Events on Apr 24

  • 0858Nicolaas I succeeds Benedict III as pope
  • 1288Jews of Yroyes France are accused of ritual murder
  • 1311Gen Malik Kafur returns to Delhi after campaign in South India
  • 1364Pope Urbabus V names John V van Virneburg as Bishop of Utrecht
  • 1524Duke of Bourbon drives Admiral Bonnivet out of Milan
  • 1558Queen Mary Stuart of Scotland marries French crown Prince Francois
  • 1570Battles between Spanish troops and followers of Sultan Suleiman
  • 1596Pacificatie of Ireland drawn
  • 1704"Boston News-Letter, " 1st successful newspaper in US, forms
  • 1792"La Marseillaise" composed by Claude-Joseph Rouget de Lisle
  • 1800Library of Congress establishes with $5,000 allocation
  • 1833Jacob Evert and George Dulty patent soda fountain
  • 1833Patent granted for 1st soda fountain
  • 1865Fire alarm and police telegraph system put into operation (San Francisco)
  • 1867Black demonstrators stage ride-ins on Richmond Va streetcars
  • 1871Opera "Aida" is produced (Cairo)
  • 1872Volcano Vesuvius erupts
  • 1877Last federal occupying troops withdraw from south (New Orleans)
  • 1877Russia declares war on Turkey through Romania
  • 1884National Medical Association of Black physicians organizes (Atlanta)
  • 1888Eastman Kodak forms
  • 1891Start of Sherlock Holmes adventure "Final Problem"
  • 1894French cyclist Henri Desgrange rides 100km in world record 2:39:18
  • 1894Phillies Lave Cross hits for cycle vs. Brooklyn Dodgers
  • 1895Joshua Slocum completes around-the-world voyage in 11-m boat
  • 18971st reporter, William Price (Washington Star), assigned to White House
  • 1898Spain declares war on US rejecting ultimatum to withdraw from Cuba
  • 1898US fleet under commodore Dewey sails from Hong Kong to Philippines
  • 1899Transvaal British Uitlanders ask Queen Victoria for aid
  • 1900Passing of Andrew Halliday, cable car pioneer

Born on Apr 24

  • 1538Gugliemo Gonzaga: Composer
  • 1594Benedikt Lechler: Composer
  • 1620John Graunt: Statistician, founder of science of demography
  • 1660Cornelis Dusart: Dutch painter / engraver
  • 1670Christian Ludwig Boxberg: Composer
  • 1706Giovanni Battista Martini: Composer
  • 1721Johann Philipp Kirnberger: German composer, baptised
  • 1742Roman Hoffstetter: Composer
  • 1743Edmund Cartwright: England, United Kingdom -- Cleric, inventor (power loom)
  • 1750Simon-Antoine-Jean Lhuillier: Switzerland -- Mathematician
  • 1773Harman W Muntinghe: Lawyer / Dutch colonial director
  • 1791Nikolaj A Bestuzhev: Russia -- Writer / painter (Account about Holland)
  • 1796K L Immermann: Writer
  • 1804Thomas Oliver Selfridge: Comm (Union Navy)
  • 1807Charles Ferguson Smith: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1862
  • 1814Angela Burdett-Coutts: Philanthropist extrordinaire
  • 1815Anthony Trollope: England, United Kingdom -- Novelist / poet (Barchester Towers)
  • 1815James Edward Harrison: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1875
  • 1822Erastus Barnard Tyler: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1824Fournier: Swiss / French postage stamp forger
  • 1828Robert Brank Vance: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1899
  • 1829George Peabody Estey: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1881
  • 1836Jeltje de Bosch Kemper: Dutch feminist
  • 1837Friedrich von Holstein: German diplomat (die graue Eminenz)
  • 1845Carl Spitteler: Switzerland -- Poet (Prometheus & Epimetheus; Nobel 1919)
  • 1864George AA Alting van Geusau: Director-General (PTT) / Dutch Minister of War (1918-20)
  • 1867Fannie Thomas: Became oldest known American (113 y 273 d at death)
  • 1874John Russell Pope: United States -- Architect (Jefferson Memorial)
  • 1874Willem E Roelofs: Dutch painter / cartoonist
  • 1875Jeno Huszka: Composer

