Events on Apr 11

  • 0672Deusdedit III begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1471King Edward IV of England conquers London from Henry VI
  • 1512Battle at Ravenna: France under Gaston de Foix beat Spanish Army
  • 1551English Premier John Dudley appointed Duke of Northumberland
  • 1564England and France sign Peace of Troyes
  • 1564Liege prince-bishop Robert van Bergen resigns
  • 1567Dutch Prince William of Orange flees from Antwerp to Breda
  • 1579Venlo joins Union of Utrecht
  • 1580Drenthe joins Union of Utrecht
  • 1677Battle at Montcassel, French troops beat Prince William III
  • 1689William III and Mary II crowned as joint rulers of Britain
  • 1713Peace of Utrecht; France cedes Maritime provinces to Britain - English, Prussian, Savoois, Portuguese and French peace treaty
  • 18141st abdication of France by Napoleon; he is exiled to Elba
  • 1830Robert Schumann attends piano concerto by Paganini
  • 1848Hungary becomes constitutional monarchy under King Ferdinand of Aust
  • 1862Rebels surrender Ft Pulaski, Georgia-Rebels surrender
  • 1863Battle of Suffolk, VA (Norfleet House)
  • 1865Battle of Mobile, AL - evacuated by Confederates
  • 1865Lincoln urges a spirit of generous conciliation during reconstruction
  • 1876Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks organizes
  • 1876Sir Charles Gordon ends religious tolerance in Sudan
  • 1881River ferry "Princess Victoria" sinks in Thames River Ont, 180 die
  • 1881Spelman College founded
  • 1890Ellis Island designated as an immigration station
  • 1898President McKinley asks for Spanish-American War declaration
  • 1899Treaty of Paris ratifies ends war; Spain cedes Puerto Rico to US
  • 1902Battle at Rooiwal, South-Africa
  • 1906Einstein introduces his Theory of Relativity
  • 1907New York Giant Roger Bresnahan becomes 1st catcher to wear shin guards
  • 1912Cornerstone of Technion in Haifa Palestine laid

Born on Apr 11

  • 1370Frederick I the Warlike: Elector of Saxony
  • 1586Pietro Della Valle: Composer
  • 1602Johann Neukrantz: Composer
  • 1638Diogo Diaz Melgaz: Composer
  • 1661Antoine Coypel: French painter / poet
  • 1681Anne Danican Philidor: Composer
  • 1682Jean-Joseph Mouret: Composer
  • 1715John Alcock: Composer
  • 1722Christopher Smart: English poet and journalist (Ceremony of Carols)
  • 1735Pierre Nicolas La Houssaye: Composer
  • 1769Johann Georg Lickl: Composer
  • 1772Manuel Jose Quintana: Spanish author / poet (El Duque de Viseo)
  • 1775Charles-Francois Dumonchau: Composer
  • 1779Louise Reichardt: Composer
  • 1793Nicolaas C Kist: Dutch church historian / archivist
  • 1794Edward Everett: Dorchester, Massachusetts -- (Gov-Massachusetts) Statesman / orator
  • 1801Claude Tillier: French journalist / writer (My Uncle Benjamin)
  • 1815Klara Fey: German orchestra leader (Deutscher Arbeiterverein)
  • 1825Ferdinand Lassalle: French politician / founder (Allgemeiner)
  • 1837Ephraim Elmer Ellsworth: Colonel (Union Army), died in 1861
  • 1838Joseph Leopold Rockel: Composer
  • 1840John Conrad Nordqvist: Composer
  • 1856Constantly Lievens: Flemish Missionary in India
  • 1859Basil Harwood: Composer
  • 1862Charles Evans Hughs: 11th Chief Justice of Supreme Court (1930-41)
  • 1862William W Campbell: US astronomer / director Lick Observatory
  • 1867John P Lotsy: Dutch Botanist / geneticist (Genetics)
  • 1879Leendert Round: Dutch sculptor (entrance Rotterdam Zoo)
  • 1881Harvey Bartlett Gaul: Composer
  • 1883Leonard Mudie: England, United Kingdom -- Actor (Magnetic Monster, British Intelligence)

