Events on Apr 23

  • 1014King Brian Boru of Ireland beats Danes at Battle of Clontarf
  • 1154Damascus surrenders to Sultan Nur ad-Din van Aleppo
  • 13481st English order of knighthood founded (Order of Garter)
  • 1500Pedro Cabral lands and annexes Brazil (Terra da Vera Cruz)
  • 1501Portuguese navigator Pedro Cabral and 6 ships return to Lisbon
  • 1504King Maximilian I routes troops to Bavaria
  • 1616Netherlands buys De Briel / Vlissingen / Fort Rammekens from England
  • 1633Sweden and Protestant German monarchy form Union of Heilbronn
  • 1661English King Charles II crowned in London
  • 1662Connecticut chartered as an English colony
  • 1723Cornelis Steenoven elected Archbishop of Utrecht
  • 1789President-elect George Washington moves into Franklin House, New York
  • 1795William Hastings acquitted in England of high treason
  • 1798Dutch Emperor accepts new Constitution
  • 1826Missolonghi captured by Turks
  • 1838English steamship "Great Western" crossing Atlantic docks in New York City
  • 1851Canada issues its 1st postage stamps
  • 1860Democratic Convention in Charleston SC divided over slavery
  • 1861Arkansas troops seize Ft Smith
  • 1861Battle of San Antonio, Texas
  • 1867Queen Victoria and Napoleon III turn down plans for a channel tunnel
  • 1871Blossom Rock in SF Bay blown up
  • 18781st Dutch test drive of steam tram
  • 1883John Heemskerk Azn forms Dutch government
  • 1891Jews are expelled from Moscow Russia
  • 1896Vitascope system of movie projection 1st demonstrated (NYC)
  • 19001st know occurrence of word "hillbillie" (NY Journal)
  • 1903New York Highlanders (Yankees) win their 1st game beating Washingston Senators 7-2
  • 1904American Academy of Arts and Letters forms
  • 1908Denmark, Germany, Engld, France, Netherlands and Sweden signs North Sea accord

Born on Apr 23

  • 1464Johanna van Valois: Queen of France
  • 1464Robert Fayrfax: Composer
  • 1500Alexander Alesius [Aless / Alane]: System theologist / Physician
  • 1598Maarten Harpertszoon Tromp: Naval commander
  • 1623Jan Adam Reincken: Composer
  • 1629John Commelin: Director (Hortus Botanicus, Amsterdam)
  • 1649Andreas Kneller: Composer
  • 1697George Baron Anson: British Admiral / explorer
  • 1708Friedrich von Hagedorn: German poet (Versuch einiger Poem)
  • 1715Johann Friedrich Doles: Composer
  • 1728Samuel Wallis: Explorer (Wallis Island)
  • 1735Ildephons Haas: Composer
  • 1747Alexandre-Auguste Robineau: Composer
  • 1756Alexander Reinagle: Composer
  • 1775Joseph Mallord Turner: England, United Kingdom -- Landscape painter (Shipwreck)
  • 1791James Buchanan: Cove Gap, Pennsylvania -- (Fed / Dem), 15th US President (1857-61)
  • 1791W Friedrich Olivier: German landscape painter / cartoonist
  • 1804Guillaume Nerenburger: Belgian General (Triangulatie of Belgium)
  • 1809Eugene-Prosper Prevost: Composer
  • 1810Thomas Wright: Historian
  • 1812Louis-Antoine Julien: Conductor
  • 1813Stephen Arnold Douglas [Little giant]: US senator (Lincoln debates)
  • 1818James Anthony Froude: Historian
  • 1818John Gill Shorter: Gov (Confederacy), died in 1872
  • 1821Pierre Dupont: Song writer
  • 1827Johann F Ritter von Schulte: German Catholic lawyer
  • 1828Albert FA: King of Saxon (1873-1902)
  • 1838Alfred J Verwee: Flemish painter
  • 1852Edwin Markham: United States -- Poet (1st winner of the American Academy of poets Award 1937)
  • 1861Edmund Henry Hynman: 1st viscount Allenby of Megiddo / Field Marshal

