Events on Apr 15

  • 0069Battle at Bedriacum, North-Italy
  • 1205Battle at Adrianople: Bulgaria beats Emp Boudouin of Constantinople
  • 1250Pope Innoncent III refuses Jews of Cordova Spain to build a synagogue
  • 1581Cortes van Thomar accepts Philip II as King of Portugal
  • 1594Fleming Pieter Stevens appointed royal Painter of Rudolf II (Prague)
  • 1621Hugo the Great arrives in France
  • 1632Swedish and Saxon army beat Earl Tilly
  • 1654England and Netherlands signs peace treaty
  • 1689French King Louis XIV declares war on Spain
  • 1697Charles XII succeeds Charles XI as King of Sweden
  • 1715Uprising of Yamasse-indians in South Carolina
  • 1738Bottle opener invented
  • 1776Duchess of Kingston found guilty of bigamy
  • 17841st balloon flight in Ireland
  • 1788England, Netherlands and Prussia sign peace treaty
  • 1800James Ross discovers North Magnetic pole
  • 18171st American school for the deaf opens (Hartford Conn)
  • 1850City of San Francisco incorporated
  • 1853Protestant church questions King Willem III RC bishops
  • 1858Battle of Azimghur, Mexicans defeat Spanish loyalists
  • 1861Federal army (75,000 volunteers) mobilized by President Lincoln
  • 1865Otto von Bismarck elevated to Earl
  • 1870Last day US silver coins allow to circulate in Canada
  • 1874New York legislature passes compulsory education law
  • 18771st telephone installed: Boston-Somerville, Massachusetts
  • 1878Harley Procter introduces Ivory Soap
  • 1892General Electric Company, forms and is incorporated in New York
  • 1895Josephine Blatt (US) makes hip-and-harness lift of 3564 lb (record)
  • 18961st Olympic games close at Athens, Greece
  • 1900An early 50 mile race is won by an electric car in over 2 hours

Born on Apr 15

  • 1469Nanak: 1st Guru of Sikhs
  • 1588Claudius Salmasius [Claude Saumaise]: French linguist
  • 1637Valentin Molitor: Composer
  • 1651Domenico Gabrielli: Composer
  • 1682John van Huysum: Dutch painter (flowers / fruit)
  • 1688Johann Friedrich Fasch: Composer
  • 1741Charles Willson Peale: United States -- Port painter / inventor (George Washington)
  • 1757George Knowil Jackson: Composer
  • 1766Friedrich Bouterwek: German philosopher / critic
  • 1793Friedrich Struve: Germany -- Founded dynasty of astronomers
  • 1800James Clark Ross: Explorer (British Antarctic)
  • 1812Pierre-Etienne-Theodore Rousseau: Painter
  • 1814John Lothrop Motley: United States -- Historian / author (Rise of Dutch Rep)
  • 1820Evander McNair: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1902
  • 1821Emerson Brown Joseph: (Confederacy), died in 1894
  • 1822Napolean Jackson Tecumseh Dana: Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1827Julius Tausch: Composer
  • 1829Mary Harris Thompson: 1st American woman surgeon
  • 1837Horace Porter: Bvt Brigadier General (Union Army), died in 1921
  • 1843Carl Eilhardt: Composer
  • 1843Henry James: US / British writer / critic (Turn of the Screw, Bostonians)
  • 1850John Munroe Longyear: United States -- Capitalist / bank president
  • 1858Anton G O Ridder Van Rappard: Dutch painter / lithographer / etcher
  • 1858Emile Durkheim: French sociologist (Division du travail social)
  • 1874Johannes Stark: Germany -- Physicist (Stark effect) (Nobel 1919)
  • 1875Klaziena "Ina" Boudier-Bakker: Dutch playwright / Novelist (Poverty)
  • 1878Robert Walser: Writer
  • 1882Giovanni Amendola: Italian antifascist / editor-in-chief (Il Mondo)
  • 1888Florence Bates: San Antonio, Texas -- Actress (Kismet, I Remember Mama)
  • 1889Thomas Hart Benton: Missouri, United States -- Painter / muralist (Lonesome Road)

