Events on Apr 13

  • 0989Battle at Abydos: Byzantine Emperor Basilius II beats Bardas Phocas
  • 1111Pope Paschalis II crowns Roman catholics-German King Hendrik II
  • 1180Republic day of Gelnhausen
  • 1204Crusaders occupy Constantinople
  • 1346Pope Clemens VI declares German Emperor Louis of Bavaria, envoy
  • 1517Osmaanse army occupies Cairo
  • 1556Portuguese Marranos who revert back to Judaism burned by order of Pope
  • 1598Edict of Nantes grants political rights to French Huguenots
  • 1640English Short Parliament forms (- May 5)
  • 1668John Dryden (36) becomes 1st English Poet laureate
  • 1741Dutch people protest bad quality of bread
  • 1741Royal Military Academy forms at Woolwich
  • 1759French beat European Allies in Battle of Bergen
  • 17961st elephant arrives in US from India
  • 1796Battle at Millesimo Italy: Napoleon beats Austrians
  • 1808William Henry Lane ("Juda") perfects tap dance
  • 1829English Emancipation Act grants freedom of religion to Catholics
  • 1834HMS Beagle anchors at river mouth of Rio Santa Cruz, Patagonia
  • 1842Lord Rosse successfully casts 72" (183-cm) mirror for a telescope
  • 1849Hungarian Republic proclaimed
  • 18601st Pony Express reaches Sacramento, California
  • 1861After 34 hours of bombardment, Ft Sumter surrenders to Confederates
  • 1863Battle of Irish Bend, LA (Ft Bisland)
  • 1863Hospital for Ruptured and Crippled in New York is 1st orthopedic hospital
  • 1865Battle of Raleigh, North Carolina
  • 1869Steam power brake patented (George Westinghouse)
  • 1870Metropolitan Museum of Art forms in New York City
  • 1873Colfax Massacre in Grant Parish Louisiana (60 blacks killed)
  • 1882Anti-Semitic League forms in Prussia
  • 1883Alfred Packer convicted of cannibalism

Born on Apr 13

  • 1519De Medicis: Queen consort (Henry II of France)
  • 1545Elisabeth van Valois: French Queen of Spain / Daughter of Henri II
  • 1593Thomas Wentworth: London, England -- Earl of Strafford / Viceroy of Ireland
  • 1626Aert Jansz van Nes: Lieutenant Admiral
  • 1713Pierre de Jelyotte: Composer
  • 1721John Hanson: Maryland, United States -- 1st US President under Articles of Confederation
  • 1729Thomas Percy: English literary / Bishop of Dromore
  • 1732Frederick North: (C) British Prime Minister (1770-82)
  • 1733Johann Heinrich Zang: Composer
  • 1749Frederik Sigismund van Bylandt: Dutch count / Vice-Admiral
  • 1762Johanna C Wattier-Ziesenis: Dutch actress (Phaedra, Lady Macbeth)
  • 1762Karl Friedrich Horn: Composer
  • 1771Adam FJA van der Duyn: Dutch Governor (South Holland)
  • 1771Richard Trevithick: Cornwall -- Inventor (steam locomotive)
  • 1784Cornelis Smit: Dutch ship builder
  • 1799Heinrich F L Rellstab: German music theorist
  • 1799Joseph Rastrelli: Composer
  • 1816William Sterndale Bennett: Composer
  • 1817Alphonse Wauters: Belgian historian / archivist (Brussels)
  • 1822Leroy Augustus Stafford: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1864
  • 1822William Stephen Walker: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1899
  • 1828Joseph B Lightfoot: English theologist / Bishop of Durham
  • 1830Eduard Lassen: Composer
  • 1832James Wimshurst: British designer / inventor (electricstatic generator)
  • 1847Cornelis Pijnacker Hordijk: Governor-General (Netherlands East Indies)
  • 1849Enrique Jose Varona: Cuban sociologist / psychologist
  • 1854Richard T Ely: US economist (Hard Times)
  • 1860James Ensor: Flemish painter / etcher (De lampenjongen)
  • 1865Heinrich Reinhardt: Composer
  • 1868John Blackwood McEwen: Composer