Died on Apr 23

  • 0034Christ: Crucified, according to Isaac Newton
  • 0303George: Knight / Saint / Patron of England, beheaded
  • 0871Ethelred I: King of Wessex / Brother of Alfred the Great
  • 0990Ekkehart II [Palatinus]: Monk to St-Gallen / poet
  • 0997Vojtech "Adalbert" of Prague: 2nd Bishop of Prague / apostle, dies at 40
  • 1014Brian Boru: King of Ireland, dies in battle at 87
  • 1014Sweyn Forkbeard: Viking King of England (1013-14)
  • 1016Aethelbred II "the Unready": King of England (979-1016)
  • 1416Blaise / Blasius of Parma: Ital astrologist / philosopher / algebra
  • 1616Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra: Spanish writer (Don Quixote), dies at 69
  • 1616William Shakesphere: Engl Author (Hamlet), dies on his 52nd birthday
  • 1625Maurice of Nassau: Prince of Orange, dies at 57
  • 1670Loreto Vittori: Composer, dies at 69
  • 1695Henry Vaughan: Poet (Silex Scintillans), dies at 72
  • 1728Tomas de Torrejon y Velasco: Composer, dies at 83
  • 1732Cajetan Kolberer: Composer, dies at 63
  • 1740Thomas Tickell: Poet
  • 1742Mihael Omerza: Composer, dies at 62
  • 1762Johann Samuel Endler: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1774Christian Wilhelm Ernst Dietrich: Painter
  • 1786Alexander Cozens: English water colors painter, dies at about 68
  • 1812Franz Sebastian Haindl: Composer, dies at 85
  • 1827Johanna C Wattier-Ziesenis: Actress (Phaedra / Lady MacBeth), dies at 65
  • 1847Erik Gustaf Geijer: Composer, dies at 64
  • 1850William Wordsworth: Poet, dies at 80
  • 1853Auguste Laurent: Chemist
  • 1865James Dearing: US Confederate Brigadier General, dies at 24
  • 1878Friedrich Preller: Landscape painter
  • 1880Guess Saleh [Sarief Bastaman]: Javanese painter
  • 1885William Henry Holmes: Composer, dies at 73

Historical events on April 24

  • 0858Nicolaas I succeeds Benedict III as pope
  • 1288Jews of Yroyes France are accused of ritual murder
  • 1311Gen Malik Kafur returns to Delhi after campaign in South India
  • 1364Pope Urbabus V names John V van Virneburg as Bishop of Utrecht
  • 1524Duke of Bourbon drives Admiral Bonnivet out of Milan
  • 1558Queen Mary Stuart of Scotland marries French crown Prince Francois
  • 1570Battles between Spanish troops and followers of Sultan Suleiman
  • 1596Pacificatie of Ireland drawn
  • 1704"Boston News-Letter, " 1st successful newspaper in US, forms
  • 1792"La Marseillaise" composed by Claude-Joseph Rouget de Lisle
  • 1800Library of Congress establishes with $5,000 allocation
  • 1833Jacob Evert and George Dulty patent soda fountain
  • 1833Patent granted for 1st soda fountain
  • 1865Fire alarm and police telegraph system put into operation (San Francisco)
  • 1867Black demonstrators stage ride-ins on Richmond Va streetcars
  • 1871Opera "Aida" is produced (Cairo)
  • 1872Volcano Vesuvius erupts
  • 1877Last federal occupying troops withdraw from south (New Orleans)
  • 1877Russia declares war on Turkey through Romania
  • 1884National Medical Association of Black physicians organizes (Atlanta)
  • 1888Eastman Kodak forms
  • 1891Start of Sherlock Holmes adventure "Final Problem"
  • 1894French cyclist Henri Desgrange rides 100km in world record 2:39:18
  • 1894Phillies Lave Cross hits for cycle vs. Brooklyn Dodgers
  • 1895Joshua Slocum completes around-the-world voyage in 11-m boat
  • 18971st reporter, William Price (Washington Star), assigned to White House
  • 1898Spain declares war on US rejecting ultimatum to withdraw from Cuba
  • 1898US fleet under commodore Dewey sails from Hong Kong to Philippines
  • 1899Transvaal British Uitlanders ask Queen Victoria for aid
  • 1900Passing of Andrew Halliday, cable car pioneer

