Events on Apr 27

  • 1509Pope Julius II excommunicates Italian state of Venice
  • 1518Treaty of St. Truiden: anti-French Trapdoors / Bourgondisch covenant
  • 1522Battle at Bicacca: Charles I and Pope Adrianus VI beat France
  • 1526Mogol King Babur beats Sultan of Delhi
  • 15651st Spanish settlement in Philippines, Cebu City, forms
  • 1576Peace of Beaulieu and Paix de Monsieur
  • 1646King Charles I flees Oxford
  • 1650Scottish general Montrose defeated
  • 1662Netherlands and France sign military covenant
  • 1694Frederik August I "the Strong" becomes Monarch of Saksen
  • 1746Battle at Culloden Moor: Duke of Cumberland beats "James VIII & III"
  • 1805US Marines attack shores of Tripoli
  • 1813Americans under General Pike capture Toronto; Pike is killed
  • 1838Fire destroys half of Charleston
  • 1841Imakita Kosen, 1st Zen teacher of D.T. Suzuki, found the awakening
  • 1857Establishment of Jewish congregations in Lower Austria prohibited
  • 1859"Pomona" sinks in North Atlantic drowning all 400 aboard
  • 1860Thomas J Jackson is assigned to command Harpers Ferry
  • 1861President Abe Lincoln suspends writ of habeas corpus
  • 1861West Virginia secedes from Virginia after Virginia secedes from US
  • 1865Cornell University (Ithaca NY) is chartered
  • 1870Heinrich Schliemann discovers Troi
  • 1874White League, Paramilitary white supremacist organization, forms
  • 1877Opera "Le Roi de Lahore" is produced (Paris)
  • 1877President Hayes removes Federal troops from LA, Reconstruction ends
  • 1881Pogroms against Russian Jews start in Elisabethgrad
  • 19031st Highlander (Yankee) shut-out, Philadelphia Athletics win 6-0
  • 1905World Exposition opens in Luik
  • 1909Sultan of Turkey Abdul Hamid II is overthrown
  • 1910Belgian parliament rejects socialist motion for general voting rights

Born on Apr 27

  • 1410John Van Lannoy: Flemish Governor of Holland / Zealand / West Frisia
  • 1623Johann Adam Reincken: Composer
  • 1701Charles Emanuel I: King of Sardinia
  • 1707John Burman: Dutch Botanist / director botanical gardens
  • 1724Ferdinand Philipp Joseph Lobkowitz: Composer
  • 1767Andreas Jakob Romberg: German violinist / composer (Song of the Clock)
  • 1791Samuel Finley Breece Morse: US painter / inventor (telegraph)
  • 1802Abraham Louis Niedermeyer: Composer
  • 1803Alfred Julius Becher: Composer
  • 1812Friedrich von Flotow: Composer
  • 1820Herbert Spencer: Derby, England -- Victorian philosopher (Social Statics)
  • 1824William Richard Bexfield: Composer
  • 1828Gerben Colmjon: Dutch Frisian linguist / publisher
  • 1840Edward Whymper: 1st to climb Matterhorn (1865)
  • 1861Johan M Skjoldborg: Danish writer (Dynaes-Digte)
  • 1865Emile Erens: Dutch Hagiographer (Pastor of Ars)
  • 1869William Victor Harris: Composer
  • 1871Arthur Finlay Nevin: Composer
  • 1875Lumsden Hare: Ireland -- Actor (Oregon Trail, Desert Fox, Young Bess)
  • 1883Hubert Harrison: St. Croix, Virgin Islands -- Writer / freedom fighter
  • 1884Louis de Bree [Louis C Davids]: Actor (Bluejackets)
  • 1892Louis Victor de Broglie: Physicist (studied electrons)
  • 1893Norman Bel Geddes: Adrian, Michigan -- Theatrical designer (Rivals, Dead End)
  • 1894Nicolas Slonimsky: Composer
  • 1896Rogers Hornsby: 2nd baseman (St. Louis Cardinals)
  • 1896Wallace Hume Carothers: Inventor (nylon)
  • 1903Frank Belknap Long: American writer (Rim of the Unknown)
  • 1903Hans Walter Kosterliz: Biochemist
  • 1904Arthur F Burns: Economist / Chairman (Federal Reserve Board)
  • 1904Cecil Day-Lewis: England, United Kingdom -- Poet laureate / detective (Nicholas Blake)

