Events on Apr 16

  • 0556Pelagius I begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1346King Stefanus IX of Serbia proclaims himself Czar of Greece
  • 1509French army under Louis XII enters Alps
  • 1521Martin Luther arrives at Diet of Worms
  • 1632Albrecht von Wallenstein appointed Supreme Commander
  • 1705Queen Anne of England knights Isaac Newton at Trinity College
  • 17241st Easter observed (OS=Apr 9)
  • 1746Battle at Culloden: Troops of "James VIII & III" defeat Charles Stuart
  • 17871st American comedy, "The Contrast, " made its debut in New York City
  • 1789George Washington heads for 1st presidential inauguration
  • 1818Senate ratifies Rush-Bagot amendment (unarmed US-Canada border)
  • 1849Opera "Il Profeta, " premieres in Paris
  • 1854San Salvador destroyed by earthquake
  • 1854Steamer "Long Beach" sinks off Long Beach NY, 311 die
  • 1861US President Lincoln outlaws business with confederate states
  • 1862President Davis approves conscription act for white males between 18-35
  • 1862Slavery abolished in District of Columbia
  • 1862US Confederate Congress calls up all white males (18-35 years)
  • 1865Battle of Columbus and West Point, Georgia (Ft Tyler)
  • 1866Karakozov attempts to assassinate Tsar Alexander II of Russia
  • 1866Nitroglycerine at Wells Fargo and Co office explodes
  • 1868Louisiana voters approve new constitution
  • 1869Ebenezer Bassett, 1st US Negro diplomat, begins service in Haiti
  • 1870Vaudeville Theatre Strand opens in London
  • 1871German Empire ends all anti-Jewish civil restrictions
  • 1874Dr David Livingstones corpse arrives in Southampton
  • 1883Paul Kruger chosen President of Transvaal
  • 1888Drentse and Friese peat cutters go on strike
  • 1900US Post Office issues 1st books of postage stamps
  • 1908Natural Bridges National Monument forms (Lake Powell Utah)

Born on Apr 16

  • 1628Cornelis Evertsen de Young: Vice Admiral of Zealand
  • 1635Frans van Mieris [the Elder]: Dutch painter
  • 1648John Luyken: Poet / etcher (Duytse Lyre)
  • 1652Clement XII [Lorenzo Corsini]: Italy -- Pope (1730-40)
  • 1660Hans Sloane: England, United Kingdom -- Physician / naturalist / founder (British Museum)
  • 1673Francesco Feroci: Composer
  • 1682John Hadley: Mathematician / inventor (1st reflecting telescope)
  • 1696Giovanni Battista Tupolo: Italian painter
  • 1697Johann Gottlieb Gorner: Composer
  • 1703Caffarelli [Gaetano Majorano]: Italian castra singer / Duke
  • 1728Joseph Zwart: Scottish chemist / physicist
  • 1800Jozef Stefani: Composer
  • 1800William Chambers: Author / publisher (Basis of Communication & Coding)
  • 1808Caleb Blood Smith: Secy Int (Union), died in 1864
  • 1816Edward "Old Allegheny" Johnson: Major General (Confederate Army)
  • 1820Georg Curtius: German classical linguist
  • 1821Ford Maddox Brown: Painter
  • 1823Mother Joseph [Esther Pariseau]: Religious leader (US capitol)
  • 1823Orlando Bolivar Wilcox: Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1907
  • 1832John A Neuhuys: Painter
  • 1838Karel Bendl: Composer
  • 1850Herbert Baxter Adams: United States -- Historian (American Historical Association)
  • 1851Ernst Josephson: Sweden -- Artist
  • 1861Isaac Murphy: US jockey (won 628 races)
  • 1867Jose de Diego: Puerto Rico -- Patriot / PR Secretary of Justice
  • 1868Joel Angel: Russian musicologist / composer
  • 1868Spottiswoode Aitken: Edinburgh, Scotland -- Actor (Eagle, Home Sweet Home)
  • 1871John Millington Synge: Ireland -- Dramatist / poet (Riders to the Sea)
  • 1871Martin Lunssens: Composer
  • 1881Edward Frederick Wood: 1st Earl of Halifax / ambassador to US (1940-46)