Died on Apr 24

  • 0709Wilfried: Bishop of York, dies at about 76
  • 0729Egbert[us]: English Bishop / saint, dies in Iona at 89
  • 1077Geza I: King of Hungary (1074-7)
  • 1185Antoku Taira: Emperor of Japan (1180-85), drowns
  • 1530Jacopo Sannazaro: Italian Poet (De partu Virginis)
  • 1617Carlo Concino: French Marquis of Ancre / state advisor, murdered
  • 1731Daniel Defoe: English Novelist (Robinson Crusoe)
  • 1758Florian Wrastill: Composer, dies at 41
  • 1776Carolus van de Abeele: Flemish Jesuit, dies at 84
  • 1776Giuseppi Paolucci: Composer, dies at 49
  • 1824Herman Muntinghe: Theologist (History of Mankind), dies at 71
  • 1827Pierre Joseph Candielle: Composer, dies at 82
  • 1850Louis Alexandre Piccinni: Composer, dies at 70
  • 1855Walenty Karol Kratzer: Composer, dies at 75
  • 1875Jose Maria de la Purificacion Ventura: Composer, dies at 58
  • 1891Count Helmuth K B von Moltke: Prussian General / Field Marshal
  • 1900George J D Campbell: British Minister of Indies (1868-74, 80-85), dies at 76
  • 1904Friedrich Siemens: German industrial, dies at 77
  • 1917Oskar Blumenthal: Writer
  • 1922Richard Batka: Composer, dies at 53
  • 1928Ferdinand B Hummel: Composer, dies at 72
  • 1935Paul Klengel: Composer, dies at 80
  • 1936Alphons Diepenbrock: Composer, dies at 73
  • 1936Bernard van Dieren: Composer, dies at 51
  • 1939John Foulds: Composer, dies at 58
  • 1943Gerardus H de Hare: Socialist vicar, dies at 63
  • 1945Anton de Kom: Suriname resistance fighter, dies at 47
  • 1945Hubert Bath: Composer, dies at 61
  • 1948Joseph Wihtol: Composer, dies at 84
  • 1948Manuel Marua Ponce: Mexican Composer (Ferial), dies at 65

Historical events on April 25

  • 1185Sea battle at Dan-no-ura: Minamoto Yoritomo beats Taira-family
  • 1449Anti-pope Felix V resigns
  • 1507Geographer Martin Waldseemuller 1st used name America
  • 1607Battle at Gibraltar: Dutch fleet beats Spanish / Portuguese fleet
  • 1614Amsterdam Bank of Loan forms
  • 1626Battle at the Dessauer bridge: Monarch Albrecht von Wallenstein beats Earl of Mansfeld
  • 1660London Convention Parliament begins
  • 1660Parliament meets and votes to restore Charles II
  • 1678French troops conquer Ypres
  • 1684Patent granted for thimble
  • 1707Battle of Almansa-Franco-Spanish forces defeat Anglo-Portuguese
  • 1719Daniel Defoes publishes "Robinson Crusoe"
  • 1747Prince Willem V appointed Viceroy of Zealand
  • 1792Guillotine 1st used, executes highwayman Nicolas J Pelletier
  • 1850Paul Julius Reuter, use 40 pigeons to carry stock market prices
  • 1859Ground broken for Suez Canal
  • 18617th New York arrives to reinforce Washington, DC
  • 1861Battle of Lavaca, Texas
  • 1862Battle of New Orleans LA - US Admiral Farragut occupies New Orleans
  • 1867Tokyo opens for foreign trade
  • 1875Latest date for measurable snow in NYC (3")
  • 1876Chicago Cubs 1st NL game, beats Louisville 4-0 (1st NL shutout)
  • 1881250,000 Germans petition to bar foreign Jews from entering Germany
  • 1881French troops occupy Algeria and Tunisia
  • 1886Sigmund Freud opens practice at Rathausstrasse 7, Vienna
  • 1891President Benjamin Harrison visits San Francisco
  • 1896Fight in Central Dance Hall starts fire (Cripple Creek Colorado)
  • 1896Sidney Jones and Harry Greenbacks musical premieres in London
  • 1898US declares war on Spain over Cuba
  • 1901In last of 9th, Detroit Tigers, trailing by 13-4, score 10 runs to win one of greatest comebacks in baseball (1st game in Detroit)