Died on Apr 13

  • 0799Paulus Diaconus Warnafridi: Longobardisch writer
  • 1517Tuman Bey: Last Mamelukken Sultan of Egypt, hanged
  • 1722Charles Leslie: Irish controversialist
  • 1728Johann Christoph Schmidt: Composer, dies at 63
  • 1742Giovanni Veneziano: Composer, dies at 59
  • 1756Johann T Gottlieb Goldberg: German klavecinist / composer, dies at 29
  • 1806Jean-Jacques Bachelier: French painter, dies at about 82
  • 1822Gaetano Valeri: Composer, dies at 61
  • 1825Josef Gelinek: Composer, dies at 66
  • 1826Franz Danzi: Composer, dies at 62
  • 1831Ferdinand Kauer: Composer, dies at 80
  • 1868Theodorus [Kasa]: Emperor of Abyssinia, commits suicide
  • 1873Carlo Coccia: Composer, dies at 90
  • 1886Karoly Thern: Composer, dies at 68
  • 1903Derk J A Haspels: Dutch actor, dies at 65
  • 1904Vasili Vereshtshagin: Russian Painter (War & Peace)
  • 1910William Orchardson: British painter
  • 1928Luis Iruarrizaga Aguirre: Composer, dies at 36
  • 1936Demertzis: Greek Premier
  • 1941Annie Jump Cannon: US astronomer (Henry Draper catalogues), dies at 77
  • 1942Henk Sneevliet: Leader of Dutch RSAP / Spartacus, executed at 58
  • 1944Paul Hazard: French literature historian, dies at 65
  • 1946William Henry Bell: Composer, dies at 72
  • 1949C V France: Dies at 80
  • 1952[Rosalie] Julia Cuypers: Flemish actress (Adelaarsjong), dies at 79
  • 1959Eduard A van Beinum: Dutch musician / conductor, dies at 57
  • 1959Rigardus "Rijn" Rijnhout: Giant of Rotterdam (2.375m), dies at 38
  • 1967Luis Somoza Debayle: President of Nicaragua (1956-63), dies at 44
  • 1973Alexandre A M Stols: Publisher / typographer (Schoone Book), dies at 73
  • 1974Stanley Smith: Actor (Honey, King of Jazz, Soup to Nuts), dies at 71

Historical events on April 14

  • 0193Lucius Septimius Severus crowned Emperor of Rome
  • 0754Pact of Quierzy: between Pope Stephen II, [III] and Pippin the Korte
  • 0972Notger becomes Bishop of Liege
  • 0979Challenge to throne of King Aethelred II of England
  • 1028German Emperor Conrad II the Sailor crowns his son Henry III, King
  • 119185-year old Giacinto Bobo becomes Pope Coelestinus III
  • 1471Battle of Barnet-King Edward IV vs. Earl of Warwick
  • 1536English King Henry VIII expropriate minor monasteries
  • 1570Polish Calvinists / Lutherians / Hernhutters unify against Jesuits
  • 1611Word "telescope" is 1st used (Prince Federico Cesi)
  • 1614Pocahontas, Daughter of chief Powhatan, marries planter John Rolfe
  • 1629England and France sign Peace of Susa
  • 1671Cosaks capture Russian boer leader Stenka Razin
  • 1756Gov Glen of SC protests against 900 Acadia indians
  • 17751st abolitionist society in US organizes in Philadelphia
  • 1777New York adopts new constitution as an independent state
  • 1792France declares war on Austria, starting French Revolutionary Wars
  • 1799Napoleon called for establishing Jerusalem for Jews
  • 1809Napoleon defeated Austria in the Battle of Abensberg, Bavaria
  • 1814Napoleon abdicated and was banished to Elba
  • 1818US Medical Corp forms
  • 182818-gun sloop "Acorn" sinks off Halifax with 115 men aboard
  • 1836Congress forms Territory of Wisconsin
  • 1847Persia and Osmaanse sign 2nd Treaty of Erzurum
  • 1853Harriet Tubman began her Underground Railroad, helping slaves escape
  • 18601st Pony Express rider arrives in SF from St. Joseph, Missouri
  • 1861Formal Union surrender of Ft Sumter
  • 1862Battle of Ft Pillow, Tennessee
  • 1863William Bullock patents continuous-roll printing press
  • 1865Mobile, Alabama is captured