Died on Apr 11

  • 0678Donus: Italian Pope (676-78)
  • 1034Romanus III Argyrus: Byzantine Emperor (1028-34), assasinated by wife
  • 1240Llywelyn ab Iorwerth the Great: Monarch of Wales (1194-1240)
  • 1500Michael T Marullus: Greeks poet, drowns
  • 1512Gaston de Foix: French pretender to Navarra throne, dies in battle
  • 1648Matthaus Apelles von Lowenstern: Composer, dies at 53
  • 1729Manuel de Egues: Composer, dies at 71
  • 1783Nikita I Panin: Russian Earl / ambassador in Denmark, dies at 64
  • 1810Jakob Zupan: Composer, dies at 75
  • 1812Gottlieb Schick: German Painter (Opfer Noachs), dies at 35
  • 1838Pieter L Uys: South African pioneer (Great Pull), murdered at 40
  • 1839John Galt: Scottish writer (Last of the Lairds), dies at 59
  • 1842John England: Bishop of Charleston Carolina
  • 1853Louis Emmanuel Eadin: Composer
  • 1854Karl Adolph von Basedow: German DR (Ziekte van Basedow), dies at 55
  • 1875Heinrich Schwabe: Discoverer (11-year sunspot cycle)
  • 1881Kristian Mandrup Elster: Norwegian Author (Torn Trondal), dies at 40
  • 1901Ivar Christian Hallstrom: Composer, dies at 74
  • 1902Potgieter: South African Boer General, dies in battle
  • 1903Gemma Galgani: Italian saint, dies at 25
  • 1906Georgi Apollonovitch Gapon: Rus-orthodox clergyman / tsarist agent
  • 1906James A Bailey: Circus showman (Barnum & Bailey), dies at 58
  • 1916Richard Harding Davis: Journalist, dies at 52
  • 1921Augusta Victoria: Queen of Prussia / Wife of Emperor Wilhelm II
  • 1936Mitya Stillman: Composer, dies at 44
  • 1939SS Van Dine [William Huntingdon Wright]: Detective writer, dies at 50
  • 1945Kamiel van Baelen: Flemish resistance fighter (in Dachau), dies at 29
  • 1961Francis de Bourguignon: Composer, dies at 70
  • 1969Ludvig Irgens Jensen: Composer, dies at 74
  • 1973Ted Decorsia: Actor (Police Chief Hegedorn-Steve Canyon), dies at 69

Historical events on April 12

  • 1111Pope Paschalis II crowns Henry V, Roman Emperor
  • 12044th Crusade occupies and plunders Constantinople
  • 1385John without Fear marries Margaretha of Brabant
  • 1385Willem van Oostervant weds Philip the Stouts daughter Margaretha (10)
  • 1545French King Francois I orders protestants of Vaudois to be killed
  • 1583William of Orange marries Louise de Coligny
  • 1606England adopts Union Jack as its flag
  • 1648University of Harderwijk Netherlands solemn opens
  • 1654England, Ireland and Scotland united
  • 17091st edition of Tattler magazine in England
  • 1713Dutch State-General signs peace with France: Netherlands loses Orange Princedom
  • 1770Townsend Acts repealed
  • 1776Halifax resolution for independence adopted by North Carolina
  • 1782Battle at Les Saintes West-Indies: British fleet beats French
  • 18111st US colonists on Pacific coast arrive at Cape Disappointment, Washington
  • 1844Texas became a US territory
  • 18581st US billiards championship (Michael J Phelan wins in Detroit)
  • 1859Hibernia Savings & Loan Society of SF incorporates
  • 1861Fort Sumter, SC is shelled by Confederacy, starting Civil War
  • 1862James Andrews steals Confederate train (General) at Kennesaw, Georgia
  • 1862Union troops occupy Fort Pulaski, Georgia
  • 1864Confederate General Nathan Bedford Forrest captures Fort Pillow, Tennessee
  • 1869North Carolina legislature passes anti-Klan Law
  • 1872Jesse James gang robs bank in Columbia, Kentucky (1 dead / $1,500)
  • 1877British annex Transvaal, in South Africa
  • 1883French troops under Lieutenant Colonel Borgnis-Desbordes occupy Bamako Senegal
  • 1892George C Blickensderfer patents portable typewriter
  • 1893Battle at Hoornkrans Southwest-Africa: German Schutztruppen chases away Hottentotten under Hendrik Witbooi
  • 1894British and Belgian secret accord on dividing Central-Africa
  • 1896Stamasia Portrisi is 1st woman to win a marathon (5:30 in Athens)