Died on Apr 16

  • 1446Filippo Brunelleschi: Architect
  • 1496David van Bourgondie: Bishop of Utrecht (1456-96), dies at about 69
  • 1529Louis de Berquin: French humanist / Reformer / heretic, burned at stake
  • 1619Denijs Calvaert / Caluwaert [Dionisio Fiamingo]: Flemish painter
  • 1687George Villiers 2nd Duke of Buckingham: Dies at 59
  • 1743Cornelis van Bijnkershoek: Dutch lawyer (Roman law), dies at 69
  • 1756Jacques Cassini: Fr astronomer (Discover rings of Saturn), dies at 79
  • 1760Laurence: 4th Earl Ferrers, executed for murder of his steward
  • 1825John Henry Fuseli: Painter / art writer (Tracks in the Snow), dies at 84
  • 1828Francisco Goya y Lucientes: Spanish Painter / cartoonist, dies at 82
  • 1846Domenico Dragonetti: Composer, dies at 83
  • 1850Marie [Gresholtz] Tussaud: Maker of wax figures
  • 1858Johann Baptist Cramer: German / British pianist / Composer / publisher, dies at 87
  • 1860Carolina: Duchess of Berry / Daughter of crown Prince of Naples
  • 1865Robert C Tyler: US Confederate Brigadier General, dies in battle
  • 1870Anatoli O Demidov: Russian ruler of Donato / traveller
  • 1876Augustin-Philippe Peellaert: Composer, dies at 83
  • 1879Bernadette: St / (saw Virgin Mary at Lourdes), dies in Nevers France
  • 1881George William Martin: Composer, dies at 56
  • 1914George W Hill: US astronomer (moon orbit), dies at 76
  • 1920John Conrad Nordqvist: Composer, dies at 80
  • 1929Abraham van Stolk Jzn: Art collector, dies at 57
  • 1938Bertram Wagstaff Mills: Circus proprietor
  • 1941Josiah Charles Stamp: 1st Baron / statisician
  • 1949Sutan Ibrahim gelor Datuk Tan Malaka: Indon communist, executed at 54
  • 1951Emile Erens: Dutch hagiographer (Pastor of Ars), dies at 85
  • 1955Abdullah Seif el-Islam: Brother of Yemenite King Ahmed, beheaded
  • 1959Charles Halton: Dies at 83
  • 1968Edna Ferber: Author (American Beauty), dies at 78
  • 1968Fay Bainter: Actress (Jezebel, Our Town, State Fair), dies at 76

Historical events on April 17

  • 0858Benedict III ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1421Dikes at Dort Holland breaks, 100,000 drown
  • 1492Christopher Columbus signs contract with Spain to find Indies
  • 1521Martin Luther is excommunicated from Roman Catholic Church
  • 1524Giovanni Verrazano, a florentine navigator, discovers New York Bay
  • 1534Sir Thomas More confined in London Tower
  • 1555Siena surrenders for Spanish troops
  • 1596Archduke Albrecht of Austria occupies Calais
  • 16291st commercial fishery established
  • 17041st successful US newspaper; published in Boston by John Campbell
  • 1711Charles VI Habsburg becomes King of Austria
  • 1747French troops occupy Zeeuws-Flanders, Netherlands
  • 1758Francis Williams, 1st US black college graduate, publishes poems
  • 1793Battle of Warsaw
  • 1808Bayonne Decree by Napoleon I of France orders seizure of US ships
  • 18171st US school for deaf (Hartford, Conn)
  • 1839Guatemala forms Republic
  • 1853Thorbecke government resigns
  • 1853US Marine Hospital at Presidio (San Francisco) forms
  • 1861Indianola TX-"Star of West" taken by Confederacy
  • 1861Virginia is 8th state to secede
  • 1864Battle of Plymouth, North Carolina
  • 1864Bread revolt in Savannah, Georgia
  • 1864Grant suspends prisoner-of-war exchanges
  • 18691st pro baseball games-Cin Reds 24, Cin amateurs 15
  • 1875"Snooker" (variation of pool) invented by Sir Neville Chamberlain
  • 18921st Sunday NL baseball game, Reds beat Cards 5-1
  • 1895Treaty of Shimonoseki signed, ends 1st Sino-Japanese War (1894-95)
  • 19007 high chiefs of American Samoa sign Instrument of Cession
  • 1905US Supreme court judges maximum work day unconstitutional

