Events on Apr 17

  • 0858Benedict III ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1421Dikes at Dort Holland breaks, 100,000 drown
  • 1492Christopher Columbus signs contract with Spain to find Indies
  • 1521Martin Luther is excommunicated from Roman Catholic Church
  • 1524Giovanni Verrazano, a florentine navigator, discovers New York Bay
  • 1534Sir Thomas More confined in London Tower
  • 1555Siena surrenders for Spanish troops
  • 1596Archduke Albrecht of Austria occupies Calais
  • 16291st commercial fishery established
  • 17041st successful US newspaper; published in Boston by John Campbell
  • 1711Charles VI Habsburg becomes King of Austria
  • 1747French troops occupy Zeeuws-Flanders, Netherlands
  • 1758Francis Williams, 1st US black college graduate, publishes poems
  • 1793Battle of Warsaw
  • 1808Bayonne Decree by Napoleon I of France orders seizure of US ships
  • 18171st US school for deaf (Hartford, Conn)
  • 1839Guatemala forms Republic
  • 1853Thorbecke government resigns
  • 1853US Marine Hospital at Presidio (San Francisco) forms
  • 1861Indianola TX-"Star of West" taken by Confederacy
  • 1861Virginia is 8th state to secede
  • 1864Battle of Plymouth, North Carolina
  • 1864Bread revolt in Savannah, Georgia
  • 1864Grant suspends prisoner-of-war exchanges
  • 18691st pro baseball games-Cin Reds 24, Cin amateurs 15
  • 1875"Snooker" (variation of pool) invented by Sir Neville Chamberlain
  • 18921st Sunday NL baseball game, Reds beat Cards 5-1
  • 1895Treaty of Shimonoseki signed, ends 1st Sino-Japanese War (1894-95)
  • 19007 high chiefs of American Samoa sign Instrument of Cession
  • 1905US Supreme court judges maximum work day unconstitutional

Born on Apr 17

  • 1539Tobias Stimmer: Switzerland -- Painter / cartoonist (Comedia)
  • 1573Maximilian I: Duke / ruler of Bayern (Catholic League)
  • 1587Marco Ivan Lukacic: Composer
  • 1622Henry Vaughan: English poet (Silex Scintillans)
  • 1644Abraham Jansz Storck: Painter, baptized
  • 1666Francois Valentijn: Dutch vicar / writer
  • 1676Frederik I van Hessen Kassel: King of Sweden (1720-51)
  • 1683Johann David Heinichen: Composer
  • 1699Robert Blair: Scottish poet (Grave)
  • 1715Johann Wolfgang Kleinknecht: Composer
  • 1719Christian Gottfried Krause: Composer
  • 1738Philip Hayes: Composer
  • 1741Johann Gottlieb Naumann: Composer
  • 1741Samuel Chase: Judge (signed Declaration of Independence)
  • 1774Vaclav Jan Krtitel Tomasek: Organist / pianist / composer
  • 1788Joseph Gilbert Totten: Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1864
  • 1797Jean-Baptiste-Joseph Tolbecque: Belgian composer / conductor
  • 1809Philip St George Cocke: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1861
  • 1811Ann Sheppard Mounsey: Composer
  • 1813Henry Washington Benham: Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1884
  • 1820Gottfried Conradi: Composer
  • 1827French C Baeckelmans: Flemish architect (St Amanduskerk, Antwerp)
  • 1837John Pierpont Morgan: US banker / CEO (US Steel)
  • 1845Isabel Barrows: United States -- Editor / penologist (Conference on Negro Question)
  • 1863Johannes P Boskaljon: Curacao composer / conductor
  • 1868Charles R Gallas: Dutch lexicographer (French dictionary)
  • 1869Johannes M Meulenhoff: Dutch publisher
  • 1870Ray Stannard Baker: United States -- Journalist (Puliter Prize 1940)
  • 1876Ian Hay: Scotland, United Kingdom -- Novelist / playwright (PIp, Carrying On)
  • 1882Artur Schnabel: Lipnik, Austria -- Pianist (Beethoven Piano Sonatas)

