Events on Apr 26

  • 0757Paolo Orsini replaces his brother Pope Stephen II, as Paul I
  • 1220German King Frederick II grants bishops sovereign rights
  • 14781st Easter
  • 1514Copernicus makes his 1st observations of Saturn
  • 1532Sultan Suleiman through Hungary on away to Vienna
  • 1564William Shakespeare baptized
  • 16071st British to establish an American colony land at Cape Henry, Virginia
  • 1654Jews are expelled from Brazil
  • 1677Emperor Leopold I forms University of Innsbruck
  • 1709Frisian Viceroy Johan Willem Friso marries countess Maria Louisa
  • 1721Smallpox vaccination 1st administrated
  • 17551st Russian university opens (Moscow)
  • 1777Sybil Ludington, 16, rode from New York to Ct rallying her fathers militia
  • 1814King Louis XVIII lands on Calais, from England
  • 1819Odd Fellows Lodge forms
  • 1841"Bombay Gazette" begins publishing on silk
  • 1853Dutch King William III disbands 2nd Chamber
  • 1855Composer Gioacchino Rossini leaves Italy
  • 1865Battle of Durham Station, NC (Greensboro)
  • 1865Battle of Ft Tobacco, Virginia
  • 1865Confederate General J E Johnston surrenders Army of Tenn, at Durham, North Carolina
  • 1887Huntsville Electric Co forms to sell electricity
  • 1890Henry Morton Stanley inaugurated in London
  • 18931st Cleveland Board of Park Commissioners forms
  • 1900AL opener in Cleveland draws 6,500
  • 1904Bell Telephone Company of Antwerp Belgium forms
  • 1905Cubs Jack McCarthy becomes only major league player to throw out 3 runners at plate in 1 game, all were ends of a double play
  • 19061st motion pictures shown in Hawaii
  • 1907Jamestown, Va Tercentenary Exposition opens
  • 19121st homerun hit at Fenway Park (Hugh Bradley, Red Sox)

Born on Apr 26

  • 0121Antonius Marcus Aurelius [Marcus A Verus]: Emperor of Rome (161-180)
  • 1319Jean II [the Good]: King of France (1350-64)
  • 1538Giovanni P Lomazzo: Italian writer / poet (Trattato)
  • 1567Nicolas Forme: Composer
  • 1603Francesco Nigetti: Composer
  • 1637Philip J van Lichtenbergh: Governor of Suriname
  • 1648Pedro II: King of Portugal (1683-1706)
  • 1711David Hume: English empiricist / philosopher (Treatise of Human Nature)
  • 1718Esek Hopkins: United States -- 1st Commander-in-Chief (US Navy)
  • 1726Pasquale Paoli: Corsican freedom fighter
  • 1776Joan M Kemper: Dutch lawyer (designed civil code law book)
  • 1782Maria Amalia of Bourbon-Sicily: Wife of Louis Phillip of Austria
  • 1787Ludwig Uhland: Writer
  • 1796Auguste-Matthieu Panseron: Composer
  • 1806Ludwig Friedrich Hetsch: Composer
  • 1812Alfred Krupp: German arms Merchant
  • 1820Alice Cary: Cincinnati, Ohio -- American poet (Cincinnati Sentinel)
  • 1822Frederick Law Olmsted: Architect / writer (designed Central Park)
  • 1822Jan Albert van Eyken: Composer / Organist
  • 1827Charles Edward Hovey: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1834Artemus Ward [Charles Farrar Browne]: Humorist
  • 1834Horatio Richmond Palmer: Composer
  • 1836Erminnie Adelle Platt: United States -- Ethnologist (Iriquois-English Dictionary)
  • 1839Cyrus Hamblin: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1867
  • 1841Wilhelm Scherer: German literature historian
  • 1863Arno Holz: Writer
  • 1863Charles Haslewood Shannon: Lithographer / painter
  • 1868Harold Sidney Harmsworth: 1st Viscount Rothermere / Newspaper publisher
  • 1868Robert Herrick: US writer (Common lot)
  • 1873Otto zur Linde: German author (Charon)

