Events on Apr 18

  • 0310St. Eusebius begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 0387Bishop Ambrosius of Milan baptizes Augustinus
  • 1521Parliament of Worms: Cardinal Alexander questions Maarten Luther
  • 1552Mauritius of Saksen occupies Linz
  • 1599Valencia Archduke Albrecht of Austrian marries Isabella of Spain
  • 1663Osman declares war on Austria
  • 1676Sudbury, Mass attacked by Indians
  • 1775Paul Revere and William Dawes warn "British are coming!"
  • 1775Paul Revere rides from Charleston to Lexington
  • 1797France and Austria signs cease fire
  • 18091st run of 2,000 guineas horse race at Newmarket England
  • 1834Charles Darwin sails to Rio Santa Cruz up Patagonia
  • 1835William Lamb Lord Melbourne forms British Government
  • 18531st train in Asia (Bombay to Tanna, 36 km)
  • 1856Russian Republic Chancellor Earl von Nesselrode resigns
  • 1861Battle of Harpers Ferry, Virginia
  • 1861Colonel Robert E Lee turns down offer to command Union armies
  • 1862Battle of Ft Jackson, Ft St. Philip and New Orleans, Louisiana
  • 1864Battle of Poison Springs, AR (Camden Expedition)
  • 1865Confederate General Johnson surrendered to General Sherman in North Carolina
  • 1868San Francisco Society for Prevention of Cruelty to Animals formed
  • 1879Trial of Standing Bear-Crook on indians citizen rights begins
  • 1881Natural History Museum of South Kensington England opens
  • 1890New York Commission of Emigration ends, closing Castle Clinton
  • 1899John McGraw, at 36, managerial debut as Oriole manager
  • 1902Denmark is 1st country to adopt fingerprinting to identify criminals
  • 19068.25 earthquake shakes San Francisco, California
  • 1906Calvinist Reformed Union in the Netherlands Church forms in Utrecht
  • 1906San Francisco earthquake and fire kills nearly 4,000 and destroys 75% of city
  • 1907Fairmont Hotel opens

Born on Apr 18

  • 1480Lucretia Borgia: Murderess (poison) / daughter (Pope Alexander VI)
  • 1521Francois de Coligny: Ruler of van Andelot, French General (Jarnac)
  • 1580Thomas Middleton: English playwright (Game of Chess)
  • 1590Ahmed I: 14th Sultan of Turkey (1603-17)
  • 1605Giacomo Carissimi: Composer
  • 1729Gaetano B Vestris: Italian / French ballet dancer
  • 1732George Colman [the Elder]: Playwright (baptised)
  • 1740Francis Baring: Banker / Merchant
  • 1759Jacques-Christian-Michel Widerkehr: Composer
  • 1764Bernhard Anselm Weber: Pianist / conductor / composer
  • 1777Ignac Ruzitska: Composer
  • 1786Franz Xaver Schnyder von Wartensee: Composer
  • 1797Louis-Adolphe Thiers: President of France
  • 1803Charles F Pahud de Montagnes: Governor-General of the Netherlands East Indies (1856-61)
  • 1806Ludwig Schuberth: Composer
  • 1817George Henry Lewes: English philosophical writer (Life of Goethe)
  • 1839Frantz Jehin-Prume: Composer
  • 1839Henry Clarence Kendall: NSW, Australia -- Poet (Bell Birds)
  • 1842Antero Tarquinio de Quental: Portugal -- Poet (Beatrice)
  • 1845Wilhelm Gericke: Composer
  • 1852George Clausen: Painter
  • 1855Abraham Bredius: Dutch art historian (Jan Steen)
  • 1855Josef Gruber: Composer
  • 1857Clarence S Darrow: Defense attorney at Scopes monkey trial
  • 1859Eduard G H H Cuypers: Architect (Sanatorium High-Laren)
  • 1864Richard Harding Davis: United States -- Journalist / author (In The Fig)
  • 1868Didericus G van Epen: Genealogist (Dutch Patriciate)
  • 1873Jean Roger-Ducasse: Composer
  • 1881Hermann KJ Zilcher: German pianist / composer (Dr Eisenbart)
  • 1881Max Weber: Polish / Russian / US painter

