Events on Apr 22

  • 0296St. Gaius ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 0536St. Agapitus I ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1056Supernova Crab nebula last seen by the naked eye
  • 1073Pope Alexander II buried / Ildebrando chosen as Pope Gregory VII
  • 1164Raynald of Dassel names Guido di Crema as anti-pope Paschalis III
  • 1370Bastille begins being built in Paris
  • 1500Pedro Alvarez Cabral discovers Brazil and claims it for Portugal
  • 1509Henry VIII ascended to throne of England
  • 1521French King Francois I declares war on Spain
  • 15261st slave revolt occurs in South Carolina
  • 1529Treaty of Saragosa: Spain and Portugal divide eastern hemisphere
  • 1648English army claims King Charles I responsible for bloodshed
  • 1659Lord protector Cromwell disbands English parliament
  • 1662Royal Society incorporates
  • 1671King Charles II sits in on English parliament
  • 1676Battle of Etna - Netherlands / Spain vs. France, M de Ruyter fatally wounded
  • 1677Battle at Catania: between French and Dutch fleet
  • 1692Edward Bishop is jailed for proposong flogging as cure for witchcraft
  • 172219 VOC "komplotteurs" in Batavia executed
  • 1796Napoleon defeats Piedmontese at Battle of Mondovi
  • 1804Gioacchino Rossini (12) performs in Imola
  • 1817Curacao prohibits use of white paint due to fierce sunlight
  • 1823Baltic Club (Exchange) forms in London
  • 1823R J Tyers patents roller skates
  • 1838English steamship "Sirius" docks in NYC after Atlantic crossing
  • 1861Robert E Lee named commander of Virginia Confederate forces
  • 1864US mints 2 cent coin (1st appearance of "In God We Trust")
  • 18761st NL game, Boston Braves beat Philadelphia Athletics 6-5
  • 1876Tsjaikovsky completes his "Swan Lake" ballet
  • 1884Thomas Stevens starts 1st bike trip around world (2 yrs 9 mos)

Born on Apr 22

  • 1357Johan I: King of Portugal (1383-1433)
  • 1451Isabella I [of Castile]: Spain -- Queen of Spain (1479-1504), Patron of Columbus
  • 1610Alexander VIII [Pietro Ottoboni]: Italy -- Lawyer / Pope (1689-91)
  • 1640Mariana Alcoforado: Portugal -- Nun
  • 1658Giuseppe Torelli: Italy -- Composer (Concert Grossi op 8)
  • 1682Willem I Kerricx the Young: Flemish architect / sculptor / painter
  • 1690John Carteret: Earl Granville (C), English Chief Minister (1722-42)
  • 1707Henry Fielding: England, United Kingdom -- Novelist (Joseph Andrews, Tom Jones)
  • 1724Immanuel Kant: Konigsberg, Germany -- Philosopher (Critique of Pure Reason)
  • 1773Jean V Baron de Rebecque: Swiss / Dutch army leader
  • 1775Georg Hermes: German philosopher / theologist (Hermenianen)
  • 1781Christian Friedrich Hermann Uber: Composer
  • 1799Jean Poiseuille: Physician / physiologist (blood pressure)
  • 1816Philip James Bailey: English poet (Festus)
  • 1818Cadwallader Colden Washburn: Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1823Alfred Gibbs: Major General (Union Army), died in 1868
  • 1827William Hopkins Morris: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1900
  • 1828Guilherme Antonio Cossoul: Composer
  • 1831Alexander McDowell McCook: Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1832Julius Sterling Morton: Nebraska, United States -- Governor of Nebraska that started Arbor Day
  • 1839August W Eichler: German Botanist
  • 1853Alphonse Bertillon: France -- Anthropologist - devised crime ID system
  • 1854Henri-Marie Lafontaine: Belgium -- International lawyer (Nobel 1913)
  • 1856[Marie] Louise Hens: Flemish actress (Two Orphans)
  • 1858Ethel Mary Smyth: Composer
  • 1863Cornelis A J van Dishoeck: Dutch publisher
  • 1864Phil May: Wortley Yorkshire, United Kingdom -- Cartoonist
  • 1866Hans von Seeckt: German General (Future of the Reich)
  • 1868Jose Vianna da Motta: Composer
  • 1873Ellen Anderson Glasgow: United States -- Novelist (Ancient Law, Pulitzer-1942)