Died on Apr 26

  • 1196Alfonso II: King of Aragon (1162-96)
  • 1444Robert Campin: South Netherlands Painter / porter of Doornik, dies at about 65
  • 1558Jean Francois Fernel: French physician
  • 1648Christoph Thomas Walliser: Composer, dies at 79
  • 1703Georg Christoph Leuttner: Composer, dies at 58
  • 1726Jeremy Collier: Engl Bishop / Historian / opponent to theater, dies at 75
  • 1785Karl Siegmund von Seckendorff: Composer, dies at 40
  • 1789Peter I Panin: Russian General (Pugatshov-uprising), dies at about 67
  • 1827Bernardo Ottani: Composer, dies at 90
  • 1865Charles J Sax: Belgian inventor (saxophone), dies at 74
  • 1865John Wilkes Booth: Assassin, is shot dead near Bowling Green VA at 27
  • 1907Pietro Plantania: Composer, dies at 79
  • 1922Hans Sommer: Composer, dies at 84
  • 1924Josef Labor: Composer, dies at 82
  • 1938Edmund Husserl: German philosopher (study of phenomenon), dies at 79
  • 1940Carl Bosch: German chemist (BASF, IG Farben, Nobel 1931), dies at 65
  • 1941Jean Demoor: Belgian Physician / physiologist / educationalist, dies at 74
  • 1946Hermann Keyserling: Count / philosopher (Unsterblichkeit), dies at 65
  • 1951John Alden Carpenter: US Composer (Sea Drift), dies at 75
  • 1952Charles L Baars: Dutch actor (Women Tamers), dies at 59
  • 1956Edward Arnold: Actor (Mr Smith Goes to Washington), dies at 66
  • 1958Johan N C "Joan" Collette: Painter, dies at 68
  • 1960Wander J de Haas: Dut physicist (Einstein-De Haas effect), dies at 82
  • 1961Gail Russell: Actress (Calcutta, Moonrise, El Paso), dies at 36
  • 1964Edwin John Pratt: Canadian Poet (Towards the Last Spike), dies at 81
  • 1964Pieter van der Lijn: Dutch geologist (Boulder Book), dies at 93
  • 1965Aaron Avshalomov: Composer, dies at 70
  • 1970Gypsy Rose Lee: Stripper / actress (Pruitts of S Hampton), dies at 56
  • 1970John Knittel: Writer, dies at 79
  • 1972Margaret A R Bonds: US pianist / Composer / arranger, dies at 59

Historical events on April 27

  • 1509Pope Julius II excommunicates Italian state of Venice
  • 1518Treaty of St. Truiden: anti-French Trapdoors / Bourgondisch covenant
  • 1522Battle at Bicacca: Charles I and Pope Adrianus VI beat France
  • 1526Mogol King Babur beats Sultan of Delhi
  • 15651st Spanish settlement in Philippines, Cebu City, forms
  • 1576Peace of Beaulieu and Paix de Monsieur
  • 1646King Charles I flees Oxford
  • 1650Scottish general Montrose defeated
  • 1662Netherlands and France sign military covenant
  • 1694Frederik August I "the Strong" becomes Monarch of Saksen
  • 1746Battle at Culloden Moor: Duke of Cumberland beats "James VIII & III"
  • 1805US Marines attack shores of Tripoli
  • 1813Americans under General Pike capture Toronto; Pike is killed
  • 1838Fire destroys half of Charleston
  • 1841Imakita Kosen, 1st Zen teacher of D.T. Suzuki, found the awakening
  • 1857Establishment of Jewish congregations in Lower Austria prohibited
  • 1859"Pomona" sinks in North Atlantic drowning all 400 aboard
  • 1860Thomas J Jackson is assigned to command Harpers Ferry
  • 1861President Abe Lincoln suspends writ of habeas corpus
  • 1861West Virginia secedes from Virginia after Virginia secedes from US
  • 1865Cornell University (Ithaca NY) is chartered
  • 1870Heinrich Schliemann discovers Troi
  • 1874White League, Paramilitary white supremacist organization, forms
  • 1877Opera "Le Roi de Lahore" is produced (Paris)
  • 1877President Hayes removes Federal troops from LA, Reconstruction ends
  • 1881Pogroms against Russian Jews start in Elisabethgrad
  • 19031st Highlander (Yankee) shut-out, Philadelphia Athletics win 6-0
  • 1905World Exposition opens in Luik
  • 1909Sultan of Turkey Abdul Hamid II is overthrown
  • 1910Belgian parliament rejects socialist motion for general voting rights