Died on Apr 18

  • 1504Filippino Lippi: Painter, dies at about 52
  • 1552John Leland: Antiquary
  • 1556Luigi Alamanni: Italian Poet (Flora, Antigone), dies at 61
  • 1567Wilhelm von Grumbach: German military man, dies at 63
  • 1587John Foxe: Author (Book of Martyrs)
  • 1610Robert Parsons: English Jesuit leader / plotter, dies at 63
  • 1612Emanuel Van Meteren: Merchant / historian
  • 1679Hofmannswaldau: Writer
  • 1684Gonzales Cocx [Coques]: Painter
  • 1689George Jeffreys: 1st Baron Jeffreys of Wem / infamous judge
  • 1690Charles V Leopold: Duke of Lotharingen / Austrian Field Marshal
  • 1800John Evangelist Schreiber: Composer, dies at 84
  • 1800Pieter Fouquet: Art Merchant (Atlas of Fouquet)
  • 1807Erasmus Darwin: Physician / writer (Influence)
  • 1818Pieter PJQ Ondaatje: Ceylon / Dutch lawyer, dies at 59
  • 1824Edward Jones: Composer, dies at 72
  • 1830Jose Mauricio Nunes Garcia: Composer, dies at 62
  • 1845Nicholas T the Saussure: Swiss chemist / botany, dies at 77
  • 1853William King: US VP, dies a month after his inauguration
  • 1854Joseph Antoni Frantiszek Elsner: Composer, dies at 84
  • 1855Jean-Baptiste Isabey: Painter
  • 1861Heinrich August Neithardt: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1871Omar Pasha [Michael Lats]: Croatian governor, dies at 64
  • 1873Justus Freiherr von Liebig: German chemist, dies at 69
  • 1879Anthony Pannizim: Principal librarian (British Museum)
  • 1883Agnes Tyrrell: Composer, dies at 36
  • 1898Gustave Moureau: Painter
  • 1917Moritz F Freiherr von Bissing: Governor-General of Belg (1914-17), dies at 73
  • 1921Earnest [Bachigaloupi] Tourniaire: Actor (Inkwartiering), dies at 70
  • 1925Charles Ebbets: President (Dodgers)

Historical events on April 19

  • 0607Comet 1P / 607 H1 (Halley) approaches within 0.0898 AUs of Earth
  • 1451Alam Shah of Delhi resigns throne
  • 1524Pope Clemens VII fires Netherlands Inquisitor-General French Van de Holly
  • 15292nd Parliament of Spiers bans Lutheranism
  • 1539Charles, protestant German monarch, signs Treaty of Frankrfurt
  • 1552Mauritius of Saksen captures Karel
  • 1587Sir Frances Drake sails into Cadiz Spain and sinks Spanish fleet
  • 1591Chartres surrenders to King Henri IV in France
  • 1619Theatrum Anatomicum opens in Amsterdam
  • 1713Emperor Karel VI ends Pragmatic Sanctions
  • 1770Amsterdam buys Van Aerssens family 1 / 3 part of Suriname
  • 1770Captain James Cook 1st sees Australia
  • 1774CW Glucks opera "Iphigenia in Aulis, " premieres in Paris
  • 1775Minutemen Captain John Parker orders not to fire unless fired upon
  • 1775Revolution begins-Lexington Common, shot "heard round the world"
  • 1782Netherlands recognizes US
  • 182533 patriotic exiles return to Uruguay
  • 1837Cheyney University forms as the Institute for Colored Youth
  • 1839Treaty of London constitutes Belgium an independent kingdom and Luxembourg a Grand Duchy
  • 1852California Historical Society forms
  • 1853Netherlands Van Hall government forms
  • 1861Baltimore riots-4 soldiers, 9 civilians killed
  • 1861Lincoln orders blockade of Confederate ports (Civil War)
  • 1863Union troops / fleet occupy For Huger, Virginia
  • 1864Naval Engagement at Cherbourg, FR: USS Kearsage vs. CSS Alabama
  • 1874Barracks on Alcatraz Island destroyed in fire
  • 1877Opera "Les Cloches de Cornerville" is produced (Paris)
  • 1890Henry Morton Stanley inaugurated in Brussels
  • 1892Charles Duryea takes 1st American-made auto out for a spin (Mass)
  • 18971st American marathon ran, John J McDermott wins in 2:55:10 (Boston)