Died on Apr 17

  • 0818Bernhard I: King of Italy
  • 0858Benedict III: Italian Pope (855-58)
  • 1272Zita / Cita: Italian maid / saint, dies at about 59
  • 1297Willem van Afflighem: Flemish Poet / abbot St Truiden, dies at about 86
  • 1427Jan IV: Duke of Brabant / Limburg / Wife of Jacoba van Bayern
  • 1630Christian I: Ruler of Anhalt-Bernburg (battle of White Mt)
  • 1679John van Kessel: Flemish painter, dies at 53
  • 1711Jozef I [Habsburg]: Emperor of Germany (1705-11), dies at about 32
  • 1714Philipp Heinrich Erlebach: Composer, dies at 56
  • 1790Benjamin Franklin: United States -- (Poor Richards Almanac), dies at 84
  • 1835William Henry Ireland: Forger (Shakespearean manuscripts)
  • 1837Edouard viscount de Walckiers: Very wealthy slave trader
  • 1838J Schopenhauer: Writer, dies at 71
  • 1854Gottlob Wiedebein: Composer, dies at 74
  • 1863Daniel Smith Donelson: Confederate General / Cousin of Andrew Jackson, dies at 61
  • 1873Semyon Stepanovich Gulak-Artemovsky: Composer, dies at 60
  • 1890John Barnett: Composer, dies at 87
  • 1891Jules Eugene Abraham Alary: Composer, dies at 77
  • 1899Hans Balatka: Composer, dies at 74
  • 1915Johannes P Kelly [Kellij]: Dutch actor / operetta writer, dies at 60
  • 1936Charles J M Ruys de Beerenbrouck: Dutch Prime Minister (1918-23, 29-33)
  • 1945Hannie Schaft: "Girl with red hair, " executed
  • 1945Ion Pillat: Romaniams Poet / senator (Umbra timpului)
  • 1945Walter Model: German Field Marshal, commits suicide at 54
  • 1948Johan P Earl of Limburg Stirum: Diplomat, dies at 75
  • 1960Eddie Cochran: Rocker, dies at 21 in a car crash
  • 1962Louise Fazenda: Dies of cerebral hemorrhage at 66
  • 1968Margaret Seddon: Dies at 95
  • 1970Sergei U S Aleksi: Patriarch of Russian-Orthodox church, dies at 92
  • 1971Roberto Lupi: Composer, dies at 62

Historical events on April 18

  • 0310St. Eusebius begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 0387Bishop Ambrosius of Milan baptizes Augustinus
  • 1521Parliament of Worms: Cardinal Alexander questions Maarten Luther
  • 1552Mauritius of Saksen occupies Linz
  • 1599Valencia Archduke Albrecht of Austrian marries Isabella of Spain
  • 1663Osman declares war on Austria
  • 1676Sudbury, Mass attacked by Indians
  • 1775Paul Revere and William Dawes warn "British are coming!"
  • 1775Paul Revere rides from Charleston to Lexington
  • 1797France and Austria signs cease fire
  • 18091st run of 2,000 guineas horse race at Newmarket England
  • 1834Charles Darwin sails to Rio Santa Cruz up Patagonia
  • 1835William Lamb Lord Melbourne forms British Government
  • 18531st train in Asia (Bombay to Tanna, 36 km)
  • 1856Russian Republic Chancellor Earl von Nesselrode resigns
  • 1861Battle of Harpers Ferry, Virginia
  • 1861Colonel Robert E Lee turns down offer to command Union armies
  • 1862Battle of Ft Jackson, Ft St. Philip and New Orleans, Louisiana
  • 1864Battle of Poison Springs, AR (Camden Expedition)
  • 1865Confederate General Johnson surrendered to General Sherman in North Carolina
  • 1868San Francisco Society for Prevention of Cruelty to Animals formed
  • 1879Trial of Standing Bear-Crook on indians citizen rights begins
  • 1881Natural History Museum of South Kensington England opens
  • 1890New York Commission of Emigration ends, closing Castle Clinton
  • 1899John McGraw, at 36, managerial debut as Oriole manager
  • 1902Denmark is 1st country to adopt fingerprinting to identify criminals
  • 19068.25 earthquake shakes San Francisco, California
  • 1906Calvinist Reformed Union in the Netherlands Church forms in Utrecht
  • 1906San Francisco earthquake and fire kills nearly 4,000 and destroys 75% of city
  • 1907Fairmont Hotel opens