Died on Apr 27

  • 1124Alexander I: King of Scotland (1107-24)
  • 1404Philip [the Stout]: Duke of Burgundy, dies at 62
  • 1521Ferdinand Magellan: World traveler, killed by Filipino natives at 50
  • 1656Gerard van Honthorst: Painter, dies at 65
  • 1656Jan J van Goyen: Dutch landscape painter, dies at 60
  • 1682Theodorus III: Czar of Russia (1676-82)
  • 1694Johan Georg IV: Elector of Saxony (1691-94), dies at 25
  • 1702Jean Bart: French Captain / sea hero (Escape out of Plymouth), dies at 51
  • 1758Jan Francisci: Composer, dies at 66
  • 1764Jaime de Casellas: Composer, dies at 73
  • 1871Sigismond Fortune Francois Thalberg: Composer, dies at 59
  • 1872Ion Heliade-Radulescu: Romanian politician / author, dies at 70
  • 1881Ludwig A Benedek: Austrian General, dies at 76
  • 1882Ralph Waldo Emerson: US Poet (Representive Men)
  • 1893John Murray Corse: US General (Union), dies on his 58th birthday
  • 1901Richard Redhead: Composer, dies at 81
  • 1902Julius Sterling Morton: Who started Arbor Day, dies at 72
  • 1915Alexander N Skriabin: Russ pianist / Composer (Prometheus), dies at 43
  • 1932Harold "Heart" Crane: US Poet (Bridge), commits suicide at 32
  • 1936Frederik A Stoett: Linguist (Dutch Proverbs), dies at 72
  • 1936Karl Pearson: Mathematician
  • 1937Antonio Gramsci: Italian philosopher / marxist theorist, dies at 46
  • 1938Edmond Rubbens: Belgian Minister to Colonies, dies at 44
  • 1950Adam Tadeusz Wieniawski: Composer, dies at 70
  • 1950Karl Straube: German Organist / conductor
  • 1957Mario A Gianini: Creator (maraschino cherry)
  • 1959Gordon Armstrong: Inventor (baby incubator)
  • 1961Roy Del Ruth: Director (About Face, Folies Bergere), dies at 67
  • 1964Georg Britting: Writer, dies at 73
  • 1965Alan Bunce: Actor (Albert-Ethel & Albert), dies at 61

Historical events on April 28

  • 0357Emperor Constantius II visits Rome
  • 0585War between Lydia and Media ended by solar eclipse
  • 1202King Philip II throws out John without Country, from France
  • 1376English parliament demands supervision on royal outlay
  • 1521Treaty of Worms: Emperor Charles names his brother Ferdinand Archduke of Neth-Austria
  • 1550Powers of Dutch inquisition extends
  • 1635Virginia Gov John Harvey accused of treason and removed from office
  • 1655English Admiral Blake beats Tunen pirate fleet
  • 1770Captain James Cook in Endeavor lands at Botany Bay in Australia
  • 1788Maryland becomes 7th state to ratify constitution
  • 1789Fletcher Christian leads Mutiny on HMS Bounty and Captain William Bligh
  • 1796Cease fire of Cherasco
  • 180431 English ship sail Suriname river demand transition colony
  • 1818Monroe proclaims naval disarmament on Great Lakes and Lake Champlain
  • 1829Dutch parliament accepts new press laws
  • 1847George B Vashon becomes 1st black to enter New York State Bar
  • 1848Free last slaves in French colonies
  • 18551st veterinary college in US incorporated in Boston
  • 19011st soccer game between Belgium (8) and Netherlands (0)
  • 19101st night air flight (Claude Grahame-White, England)
  • 1914181 die in coal mine collapse at Eccles, West Virginia
  • 1914W H Carrier patents air conditioner
  • 19191st jump with Army Air Corp (rip-cord type) parachute (Les Irvin)
  • 1920Azerbaijan SSR joins USSR (1st time)
  • 1923Wembley Stadium opens-Bolton Wanderers vs. West Ham United (FA Cup)
  • 1924119 die in Benwood West Virginia coal mine disaster
  • 1925Kurd rebels surrender to Turkish army
  • 1925Netherlands and Great Britain return to gold standard
  • 19301st night organized baseball game (Independence KS)
  • 1931Program for woman athletes approved for 1932 Olympics track and field

