Events on Apr 14

  • 0193Lucius Septimius Severus crowned Emperor of Rome
  • 0754Pact of Quierzy: between Pope Stephen II, [III] and Pippin the Korte
  • 0972Notger becomes Bishop of Liege
  • 0979Challenge to throne of King Aethelred II of England
  • 1028German Emperor Conrad II the Sailor crowns his son Henry III, King
  • 119185-year old Giacinto Bobo becomes Pope Coelestinus III
  • 1471Battle of Barnet-King Edward IV vs. Earl of Warwick
  • 1536English King Henry VIII expropriate minor monasteries
  • 1570Polish Calvinists / Lutherians / Hernhutters unify against Jesuits
  • 1611Word "telescope" is 1st used (Prince Federico Cesi)
  • 1614Pocahontas, Daughter of chief Powhatan, marries planter John Rolfe
  • 1629England and France sign Peace of Susa
  • 1671Cosaks capture Russian boer leader Stenka Razin
  • 1756Gov Glen of SC protests against 900 Acadia indians
  • 17751st abolitionist society in US organizes in Philadelphia
  • 1777New York adopts new constitution as an independent state
  • 1792France declares war on Austria, starting French Revolutionary Wars
  • 1799Napoleon called for establishing Jerusalem for Jews
  • 1809Napoleon defeated Austria in the Battle of Abensberg, Bavaria
  • 1814Napoleon abdicated and was banished to Elba
  • 1818US Medical Corp forms
  • 182818-gun sloop "Acorn" sinks off Halifax with 115 men aboard
  • 1836Congress forms Territory of Wisconsin
  • 1847Persia and Osmaanse sign 2nd Treaty of Erzurum
  • 1853Harriet Tubman began her Underground Railroad, helping slaves escape
  • 18601st Pony Express rider arrives in SF from St. Joseph, Missouri
  • 1861Formal Union surrender of Ft Sumter
  • 1862Battle of Ft Pillow, Tennessee
  • 1863William Bullock patents continuous-roll printing press
  • 1865Mobile, Alabama is captured

Born on Apr 14

  • 1578Philip III: King of Spain and Portugal (1598-1621)
  • 1592Abraham Elsevier: Book publisher / publisher
  • 1676Ernst Chreistian Hesse: Composer
  • 1710Marie A C de Camargo: Spanish / Italian / Belgian dancer
  • 1718Emanuele Barbella: Composer
  • 1721William August Duke of Cumberland: English army leader
  • 1723John Wainwright: Composer
  • 1738Duck of Portland: (C) British Prime Minister (1783, 1807-09)
  • 1762Giuseppe Valadier: Italian architect / archaeologist
  • 1782Carlo Coccia: Composer
  • 1797Adolphe Thiers: 1st President of 3rd French Republic (1871-77)
  • 1803Friedrich von Amerling: Austrian painter
  • 1809George W Vreede: Dutch lawyer / politician
  • 1813Junius S Morgan: United States -- Merchant / philanthropist (Metro Museum of Art)
  • 1819Charles Halle: Pianist / conductor / founder (Halle Orch)
  • 1820Harry Thompson Hays: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1876
  • 1831Gerhard Rohlfs: German explorer / ambassador in Abyssinia
  • 1832James Hewett Ledlie: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1882
  • 1842Sven August Korling: Composer
  • 1843Gustave Leon Huberti: Composer
  • 1852Henrique Oswald: Composer
  • 1857Edgar Stillman Kelley: Sparta, Wisconsin -- Composer (Gulliver)
  • 1862Pyotr A Stolypin: Premier Russia (1906-11)
  • 1866Anne Mansfield Sullivan: United States -- Educated Helen Keller
  • 1873Viktor Joseph Keldorfer: Composer
  • 1874Count Alexander [of Athlone]: Governor-General (South-Africa / Canada)
  • 1879James Branch Cabell: American Novelist / essayist (Restless Heads)
  • 1886Edward C Tolman: US psychologist (behaviorism)
  • 1886Ernst R Curtius: German literature historian
  • 1889Arnold Toynbee: England, United Kingdom -- Historian (Study of History)