Died on Apr 15

  • 1220Adolf I: Archbishop of Cologne
  • 1472Leon B Alberti: Italian humanist / Architect (Philodoxis), dies at 68
  • 1502Jan IV Chalon: Prince of Orange
  • 1607Cornelius Kilianus: Flemish translator / poet, dies at about 78
  • 1610Johan van Duivenoorde: Mister of Warmond, dies at about 62
  • 1659Simon Dach: German poet
  • 1719Johann Friedrich Treiber: Composer, dies at 76
  • 1756Johann Gottlieb Goldberg: Composer, dies at 29
  • 1765Michail v Lomonosov: Russian Scholar / poet, dies at 53
  • 1788Giuseppi Bonno: Composer, dies at 77
  • 1811Ernest Louis Muller: Composer, dies at 70
  • 1824Theodorus F van Capellen: Vice-admiral (Algiers), dies at 61
  • 1853Johann Leopold Fuchs: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1863Jan Nepomuk Kanka: Composer, dies at 90
  • 1865Abraham Lincoln: At 7:22 am, assassinated by John Wilkes Booth
  • 1888Matthew Arnold: English poet, dies at 65
  • 1891Stephen Albert Emery: Composer, dies at 49
  • 1911Georg Knorr: German engineer
  • 1916Alfred Cogniaux: Belgian botanist, dies at 75
  • 1920Jacob van Stolk Azn: Art collector, dies at 74
  • 1924Eduardo Caudella: Composer, dies at 82
  • 1925John Singer Sargent: US portrait painter, dies at 69
  • 1927Francesco Gaeta: Italian Poet (Di Giacomo), dies at 47
  • 1929Antonio Smareglia: Composer, dies at 74
  • 1937Nikolai Artzibushev: Composer, dies at 79
  • 1942Robert Musil: Austrian writer (Mann ohne Eigenschaften), dies at 61
  • 1943Raffaele Casimiro Casimiri: Composer, dies at 62
  • 1947Wolstenholme: Rocker
  • 1949Wallace Beery: US actor (The Champ), dies at 64
  • 1954Juan Vicente Lecuna: Composer, dies at 54

Historical events on April 16

  • 0556Pelagius I begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1346King Stefanus IX of Serbia proclaims himself Czar of Greece
  • 1509French army under Louis XII enters Alps
  • 1521Martin Luther arrives at Diet of Worms
  • 1632Albrecht von Wallenstein appointed Supreme Commander
  • 1705Queen Anne of England knights Isaac Newton at Trinity College
  • 17241st Easter observed (OS=Apr 9)
  • 1746Battle at Culloden: Troops of "James VIII & III" defeat Charles Stuart
  • 17871st American comedy, "The Contrast, " made its debut in New York City
  • 1789George Washington heads for 1st presidential inauguration
  • 1818Senate ratifies Rush-Bagot amendment (unarmed US-Canada border)
  • 1849Opera "Il Profeta, " premieres in Paris
  • 1854San Salvador destroyed by earthquake
  • 1854Steamer "Long Beach" sinks off Long Beach NY, 311 die
  • 1861US President Lincoln outlaws business with confederate states
  • 1862President Davis approves conscription act for white males between 18-35
  • 1862Slavery abolished in District of Columbia
  • 1862US Confederate Congress calls up all white males (18-35 years)
  • 1865Battle of Columbus and West Point, Georgia (Ft Tyler)
  • 1866Karakozov attempts to assassinate Tsar Alexander II of Russia
  • 1866Nitroglycerine at Wells Fargo and Co office explodes
  • 1868Louisiana voters approve new constitution
  • 1869Ebenezer Bassett, 1st US Negro diplomat, begins service in Haiti
  • 1870Vaudeville Theatre Strand opens in London
  • 1871German Empire ends all anti-Jewish civil restrictions
  • 1874Dr David Livingstones corpse arrives in Southampton
  • 1883Paul Kruger chosen President of Transvaal
  • 1888Drentse and Friese peat cutters go on strike
  • 1900US Post Office issues 1st books of postage stamps
  • 1908Natural Bridges National Monument forms (Lake Powell Utah)