Born on April 14

  • 1578Philip III: King of Spain and Portugal (1598-1621)
  • 1592Abraham Elsevier: Book publisher / publisher
  • 1676Ernst Chreistian Hesse: Composer
  • 1710Marie A C de Camargo: Spanish / Italian / Belgian dancer
  • 1718Emanuele Barbella: Composer
  • 1721William August Duke of Cumberland: English army leader
  • 1723John Wainwright: Composer
  • 1738Duck of Portland: (C) British Prime Minister (1783, 1807-09)
  • 1762Giuseppe Valadier: Italian architect / archaeologist
  • 1782Carlo Coccia: Composer
  • 1797Adolphe Thiers: 1st President of 3rd French Republic (1871-77)
  • 1803Friedrich von Amerling: Austrian painter
  • 1809George W Vreede: Dutch lawyer / politician
  • 1813Junius S Morgan: United States -- Merchant / philanthropist (Metro Museum of Art)
  • 1819Charles Halle: Pianist / conductor / founder (Halle Orch)
  • 1820Harry Thompson Hays: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1876
  • 1831Gerhard Rohlfs: German explorer / ambassador in Abyssinia
  • 1832James Hewett Ledlie: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1882
  • 1842Sven August Korling: Composer
  • 1843Gustave Leon Huberti: Composer
  • 1852Henrique Oswald: Composer
  • 1857Edgar Stillman Kelley: Sparta, Wisconsin -- Composer (Gulliver)
  • 1862Pyotr A Stolypin: Premier Russia (1906-11)
  • 1866Anne Mansfield Sullivan: United States -- Educated Helen Keller
  • 1873Viktor Joseph Keldorfer: Composer
  • 1874Count Alexander [of Athlone]: Governor-General (South-Africa / Canada)
  • 1879James Branch Cabell: American Novelist / essayist (Restless Heads)
  • 1886Edward C Tolman: US psychologist (behaviorism)
  • 1886Ernst R Curtius: German literature historian
  • 1889Arnold Toynbee: England, United Kingdom -- Historian (Study of History)

Died on April 14

  • 0711Childebert III: King of French, dies at about 27
  • 0911Sergius III: Italian Pope (904-11)
  • 1099Conrad: Bishop of Utrecht, stabbed to death
  • 1240Llywelyn ap Iorwerth: Prince of Wales
  • 1427John IV: Duke of Brabant
  • 1471Richard Neville Warwick: 2nd Earl of Salisbury, dies at 42
  • 1552Laurentius Andreae [Lars Andersson]: Swedish church reformer
  • 1574Christoffel Palts: German General strategist, dies in battle
  • 1574Hendrik: Count of Nassau-Dillenburg, dies in battle
  • 1574Louis: Earl of Nassau-Dillenburg, dies in battle at 35
  • 1655Johann Erasmus Kindermann: Composer, dies at 39
  • 1692Carlos de Gurrea: Spanish Viceroy (Spanish Netherlands)
  • 1764Peder [Nielsen] Horrebow: Danish astronomer, dies at 84
  • 1813Joachim Nicolas Eggert: Composer, dies at 34
  • 1843Joseph Franz Karl Lanner: Austria -- Composer / violist, dies at 42
  • 1874Hermanus J Abbring: Dutch Author / engineer on Curacao, dies at 86
  • 1888William Fisk Sherwin: Composer, dies at 62
  • 1913Karl Hagenbeck: German animal trainer (Von Tieren), dies at 68
  • 1914Paul Ehrenreich: German etnologist / mythologist, dies at 58
  • 1915James Hutton Brew: Pioneer of West African Journalism
  • 1917Lew [Lejzer L] Zamenhof: Polish doc / linguist (Esperanto), dies at 57
  • 1924Louis H Sullivan: Architect (Wainwright building St. Louis), dies at 67
  • 1924Roland Napoleon Bonaparte: Fr officer / explorer (Surinam), dies at 65
  • 1925Pieter D van Essen: Dutch artillery officer, dies at 54
  • 1930W Majakowski: Writer, dies at 36
  • 1934Gerald du Maurier: British actor-manager (Unmarried, Escape)
  • 1934Karl Dane: Dies at 57
  • 1941Jack Edmonson: Australian corporal in Tobruk (Victoria Cross)
  • 1943Asser B Kleerekoper: SDAP-Second-Member of parliament, dies at 62
  • 1943Geoffrey Turton Shaw: Composer, dies at 63