 1731Maximilian Dietrich Freisslich: Composer, dies at 58
  • 1756Giacomo Antonio Perti: Italian composer, dies at 94
  • 1760Gerard George Clifford: Head of East-Indian Company, dies at 75
  • 1784Simon Fokke: Book illustrator, dies at 71
  • 1810Konrad Back: Composer, dies at 60
  • 1848Godert AGP baron van Capellen: Governor-General of Dutch-Indies, dies at 69
  • 1862William Harvey Lamb Wallace: US lawyer / Brigadier General, dies at 40
  • 1863Giovanni B Amia: Italian astronomer / physicist / botanist, dies at 77
  • 1885John H Scholten: Theologist (Free Want), dies at 73
  • 1909Algernon Charles Swinburne: English poet, dies at 72
  • 1911Mikolajus Konstantinas Ciurlionis: Composer, dies at 35
  • 1919Emiliano Zapata: Mexican leader, murdered at 39
  • 1920Moritz B Cantor: German mathematician, dies at 90
  • 1920Tryggve Andersen: Norwegian writer (Mod Kvaeld), dies at 53
  • 1929Edmond Thieffry: Belgium -- WWI pilot, dies at 36
  • 1937Algernon Ashton: Composer, dies at 77
  • 1938Nana Annor Adjaye: Pan-Africanist, dies in West Nzima, Ghana
  • 1939Alfredo Panzini: Ital Author (Il Bacio de Lesba), dies at 75
  • 1945Hendrik N Werkman: Resistance / Painter (Blue Boat), executed at 63
  • 1954Ludwig Curtius: German archaeologist (Die antike Kunst), dies at 79

Historical events on April 11

  • 0672Deusdedit III begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1471King Edward IV of England conquers London from Henry VI
  • 1512Battle at Ravenna: France under Gaston de Foix beat Spanish Army
  • 1551English Premier John Dudley appointed Duke of Northumberland
  • 1564England and France sign Peace of Troyes
  • 1564Liege prince-bishop Robert van Bergen resigns
  • 1567Dutch Prince William of Orange flees from Antwerp to Breda
  • 1579Venlo joins Union of Utrecht
  • 1580Drenthe joins Union of Utrecht
  • 1677Battle at Montcassel, French troops beat Prince William III
  • 1689William III and Mary II crowned as joint rulers of Britain
  • 1713Peace of Utrecht; France cedes Maritime provinces to Britain - English, Prussian, Savoois, Portuguese and French peace treaty
  • 18141st abdication of France by Napoleon; he is exiled to Elba
  • 1830Robert Schumann attends piano concerto by Paganini
  • 1848Hungary becomes constitutional monarchy under King Ferdinand of Aust
  • 1862Rebels surrender Ft Pulaski, Georgia-Rebels surrender
  • 1863Battle of Suffolk, VA (Norfleet House)
  • 1865Battle of Mobile, AL - evacuated by Confederates
  • 1865Lincoln urges a spirit of generous conciliation during reconstruction
  • 1876Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks organizes
  • 1876Sir Charles Gordon ends religious tolerance in Sudan
  • 1881River ferry "Princess Victoria" sinks in Thames River Ont, 180 die
  • 1881Spelman College founded
  • 1890Ellis Island designated as an immigration station
  • 1898President McKinley asks for Spanish-American War declaration
  • 1899Treaty of Paris ratifies ends war; Spain cedes Puerto Rico to US
  • 1902Battle at Rooiwal, South-Africa
  • 1906Einstein introduces his Theory of Relativity
  • 1907New York Giant Roger Bresnahan becomes 1st catcher to wear shin guards
  • 1912Cornerstone of Technion in Haifa Palestine laid