Born on April 17

  • 1539Tobias Stimmer: Switzerland -- Painter / cartoonist (Comedia)
  • 1573Maximilian I: Duke / ruler of Bayern (Catholic League)
  • 1587Marco Ivan Lukacic: Composer
  • 1622Henry Vaughan: English poet (Silex Scintillans)
  • 1644Abraham Jansz Storck: Painter, baptized
  • 1666Francois Valentijn: Dutch vicar / writer
  • 1676Frederik I van Hessen Kassel: King of Sweden (1720-51)
  • 1683Johann David Heinichen: Composer
  • 1699Robert Blair: Scottish poet (Grave)
  • 1715Johann Wolfgang Kleinknecht: Composer
  • 1719Christian Gottfried Krause: Composer
  • 1738Philip Hayes: Composer
  • 1741Johann Gottlieb Naumann: Composer
  • 1741Samuel Chase: Judge (signed Declaration of Independence)
  • 1774Vaclav Jan Krtitel Tomasek: Organist / pianist / composer
  • 1788Joseph Gilbert Totten: Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1864
  • 1797Jean-Baptiste-Joseph Tolbecque: Belgian composer / conductor
  • 1809Philip St George Cocke: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1861
  • 1811Ann Sheppard Mounsey: Composer
  • 1813Henry Washington Benham: Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1884
  • 1820Gottfried Conradi: Composer
  • 1827French C Baeckelmans: Flemish architect (St Amanduskerk, Antwerp)
  • 1837John Pierpont Morgan: US banker / CEO (US Steel)
  • 1845Isabel Barrows: United States -- Editor / penologist (Conference on Negro Question)
  • 1863Johannes P Boskaljon: Curacao composer / conductor
  • 1868Charles R Gallas: Dutch lexicographer (French dictionary)
  • 1869Johannes M Meulenhoff: Dutch publisher
  • 1870Ray Stannard Baker: United States -- Journalist (Puliter Prize 1940)
  • 1876Ian Hay: Scotland, United Kingdom -- Novelist / playwright (PIp, Carrying On)
  • 1882Artur Schnabel: Lipnik, Austria -- Pianist (Beethoven Piano Sonatas)

Died on April 17

  • 0818Bernhard I: King of Italy
  • 0858Benedict III: Italian Pope (855-58)
  • 1272Zita / Cita: Italian maid / saint, dies at about 59
  • 1297Willem van Afflighem: Flemish Poet / abbot St Truiden, dies at about 86
  • 1427Jan IV: Duke of Brabant / Limburg / Wife of Jacoba van Bayern
  • 1630Christian I: Ruler of Anhalt-Bernburg (battle of White Mt)
  • 1679John van Kessel: Flemish painter, dies at 53
  • 1711Jozef I [Habsburg]: Emperor of Germany (1705-11), dies at about 32
  • 1714Philipp Heinrich Erlebach: Composer, dies at 56
  • 1790Benjamin Franklin: United States -- (Poor Richards Almanac), dies at 84
  • 1835William Henry Ireland: Forger (Shakespearean manuscripts)
  • 1837Edouard viscount de Walckiers: Very wealthy slave trader
  • 1838J Schopenhauer: Writer, dies at 71
  • 1854Gottlob Wiedebein: Composer, dies at 74
  • 1863Daniel Smith Donelson: Confederate General / Cousin of Andrew Jackson, dies at 61
  • 1873Semyon Stepanovich Gulak-Artemovsky: Composer, dies at 60
  • 1890John Barnett: Composer, dies at 87
  • 1891Jules Eugene Abraham Alary: Composer, dies at 77
  • 1899Hans Balatka: Composer, dies at 74
  • 1915Johannes P Kelly [Kellij]: Dutch actor / operetta writer, dies at 60
  • 1936Charles J M Ruys de Beerenbrouck: Dutch Prime Minister (1918-23, 29-33)
  • 1945Hannie Schaft: "Girl with red hair, " executed
  • 1945Ion Pillat: Romaniams Poet / senator (Umbra timpului)
  • 1945Walter Model: German Field Marshal, commits suicide at 54
  • 1948Johan P Earl of Limburg Stirum: Diplomat, dies at 75
  • 1960Eddie Cochran: Rocker, dies at 21 in a car crash
  • 1962Louise Fazenda: Dies of cerebral hemorrhage at 66
  • 1968Margaret Seddon: Dies at 95
  • 1970Sergei U S Aleksi: Patriarch of Russian-Orthodox church, dies at 92
  • 1971Roberto Lupi: Composer, dies at 62