Born on April 28

  • 1715Franz Sparry: Composer
  • 1748Lorenz Justinian Ott: Composer
  • 1750Paul Ignaz Kurzinger: Composer
  • 1753Franz K Achard: German physicist
  • 1757Claus Nielsen Schali: Composer
  • 1758James Monroe: Westmoreland, Virginia -- (D-R) 5th President (1817-25)
  • 1770Nikita P Panin: Russian diplomat / Minister of Foreign Affairs
  • 1795Charles Sturt: England, United Kingdom -- Explorer (Australia)
  • 1809Conradus Leemans: Dutch archaeologist
  • 1810Daniel Ullmann: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1892
  • 1812Daniel Henry Rucker: Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1910
  • 1815Andrew Jackson Smith: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1897
  • 1825James Winning McMillan: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1826Alexander Stadtfeld: Composer
  • 1838Tobias M Carel Asser: Holland, Netherlands -- Advocate of world law (Nobel 1911)
  • 1842Louis PMFG of Orleans: Earl of Brazil (1870-89)
  • 1846Johann E Backlund: Swedish astronomer (planets / asteroids)
  • 1848Ludvig Schytte: Composer
  • 1864William F A Ellison: Irish clergyman / director (Armagh Observatory)
  • 1870Hermann Suter: Composer
  • 1873Harold Bauer: English / US pianist (Beethoven-Association)
  • 1874Karl Kraus: Writer
  • 1874Sidney Toler: Warrensburg, Missouri -- Actor (Madame X, Meeting at Midnight)
  • 1878Lionel Barrymore [Blythe]: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania -- Actor (Free Soul, Dr Kildare)
  • 1879Edgar Tytgat: Flemish painter / etcher
  • 1879Franz Arnold: Writer
  • 1882Alberto Pirelli: Italian industrialist
  • 1886Erich Salomon: German photographer
  • 1888Henry DG Crerar: Canadian General (WWI / Italy / Netherland)
  • 1889Bryant Washburn: Chicago, Illinois -- Actor (Exposure, Millionaire Kid, Nabonga)

Died on April 28

  • 1089Dirk de Grote: Bishop of Verdun / Basel / Archbishop of Trier
  • 1109Hugo van Cluny: 6th abbott of Cluny / saint
  • 1770Marie AC de Camargo: Spanish / Italian / Belgian dancer, dies at 60
  • 1799Francois Giroust: Composer, dies at 62
  • 1804Hans Gram: Composer, dies at 49
  • 1853Ludwig Tieck: Writer, dies at 79
  • 1873A Manzoni: Writer, dies at 88
  • 1881Robert W Ollinger: US warden / last victim of Billy the Kid
  • 1887Carl Ferdinand Pohl: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1896Heinrich von Treitschke: German historian
  • 1925Louis F J Bouwmeester: Actor (Shakespeare)
  • 1933Robin Irvine: Actor (Easy Virtue), dies at 31
  • 1935Alexander Campbell Mackenzie: Scotish composer, dies at 87
  • 1936Foead I: King of Egypt (1922-36)
  • 1945Bernito Mussolini: Fascist leader (Italy), tried and shot
  • 1945Claretta Petacci: Mistress of Mussolini, executed
  • 1945Hans Bloesch: Writer
  • 1955Lode Cantens: Flemish playwrite (Gnomes of the City), dies at 43
  • 1960Anton Pancake: Astronomer / marxist theorist, dies at 87
  • 1965Ferdinand Bordewijk: Dutch lawyer / writer (Character), dies at 80
  • 1966Ralph Bunker: Actor (Ghost Goes West), dies of a stroke at 77
  • 1969Johannes Rontgen: Composer, dies at 70
  • 1970Ed Begley: Actor (Mr Koppel-Leave it to Larry), dies at 69
  • 1973Pat Henning: Actor (Goodyear TV Playhouse), dies at 62
  • 1974Paul Page: Actor (Girl from Havanna, Moth), dies at 70
  • 1975Jan A de Jonge: Dutch historian, dies at 48
  • 1976Eugen Roth: Writer, dies at 81
  • 1977Ricardo Cortez: Actor / director (Bad Company, Flesh), dies at 87
  • 1979Feliks Roderyk Labunski: Composer, dies at 86
  • 1980Dee Carroll [Betty Jean Marsh]: Actress (Mad Bomber, Split)