Born on April 27

  • 1410John Van Lannoy: Flemish Governor of Holland / Zealand / West Frisia
  • 1623Johann Adam Reincken: Composer
  • 1701Charles Emanuel I: King of Sardinia
  • 1707John Burman: Dutch Botanist / director botanical gardens
  • 1724Ferdinand Philipp Joseph Lobkowitz: Composer
  • 1767Andreas Jakob Romberg: German violinist / composer (Song of the Clock)
  • 1791Samuel Finley Breece Morse: US painter / inventor (telegraph)
  • 1802Abraham Louis Niedermeyer: Composer
  • 1803Alfred Julius Becher: Composer
  • 1812Friedrich von Flotow: Composer
  • 1820Herbert Spencer: Derby, England -- Victorian philosopher (Social Statics)
  • 1824William Richard Bexfield: Composer
  • 1828Gerben Colmjon: Dutch Frisian linguist / publisher
  • 1840Edward Whymper: 1st to climb Matterhorn (1865)
  • 1861Johan M Skjoldborg: Danish writer (Dynaes-Digte)
  • 1865Emile Erens: Dutch Hagiographer (Pastor of Ars)
  • 1869William Victor Harris: Composer
  • 1871Arthur Finlay Nevin: Composer
  • 1875Lumsden Hare: Ireland -- Actor (Oregon Trail, Desert Fox, Young Bess)
  • 1883Hubert Harrison: St. Croix, Virgin Islands -- Writer / freedom fighter
  • 1884Louis de Bree [Louis C Davids]: Actor (Bluejackets)
  • 1892Louis Victor de Broglie: Physicist (studied electrons)
  • 1893Norman Bel Geddes: Adrian, Michigan -- Theatrical designer (Rivals, Dead End)
  • 1894Nicolas Slonimsky: Composer
  • 1896Rogers Hornsby: 2nd baseman (St. Louis Cardinals)
  • 1896Wallace Hume Carothers: Inventor (nylon)
  • 1903Frank Belknap Long: American writer (Rim of the Unknown)
  • 1903Hans Walter Kosterliz: Biochemist
  • 1904Arthur F Burns: Economist / Chairman (Federal Reserve Board)
  • 1904Cecil Day-Lewis: England, United Kingdom -- Poet laureate / detective (Nicholas Blake)

Died on April 27

  • 1124Alexander I: King of Scotland (1107-24)
  • 1404Philip [the Stout]: Duke of Burgundy, dies at 62
  • 1521Ferdinand Magellan: World traveler, killed by Filipino natives at 50
  • 1656Gerard van Honthorst: Painter, dies at 65
  • 1656Jan J van Goyen: Dutch landscape painter, dies at 60
  • 1682Theodorus III: Czar of Russia (1676-82)
  • 1694Johan Georg IV: Elector of Saxony (1691-94), dies at 25
  • 1702Jean Bart: French Captain / sea hero (Escape out of Plymouth), dies at 51
  • 1758Jan Francisci: Composer, dies at 66
  • 1764Jaime de Casellas: Composer, dies at 73
  • 1871Sigismond Fortune Francois Thalberg: Composer, dies at 59
  • 1872Ion Heliade-Radulescu: Romanian politician / author, dies at 70
  • 1881Ludwig A Benedek: Austrian General, dies at 76
  • 1882Ralph Waldo Emerson: US Poet (Representive Men)
  • 1893John Murray Corse: US General (Union), dies on his 58th birthday
  • 1901Richard Redhead: Composer, dies at 81
  • 1902Julius Sterling Morton: Who started Arbor Day, dies at 72
  • 1915Alexander N Skriabin: Russ pianist / Composer (Prometheus), dies at 43
  • 1932Harold "Heart" Crane: US Poet (Bridge), commits suicide at 32
  • 1936Frederik A Stoett: Linguist (Dutch Proverbs), dies at 72
  • 1936Karl Pearson: Mathematician
  • 1937Antonio Gramsci: Italian philosopher / marxist theorist, dies at 46
  • 1938Edmond Rubbens: Belgian Minister to Colonies, dies at 44
  • 1950Adam Tadeusz Wieniawski: Composer, dies at 70
  • 1950Karl Straube: German Organist / conductor
  • 1957Mario A Gianini: Creator (maraschino cherry)
  • 1959Gordon Armstrong: Inventor (baby incubator)
  • 1961Roy Del Ruth: Director (About Face, Folies Bergere), dies at 67
  • 1964Georg Britting: Writer, dies at 73
  • 1965Alan Bunce: Actor (Albert-Ethel & Albert), dies at 61