Born on April 19

  • 1320Pedro I: King of Portugal (1357-67)
  • 1605Orazio Benevoli: Composer
  • 1660Sebastian Duron: Composer
  • 1700Georg Abraham Schneider: Composer
  • 1715James Nares: Composer
  • 1721Roger Sherman: Signer (Declaration of Independence, Constitution)
  • 1728Francisco Albergati Capacelli: Italian playwright
  • 1737Geert Reinders: Dutch cattle breeder / inoculation propagandist
  • 1768Adrian H Haworth: English entomologist / Botanist
  • 1771Giuseppe Cartufo: Composer
  • 1772David Ricardo: Economist
  • 1785Alexandre Pierre Francois Boely: Composer
  • 1795Christian Gottfried Ehrenburg: German zoologist
  • 1798Franz Joseph Glaser: Composer
  • 1798Heinrich Maria von Hess: Historical painter
  • 1801Gustav T Fechner [Dr Mises]: German philosopher / physicist
  • 1817John Philip: Painter
  • 1821Mortimer Dormer Leggett: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1896
  • 1830Rudolf Cornely: German bible expert / Jesuit
  • 1832Jose Echegaray y Eizaguirre: Mathematician / dramatist (Nobel 1904)
  • 1832Lucretia Rudolph Garfield: 1st lady (1881)
  • 1840Andrea Bezzola: Writer
  • 1850Edward John Gregory: Painter / engraver
  • 1850Theo Mann-Bouwmeester: Dutch actress (Pink Bernd, Hedda Gabler)
  • 1857Lucien Levy-Bruhl: Philosopher
  • 1858May Robson [Mary J Robison]: Melbourne, Victoria -- Actress (Apple Annie)
  • 1858Siegfried Ochs: Composer
  • 1861Warden Oncle [Edward Vermeulen]: Flemish farmer / writer
  • 1866Henri WA Deterding: Dutch oil magnate (Royal Oil, Shell)
  • 1868Max Von Schillings: German composer / conductor (Der Pfeifertag)

Died on April 19

  • 0843Judith: French empress / 2nd Wife of Louis de Vrome
  • 1044Gothelo: Duke of Neth-Lotharingen
  • 1054Leo IX [Bruno von Egesheim und Dagsburg]: Pope (1049-54), dies at 51
  • 1390Robert II: King of Scotland
  • 1529John Cuspinianus [Spiessheimer]: German physician, dies at about 55
  • 1560Philipp Melanchton (Schwazerd): Church reformer, dies at 63
  • 1567Michael Stifel: German Theologist / mathematician, dies at about 79
  • 1588Paolo Veronese (Cagliari): Painter
  • 1608Earl of Dorset: Poet / statesman
  • 1645Anton van Diemen: Governor-General (Netherlands East Indies), dies at about 51
  • 1689Christina: Queen of Sweden (1644-54)
  • 1706Galenus Abrahamsz de Haen: Dutch baptist leader
  • 1739Nicholas Saunderson: Mathematician
  • 1768Filippo della Valle: Italian sculptor, dies at about 70
  • 1770Esprit Joseph Antoine Blanchard: Composer, dies at 74
  • 1772Johann Peter Kellner: Composer, dies at 66
  • 1773Florian Johann Deller: Composer, dies at 43
  • 1776Jacob Israel Emden [Jacob ben Tswi]: German rabbi, dies at 78
  • 1799Pieter Hellendaal: Violinist / Organist / Composer (Glees), dies at 78
  • 1813Benjamin Rush: Physician / abolotionist (signed Declaration of Independence), dies at 67
  • 1824George Gorden Noel "Lord" Byron: Poet, dies at 36
  • 1852Vasili A Zjukovski: Russian folk Poet / translator (Homerus), dies at 69
  • 1862Louis Powell Harvey: US Governor of Wisconsin, drowns
  • 1862Simon Fraser: Canadian explorer
  • 1870Andreas Schelfhout: Painter / etcher / lithographer, dies at 83
  • 1870Camille Marie Stamaty: Composer, dies at 59
  • 1870William Henry Havergal: Composer, dies at 77
  • 1874Owen Jones: Architect
  • 1876Samuel Sebastian Wesley: Composer, dies at 65
  • 1881Benjamin Disraeli: 1st Earl (Beaconsfield) / Novelist