Died on Apr 14

  • 0711Childebert III: King of French, dies at about 27
  • 0911Sergius III: Italian Pope (904-11)
  • 1099Conrad: Bishop of Utrecht, stabbed to death
  • 1240Llywelyn ap Iorwerth: Prince of Wales
  • 1427John IV: Duke of Brabant
  • 1471Richard Neville Warwick: 2nd Earl of Salisbury, dies at 42
  • 1552Laurentius Andreae [Lars Andersson]: Swedish church reformer
  • 1574Christoffel Palts: German General strategist, dies in battle
  • 1574Hendrik: Count of Nassau-Dillenburg, dies in battle
  • 1574Louis: Earl of Nassau-Dillenburg, dies in battle at 35
  • 1655Johann Erasmus Kindermann: Composer, dies at 39
  • 1692Carlos de Gurrea: Spanish Viceroy (Spanish Netherlands)
  • 1764Peder [Nielsen] Horrebow: Danish astronomer, dies at 84
  • 1813Joachim Nicolas Eggert: Composer, dies at 34
  • 1843Joseph Franz Karl Lanner: Austria -- Composer / violist, dies at 42
  • 1874Hermanus J Abbring: Dutch Author / engineer on Curacao, dies at 86
  • 1888William Fisk Sherwin: Composer, dies at 62
  • 1913Karl Hagenbeck: German animal trainer (Von Tieren), dies at 68
  • 1914Paul Ehrenreich: German etnologist / mythologist, dies at 58
  • 1915James Hutton Brew: Pioneer of West African Journalism
  • 1917Lew [Lejzer L] Zamenhof: Polish doc / linguist (Esperanto), dies at 57
  • 1924Louis H Sullivan: Architect (Wainwright building St. Louis), dies at 67
  • 1924Roland Napoleon Bonaparte: Fr officer / explorer (Surinam), dies at 65
  • 1925Pieter D van Essen: Dutch artillery officer, dies at 54
  • 1930W Majakowski: Writer, dies at 36
  • 1934Gerald du Maurier: British actor-manager (Unmarried, Escape)
  • 1934Karl Dane: Dies at 57
  • 1941Jack Edmonson: Australian corporal in Tobruk (Victoria Cross)
  • 1943Asser B Kleerekoper: SDAP-Second-Member of parliament, dies at 62
  • 1943Geoffrey Turton Shaw: Composer, dies at 63

Historical events on April 15

  • 0069Battle at Bedriacum, North-Italy
  • 1205Battle at Adrianople: Bulgaria beats Emp Boudouin of Constantinople
  • 1250Pope Innoncent III refuses Jews of Cordova Spain to build a synagogue
  • 1581Cortes van Thomar accepts Philip II as King of Portugal
  • 1594Fleming Pieter Stevens appointed royal Painter of Rudolf II (Prague)
  • 1621Hugo the Great arrives in France
  • 1632Swedish and Saxon army beat Earl Tilly
  • 1654England and Netherlands signs peace treaty
  • 1689French King Louis XIV declares war on Spain
  • 1697Charles XII succeeds Charles XI as King of Sweden
  • 1715Uprising of Yamasse-indians in South Carolina
  • 1738Bottle opener invented
  • 1776Duchess of Kingston found guilty of bigamy
  • 17841st balloon flight in Ireland
  • 1788England, Netherlands and Prussia sign peace treaty
  • 1800James Ross discovers North Magnetic pole
  • 18171st American school for the deaf opens (Hartford Conn)
  • 1850City of San Francisco incorporated
  • 1853Protestant church questions King Willem III RC bishops
  • 1858Battle of Azimghur, Mexicans defeat Spanish loyalists
  • 1861Federal army (75,000 volunteers) mobilized by President Lincoln
  • 1865Otto von Bismarck elevated to Earl
  • 1870Last day US silver coins allow to circulate in Canada
  • 1874New York legislature passes compulsory education law
  • 18771st telephone installed: Boston-Somerville, Massachusetts
  • 1878Harley Procter introduces Ivory Soap
  • 1892General Electric Company, forms and is incorporated in New York
  • 1895Josephine Blatt (US) makes hip-and-harness lift of 3564 lb (record)
  • 18961st Olympic games close at Athens, Greece
  • 1900An early 50 mile race is won by an electric car in over 2 hours