Born on April 18

  • 1480Lucretia Borgia: Murderess (poison) / daughter (Pope Alexander VI)
  • 1521Francois de Coligny: Ruler of van Andelot, French General (Jarnac)
  • 1580Thomas Middleton: English playwright (Game of Chess)
  • 1590Ahmed I: 14th Sultan of Turkey (1603-17)
  • 1605Giacomo Carissimi: Composer
  • 1729Gaetano B Vestris: Italian / French ballet dancer
  • 1732George Colman [the Elder]: Playwright (baptised)
  • 1740Francis Baring: Banker / Merchant
  • 1759Jacques-Christian-Michel Widerkehr: Composer
  • 1764Bernhard Anselm Weber: Pianist / conductor / composer
  • 1777Ignac Ruzitska: Composer
  • 1786Franz Xaver Schnyder von Wartensee: Composer
  • 1797Louis-Adolphe Thiers: President of France
  • 1803Charles F Pahud de Montagnes: Governor-General of the Netherlands East Indies (1856-61)
  • 1806Ludwig Schuberth: Composer
  • 1817George Henry Lewes: English philosophical writer (Life of Goethe)
  • 1839Frantz Jehin-Prume: Composer
  • 1839Henry Clarence Kendall: NSW, Australia -- Poet (Bell Birds)
  • 1842Antero Tarquinio de Quental: Portugal -- Poet (Beatrice)
  • 1845Wilhelm Gericke: Composer
  • 1852George Clausen: Painter
  • 1855Abraham Bredius: Dutch art historian (Jan Steen)
  • 1855Josef Gruber: Composer
  • 1857Clarence S Darrow: Defense attorney at Scopes monkey trial
  • 1859Eduard G H H Cuypers: Architect (Sanatorium High-Laren)
  • 1864Richard Harding Davis: United States -- Journalist / author (In The Fig)
  • 1868Didericus G van Epen: Genealogist (Dutch Patriciate)
  • 1873Jean Roger-Ducasse: Composer
  • 1881Hermann KJ Zilcher: German pianist / composer (Dr Eisenbart)
  • 1881Max Weber: Polish / Russian / US painter

Died on April 18

  • 1504Filippino Lippi: Painter, dies at about 52
  • 1552John Leland: Antiquary
  • 1556Luigi Alamanni: Italian Poet (Flora, Antigone), dies at 61
  • 1567Wilhelm von Grumbach: German military man, dies at 63
  • 1587John Foxe: Author (Book of Martyrs)
  • 1610Robert Parsons: English Jesuit leader / plotter, dies at 63
  • 1612Emanuel Van Meteren: Merchant / historian
  • 1679Hofmannswaldau: Writer
  • 1684Gonzales Cocx [Coques]: Painter
  • 1689George Jeffreys: 1st Baron Jeffreys of Wem / infamous judge
  • 1690Charles V Leopold: Duke of Lotharingen / Austrian Field Marshal
  • 1800John Evangelist Schreiber: Composer, dies at 84
  • 1800Pieter Fouquet: Art Merchant (Atlas of Fouquet)
  • 1807Erasmus Darwin: Physician / writer (Influence)
  • 1818Pieter PJQ Ondaatje: Ceylon / Dutch lawyer, dies at 59
  • 1824Edward Jones: Composer, dies at 72
  • 1830Jose Mauricio Nunes Garcia: Composer, dies at 62
  • 1845Nicholas T the Saussure: Swiss chemist / botany, dies at 77
  • 1853William King: US VP, dies a month after his inauguration
  • 1854Joseph Antoni Frantiszek Elsner: Composer, dies at 84
  • 1855Jean-Baptiste Isabey: Painter
  • 1861Heinrich August Neithardt: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1871Omar Pasha [Michael Lats]: Croatian governor, dies at 64
  • 1873Justus Freiherr von Liebig: German chemist, dies at 69
  • 1879Anthony Pannizim: Principal librarian (British Museum)
  • 1883Agnes Tyrrell: Composer, dies at 36
  • 1898Gustave Moureau: Painter
  • 1917Moritz F Freiherr von Bissing: Governor-General of Belg (1914-17), dies at 73
  • 1921Earnest [Bachigaloupi] Tourniaire: Actor (Inkwartiering), dies at 70
  • 1925Charles Ebbets: President (Dodgers)