Born on April 25

  • 1214Louis IX: King of France (1226-70)
  • 1228Koenraad IV: Roman Catholic German King (1237-54)
  • 1284Edward II: King of England (1307-27)
  • 1567Aurelio Signoretti: Composer
  • 1599Oliver Cromwell: Puritan lord protector of England (1653-58)
  • 1614Hieronymus van Beverningk: Chief Dutch treasurer / maecenas
  • 1666Johann Heinrich Buttstett: Composer
  • 1677Guillaume Coustou, Sr.: French sculptor (Chevaux the Marly)
  • 1690Gottlieb Theophil Muffat: Composer
  • 1710James Ferguson: Astronomer
  • 1723Giovanni Marco Rutini: Composer
  • 1730Fedele Fenaroli: Composer
  • 1769Mark Isambard Brunel: Engineer / inventor
  • 1792John Keble: Anglican priest / founder (Oxford Movement)
  • 1818Marek Konrad Sokolowski: Composer
  • 1824Gustave-Rodolphe-Clarence Boulanger: Painter
  • 1825Charles Ferdinand Dowd: United States -- Standardized time zones
  • 1837William Charles Levey: Composer
  • 1840James Dearing: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1865
  • 1841Pauline Lucca: Soprano
  • 1842Antonio Fogazzarro: Italian writer / poet (Il santo / Leila)
  • 1849Felix Klein: German mathematician (Evanston Colloquium)
  • 1862Edward Grey: English Viscount of Fallodon / Minister of Foreign Affairs
  • 1867Jean Demoor: Belgian Physician / physiologist
  • 1869Karl Prohaska: Composer
  • 1871Sara Amsel: Indonesian / Dutch actress
  • 1876Ruben Marcos Campos: Composer
  • 1881Hans Windisch: German new testament expert
  • 1883Elsa Maxwell: Keokuk, Iowa -- Writer (Jack Paar Show)
  • 1895Stanley Rous: British soccer official

Died on April 25

  • 0974Ratherius of Verona / Liege: Bishop / abbot, dies at about 84
  • 1342Benedict XII [Jacques Fournier]: Pope (1334-42)
  • 1472Leon Battista degli Alberti: Scupltor / musician (Dinner Pieces)
  • 1482Margaret of Anjou: Queen (Henry VI)
  • 1566Diane de Poitiers: Lover of French King Henry II
  • 1595Torquato Tasso: Italian Poet / playwright, dies at 51
  • 1607Don Juan Alvarez: Spanish Admiral (Gibraltar), dies in battle
  • 1607Jacob van Heemskerck: Dutch Admiral (Nova Zambia), dies in battle
  • 1635Alessandro Tassoni: Ital political writer (Rape of Bucket), dies at 69
  • 1647Matthias Gallas: Austrian Earl of Campo / Duke of Lucerna, dies at 62
  • 1663Heinrich Pape: Composer, dies at 53
  • 1690David Teniers the Younger: Flemish Painter (Pictorium), dies at 79
  • 1728John Woodward: Geologist / physician
  • 1744Anders Celsius: Swed astronomer (Centegrade Thermometer), dies at 42
  • 1792Johann Friedrich Gottlieb Beckmann: Composer, dies at 54
  • 1792Nicolas J Pelletier: Frenchman, 1st guillotined
  • 1800William Cowper: English lawyer / Poet (Olney Hymns), dies at 68
  • 1808Alois Luigi Tomasini: Composer, dies at 66
  • 1822Frederick "William" Herschel: German / British astronomer, dies at 83
  • 1828John Goldberg: Dutch patriot / statesman, dies at 64
  • 1845Thomas Duncan: Painter
  • 1853William Beaumont: Physiologist
  • 1862Charles Ferguson Smith: US Union General Major, dies of infection at 55
  • 1873Walter de la Mare: Engl Poet / Author (Behold the Dreamer), dies at 43
  • 1905Jacob Olie: Dutch photographer, dies at about 70
  • 1906John Knowles Paine: US composer, dies at 67
  • 1925George Stephanescu: Composer, dies at 81
  • 1926Ellen K S Key: Swed Author / feminist (Century of the Child), dies at 76
  • 1928Pjotr N Wrangel: Russian Baron General, dies at 49
  • 1937Clem Sohn: Air show performer dies at 26 when his chute fails to open