Born on April 12

  • 1500Joachim Camerarius [Liebhard Kammerer]: German humanist
  • 1579Francois de Bassompierre: Marshal of France
  • 1626Paul Hainlein: Composer
  • 1695Caspar Burman: Historian / Mayor (Utrecht, Netherlands)
  • 1722Pietro Nardini: Composer
  • 1724Lyman Hall: US Physician (signed Declaration of Independence)
  • 1727Gaspare Gabellone: Composer
  • 1760Juan Manuel Olivares: Composer
  • 1764Dirk van den Boetzelaer: Regent of Holland
  • 1769Giovanni Agostino Perotti: Composer
  • 1777Henry Clay [the Great Compromiser]: US politician
  • 1788Johann Erik Nordblom: Composer
  • 1791Francis Preston Blair: Newspaper editor (Washington Globe)
  • 1792John George Lambton: London, England -- Statesman (1st Earl of Durham)
  • 1793Ferdinand I KLJM [the Good Natured]: Emperor of Austria / King of Hungary
  • 1794Germinal P Dandelin: Belgian mathematician (geometry)
  • 1801Henry de Cock: Dutch reformed vicar / secession leader
  • 1801Josef Franz Karl Lanner: Austria -- Composer / violist
  • 1802Francois MP Liberman: French relig leader (Congregation of Heart)
  • 1815Henry Hugo Pierson: Composer
  • 1823Aleksandr Ostrovsky: Russian playwright (Artists & Admirers)
  • 1827Edward Mollenhauer: Composer
  • 1831Constantin Meunier: Belgian painter / sculptor
  • 1831George Burgwyn Anderson: Brigadier General (Confederate Army)
  • 1831Grenville Mellen Dodge: Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1838John Shaw Billings: United States -- Librarian / army Physician
  • 1839Victorin de Joncieres: Composer
  • 1840Edmond Audran: Composer
  • 1851Emil Liebling: Composer
  • 1852[Carl L] Ferdinand von Lindemann: German mathematician

Died on April 12

  • 0352Julius I: Pope (337-52)
  • 1550Claude of Lorraine: Duke of Guise, dies at 53
  • 1555Johanna de Wanzinnige: Queen of Castilie (1504-20), dies at 75
  • 1690Miguel Gomez Camargo: Composer, dies at 71
  • 1704John Hudde: 21x Mayor of Amsterdam, dies at 76
  • 1748William Kent: English Sculptor / Architect (Kensington Palace)
  • 1760Baron Ernst Gottlieb: Composer, dies at 64
  • 1788Carl Joseph Toeschi: Composer, dies at 56
  • 1788Carlo Antonio Campioni: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1795Rainieri de Calzabigi: Italian literary, dies at 80
  • 1797Josef Antonin Stepan: Composer, dies at 71
  • 1817Charles Messier: "comet ferret" and catalogs famous "M objects"
  • 1828Jean Henri Appelius: Dutch lawyer / Minister of Finance, dies at 60
  • 1845Henry M baron the Kock: Officer / politician, dies at 65
  • 1859John Emde: German evangelist, dies at about 84
  • 1864Thomas Green: US Confederate Brigadier General, dies in battle at 50
  • 1878William M "Boss" Tweed: New York politician
  • 1896Alexander Ritter: Composer, dies at 62
  • 1909Hermann Kotzchmar: Composer, dies at 79
  • 1910William G Sumner: US sociologist / politicologist (Folkways), dies at 69
  • 1912Clara Barton: Organizer (American Red Cross), dies at 90
  • 1914Josef Nesvera: Composer, dies at 71
  • 1922Frantisek Ondricek: Composer, dies at 64
  • 1938Feodor Chaliapine: Russian Author (Man & Mark), dies at 65
  • 1942Johannes E Akkeringa: Dutch Painter / etcher, dies at 80
  • 1945Franklin Delano Roosevelt: 32nd President (D) (1933-1945), dies at 63
  • 1946August Borms: Flemish Nazi collaborator, executed at 67
  • 1946F Guicciardi: Writer
  • 1947Christian F L Leipoldt: South African writer (Die Moormansgat)
  • 1951Harold Vincent Milligan: Composer, dies at 62