Died on Apr 22

  • 0536Agapitus I: Italian Pope (535-36)
  • 1253Elias van Cortona: Italian General (1232-39), dies at about 53
  • 1355Eleonora Plantagenet: Daughter of King Edward II, dies at 36
  • 1462Gilbert of Lannoy: Master of Villerval / Tronchiennes / Santes
  • 1592Bartolommeo Ammanati: Italian Sculptor / architect, dies at 80
  • 1648Catharina Belgian van Nassau: Daughter of Willem, dies at 69
  • 1662John Tradescant: Traveller / gardener
  • 1672Georg Stiernhielm: Swed Scholar / Author / Poet (Hercules), dies at 73
  • 1699Hans A baron von Abschatz: Silesian poet, dies at 53
  • 1722Pieter Erberfeld: German / Thais Merchant on Java
  • 1776Johann Adolph Scheibe: German music theroist / composer, dies at 67
  • 1778James Hargreaves: Inventor (spinning jenny)
  • 1782Josef Ferdinand Norbert Seger: Composer, dies at 66
  • 1788Zacharias H Alewijn: Dutch poet, dies at 46
  • 1821John Crome [Old Crome]: English landscape Painter / etcher, dies at 52
  • 1827Thomas Rowlandson: Caricaturist
  • 1830Knud L Rahbek: Danish literary / historian, dies at 69
  • 1833Richard Trevithick: Inventor (steam locomotive), dies at 62
  • 1844Henri-Montan Berton: Composer, dies at 76
  • 1864Joseph Gilbert Totten: US Union General Major, dies at 76
  • 1865Francis Washburn: US Union Colonel / General Major, dies of injuries
  • 1883Octave Fouque: Composer, dies at 38
  • 1892Edouard-Victoire-Antoine Lalo: Composer, dies at 69
  • 1901William Stubbs: Historian / Bishop
  • 1908Henry Campbell-Bannerman: British Premier (1905-08)
  • 1925Andre Caplet: Composer, dies at 46
  • 1929Odon Peter Jozsef de Mihalovich: Composer, dies at 86
  • 1933Frederick Henry Royce: Motorcar pioneer
  • 1944Mezio Agostini: Composer, dies at 68
  • 1946Harlan Fiske Stone: Chief Justice of the Supreme Court (1941-46), dies at 73

Historical events on April 23

  • 1014King Brian Boru of Ireland beats Danes at Battle of Clontarf
  • 1154Damascus surrenders to Sultan Nur ad-Din van Aleppo
  • 13481st English order of knighthood founded (Order of Garter)
  • 1500Pedro Cabral lands and annexes Brazil (Terra da Vera Cruz)
  • 1501Portuguese navigator Pedro Cabral and 6 ships return to Lisbon
  • 1504King Maximilian I routes troops to Bavaria
  • 1616Netherlands buys De Briel / Vlissingen / Fort Rammekens from England
  • 1633Sweden and Protestant German monarchy form Union of Heilbronn
  • 1661English King Charles II crowned in London
  • 1662Connecticut chartered as an English colony
  • 1723Cornelis Steenoven elected Archbishop of Utrecht
  • 1789President-elect George Washington moves into Franklin House, New York
  • 1795William Hastings acquitted in England of high treason
  • 1798Dutch Emperor accepts new Constitution
  • 1826Missolonghi captured by Turks
  • 1838English steamship "Great Western" crossing Atlantic docks in New York City
  • 1851Canada issues its 1st postage stamps
  • 1860Democratic Convention in Charleston SC divided over slavery
  • 1861Arkansas troops seize Ft Smith
  • 1861Battle of San Antonio, Texas
  • 1867Queen Victoria and Napoleon III turn down plans for a channel tunnel
  • 1871Blossom Rock in SF Bay blown up
  • 18781st Dutch test drive of steam tram
  • 1883John Heemskerk Azn forms Dutch government
  • 1891Jews are expelled from Moscow Russia
  • 1896Vitascope system of movie projection 1st demonstrated (NYC)
  • 19001st know occurrence of word "hillbillie" (NY Journal)
  • 1903New York Highlanders (Yankees) win their 1st game beating Washingston Senators 7-2
  • 1904American Academy of Arts and Letters forms
  • 1908Denmark, Germany, Engld, France, Netherlands and Sweden signs North Sea accord