Born on April 11

  • 1370Frederick I the Warlike: Elector of Saxony
  • 1586Pietro Della Valle: Composer
  • 1602Johann Neukrantz: Composer
  • 1638Diogo Diaz Melgaz: Composer
  • 1661Antoine Coypel: French painter / poet
  • 1681Anne Danican Philidor: Composer
  • 1682Jean-Joseph Mouret: Composer
  • 1715John Alcock: Composer
  • 1722Christopher Smart: English poet and journalist (Ceremony of Carols)
  • 1735Pierre Nicolas La Houssaye: Composer
  • 1769Johann Georg Lickl: Composer
  • 1772Manuel Jose Quintana: Spanish author / poet (El Duque de Viseo)
  • 1775Charles-Francois Dumonchau: Composer
  • 1779Louise Reichardt: Composer
  • 1793Nicolaas C Kist: Dutch church historian / archivist
  • 1794Edward Everett: Dorchester, Massachusetts -- (Gov-Massachusetts) Statesman / orator
  • 1801Claude Tillier: French journalist / writer (My Uncle Benjamin)
  • 1815Klara Fey: German orchestra leader (Deutscher Arbeiterverein)
  • 1825Ferdinand Lassalle: French politician / founder (Allgemeiner)
  • 1837Ephraim Elmer Ellsworth: Colonel (Union Army), died in 1861
  • 1838Joseph Leopold Rockel: Composer
  • 1840John Conrad Nordqvist: Composer
  • 1856Constantly Lievens: Flemish Missionary in India
  • 1859Basil Harwood: Composer
  • 1862Charles Evans Hughs: 11th Chief Justice of Supreme Court (1930-41)
  • 1862William W Campbell: US astronomer / director Lick Observatory
  • 1867John P Lotsy: Dutch Botanist / geneticist (Genetics)
  • 1879Leendert Round: Dutch sculptor (entrance Rotterdam Zoo)
  • 1881Harvey Bartlett Gaul: Composer
  • 1883Leonard Mudie: England, United Kingdom -- Actor (Magnetic Monster, British Intelligence)

Died on April 11

  • 0678Donus: Italian Pope (676-78)
  • 1034Romanus III Argyrus: Byzantine Emperor (1028-34), assasinated by wife
  • 1240Llywelyn ab Iorwerth the Great: Monarch of Wales (1194-1240)
  • 1500Michael T Marullus: Greeks poet, drowns
  • 1512Gaston de Foix: French pretender to Navarra throne, dies in battle
  • 1648Matthaus Apelles von Lowenstern: Composer, dies at 53
  • 1729Manuel de Egues: Composer, dies at 71
  • 1783Nikita I Panin: Russian Earl / ambassador in Denmark, dies at 64
  • 1810Jakob Zupan: Composer, dies at 75
  • 1812Gottlieb Schick: German Painter (Opfer Noachs), dies at 35
  • 1838Pieter L Uys: South African pioneer (Great Pull), murdered at 40
  • 1839John Galt: Scottish writer (Last of the Lairds), dies at 59
  • 1842John England: Bishop of Charleston Carolina
  • 1853Louis Emmanuel Eadin: Composer
  • 1854Karl Adolph von Basedow: German DR (Ziekte van Basedow), dies at 55
  • 1875Heinrich Schwabe: Discoverer (11-year sunspot cycle)
  • 1881Kristian Mandrup Elster: Norwegian Author (Torn Trondal), dies at 40
  • 1901Ivar Christian Hallstrom: Composer, dies at 74
  • 1902Potgieter: South African Boer General, dies in battle
  • 1903Gemma Galgani: Italian saint, dies at 25
  • 1906Georgi Apollonovitch Gapon: Rus-orthodox clergyman / tsarist agent
  • 1906James A Bailey: Circus showman (Barnum & Bailey), dies at 58
  • 1916Richard Harding Davis: Journalist, dies at 52
  • 1921Augusta Victoria: Queen of Prussia / Wife of Emperor Wilhelm II
  • 1936Mitya Stillman: Composer, dies at 44
  • 1939SS Van Dine [William Huntingdon Wright]: Detective writer, dies at 50
  • 1945Kamiel van Baelen: Flemish resistance fighter (in Dachau), dies at 29
  • 1961Francis de Bourguignon: Composer, dies at 70
  • 1969Ludvig Irgens Jensen: Composer, dies at 74
  • 1973Ted Decorsia: Actor (Police Chief Hegedorn-Steve Canyon), dies at 69