Born on April 16

  • 1628Cornelis Evertsen de Young: Vice Admiral of Zealand
  • 1635Frans van Mieris [the Elder]: Dutch painter
  • 1648John Luyken: Poet / etcher (Duytse Lyre)
  • 1652Clement XII [Lorenzo Corsini]: Italy -- Pope (1730-40)
  • 1660Hans Sloane: England, United Kingdom -- Physician / naturalist / founder (British Museum)
  • 1673Francesco Feroci: Composer
  • 1682John Hadley: Mathematician / inventor (1st reflecting telescope)
  • 1696Giovanni Battista Tupolo: Italian painter
  • 1697Johann Gottlieb Gorner: Composer
  • 1703Caffarelli [Gaetano Majorano]: Italian castra singer / Duke
  • 1728Joseph Zwart: Scottish chemist / physicist
  • 1800Jozef Stefani: Composer
  • 1800William Chambers: Author / publisher (Basis of Communication & Coding)
  • 1808Caleb Blood Smith: Secy Int (Union), died in 1864
  • 1816Edward "Old Allegheny" Johnson: Major General (Confederate Army)
  • 1820Georg Curtius: German classical linguist
  • 1821Ford Maddox Brown: Painter
  • 1823Mother Joseph [Esther Pariseau]: Religious leader (US capitol)
  • 1823Orlando Bolivar Wilcox: Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1907
  • 1832John A Neuhuys: Painter
  • 1838Karel Bendl: Composer
  • 1850Herbert Baxter Adams: United States -- Historian (American Historical Association)
  • 1851Ernst Josephson: Sweden -- Artist
  • 1861Isaac Murphy: US jockey (won 628 races)
  • 1867Jose de Diego: Puerto Rico -- Patriot / PR Secretary of Justice
  • 1868Joel Angel: Russian musicologist / composer
  • 1868Spottiswoode Aitken: Edinburgh, Scotland -- Actor (Eagle, Home Sweet Home)
  • 1871John Millington Synge: Ireland -- Dramatist / poet (Riders to the Sea)
  • 1871Martin Lunssens: Composer
  • 1881Edward Frederick Wood: 1st Earl of Halifax / ambassador to US (1940-46)

Died on April 16

  • 1446Filippo Brunelleschi: Architect
  • 1496David van Bourgondie: Bishop of Utrecht (1456-96), dies at about 69
  • 1529Louis de Berquin: French humanist / Reformer / heretic, burned at stake
  • 1619Denijs Calvaert / Caluwaert [Dionisio Fiamingo]: Flemish painter
  • 1687George Villiers 2nd Duke of Buckingham: Dies at 59
  • 1743Cornelis van Bijnkershoek: Dutch lawyer (Roman law), dies at 69
  • 1756Jacques Cassini: Fr astronomer (Discover rings of Saturn), dies at 79
  • 1760Laurence: 4th Earl Ferrers, executed for murder of his steward
  • 1825John Henry Fuseli: Painter / art writer (Tracks in the Snow), dies at 84
  • 1828Francisco Goya y Lucientes: Spanish Painter / cartoonist, dies at 82
  • 1846Domenico Dragonetti: Composer, dies at 83
  • 1850Marie [Gresholtz] Tussaud: Maker of wax figures
  • 1858Johann Baptist Cramer: German / British pianist / Composer / publisher, dies at 87
  • 1860Carolina: Duchess of Berry / Daughter of crown Prince of Naples
  • 1865Robert C Tyler: US Confederate Brigadier General, dies in battle
  • 1870Anatoli O Demidov: Russian ruler of Donato / traveller
  • 1876Augustin-Philippe Peellaert: Composer, dies at 83
  • 1879Bernadette: St / (saw Virgin Mary at Lourdes), dies in Nevers France
  • 1881George William Martin: Composer, dies at 56
  • 1914George W Hill: US astronomer (moon orbit), dies at 76
  • 1920John Conrad Nordqvist: Composer, dies at 80
  • 1929Abraham van Stolk Jzn: Art collector, dies at 57
  • 1938Bertram Wagstaff Mills: Circus proprietor
  • 1941Josiah Charles Stamp: 1st Baron / statisician
  • 1949Sutan Ibrahim gelor Datuk Tan Malaka: Indon communist, executed at 54
  • 1951Emile Erens: Dutch hagiographer (Pastor of Ars), dies at 85
  • 1955Abdullah Seif el-Islam: Brother of Yemenite King Ahmed, beheaded
  • 1959Charles Halton: Dies at 83
  • 1968Edna Ferber: Author (American Beauty), dies at 78
  • 1968Fay Bainter: Actress (Jezebel, Our Town, State Fair), dies at 76