Born on April 24

  • 1538Gugliemo Gonzaga: Composer
  • 1594Benedikt Lechler: Composer
  • 1620John Graunt: Statistician, founder of science of demography
  • 1660Cornelis Dusart: Dutch painter / engraver
  • 1670Christian Ludwig Boxberg: Composer
  • 1706Giovanni Battista Martini: Composer
  • 1721Johann Philipp Kirnberger: German composer, baptised
  • 1742Roman Hoffstetter: Composer
  • 1743Edmund Cartwright: England, United Kingdom -- Cleric, inventor (power loom)
  • 1750Simon-Antoine-Jean Lhuillier: Switzerland -- Mathematician
  • 1773Harman W Muntinghe: Lawyer / Dutch colonial director
  • 1791Nikolaj A Bestuzhev: Russia -- Writer / painter (Account about Holland)
  • 1796K L Immermann: Writer
  • 1804Thomas Oliver Selfridge: Comm (Union Navy)
  • 1807Charles Ferguson Smith: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1862
  • 1814Angela Burdett-Coutts: Philanthropist extrordinaire
  • 1815Anthony Trollope: England, United Kingdom -- Novelist / poet (Barchester Towers)
  • 1815James Edward Harrison: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1875
  • 1822Erastus Barnard Tyler: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1824Fournier: Swiss / French postage stamp forger
  • 1828Robert Brank Vance: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1899
  • 1829George Peabody Estey: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1881
  • 1836Jeltje de Bosch Kemper: Dutch feminist
  • 1837Friedrich von Holstein: German diplomat (die graue Eminenz)
  • 1845Carl Spitteler: Switzerland -- Poet (Prometheus & Epimetheus; Nobel 1919)
  • 1864George AA Alting van Geusau: Director-General (PTT) / Dutch Minister of War (1918-20)
  • 1867Fannie Thomas: Became oldest known American (113 y 273 d at death)
  • 1874John Russell Pope: United States -- Architect (Jefferson Memorial)
  • 1874Willem E Roelofs: Dutch painter / cartoonist
  • 1875Jeno Huszka: Composer

Died on April 24

  • 0709Wilfried: Bishop of York, dies at about 76
  • 0729Egbert[us]: English Bishop / saint, dies in Iona at 89
  • 1077Geza I: King of Hungary (1074-7)
  • 1185Antoku Taira: Emperor of Japan (1180-85), drowns
  • 1530Jacopo Sannazaro: Italian Poet (De partu Virginis)
  • 1617Carlo Concino: French Marquis of Ancre / state advisor, murdered
  • 1731Daniel Defoe: English Novelist (Robinson Crusoe)
  • 1758Florian Wrastill: Composer, dies at 41
  • 1776Carolus van de Abeele: Flemish Jesuit, dies at 84
  • 1776Giuseppi Paolucci: Composer, dies at 49
  • 1824Herman Muntinghe: Theologist (History of Mankind), dies at 71
  • 1827Pierre Joseph Candielle: Composer, dies at 82
  • 1850Louis Alexandre Piccinni: Composer, dies at 70
  • 1855Walenty Karol Kratzer: Composer, dies at 75
  • 1875Jose Maria de la Purificacion Ventura: Composer, dies at 58
  • 1891Count Helmuth K B von Moltke: Prussian General / Field Marshal
  • 1900George J D Campbell: British Minister of Indies (1868-74, 80-85), dies at 76
  • 1904Friedrich Siemens: German industrial, dies at 77
  • 1917Oskar Blumenthal: Writer
  • 1922Richard Batka: Composer, dies at 53
  • 1928Ferdinand B Hummel: Composer, dies at 72
  • 1935Paul Klengel: Composer, dies at 80
  • 1936Alphons Diepenbrock: Composer, dies at 73
  • 1936Bernard van Dieren: Composer, dies at 51
  • 1939John Foulds: Composer, dies at 58
  • 1943Gerardus H de Hare: Socialist vicar, dies at 63
  • 1945Anton de Kom: Suriname resistance fighter, dies at 47
  • 1945Hubert Bath: Composer, dies at 61
  • 1948Joseph Wihtol: Composer, dies at 84
  • 1948Manuel Marua Ponce: Mexican Composer (Ferial), dies at 65