Born on April 23

  • 1464Johanna van Valois: Queen of France
  • 1464Robert Fayrfax: Composer
  • 1500Alexander Alesius [Aless / Alane]: System theologist / Physician
  • 1598Maarten Harpertszoon Tromp: Naval commander
  • 1623Jan Adam Reincken: Composer
  • 1629John Commelin: Director (Hortus Botanicus, Amsterdam)
  • 1649Andreas Kneller: Composer
  • 1697George Baron Anson: British Admiral / explorer
  • 1708Friedrich von Hagedorn: German poet (Versuch einiger Poem)
  • 1715Johann Friedrich Doles: Composer
  • 1728Samuel Wallis: Explorer (Wallis Island)
  • 1735Ildephons Haas: Composer
  • 1747Alexandre-Auguste Robineau: Composer
  • 1756Alexander Reinagle: Composer
  • 1775Joseph Mallord Turner: England, United Kingdom -- Landscape painter (Shipwreck)
  • 1791James Buchanan: Cove Gap, Pennsylvania -- (Fed / Dem), 15th US President (1857-61)
  • 1791W Friedrich Olivier: German landscape painter / cartoonist
  • 1804Guillaume Nerenburger: Belgian General (Triangulatie of Belgium)
  • 1809Eugene-Prosper Prevost: Composer
  • 1810Thomas Wright: Historian
  • 1812Louis-Antoine Julien: Conductor
  • 1813Stephen Arnold Douglas [Little giant]: US senator (Lincoln debates)
  • 1818James Anthony Froude: Historian
  • 1818John Gill Shorter: Gov (Confederacy), died in 1872
  • 1821Pierre Dupont: Song writer
  • 1827Johann F Ritter von Schulte: German Catholic lawyer
  • 1828Albert FA: King of Saxon (1873-1902)
  • 1838Alfred J Verwee: Flemish painter
  • 1852Edwin Markham: United States -- Poet (1st winner of the American Academy of poets Award 1937)
  • 1861Edmund Henry Hynman: 1st viscount Allenby of Megiddo / Field Marshal

Died on April 23

  • 0034Christ: Crucified, according to Isaac Newton
  • 0303George: Knight / Saint / Patron of England, beheaded
  • 0871Ethelred I: King of Wessex / Brother of Alfred the Great
  • 0990Ekkehart II [Palatinus]: Monk to St-Gallen / poet
  • 0997Vojtech "Adalbert" of Prague: 2nd Bishop of Prague / apostle, dies at 40
  • 1014Brian Boru: King of Ireland, dies in battle at 87
  • 1014Sweyn Forkbeard: Viking King of England (1013-14)
  • 1016Aethelbred II "the Unready": King of England (979-1016)
  • 1416Blaise / Blasius of Parma: Ital astrologist / philosopher / algebra
  • 1616Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra: Spanish writer (Don Quixote), dies at 69
  • 1616William Shakesphere: Engl Author (Hamlet), dies on his 52nd birthday
  • 1625Maurice of Nassau: Prince of Orange, dies at 57
  • 1670Loreto Vittori: Composer, dies at 69
  • 1695Henry Vaughan: Poet (Silex Scintillans), dies at 72
  • 1728Tomas de Torrejon y Velasco: Composer, dies at 83
  • 1732Cajetan Kolberer: Composer, dies at 63
  • 1740Thomas Tickell: Poet
  • 1742Mihael Omerza: Composer, dies at 62
  • 1762Johann Samuel Endler: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1774Christian Wilhelm Ernst Dietrich: Painter
  • 1786Alexander Cozens: English water colors painter, dies at about 68
  • 1812Franz Sebastian Haindl: Composer, dies at 85
  • 1827Johanna C Wattier-Ziesenis: Actress (Phaedra / Lady MacBeth), dies at 65
  • 1847Erik Gustaf Geijer: Composer, dies at 64
  • 1850William Wordsworth: Poet, dies at 80
  • 1853Auguste Laurent: Chemist
  • 1865James Dearing: US Confederate Brigadier General, dies at 24
  • 1878Friedrich Preller: Landscape painter
  • 1880Guess Saleh [Sarief Bastaman]: Javanese painter
  • 1885William Henry Holmes: Composer, dies at 73