Born on April 15

  • 1469Nanak: 1st Guru of Sikhs
  • 1588Claudius Salmasius [Claude Saumaise]: French linguist
  • 1637Valentin Molitor: Composer
  • 1651Domenico Gabrielli: Composer
  • 1682John van Huysum: Dutch painter (flowers / fruit)
  • 1688Johann Friedrich Fasch: Composer
  • 1741Charles Willson Peale: United States -- Port painter / inventor (George Washington)
  • 1757George Knowil Jackson: Composer
  • 1766Friedrich Bouterwek: German philosopher / critic
  • 1793Friedrich Struve: Germany -- Founded dynasty of astronomers
  • 1800James Clark Ross: Explorer (British Antarctic)
  • 1812Pierre-Etienne-Theodore Rousseau: Painter
  • 1814John Lothrop Motley: United States -- Historian / author (Rise of Dutch Rep)
  • 1820Evander McNair: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1902
  • 1821Emerson Brown Joseph: (Confederacy), died in 1894
  • 1822Napolean Jackson Tecumseh Dana: Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1827Julius Tausch: Composer
  • 1829Mary Harris Thompson: 1st American woman surgeon
  • 1837Horace Porter: Bvt Brigadier General (Union Army), died in 1921
  • 1843Carl Eilhardt: Composer
  • 1843Henry James: US / British writer / critic (Turn of the Screw, Bostonians)
  • 1850John Munroe Longyear: United States -- Capitalist / bank president
  • 1858Anton G O Ridder Van Rappard: Dutch painter / lithographer / etcher
  • 1858Emile Durkheim: French sociologist (Division du travail social)
  • 1874Johannes Stark: Germany -- Physicist (Stark effect) (Nobel 1919)
  • 1875Klaziena "Ina" Boudier-Bakker: Dutch playwright / Novelist (Poverty)
  • 1878Robert Walser: Writer
  • 1882Giovanni Amendola: Italian antifascist / editor-in-chief (Il Mondo)
  • 1888Florence Bates: San Antonio, Texas -- Actress (Kismet, I Remember Mama)
  • 1889Thomas Hart Benton: Missouri, United States -- Painter / muralist (Lonesome Road)

Died on April 15

  • 1220Adolf I: Archbishop of Cologne
  • 1472Leon B Alberti: Italian humanist / Architect (Philodoxis), dies at 68
  • 1502Jan IV Chalon: Prince of Orange
  • 1607Cornelius Kilianus: Flemish translator / poet, dies at about 78
  • 1610Johan van Duivenoorde: Mister of Warmond, dies at about 62
  • 1659Simon Dach: German poet
  • 1719Johann Friedrich Treiber: Composer, dies at 76
  • 1756Johann Gottlieb Goldberg: Composer, dies at 29
  • 1765Michail v Lomonosov: Russian Scholar / poet, dies at 53
  • 1788Giuseppi Bonno: Composer, dies at 77
  • 1811Ernest Louis Muller: Composer, dies at 70
  • 1824Theodorus F van Capellen: Vice-admiral (Algiers), dies at 61
  • 1853Johann Leopold Fuchs: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1863Jan Nepomuk Kanka: Composer, dies at 90
  • 1865Abraham Lincoln: At 7:22 am, assassinated by John Wilkes Booth
  • 1888Matthew Arnold: English poet, dies at 65
  • 1891Stephen Albert Emery: Composer, dies at 49
  • 1911Georg Knorr: German engineer
  • 1916Alfred Cogniaux: Belgian botanist, dies at 75
  • 1920Jacob van Stolk Azn: Art collector, dies at 74
  • 1924Eduardo Caudella: Composer, dies at 82
  • 1925John Singer Sargent: US portrait painter, dies at 69
  • 1927Francesco Gaeta: Italian Poet (Di Giacomo), dies at 47
  • 1929Antonio Smareglia: Composer, dies at 74
  • 1937Nikolai Artzibushev: Composer, dies at 79
  • 1942Robert Musil: Austrian writer (Mann ohne Eigenschaften), dies at 61
  • 1943Raffaele Casimiro Casimiri: Composer, dies at 62
  • 1947Wolstenholme: Rocker
  • 1949Wallace Beery: US actor (The Champ), dies at 64
  • 1954Juan Vicente Lecuna: Composer, dies at 54